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Biggest Nations and Empires Ever

Guess the nations that controlled the largest land areas.
Includes current nations and historical empires
Groups together different dynasties that arose from a similar cultural group
Size in square kilometers. Year of maximum extent.
Source: Wikipedia
Quiz by Quizmaster
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First submittedAugust 22, 2012
Last updatedOctober 3, 2018
Times taken52,894
Rating4.41
5:00
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Size
Year
Answer
35.5 mil
1920
British Empire
24 mil
1200s
Mongol Empire
22.8 mil
1895
Russian Empire
14.7 mil
1700s
China
13.7 mil
1810
Spanish Empire
11.5 mil
1920
French Empire
11.1 mil
720
Umayyad Caliphate
10.0 mil
current
Canada
10.0 mil
1934
United States of America
8.5 mil
current
Brazil
7.7 mil
current
Australia
5.5 mil
500 BC
Achaemenid Persian Empire
Size
Year
Answer
5.5 mil
1820
Portuguese Empire
7 mil
1943
Empire of Japan
5.2 mil
1683
Ottoman Empire
6 mil
1942
Nazi Germany
5.2 mil
323 BC
Macedonia
5 mil
250 BC
Maurya Empire (India)
5 mil
1823
Mexican Empire
5 mil
117
Roman Empire
4.6 mil
800
Tibetan Empire
4 mil
441
Hunnic Empire
4 mil
1940
Dutch Empire
3.8 mil
1938
Italian Empire
+5
level ∞
Jun 16, 2012
A very tough quiz to make! I dare you to make a better one!
+1
level 44
Aug 22, 2012
Well done QM
+4
level 65
Aug 22, 2012
21/23 from the first try. Happy! :)
+2
level 24
Jan 19, 2017
First one I guessed was Mongolian because of Genghis Khan
+3
level 44
Aug 22, 2012
22/23. I've never heard of the Tibetan Empire :(
+2
level 55
Aug 22, 2012
missed the Arab Caliphate
+3
level 66
Sep 23, 2015
So did many historians...
+1
level 20
Dec 28, 2017
i was thinking about tibet and say ''nah impossible''
+2
level 31
Aug 22, 2012
what about the byzantine empire?
+1
level 32
Aug 27, 2012
I guess it's not mentioned because it's mainly part of the old Roman Empire
+1
level 76
Feb 25, 2013
see my comment above. Maybe it's not counted because it was also known as the Eastern Roman Empire. On the other hand, it might also be smaller than the Dutch Empire. The Roman Empire in its entirety was only 5 million sq km and the Dutch Empire is listed at 4.
+2
level 67
Jan 19, 2017
I think it's not included because it wasn't quite big enough. I tried Byzantium, Byzantine, and Eastern Roman as well. However, wikipedia has it listed at only 2.8 million sq km. Many parts of the eastern empire weren't roman during the maximal extent of the Roman empire in 117.
+1
level 59
Oct 24, 2012
The Napoleonic Empire is counted as the French Empire here, which was bigger in the 20th century than during Napoleon's rule. Also, Indiavoyager, it says that there are current countries here as well, not only empires from the past.
+2
level 71
Dec 3, 2012
19-20th century French Empire included most of West Africa, for yall's information.
+1
level 76
Dec 10, 2012
You can type Spain and spanish comes up but you can't type Italy for italian.
+1
level 40
Dec 22, 2012
Australia? Really? How it that? You're not confusing it with the Austro-Hungarian empire are you? (I was surprised not to see it there.) Still... cracking good quiz!
+2
level 34
Jul 13, 2016
No.... Read the damn descriptions please. The Canadian, Brazillian and Australian Empires have never existed!
+3
level 39
Sep 14, 2016
Actually Brazil was an empire until 1889
+1
level 41
Dec 23, 2012
18. good quiz.
+1
level 17
Jan 20, 2013
17/23, kicking myself over forgetting the Ottoman Empire. Very tough quiz!
+1
level 53
Mar 13, 2013
i don't think "arab" should be accepted. it should be "arab caliphate," if you really know what the name is then you don't need to cheat by just typing in arab. its reasonable for france, spain, italy, etc., but not for an empire without a modern country. it wasn't the arab empire it was the arab caliphate
+2
level 76
Jan 19, 2017
Why would there be a special exception for the Arab Empire? None of these other empires except one actually used the English word "empire," but we don't require you to know Reich, империя, Imperio, or whatever the happened to be called in their own language- just the adjective that goes before it.
+1
level 24
May 17, 2014
wow finished with 2 seconds left...mexico ftw!!
+1
level 43
May 28, 2014
I tried Flemish instead of Dutch... also Mexico instead of Mexican Empire =?
