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Former Countries

Name these countries that no longer exist, or are no longer sovereign.
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Clue
End
Answer
East Berlin was its capital
1990
Czech Republic + Slovakia
1992
Its capital was Constantinople
1453
Conquerors of the above
1923
Split into 7 different countries
1991
Most serene republic of the
northern Adriatic
1797
In 2014, they voted
against independence
1707
Led by Otto von Bismarck
1871
Country in the southeast
of Germany
1871
Free city between Poland
and Germany
1939
Clue
End
Answer
Former superpower
1991
Led by a reincarnated Lama
1950
Won independence from Mexico
1845
Losers of three Punic Wars
146 BC
Conquered by Edward Longshanks
1282
Became the 14th U.S. state
1791
Merged with Tanganyika to
form Tanzania
1964
Japanese puppet state in
northern China
1945
Greek city that Alexander
never attempted to conquer
146 BC
Unrecognized white-ruled state
that preceded Zimbabwe
1979
Answer Stats
Clue
End
Answer
% Correct
Your %
+1
level 70
May 16, 2015
Isn't Macedonia a country now? Must have been a different Macedonia...
+6
level ∞
May 18, 2015
They are completely different. But I changed the question to Sparta to avoid confusion.
+9
level 65
Jul 20, 2015
This is exactly the reason why the Greeks are angry at the FYROM for usurping the name of their region for the newly founded Slavic state. People mistakenly assume it is the homeland of Alexandre, when it is not.
+8
level 70
Sep 2, 2015
Since I wrote that last post, I found that out first-hand, last month crossing from Greece to Macedonia by train. I was riding in a carriage with some young Macedonians returning from a few days holiday in Greece. Two weird things happened: firstly, the Macedonians had to give a separate piece of paper with their passports to the Greek border guards, onto which the guard stamped the Greek exit stamp (ie the Greeks refuse to put that exit stamp into a passport titled Republic of Macedonia), and secondly the Greek guard muttered "Malaka" to the young Macedonian (who evenly replied "I am not a Malaka") - I asked what that was about, and it turns out that "Malaka" is a term of abuse, a bit like "asshole" - can you imagine a professional border guy swearing at nationals about to enter their own countries like that?
+1
level 45
Dec 3, 2016
Lot of tensions beneath the surface with Greeks and their neighbours....
+4
level 14
Dec 3, 2016
this... is... SPARTA
+4
level 73
Dec 3, 2016
Macedonia didn't usurp anything. The name doesn't belong to Greece. It's the name of a region, which the country of Macedonia sits squarely in. Greek Macedonia is also in the region of Macedonia. If anything was usurped it might be the name "Greek" and Greek history by the Greek nationalists of the 1800s. At the time the term "Greek" had come to mean any Greek-speaking Christian living in in the Ottoman Empire (and as the Byzantine Empire spoke Greek, that was a very wide-ranging and far flung assortment of unrelated people), but the Greek nationalists decided that they somehow owned it and the rights to everything ever associated with it in history. Greek nationalism and Macedonian nationalism were both born around the same time. The Greeks were more successful earlier on. Though they didn't even control the portion of Macedonia that they now do until after the Balkan War of 1913.
+1
level 51
Feb 20, 2017
Not just the Greek and Macedonian nationalists fight over Alexander and the name Macedonia, Albania also thinks they have a claim. And then the Oliver Stone movie came out and depicted Alexander having a fondness for one of his generals (besides his wife). All of a sudden Macedonian nationalists declared Alexander must have been Albanian all along.... All those things happened long before contemporary nation states, nationalism, a lot of migrations, religions, etc. Still nationalists try to put very selected parts of historical figures on pedestals. It's almost a religion on it's own, with deities or saints.
+3
level 73
Jul 9, 2017
^ all nationalist movements are inherently bogus and rely on creation myths. Particularly when that nationalist movement is centered around an effort to create an ethno-state. That goes for the Greeks, Macedonians, Israelis, Italians, Germans, French.... even Americans to an extent, though American nationalism is centered around common ideals rather than ethnicity or religion. It works slightly better. But they still have their own creation myths.
+7
level 43
Dec 29, 2017
@ Kabalhamut Only a very small percentage of the ancient Macedonia belongs to the now called FYROM. FYROM doesn't sit "squarely in", only this small part. While the Greek part contains also the tomb of the Phillipp II, the capital of ancient Macedonia, the birthplace of Alexander and Phillip etc.
+2
level 73
Dec 29, 2017
Dwight your use of "FYROM" suggests bias. But I'll be generous and just assume you haven't looked at many maps. Here's one.
Here's another
Here are two more before Philip and after Philip

I preemptively accept your apology.
