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Benevolent Dictators and Enlightened Despots

Name the countries ruled by these leaders who are sometimes considered to be enlightened despots or benevolent dictators.
Some of these countries no longer exist!
Quiz by Quizmaster
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Last updated: October 23, 2019
First submittedOctober 9, 2019
Times taken1,967
Rating4.70
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Reign
Ruler
Country
2000 -
Paul Kagame
Rwanda
1999 -
Abdullah II
Jordan
1970 -
Qaboos bin Said
al Said
Oman
1990 - 2019
Nursultan
Nazarbayev
Kazakhstan
1977 - 2004
France-Albert René
Seychelles
1959 - 1990
Lee Kuan Yew
Singapore
1953 - 1980
Josip Broz Tito
Yugoslavia
1963 - 1979
Park Chung-hee
South Korea
1923 - 1938
Mustafa Kemal
Atatürk
Turkey
Reign
Ruler
Country
1771 - 1792
Gustav III
Sweden
1762 - 1796
Catherine the Great
Russia
1759 - 1788
Charles III
Spain
1740 - 1786
Frederick the Great
Prussia
1740 - 1780
Maria Theresa
Holy Roman
Empire
1537 - 1574
Cosimo Medici
Tuscany
161 - 180
Marcus Aurelius
Roman Empire
268 BC - 232 BC
Ashoka
Maurya Empire
500s BC
Peisistratus
Athens
+4
level 74
Oct 23, 2019
Just curious, not one of the kings of England was considered benevolent? Or is it just a matter of other questions were chosen?
+4
level 77
Nov 29, 2019
The most traditional usage of the term "enlightened despot" or "enlightened monarch" by historians refers mostly to a group of kings and queens who, in the 18th century, were influenced by the ideas of the European Enlightenment into instituting some legal and economic reforms and also tolerating minorities.
By the 18th century the Kingdom of Great Britain was already a constitutional monarchy. George III was sitting on the throne through much of this century, and could be considered an enlightened monarch, but typically is not included as he wasn't really a proper despot.
+6
level 70
Oct 23, 2019
This should be interesting...
+18
level 65
Oct 24, 2019
Congratulations for what is easily the most controversial quiz ever created
+3
level 71
Oct 24, 2019
You might want to include the Dalai Lama(s) of Tibet?
+4
level 71
Oct 26, 2019
Most of them are hardly benevolent, though, unless you consider slavery, cannibalism and various abuse of power as such. The current one is all jovial and wings quotes like a factory, sounds smart etc, but the history is pretty grim.
+1
level 71
Nov 29, 2019
People forget how backwards and horrible Tibet was under the Dalai Lamas. They were far from enlightened.
+1
level 77
Nov 29, 2019
Got everything except the first one.
+1
level 77
Nov 29, 2019
How about Cyrus the Great?
+1
level 66
Nov 29, 2019
Where is the great Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow ?