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Former Capitals Quiz

Based on the country and time period, name the capital city.
Last updated: May 15, 2017
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Years
Country
Capital
1948-2005
Burma (Myanmar)
Yangon
1993-1998
Kazakhstan
Almaty
1949-1990
West Germany
Bonn
1815-1982
Sri Lanka
Colombo
1914-1976
Nigeria
Lagos
1954-1975
South Vietnam
Saigon
1822-1960
Brazil
Rio de Janeiro
1940-1944
France
Vichy
1928-1937
China
Nanjing
1453-1923
Ottoman Empire
Constantinople
1712-1918
Russia
St. Petersburg
1300's-1918
Bavaria
Munich
794-1868
Japan
Kyoto
Years
Country
Capital
1861-1865
Confederate States
of America
Richmond
1569-1860
Duchy of Tuscany
Florence
1790-1800
United States
Philadelphia
1785-1790
New York City
1504-1653
Mughal Empire
Agra
1296-1596
Poland
Kraków
1200's-1533
Incan Empire
Cuzco
802-1431
Khmer Empire
Angkor
1305-1378
Catholic Church
Avignon
515-331 (BC)
Persian Empire
Persepolis
2950-2180 (BC)
Egypt
Memphis
+14
level 82
Nov 21, 2011
The former capital of the Ottoman Empire was the former capital of the Byzantine Empire. Now it's the former capital of the Ottoman Empire not the former capital of the Byzantine Empire. Been a long time gone, former capital of the Byzantine Empire. Now it's Turkish Delight on a moonlit night.
+6
level 66
Jul 6, 2012
Why they changed it, I can't say. I guess some folks liked it better that way.
+7
level 74
Nov 27, 2013
Even Old New York was once New Amsterdam
+5
level 51
Jan 11, 2014
so take me back to constantinople, well you can't go back to constantinople, been a long time gone..
+7
level 56
Jun 11, 2014
Why did Constantinople get the works? That's nobody's business but the Turks'
+4
level 77
Sep 19, 2014
I love that there are more nerds out there than just me. :)
+1
level 33
Nov 21, 2011
Huh?
+1
level 57
Sep 19, 2014
The song "Istanbul not Constantinople"
+1
level 66
Nov 25, 2011
...I was thinking Lagos was still the capital. Stupid me.
+1
level 43
Feb 21, 2012
I think Ho Chi Minh city should be accepted.
+3
level 41
Apr 18, 2014
Ho Chi Minh was never the capital. The capital was Saigon. By the time it was Ho Chi Minh, it was no longer capital.
+2
level 75
Jun 10, 2014
And everybody still calls it Saigon anyway.
+6
level 62
Jun 3, 2016
Istanbul works as a type in for Constantinople so Ho Chi Minh should work as a type in for Saigon
+1
level 43
Apr 11, 2012
Ho Chi Minh city should definitely not be accepted. When Saigon became Ho Chi Minh city, South Vietnam ceased to exist.
+1
level 21
Apr 21, 2014
Please add Zomba for Nyasaland (present-day Malawi, and the capital is Lilongwe), Bukittinggi and Yogyakarta for Indonesia, Fort-Lamy for Chad, Tenochtitlan (or else the others might have spelled it) for Aztec Empire, Karakorum for Mongol Empire... and there are lots more
+2
level ∞
Aug 9, 2014
This quiz is already plenty hard.
+1
level 54
Mar 18, 2015
I thought I had done this quiz before when it included Tenochtitlan (which is probably the only well-known one out of those suggested), must have been thinking of another one.
+1
level 46
Dec 9, 2017
In that case add Quezon City and Tacloban City for the Philippines.
+1
level 63
Sep 19, 2014
A lot of people seem to know Colombo...
+1
level 75
Sep 19, 2014
because it's still the capital, even if the government offices have officially changed their address stamps to a municipality within the Colombo area.
+1
level 67
Sep 8, 2016
I did wonder why it was still the capital, yet showing as formerly being the capital. Lol
+3
level 66
Sep 29, 2014
Because the Sri Lankan ink industry prevailed upon the government to designate the neighborhood the government buildings in as the capital, thus using more ink (it takes a lot more to write Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte than Colombo).
+2
level 75
Sep 19, 2014
Pretty easy. Don't know how I blanked on Nanjing, though...