+2
level 59
Jan 2, 2018
Kalbahamut: "All nationalist movements" are certainly not bogus nor do they rely on creation myths. Look at Iceland, Norway, Finland or Japan (or the potential Basque state). These have a strong case for a nationalism that is neither bogus nor fake or forced in its homogeneous ethnic composition. Others such as Thailand, Sweden or Ethiopia, while more heterogeneous in ethnicity, still have a strong historical and cultural case for a unified nationalist sense of community, although there are cracks and tensions.
+6
level 43
Jan 3, 2018
Kabalhamut, in your 3 maps you posted (the 4th doesn't work for me at least), there are all completely different borders of the kingdom. There is a difference between the Kingdom of Macedonia and its dependent territories too. I didn't say that the country that is formally known as FYROM doesn't have territories in the ancient kindgom of Macedonia - Bulgaria too has territory that once were in the kingdom of Macedonia. Still, the capital, the most important cities, and the core of the kingdom lies in todays Greece. Israel and Syria once belonged to the kingdom of Macedonia, maybe they want that name too? Or they would like to be named East Roman Empire? Or Ottoman Empire? The use of Macedonia from you also suggest bias in my opinion too, but I won't start answering you with this.
+1
level 73
Jan 4, 2018
Lumi: I disagree. Some nationalist movements are more bogus and rely more on lies than others, but nationalism itself is a bogus idea so I don't accept any nationalist movement as legitimate. It's impossible.

Dwight: when you're talking about a kingdom that existed in ancient history and pursued an expansionist military policy for decades you're going to come up with different maps. The point is, in ALL of these maps, the borders of the ancient kingdom of Macedonia include AT LEAST a large chunk of the modern nation-state the Republic of Macedonia, if they don't include the country's territory in its entirety. Your argument is incredibly weak. If Syria wanted to call itself Macedonia, you know what? Nobody should care. Let them. Countries have the right to name themselves whatever they want.
+1
level 73
Jan 4, 2018
And what I just said aside (which is still absolutely true, countries should be allowed to name themselves, it's absurd to argue differently), when the ancient region of Macedonia includes "FYROM," AND Thrace, AND portions of Bulgaria and Albania etc... it makes perfect sense that if there is a new independent country founded within that ancient region that they should want to use that name. The fact that there exists a Republic of Macedonia does not mean that the region known as Greek Macedonia does not exist. Just like the existence of The United States of America does not mean that there does not exist a continent of North America or South America. Just like the Republic of Korea and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea do not cancel each other out. And if people don't want to say some ridiculous mouthful every time they say the name of a country and just shorten it to "Macedonia" or "America"... that's fine and to be expected anyway.
+3
level 28
Mar 29, 2017
Back in the day, there was no Macedonia, the country. There was a region in modern day Greece that was called Macedonia. Alexander the Great was born in Pella, Greece which is in the region called Macedonia. Macedonia (the region) extends to the country Macedonia however. Pella does border modern day Macedonia and Macedonia claims that Alexander the Great was not born in Pella but was born within their country borders. To appease Greece (although it only slightly worked) they made their name the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, abbreviated FYROM.
+2
level 73
Jul 6, 2017
The region of Macedonia was not exclusively in Greece. The modern-day Republic of Macedonia was entirely within the ancient region of Macedonia. This region also included present-day Greek Macedonia, as well as bits of Albania, Bulgaria, and Serbia. Pella is indeed inside the present borders of Greece (but only since 1913), and Alexander was born there, but Alexander is not the region of Macedonia. The Republic of Macedonia has certainly NOT made their name FYROM. Only Greeks refer to the RoM as FYROM. And Macedonians don't care about appeasing Greeks. If anything they go out of their way to piss them off. Just as Greeks go out of their way to piss off Macedonians. Sometimes one or the other will do something to appease the EU, and the EU ties to keep things as relatively amicable as they can.
+3
level 55
Oct 16, 2017
Absolutely not. Macedonia is a province of Greece. F.Y.R.O.M. (Former Yugoslav Republic Of Macedonia) is an entirely different place that has absolutely nothing to do with Greece, and they choose to use "Macedonia" as their name, simply to cause confusion.
+4
level 72
Dec 29, 2017
Did you read any of the above?
+2
level 25
Sep 2, 2015
Bayern should deffinantly work for Bavaria.
+2
level 66
Sep 2, 2015
Yes. Please.
+2
level ∞
Sep 2, 2015
Bayern will work now
+3
level 58
Sep 2, 2015
Could you accept Manchu or Manchuria for Manchukuo?
+1
level 80
Sep 2, 2015
Seconded. as the kuo, or 國, means country, it serves the same purpose as the -ia suffix.
+1
level ∞
Sep 2, 2015
Manchuria would have worked
+2
level 52
Sep 2, 2015
Maybe I typed it wrong but isn't Byzantium the same thing as Byzantine Empire? Acceptable answer?