+1
level 62
Aug 13, 2017
Flanders is just a region of the Low Countries; when they were united, it was ruled by the Dutch.
+1
level 71
May 30, 2014
I dont know how this was formulated, but many large kingdoms were either left out or not considered. Timur, Ummayad caliphate, Mughals, Palas, Han,Yuan, Ming, Qing etc.
+1
level 25
Jun 15, 2014
A-ma-zing! Loved this quiz, got everything but India. I was thinking India at the last minute, but didn't think India would be accepted. Oh well!
+1
level 44
Jul 29, 2014
should accept: iran for Persian Empire saudi arabia for Arab Caliphate
+2
level 66
Oct 23, 2014
Brazil was actually an Empire once. It covered all of its current size plus Uruguay. The sizes are rounded so it wouldn't even move, but I think it would be accurate to correct the name.
+1
level 70
Oct 23, 2014
Please can somebody explain how Australia and Canada are empires? I always assumed an empire required an emperor! Thank you...
+1
level 65
Oct 23, 2014
no... Australia just has Thor! And Canada has Bieber!
+2
level ∞
Oct 23, 2014
They're not. They are nations. Where does it say this quiz is only empires?
+1
level 44
Oct 23, 2014
18/23 thought I had us and brazil. somehow missed portugal
+1
level 36
Oct 23, 2014
This is basically the worst and most nonsensical quiz I have ever seen.
+1
level 35
Oct 23, 2014
excuse me QM, what about the austro-hungrois? seems to me it was a very important empire during WWI...
+1
level 45
May 23, 2016
It was important and had a large population but this quiz relates to land area that it covered.
+2
level 47
Dec 7, 2018
it was about the size of myanmar mercator projection has done it again
+1
level 48
Oct 24, 2014
Tibetan? Is there another name for this that'd be more familiar? I'm assuming this was part of the update.
+1
level 45
Oct 26, 2014
Were the Inca, Mayan and Aztec Empires smaller than the Tibetan Empire?
+1
level 33
Oct 31, 2014
Canada has an empire? Australia and Brazil too? . . pennicilin, diabetic insulin, golf, tarmac, adhesive postage stamps, pneumatic tyres, flushing toilet, television, the Bank of England, the U.S Navy, electric toaster, most of AC/DC, all of The Proclaimers, Peter Pan, bicycles, the BBC, the A.T.M, cordite, the first Bible in English, Dolly the sheep, tossing the Caber, and deep fried Mars bars affect the whole world, so everyone lives in the Scottish Empire . . .
+3
level 32
Nov 24, 2014
Are you being sarcastic because QM said it includes largest countries...
+1
level 47
Dec 7, 2018
bro it says largest nations and empires
+1
level 32
Nov 24, 2014
What about the Soviet Union? Or is it not big as the Russian Empire?
+1
level 24
Dec 17, 2014
I think you should separate between the empires and nations. Also, I don't know if it affected anyone, but I think "nation" should just be "country).
+1
level 72
Dec 18, 2014
Conceptually elusive. Might want to give a few better hints.
+1
level 38
Sep 11, 2015
Nice quiz! Got hung up on Tibet for a whole minute, but finally got it with 30 seconds to go:)
+1
level 41
Dec 16, 2015
got all except for tibet
+1
level 65
Dec 16, 2015
no aztec or incas ?
+2
level 43
Dec 16, 2015
Khmer Empire?
+1
level 63
Jun 5, 2018
I wondered about that as well, some interesting surprises indeed!
+1
level 57
Dec 16, 2015
Very fun quiz. :)
+1
level 37
Apr 16, 2016
Considering it was over a contiguous area, them Mongols really did build themselves an impressive area of control.
+1
level 76
May 11, 2016
Just missed Tibet. But looking at the stats, so did everyone else, so I don't feel too bad.
+1
level 60
Jan 19, 2017
I got Tibet (been there). But forgot Japan, would you believe.
+2
level 61
Jul 13, 2016
someone needs to make a "countries/empires of the world" by century quiz. who was around in 2000, 1900, 1800, etc.?
+1
level 63
Jul 18, 2016
What about the Vikings?
+1
level 59
Aug 26, 2016
got all but Spain... I feel really stupid now, especially because I got every country on this list in somewhat close proximity to Spain and even tried the Moors, but missed the empire that conquered the country I live in.
+1
level 45
Sep 6, 2016
The USSR and Russian Empire are different. The Russian Empire had Poland and Finland. DIFFERENT
+2
level ∞
Sep 6, 2016
"Groups together different dynasties that arose from a similar cultural group"
+1
level 69
Oct 24, 2016
Good quiz, though inevitably given the imprecise nature of such things there's going to be potential quibbles. Makes sense not to include, for example the Seleucid Empire or the Byzantines, as they are direct successors to Alexander's Empire and Rome respectively. I do think, however, that the Mauryan Empire, Mughal Empire and modern India should all be treated separately though, on the same grounds as the Roman Empire and Italy.