+1
level 36
Sep 19, 2014
Parsa should be accepted for Persepolis. Persepolis in just the Greek name for the Persian city. Its actual title in persian was Parsa.
+1
level ∞
Sep 19, 2014
Parsa will work now.
+1
level 75
Sep 19, 2014
Missed Khmer because I spelled it Ankor and when that didn't work I gave up. Somebody slap me silly.
+1
level 75
Dec 8, 2017
At least I learned from the experience, and got it today.
+1
level 72
Sep 19, 2014
Tried Accra, Acra, Akra, Akkra and then gave up. Oh well.
+1
level 39
Sep 20, 2014
Brilliant quiz!
+2
level 44
Sep 22, 2014
A very good quiz! But I have one comment - Munich should not really be there. It is still the capital of Bavaria, as it has been for centuries. You might argue that Bavaria is not a sovereign country any more, but the fact is that it has, officially, practically never been one. It has almost always been a member state of some larger political entity, most prominently the Holy Roman Empire and the German Empire (which periods are covered in your specification). During the latter, Bavaria's autonomy was not significantly larger than it is now in federal Germany (the obvious exception being that it still had its own king). If Munich 1914 counts as Bavaria's capital, then, so must Munich 2014.
+3
level 44
Sep 22, 2014
As an afterthought - this problem can be easily removed by changing the hint to Electorate/Kingdom of Bavaria (just like you did with the Duchy of Tuscany).
+1
level 54
Feb 19, 2016
Yep, this would be a good idea
+1
level 46
Nov 8, 2016
As far as I know Munich has been the captial of every body of land that was called Bavaria, and Bavaria did not simply stop existing, but kept being Bavaria.
+2
level 26
Jan 8, 2015
you should accept rangoon for yangoon because it was called both
+1
level 22
Jan 26, 2015
Persepolis? Real original Persia.
+1
level 45
Mar 8, 2015
should add Tenochtitlan, maybe even Ecbatana
+1
level 32
May 28, 2015
China has more former capitols than Nanjing.
+1
level 75
Dec 8, 2017
Thanks for accepting Nanking. That's how we were taught to spell it in the 1950s and '60s.
+1
level 68
Aug 31, 2015
71% for Bonn! Nice to see my home town so well known, I was fearing a much lower percentage
+1
level 61
Jan 12, 2016
Khmer empire - Hariharalaya?
+1
level 64
Feb 13, 2016
Can you include Firenze (the name of the town in Italian) for Florence?
+1
level 47
Nov 8, 2016
wasn't the former capital of south vietnam ho chi minh city?
+1
level 49
Jun 14, 2017
Different name. See above.
+1
level 75
Dec 8, 2017
Nope, Ho Chi Minh City was never the name of a place in South Vietnam. Saigon was the capital until South Vietnam ceased to exist and the victors changed the name to celebrate "Uncle Ho".
+1
level 60
Nov 8, 2016
Can you add Cracow as an alternative spelling for Krakow?
+1
level 48
Feb 26, 2017
Xi'an?
+1
level 56
Apr 27, 2017
Clearly something wrong with my eye: I read Bavaria as Batavia and spent the whole time being confused as that's the old name for Jakarta!
+1
level 76
Jun 9, 2017
I misread it as Bohemia, so I guessed places that are incidentally quite close to Bavaria but not close enough.
+1
level 41
Jul 29, 2017
So close to type Bonn
+1
level 44
Sep 29, 2017
What about Palau's former capital Koror?
+1
level 68
Dec 8, 2017
I had no idea certain cities (like Munich/Lagos/Krakow) were ever capitals, but I was able to guess them anyway. 20/24! I should've gotten Agra too though.
+1
level 56
Dec 8, 2017
Munich still is the capital, it's just not the capital of an independent sovereign state.
+1
level 53
Dec 8, 2017
Wasn't Rio at one point the capital of Portugal also? That could be added here
+1
level 78
Dec 8, 2017
Portugal's kind of a weird case. Rio was the capital from 1808-1821, then they moved it to Lisbon for about ten years. Then they moved it to Angra do Heroísmo in 1830. And then they moved it back to Lisbon.
+1
level 49
Jan 27, 2018
Can you add Calcutta the capital of British India ?