If you include places influenced by volcanic activity, where do you draw the line to exclude temperatures inside an actual volcano or hot spring? And if you don't exclude those, even Iceland would beat all of these temperatures.
*Only gets Turkmenistan in the last 2 seconds of the quiz*
The coastal regions of Syria are separated from the rest of the country by a mountain range (just like Lebanon), and those areas are quite green. The rest of the country is semi-arid or arid, though the Euphrates and a few smaller rivers have allowed for some corridors of irrigation in the deserts.
It gets very hot in Syria, with temperatures often surpassing 110F in many regions. It just happens to be that the max recorded temperature is about 120, which isn't quite as hot as the max temps recorded in the lower altitude and lower latitude deserts of many of the other countries on the list.
(formerly Greenland Ranch),
Death Valley, California
Time left: 1:50/4:00
It has reached about 40 when I've been in Rome before - still a long way to go before it makes the list but that was plenty hot enough
I live in Felixstowe and this last week has been insanely hot, but only registering as ~mid-20's