Countries that are the Source of Refugees

Name the countries from which the greatest number of refugees and asylum seekers have fled.
As of 2019. Source.
Includes all registered refugees and asylum seekers who fled at any time in their lives and haven't returned. Some fled decades ago.
Quiz by Quizmaster
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Last updated: August 14, 2020
First submittedJanuary 22, 2018
Times taken23,993
Rating4.52
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#
Country
6,740,000
Syria
4,470,000
Venezuela
2,980,000
Afghanistan
2,240,000
South Sudan
1,120,000
Myanmar
953,000
Somalia
917,000
D. R. Congo
#
Country
807,000
Sudan
647,000
Iraq
626,000
Central African Republic
576,000
Eritrea
427,000
Burundi
402,000
Nigeria
325,000
Vietnam
#
Country
317,000
China
265,000
Colombia
261,000
Rwanda
216,000
Iran
193,000
Pakistan
180,000
Ethiopia
178,000
El Salvador
+2
Level 64
Jan 22, 2018
What's the deal with Ukraine? I remember seeing them on the "poorest countries per capita" quiz earlier today and now apparently they're bleeding refugees? I always thought they were a semi-prosperous eastern European country, similar to the Baltic states, Russia or Romania. Apparently this isn't the case
+21
Level 72
Jan 22, 2018
They are fighting a civil war against Russian backed insurgents.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_in_Donbass

+7
Level 64
Jan 22, 2018
Wow I didn't realize it was this serious; news stories usually mention it in passing, so I figured it was more of a civil unrest or very minor conflict.

Almost 1.5 million internally displaced and nearly 1 million fled the country though...

