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Africa Geography Quiz #2

Answer these random African geography questions.
Last updated: January 17, 2019
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What are the two most populous urban areas in Africa?
What is the most-spoken first language in Africa?
On what island was Nelson Mandela imprisoned for 18 years?
Robben Island
What waterfall on the Zambezi river is often considered the world's largest?
Victoria Falls
What is the easternmost national capital on mainland Africa?
What is the westernmost national capital on mainland Africa?
What was the name of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, between 1971-1997?
What country was founded as a colony for African-Americans?
What city was the setting of a WWII movie starring Humphrey Bogart?
What are the two main ethnic groups of Rwanda?
What ethnic group is made up of Egyptian Christians?
What political party has ruled South Africa since 1994?
African National
What country in Africa has the highest population?
What island nation was uninhabited until it was colonized by Portugal in the 1400's?
Cape Verde
What two capital cities are located less than a mile apart, on opposite banks
of the Congo river?
What branch of the Nile river begins in Ethiopia's Lake Tana?
Blue Nile
On what island would you find Stone Town?
level 60
Feb 19, 2016
I always underestimate how popular the Islamic faith is in Africa, that language question almost threw me
level 65
May 13, 2019
According to Wikipedia it's only 17% of Africans that speak Arabic. There simply is no other big native language, which makes Arabic the most spoken one. Of course speaking Arabic is not the same as being a Muslim - below the Sahara there are a lot of non-Arab Muslims, I guess.
level 69
Jul 15, 2016
The question about ethnic groups in Rwanda needs to be revised. The designations "hutu" and "tutsi" are no longer in use. They were invented by the Belgian colonizers. There was nothing ethnic about it (they speak the same language, have the same religion etc), it was a socio-economic division. After the genocide the use of these names has ceased.
level 76
Jul 15, 2016
ethnicity is only slightly more real than race as a concept, because an ethnicity can technically be any grouping of people that those people self-identify with. And they certainly did that, or else there would have been no genocide.
level 45
Jan 4, 2017
Hutus and tutsis have been around long before Europeans came to Africa. The Belgians, however, started classifying each tribe based mainly on perceived (and generally stereotypes) physical differences which also favoured Tutsis over Hutus and led to their resentment of the other, and as such played a big part in laying the groundwork for the eventual Rwandan genocide. The only reason that they "aren't real ethnic groups" is that scientific evidence is extremely inconclusive that the two are truly a separate people, especially after centuries of intermarriage. And I'm willing to bet Rwanda is more than willing to play up the "oh, we're all just one tribe after all" angle after that happened too.
level 67
May 19, 2018
The points about shared language, religion, and so on, are correct. I think Hutu and Tutsi designated differences between predominantly farming and predominantly cattle-raising people. The distinction also had hierarchical aspects and worked in some ways like castes. There seems to have been some fluidity between those identities, in ways that are uncommon with most understandings of ethnicity. One could become Tutsi, for example, through marriage, or through a change in occupational status. When the Belgians came, they decided to further privilege Tutsi people in a variety of ways, both in Rwanda and in Burundi. This included rigidifying the classifications and requiring passes stating one's ethnicity. Much resentment resulted, helping to explain (rather than justify) later history. (I'm relying heavily on Rene Lemarchand and Mahmood Mamdani for this.)
level 71
May 13, 2019
The British did the same thing, hardening divisions between distinct ethnic groups and assigning particular spheres to particular groups, with similar results, in Kenya.
level 70
May 13, 2019
Unguja should be accepted for the last one?
level 76
May 13, 2019
It's interesting how the history of Sierra Leone roughly parallels that of Liberia, only with African-Britons and African-Canadians instead of African-Americans.
level 39
May 14, 2019
I didn't know this before, Interesting! This lead me to look on wikipedia and it seems like in both Sierra Leone and Liberia only a small amount of the population is made up of Afro-Westerner settlers, which you wouldn't assume to be true given Liberias reputation as a colony for African-Americans.
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