+2
level 41
Sep 2, 2015
i tried that too surprised it didn't work
+1
level 61
Sep 2, 2015
Not really, as it (byzantium the city) was renamed to constantinople before the roman empire split into east and west, so the name change predates the byzantine empire. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Byzantium
+1
level 59
Jan 2, 2018
There never really was a Byzantine empire, historians didn't start calling it that until the 16th century. For the (about) one thousand years between the 4th century and 1453 it was simply the eastern continuation of the Roman empire. Of course the schism between Roman catholic and Greek orthodox and the difference between Latin and Greek language and culture did divide the east and the west, for contemporaries the empire was still very much the (Eastern) Roman Empire.
+1
level 66
Sep 2, 2015
Yugoslavia technically split only to Croatia, Slovenia, Serbia, Bosnia and Macedonia. Both Montenegro and Kosovo split from Serbia and Montenegro and Serbia.
+1
level 45
Sep 2, 2015
I agree, 1992 Yugoslavia split into two countries, Macedonia and Yugoslavia. And, during the Yugoslavian wars(1991-1995), Yugoslavia split into 5 countries: Slovenia, Croatia, Macedonia, Bosnia, and Serbia and Montenegro(Socialist Republic of Yugoslavia).
+3
level ∞
Sep 2, 2015
Yeah, but then the clue would be too long to fit in this quiz.
+1
level 56
Sep 2, 2015
Yeah, but what you have now is incorrect. It's either a country that split into five countries or a country that is now seven countries. It would be kind of like saying that when the Roman Empire split in half that it split into 40 countries or however many there are now.
+1
level 55
Aug 2, 2016
The answer is still Yugoslavia. It doesn't ask when/how it split into 7
+1
level 53
Sep 2, 2015
What about Zaire? Very nice quiz.
+1
level 57
Sep 2, 2015
Zaire is still a country. Only its name changed, nothing else. That answer would belong in a quiz about countries which had changed their names at some point (e.g., Burma, Burkina Faso, etc.).
+3
level 46
Sep 2, 2015
amazed that Vermont was the lowest percentage answer as there are only so many candidates for the 14th state and "this website is soooo American oriented" :)
+1
level 46
Sep 2, 2015
mock sarcasm intended
+1
level 60
Sep 2, 2015
People tend to assume it was one of the original colonies, simply because it's in New England. Same with Maine.
+1
level 61
Sep 2, 2015
Maine was my first guess, since I knew that it Vermont were among the first to gain statehood after the original colonies.
+4
level 61
Jan 23, 2016
Vermont was an independent republic for 14 years, from 1777 to 1791, longer than Texas, which was independent for 9 years, from 1836 to 1845. I love to tell that to every stuck-up Texan I meet.
+1
level 55
Jan 31, 2016
Can't we be proud of our heritage?
+3
level 59
Jun 15, 2017
You are comparing apples to oranges. The website and at least the featured quizzes are American oriented, but of course that doesn't mean that the quizzers (especially on geography or history quizzes) are americans.
+1
level 68
Sep 3, 2015
Scotland and Wales are still very much countries.
+2
level 67
Sep 3, 2015
That do not exercise individual sovereignty... countries yes but not nation-state countries.
+2
level 65
Dec 5, 2015
Glad this has turned up again, I've missed it from one or two quizzes lately.
+3
level 43
Sep 4, 2015
East Rome as acceptable answer for Byzantine Empire please
+1
level 73
Jul 6, 2017
Or even just the Roman Empire, technically that's correct. It only started being called the Byzantine Empire by historians many centuries after the fact.
+4
level 58
Sep 4, 2015
'In 2014, they voted against independence', hmmm, who could that be I wonder to myself (ignoring the 1707 clue) ... facepalm when I realised I actually voted in the election...
+1
level 28
Dec 1, 2015
Veneto should be an acceptable answer for Venice. same area.
+1
level 71
Apr 25, 2016
Veneto was a part of Venice, I don't think it was ever a country in its own right, was it?
+1
level 62
Dec 3, 2016
What about Central America (officially, the Federal Republic of Central America)? It was an independent and sovereign country for 20 years.
+1
level 45
Dec 3, 2016
Byzantium to work for Byzantine Empire? Thoughts?
+2
level 31
Dec 3, 2016
Some more suggestions I have for you are Upper Volta and Dahomey.
+1
level 46
Mar 4, 2017
Upper volta was the former name of burkina faso
+1
level 26
Jan 2, 2018
I guessed both of those and then they weren't on here
+1
level 14
Jan 2, 2017
can you accept Byzantium on its own I got the question wrong because of it
+1
level 39
Feb 4, 2017
Greenland?
+1
level 29
May 28, 2017
Vermont I got on my first guess.