+1
level 49
Jan 20, 2017
Roman empire included areas not ever controlled by Italy. And though I'm not certain, vice versa is probably true.
+2
level 75
Jan 11, 2017
The list seems to be mostly largest to smallest, but the Empire of Japan and Nazi Germany are out of order.
+1
level 79
Jan 19, 2017
The Belgian Empire included today's DR Congo, Rwanda, and Burundi. (Plus Belgium!) That's pretty big...
+2
level 76
Jan 19, 2017
Congo is huge. The other three not so much.
+1
level 48
Jan 20, 2017
Roman!!! Oh come on!!
+2
level 34
Jan 21, 2017
Curious where Mali, Egypt, and Byzantine fall.
+2
level 39
Jan 26, 2017
Third reich should be accepted
+1
level 39
Jan 26, 2017
Byzantine empire should be in the list
+1
level 57
Jan 29, 2017
Did it again today but didn't get Umayyad Caliphate, although I did the last time I tried. What did I type in? Because I'm sure I didn't type 'Umayyad' last time xD
+1
level 57
Jan 29, 2017
Probably 'Arabic', but not sure about this one..
+1
level 42
Feb 9, 2017
How are you counting the portuguese empire? Brazil was a part of it and after the indepence it hardy grew!!! so if Brazil alone is 8.5 the Portuguese empire should obviously be bigger that 8.5, besides Brazil, Angola and Mozambique where also part of the empire, correct your math.
+1
level 63
Feb 27, 2017
Japan and Nazi Germany are out of order. Also, where's Japan in the source?
+1
level 65
May 7, 2017
I thought there would be entries for Denmark since it controls Greenland, then also the Inca, Aztec, and Mayan Empires.
+3
level 62
Aug 13, 2017
The Inca, Aztec and Mayan Empires, in comparison to the colonial powers, were absolutely tiny.
+1
level 38
Jun 6, 2017
Ugh,Alexander!
+1
level 67
Jul 15, 2017
Canadian isn't an acceptable type in for Canada? Really?
+2
level 62
Aug 13, 2017
Because there's never been a Canadian Empire. It's simply the nation state of Canada.
+1
level 59
Jul 19, 2017
i missed one but still got 5/5 i didnt know that could happen!
+1
level 52
Oct 25, 2017
For those curious, Sudan (pre-2011) misses out by quite a bit, with only 2.5 million square kilometres.
+1
level 45
Oct 25, 2017
Tibet? Wow
+2
level 39
Nov 1, 2017
@Quizmaster Turkic khaganate: 6 million square km https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkic_Khaganate# Seljuk empire: 3.9 million square km https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seljuk_Empire
+3
level 38
Nov 29, 2017
Ignoring the usual naysayers, Quiz Master, this was a great quiz. Thank you for the effort!
+1
level 20
Dec 28, 2017
i am sure that the 8 percent that answer tibet is cheating
+1
level 37
Dec 28, 2017
probably not, they just are huge history nerds.
+2
level 63
Jun 5, 2018
I wasn't. Tibet is a relatively large land area with a long history and previous autonomy. I think it was the 2nd or 3rd to last one I got out of the 23. ... One of the things I did was try to guess every significant culture I could think of and when I ran out of those I guessed large regions or peoples, etc. ... It was pretty interesting how many famous empires did not make the list. Aztec, Inca, Maya, Carthaginian, Khmer.
+1
level 35
Apr 6, 2019
No LMAO. I can remember about Tibet bc I'm Asian and I learn a lot about it Lololol
+1
level 27
Jul 5, 2018
Where is Austro-Hungarian Empire ?
+2
level 67
Dec 7, 2018
Central Europe.
+2
level 35
Jul 30, 2018
Where is Majapahit Empire?
+1
level 28
Sep 23, 2018
Why not USSR? It is different from the Russian Empire.
+1
level 58
Nov 15, 2018
got Hunnic and Tibetan, missed Italian, French and Dutch.....
+2
level 37
Dec 7, 2018
Was Australia not bigger when before Papua New Guinea and the Solomon islands got independance?
+1
level 69
Dec 7, 2018
Tibet is such an inhospitable place, I bet it included like 16 people at its peak
+1
level 72
Dec 23, 2018
Japan and Germany appear out of size sequence.
+1
level 29
Jul 11, 2019
Should accept Alexandrian empire as Macedonian
+1
level 25
Jul 12, 2019
no vikings?
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