Ancient Civilizations

Based on the clues, try to name these ancient civilizations.
We consider "ancient" to have different contexts in the Old World and New World
Peak dates are estimates
Quiz by Quizmaster
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Last updated: February 14, 2017
First submittedFebruary 13, 2017
Times taken10,278
Rating4.36
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Description
Peak
Civilization
First civilization in Mesopotamia. Led by Sargon the Great
2100 BC
Sumer / Akkad
The first Indian civilization was centered on this river valley
2000 BC
Indus
Possibly matriarchal civilization of ancient Crete
1700 BC
Minoans
Civilization ruled by pharaohs
1425 BC
Ancient Egypt
City destroyed by Greeks in "The Iliad"
1200 BC
Troy
The earliest dynasty of China that is supported by archaeological evidence
1200 BC
Shang Dynasty
Sea-faring culture of Tyre who invented the alphabet and may
have circumnavigated Africa
1000 BC
Phoenicia
Mesopotamian society known for cruelty. Led by Ashurbanipal
650 BC
Neo-Assyria
Civilization that captured the Jews. Led by Nebuchadnezzar
600 BC
Neo-Babylonian
Empire founded by Cyrus the Great in modern-day Iran
500 BC
Persian Empire
Once the dominant culture in central Italy
500 BC
Etruscans
Greek city-state famous for philosophy and democracy
440 BC
Athens
Greek city-state famous for its military
371 BC
Sparta
Culture whose priests were known as Druids
275 BC
Celtic
City-state near modern-day Tunis. Founded by Dido
264 BC
Carthage
City that once controlled the entire Mediterranean
117
Rome
Asiastic horsemen who terrorized Europe
453
Huns
Civilization of the Yucatan peninsula that built Chichen Itza
800
Mayan
Mexican empire formed from the alliance of Tenochtitlan, Texcoco, and Tlacopan
1521
Aztecs
Andean empire with its capital at Cusco
1533
Incas
+1
Level 72
Feb 13, 2017
Very enjoyable quiz. Should Etruscan not be accepted, though?
+1
Level ∞
Feb 14, 2017
Yes, fixed.
+1
Level 75
Feb 21, 2017
For the Asiatic Horsemen question I tried Dothraki like 5 times. I feel so stupid haha
+3
Level 36
Aug 8, 2017
boi. i tried scythians
+2
Level 64
Apr 6, 2017
Typo:Asiatic
+2
Level 22
Jun 13, 2017
For the Asiatic horseman can you accept the Mongols?
+5
Level 58
Aug 7, 2017
You need to consider the time frame that's given as well.
+1
Level 80
Aug 7, 2017
Two different civilizations.
+1
Level 55
Jun 14, 2017
Contrary to popular belief there isn't actually any solid evidence to prove that the Huns were Asiatic or oriental.
+1
Level 64
Aug 7, 2017
No, but there are no theories that place their origins on other continents, so Asiatic seems legitimate here.
+2
Level 59
Aug 7, 2017
The Phoenicians did not invent the alphabet. They took most of their letters from Egyptian hieroglyphs (and corrupted them a little). The Phoenician script was not an alphabet at all. It was an abjad, meaning that only consonants were written.
+3
Level 80
Aug 7, 2017
If you want to go even more ancient for the Americas there are the Olmecs.
+1
Level 54
Aug 7, 2017
that's just a civilization invented by Hallmark to sell cards
+2
Level 80
Aug 7, 2017
I also sometimes enjoy saying things that make absolutely no sense, just to see how people react to it. But I haven't tried that in the comments section here before.
+1
Level 65
Sep 12, 2020
Hahaha I don't get it either
+3
Level 83
Aug 7, 2017
What about Norte Chico?
+3
Level 64
Aug 7, 2017
There are quite a few more American civilizations that came to my mind during this quiz, like the Mississipian culture, the Anasazi, the Toltecs, and the Chimú.
+1
Level 70
Aug 7, 2017
Why isn't Carthaginian acceptable?
+1
Level 70
Aug 7, 2017
For the early dominant Italian culture could you also add Etruria as a type in because Etruscans lived in Etruria, and you had the place names for many of the other questions? Thanks!
+1
Level 61
Aug 7, 2017
For the Huns question i kept thinking Gokturks, except they didn't show up until about ten years after the given year.
+2
Level 39
Aug 8, 2017
How about Atlantis?
+3
Level 65
Apr 22, 2018
Xia Dynasty is the earliest Chinese dynasty.
+3
Level 71
Mar 24, 2019
Which is why it asks for “supported by archaeological evedince”, making it the Shang.
+2
Level 60
Aug 13, 2019
A problem I see is considering the last two answers: both the Aztecs and Inca were centuries after the fall of Rome and aren't really considered archaic, they're more post-classical but even then they're completely different societies from that of the Old World. The Olmec, Zapotec, Norte Chico, and Chavin Culture are more accurate answers to archaic societies of the Americas.
+1
Level 46
Nov 11, 2019
give more time