+3
level 24
May 28, 2017
RHODESIANS NEVER DIE H O D E S I A N S N E V E R D I E
+1
level 59
May 28, 2017
Please add some type-ins to Prussia and Byzantine. I tried Preussia, Preussen, Byzant, Byzantium, East Rome...
+1
level 59
Jun 15, 2017
There could be soooo many more examples from the past, which would make this quiz much more interesting. Just to name a few: Americas: the Aztec Empire, the Inca Empire, Federal Republic of Central America, Gran Colombia, New Granada, Newfoundland. Europe: Thrace, Dacia, Suebi, Suevi, Burgundy, Hun Empire, Visigothic Kingdom, Odoacer, Alamannia, Aquitaine, Frankish Kingdom/Empire, Lotharingia, Holy Roman Empire, Mercia, Wessex, York, Umayyad Emirate, Crete, Sicily. Africa: Kindom of Lunda, Tippu Tip, Merina Kingdom, Sokoto Caliphate, Ashanti Empire, Wadai Empire, Axum, Toucouleur Empire, Mali Empire, Songhai Empire, Katanga, Bechuanaland, Transvaal Republic, Oranje Free State. Asia: Tuvan Republic, Urjanchai Republic, Sikkim, Kushan Empire, Mauryan Empire, Gupta Empire, Champa, Funan, Chenla, Khmer Empire, Gojoseon, Jin, Goguryeo, Silla, Xiongnu Khanate, Rouran Khanagate.
+1
level 56
Jul 6, 2017
There's nothing stopping you from making a quiz.
+1
level 33
Oct 20, 2017
Some of those are to obvious like did you even know that a country called West Florida existed? Now that is a hard one to get
+1
level 28
Jul 6, 2017
I'm not sure if you meant llama in the Tibet one, but if it was really llama, it's spelled wrong.
+3
level 57
Dec 29, 2017
The Dalai Lama is a Buddhist monk and the spiritual leader of the Tibetan people. A llama is a domesticated South American camelid, widely used as a meat and pack animal by Andean cultures since the Pre-Columbian era.
+1
level 72
Dec 29, 2017
Probably my favourite misunderstanding so far haha 👍👍
+1
level 32
Jan 1, 2018
A one L lama, he's a priest A two 'l' llama, he's a beast. A three 'l' lllama is a big fire. With apologies to Ogden Nash
+1
level 56
Jul 29, 2017
Suggestions: Austria-Hungary and Poland-Lithuania
+2
level 39
Aug 2, 2017
Ah!!! - He's a TEACHER! - That's why a certain "commenter" is so prolific. He's used to preaching to a captive audience!
+1
level 27
Nov 19, 2017
Very good quiz I also like how you included Manchuria however you could have included more countries such as: South Yemen, Malaya, Tanganyika, Austria hungry, Saar, United Arab republic, South Vietnam, Triest and Orange free state.
+1
level 68
Dec 29, 2017
Before it was Zimbabwe it was known as Southern Rhodesia to distinguish it from Northern Rhodesia, which became Zambia. The story is a little more complicated than that, but you should at least allow for Southern Rhodesia (currently it does not recognize it) and use the full name in the answer.
+2
level 41
Dec 29, 2017
The Yugoslavia question needs to be corrected, it split into 6 countries, not 7.
+1
level 38
Feb 11, 2018
This is American based. We recognize Kosovo.
+1
level 12
Jul 3, 2018
No, technically, it split into 5; Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, The country that must not be named (FYROM), and The Union State of Serbia and Montenegro. Then later in 2006, a Montenegrin independence referendum split S&M into, well, Serbia and Montenegro. Then Kosovo became a self declared state two years later, with limited recognition.
+1
level 28
Dec 29, 2017
Scotland and Wales are countries, They just aren't independent.
+2
level 45
Dec 29, 2017
Name these countries that no longer exist, or are no longer sovereign. Did you read the description?
+1
level 7
Dec 29, 2017
Byzantium was the city the preceded Constantinople, which in turn preceded Istanbul. The Byzantine Empire was a separate entity entirely.
+1
level 43
Jan 10, 2018
If you want to get technical, the Byzantine Empire was no entity at all.
+1
level 45
Dec 29, 2017
Prussia and Bavaria didn't end until 1918
+1
level 54
Jan 5, 2018
The description says sovereign. They were countries, sure, but they were part of the German Empire. It's similar to Scotland, England, Wales, and the United Kingdom.
+1
level 43
Jan 3, 2018
You could include Hawaii, that one is also a former country.
+1
level 46
Feb 7, 2018
I was really confused about the Lama one until i realized they werent all in europe
+1
level 63
May 25, 2018
The polity conquered by Edward in 1282 wasn't Wales, It was Gwynedd.
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