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Countries with the Most Summer Olympics Medals

Name the countries on top of the all-time medal table for the Summer Olympics.
Through the 2016 games
Some of these countries no longer exist
Quiz by Quizmaster
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First submittedFebruary 27, 2018
Last updatedFebruary 27, 2018
Times taken14,893
Rating4.53
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Medals
Country
2,522
United States
1,122
Soviet Union / Unified Team
937
Germany / West Germany
849
Great Britain
716
France
577
Italy
546
China
Medals
Country
497
Australia
494
Sweden
491
Hungary
439
Japan
426
Russia
409
East Germany
306
Romania
Medals
Country
303
Finland
302
Canada
285
Netherlands
284
Poland
267
South Korea
225
Cuba
+5
level 76
Feb 27, 2018
Took me a long time to come up with Cuba but the time limit is quite generous.
+1
level 43
May 31, 2018
i didnt even think of australia....WOW
+1
level 73
Jul 13, 2018
Same thing here. Answered Cuba with 1:17 left but also spammed a ton of European and Asian countries before that.
+2
level 57
Feb 27, 2018
Great Quiz, absolutely! Pls see also this one with additional list of olympic medals of countries per capita: "Top 15 Gold Medal Countries in Summer Olympics & World Map"
+1
level 58
Feb 27, 2018
I was just going to suggest Quizmaster to do a test with most medals per capita"
+2
level 55
Feb 27, 2018
Greece is missing ... lol
+6
level 76
Mar 21, 2018
In my head I always thought of Greece as one of the major important European nations. After spending several years on this site, I realize they are rarely ever an answer on any superlative world or European quizzes.
+2
level 68
May 31, 2018
Greece has a population of 10 million. That's half the Netherlands, one sixth of Italy, and one eighth of Germany. It's very difficult that they can enter any non-historical ranking.
+2
level 61
May 31, 2018
They may be missing, but without Greece --- there would never have been any Olympic Games, in the first place! :P
+1
level 53
Feb 27, 2018
Romania was a big surprise
+4
level 71
Feb 28, 2018
They were part of that whole Soviet-era sports machine that included East Germany, IIRC.
+1
level 58
Jun 4, 2018
and they are very strong in gymnastics
+3
level 66
Mar 12, 2018
Per capita is all that really matters... /kiwi
+1
level 29
Aug 19, 2019
I support you, NEW ZEALAND!!!!
+2
level 69
Mar 12, 2018
With apologies to the Finns, they are a fine people, but all too often on these quizzes I forget they exist.
+3
level 73
May 31, 2018
Per capita, Finland's, Sweden's and Hungary's numbers are insane.
+1
level 76
May 31, 2018
A good argument for why measuring Olympic medals per capita doesn't make a lot of sense, but yes, they've done well. Norway's winter medal count is even more extreme.
+2
level 57
May 31, 2018
It could also be a good argument to actually see why it does make a lot sense!:)) Finns and Swedes have fiercely fought in track and field events almost for a hundred years, especially every year in "Finnkampen" or "Maaottelu". Sports in all forms is an important part of the competitive spirit of these peoples. In Norway, too, which is best in winter.
+1
level 76
May 31, 2018
But did having a small population prevent them from winning medals? Or are you saying that Swedish athletes are 1,000 times more talented and hard working than Chinese athletes? (as per capita figures would suggest)
+1
level 57
Jun 1, 2018
There must a myriad of reasons why small countries concentrate and excel in their "own" sports (e.g. Netherlands in skating or Austria in slalom). - Conditions offered by nature, sports traditions, and motivation to win must be among the reasons. USA (like China for sure in the future) is great in hundreds of various sports, but small nations may be good in just one or two. And where they are good, there they bring olympic medals back home..
+1
level 76
Jun 3, 2018
yes. sure. And that obviously goes a long way for the Norwegians. Athletic tradition, competitive spirit, natural talent, genetics, the natural environment available to practice in, economic development (giving more resources to commit toward athletic development), and internal politics all play a big role in the equation of how many medals a country earns. But population? When you start trying to figure that way you get some really crazy results that don't make sense. I think it's only really a factor with micro nations like Liechtenstein where there simply aren't enough people to draw upon to field an Olympic team. Otherwise it's an insignificant factor. (and, at the same time, if Vatican City were to win one gold medal in synchronized swimming that doesn't immediately mean that they have a stronger sporting tradition than China or the US or Germany. Measuring per capita it would seem that way. But it should just be regarded as a fluke.)
+1
level 57
Jun 5, 2018
What you say is true. Good arguments. You may have seen my quiz: "Top 15 Gold Medal Countries in Summer Olympics & World Map". Grenada is the 8th best country in per capita ranking. The relative rankings really do not give justice to the biggest countries, but it is also fair to try somehow see how small nations do. My quiz includes both ways of ranking.
+2
level 79
May 31, 2018
Cuba was the only one I couldn't get. Looked it up--they've won a ton of medals in boxing, wrestling, and judo. Note to self: never pick a fight with someone in Cuba.
+1
level 66
May 31, 2018
Or anyone with cauliflower ear/s, in general.
+1
level 57
Jun 1, 2018
got russia with 1 second left!
+2
level 55
Jun 2, 2018
To the people complaining that it's not a "per capita" quiz: MAKE THAT QUIZ YOURSELF!
+2
level 57
Jun 5, 2018
Check out my quiz: "Top 15 Gold Medal Countries in Summer Olympics & World Map". This quiz includes both ways of ranking. Five countries make both top-15 lists.
+1
level 32
Jun 2, 2018
East Germany should be included with Germany. Russia should be included in Soviet Union.
+2
level 76
Jun 17, 2018
East Germany: definitely not. Russia: probably not, but you could make a much better case for that than the East Germany thing.
+1
level 38
Dec 23, 2018
why???
+1
level 76
Jun 28, 2019
Because East Germany and West Germany were two different countries that fielded separate teams that competed in the same Olympics. No other country gets to go to the Olympics with two different teams. And the USSR, while colloquially seen as synonymous with Russia, was really a collection of many different states so awarding their medals to Russia would be unfair to Ukraine, Belarus, etc.
+1
level 47
Jul 27, 2018
Best achievement per million people: Finland, Sweden, Hungary, East Germany, Cuba, Australia.
+1
level 60
Oct 2, 2018
How is Russia separate from USSR? It feels inconsistent if you're going to combine West Germany and Germany. It was the only answer I didn't come up with, as I kept trying to think of places I hadn't guessed. Tried Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia even.
+1
level 75
Oct 5, 2018
West Germany is the Anglophone name for the Bundesrepubik Deutschland (BRD). That country is now the country we call "Germany." It has the same constitution as it's had since 1949. When "East Germany" (the DDR) collapsed, its states were added to the BRD in the same way that the US has added new states in the past. When the Soviet Union collapsed, all 15 of its constituent republics, including Russia, wrote new constitutions and became new countries.
+2
level 60
May 3, 2019
Yes, the reunification is more like one country dissolving and states being added to another country
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