+10
Level 77
Jan 22, 2018
It's a low intensity war in one part of the country (though still war), and most of the country is peaceful and perfectly fine to visit / live, apart from economic troubles brought about by the war and reduced trade with Russia. That's why it's not such a big everday news like Syria, Iraq, Yemen, or e.g. Bosnia in the past.
+3
Level 78
Jun 27, 2018
By "others" do you mean the Russians sent to Ukraine by Stalin after he wiped out many of the native Ukrainians (some estimates up to 12 million) by starvation in 1932 and 33? That Uncle Joe was such a nice guy and such a great ally in WWII. Just goes to show how much you are willing to overlook when the outcome will be better for you if you just ignore a few little things.
+3
Level 80
Jan 23, 2018
Romania is not exactly prosperous, but they're better off than Ukraine.
+16
Level 78
Jan 23, 2018
How does Yemen not make the list? Are refugees not being allowed to leave?
+4
Level 80
Jan 23, 2018
well they are not allowed in to Saudi Arabia. Not sure what Oman's position is but given the terrain and climate it's not really easy to get to Oman. I was wondering why Libya missed the cut.
+1
Level 51
Jan 24, 2018
Same.
+2
Level 80
Jun 5, 2018
According to something I read more recently there are actually a large number of refugees in Saudi Arabia now but I think the majority came from Syria.
+4
Level 83
Jan 23, 2018
The numbers are based off 2014. Most of the really bad stuff didn't really start until 2014 if my memory is correct. Imagine a list from 2017 would haven them.
+1
Level 69
Jun 14, 2018
It struck me that Colombia is on this list... A more recent list would include Venezuela for sure, as 600,000 Venezuelans have fled to Colombia and many more have fled to other neighboring countries. http://www.miamiherald.com/news/nation-world/world/americas/venezuela/article204753119.html
+3
Level 83
Aug 14, 2020
Actually it's a quick boat ride from any port in western Yemen to Africa.
+1
Level 75
Sep 28, 2020
But since most of those countries are *also* on the list...
+1
Level 62
Jan 23, 2018
I was surprised that Bangladesh was not accepted but I guess they are not considered to be refugees either? Interesting data though, Colombia, Sri Lanka and Vietnam surprised me, too
+1
Level 72
Feb 2, 2018
Same here. Why are people fleeing Vietnam, and where are they going? Laos?
+1
Level 57
Jun 5, 2018
Same here too. I was pretty shocked to see China, Sri Lanka and Vietnam. Where do the Chinese flee to ? And where do the Sri Lankans go ? It's an Island and the only Island nation in the list. I was wondering weather they swim through the Palk Strait and come to India or not.
+8
Level ∞
Jun 5, 2018
They are refugees from the Vietnam War and they live in the United States.
+5
Level 63
Jun 6, 2018
The quiz mentions that some of these refugees fled decades ago, so this doesn't represent current events in every case.
+1
Level 45
Jun 5, 2018
oo my parents are refugees from Sri Lnaka
+1
Level 37
Jan 23, 2018
Colombia? - But no Cuba? - and no Haiti?
+3
Level 70
Jan 23, 2018
It's down to numbers, some countries have refugees (so called) leaving, but not so many. Can't see more than 79,000 leaving Cuba.
+2
Level 51
Jan 24, 2018
Surprised that Libya isn't on the list.
+6
Level 75
Jan 29, 2018
What are the time parameters for the answers? Refugees only for the year 2014? A few years leading up to 2014? All through history up to 2014? I assume not this latter one, but perhaps a change of wording in the description would help narrow it down?
+1
Level 70
Jun 5, 2018
Yup. I was wondering.
+1
Level 79
Jun 5, 2018
Agree, it would have been helpful to know before taking the quiz. I looked up the source and the data comes from refugees who registered with the UNHRC from 2007-mid 2015.
+1
Level 70
Jun 5, 2018
Agree. I looked at the source. Quizmaster should have mentioned it was between 2006 and 2014.
+1
Level ∞
Jun 5, 2018
@ander217 and @tylerdavid: You are misinterpreting the source data. The source data shows, for each year, the number of refugees that had registered in all prior years and had not yet returned to their home country. I added a caveat to make this more clear.
+1
Level 50
Feb 17, 2020
I was interested in this too. The cutoff point is around the 1950s or 60s I'm guessing, since refugees from the Vietnam war would appear to be included, but not those from Europe during WW2, or from Korea.
+1
Level 63
Sep 29, 2020
Yes, your description implies that it goes way back in history. If you are going to use this data source, try to make more clear the time period the data covers.
+13
Level 72
Feb 1, 2018
What about Egypt? I remember watching a documentary about an entire group of people fleeing Egypt and crossing the red sea into Israel.
+22
Level 64
Feb 24, 2018
That was like 3000 years ago.
+2
Level 48
Jun 5, 2018
Egypt may suffer the odd terrorist attack, but it's generally a stable country with few concerns so no refugees there
+1
Level 47
Sep 28, 2020
Those are mostly not Egyptians but Sudanese and Eritreans who arrive in Israel via Egypt.
+3
Level 71
Jun 5, 2018
I guess now Venezuela should appear on the list
+5
Level 61
Jun 5, 2018
What about Palestinians? I'm sure they should be at the top of the list...
+2
Level 64
Jun 5, 2018
If it were counted as it's own country, then yes it would be. However, something should represent these refugees, as just its refugees in Jordan, Syria, and Lebanon alone would be in the top 3.
+1
Level 47
Sep 28, 2020
Palestinians are not part of the overall UN definitions of refugees, they have special rules for themselves. They have their own special UN agency (UNRWA), and unlike any other UN-recognised refugees, their position is transferred to following generations. In short, according to the UN, there are refugees and there are Palestinian refugees.
+1
Level 63
Jun 6, 2018
guessed last Rwanda with 0:01 left :D
+1
Level 59
Jun 9, 2018
Since no time frame except "decades ago," what about Ireland during the Great Potato Famine?
+7
Level ∞
Aug 14, 2020
Those people died more than a century ago.
+1
Level 48
Jun 11, 2020
Mexico should be here
+1
Level 71
Aug 20, 2020
There are lots of Mexican immigrants, but very few (if any?) refugees. Refugees are people who are escaping government persecution or war, and I don't think the cartel violence is officially considered to be a war.
+2
Level 58
Sep 28, 2020
illegal immigrants/immigrants are not refugees
+1
Level 47
Aug 15, 2020
I forgot all the African ones.
+1
Level 32
Sep 28, 2020
😢
+1
Level 47
Sep 28, 2020
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+2
Level 39
Sep 28, 2020
Kind of surprised not to see any former Yugoslav countries on here from that balkans war.
+1
Level 53
Sep 28, 2020
Commie, socialist and Muslim countries, I notice.
+2
Level 67
Sep 29, 2020
True. Other than Burundi, El Salvador, Rwanda, Central African Republic, Colombia, South Sudan, Nigeria and Congo.
+1
Level 65
Sep 28, 2020
I suppose Iran is obvious. It's right in the name.
+1
Level 37
Sep 28, 2020
Only Countries with big population can be on this list, or the little countries with at least a Million?
+1
Level 17
Oct 2, 2020
Where is Afghanistan?
+1
Level 57
Oct 2, 2020
It's kind of wedged in between Iran and Pakistan - you've seen pictures.