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History General Knowledge #5

Answer these random history questions.
Last updated: February 15, 2017
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Question
Answer
To what country were 165,000 British convicts "transported"?
Australia
What country was formerly known as Siam?
Thailand
Who sent a telegram from Kitty Hawk in 1903?
Orville Wright
What Puritanical English ruler banned Christmas?
Oliver Cromwell
What spontaneous WWI ceasefire happened in late 1914?
Christmas Truce
What secret society traces its origins to Medieval stone workers?
Freemasons
What war was depicted in Picasso's painting "Guernica"?
Spanish Civil War
What Union general adopted a "scorched Earth" policy on his march to the sea
through the American south?
William Tecumseh
Sherman
What religious order was founded by Ignatius of Loyola to reform the Catholic church?
Jesuits
What Russian empress had affairs with many men?
Catherine the Great
How many pence were in a pound prior to 1971?
240
What was the name of the forced removal of the Cherokee and other
tribes from the southeast U.S.?
Trail of Tears
What sport would an ancient Roman watch at a hippodrome or circus?
Chariot Racing
Who was the Supreme Commander of the Allied forces in Europe during WWII?
Dwight Eisenhower
What Jewish banking family rose from the Frankfurt ghetto to become unimaginably wealthy?
Rothschild
What 1969 music festival is sometimes considered the zenith of the hippie movement?
Woodstock
What was the nickname of Louis XIV?
The Sun King
What famous train ran between Paris and Istanbul?
Orient Express
What term is given to the British rule of India from 1858-1947?
British Raj
Who did Friedrich Engels famously work with?
Karl Marx
+2
level 80
Jan 13, 2015
Is the 'war' in Spanish Civil really necessary?
+2
level ∞
Jan 13, 2015
"Spanish Civil" will work now.
+2
level 74
Jan 17, 2015
Jesuit singular should be allowed: What order? The Jesuit order.
+1
level ∞
Jan 17, 2015
Okay
+1
level 59
May 21, 2015
You should change the displayed answer too. What order was it? Jesuit, not Jesuits.
+2
level 73
May 21, 2015
Easy except had no idea about the pence in the pound.
+1
level 60
Nov 24, 2017
Pre '71 - 12 pennies in a shilling and 20 shillings in a pound. Thank goodness for decimalisation.
+1
level 49
Mar 1, 2018
That was the only one I missed. My guesses were not even close.
+1
level 63
May 21, 2015
Strickly speaking, the Jesuit Order is known as the "Society of Jesus." Jesuit priests have "S.J." following their names.
+5
level 45
Jul 2, 2015
Strictly speaking, strickly isn't a word.
+1
level 40
May 21, 2015
Could you accept Oriental Express as well as Orient?
+4
level 56
Jun 8, 2017
Or, can you not learn from this experience and now know that the name is Orient Express? There is no train called the Oriental Express - why should that be an acceptable answer when no one calls it that?
+2
level 57
May 21, 2015
After answering everything I literally just went up and down on my keyboard to put numbers until I got the pence in a pound question. Ran out of time as I got to 200. 40 away from getting the right answer.
+1
level 58
Nov 24, 2017
Google?
+1
level 74
Nov 24, 2017
Cheat?
+1
level 45
May 24, 2015
Got them all, a good quiz.
+1
level 33
Oct 11, 2016
I'm surprised the pence to pound question has the least correct answers. It is about the only one you can guess successive numbers until you get it. The others are either you do or you don't.
+1
level 75
Nov 14, 2016
Sure, but 240 is a pretty high number, and there's 20 questions and only so much time.
+1
level 73
Nov 24, 2017
yeah I tried that up going one number at a time through 40, then started jumping up by 10 at a time through 150, then gave up.
+1
level 56
Nov 24, 2017
I'm not surprised. The number of Brits who know this are diminishing quickly these days - anyone born after, say, 1968 are highly unlikely to know. Any non-Brits who do know are either serious coin collectors, or they travelled to any country* that used to use pounds-shillings-pence (so they must be getting on a bit now). *UK, Ireland, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Malta
+1
level 66
Nov 24, 2017
I'm guessing American south equals North American South (:
+1
level 59
Nov 26, 2017
No, it means the southern part of the US, not Mexico or Panama which both could mean the southern part of North America, depending if one counts Central America as separate from North America.
+1
level 73
Aug 5, 2018
It obviously refers to the southern half of the United States since America is a country, not a continent. The "North American South"- which nobody in history has ever referred to before- would, I guess, be Panama, Costa Rica, and so on. But this region is already referred to as "Central America"; no reason to start calling it the North American South.
+1
level 66
Nov 24, 2017
I've said this on other quizzes, but Eisenhower was one of two Supreme Allied Commanders in Europe. There were two Allied Theatres in Europe - Eisenhower was the Supreme Commander in North West Europe and Alexander was Supreme Commander in the Mediterranean. Clearly Eisenhower's was the more important command, but saying that he was THE Supreme Commander in Europe is just wrong.
+2
level 39
Nov 24, 2017
When you get a chance, look up the meaning of Supreme.
+2
level 66
Nov 24, 2017
When you get a chance, read what I put. Then ask for help if you're still puzzled.
+1
level 68
Nov 24, 2017
Well, it was Maitland first, then Alexander.
+1
level 66
Nov 24, 2017
Good point - makes the question even worse.
+1
level 39
Mar 1, 2018
Both asterisks in world history. Will we ever restrain ourselves from thrusting our "superior" knowledge onto the world? - I am sure that the quiz is asking for the most obvious answer, not asking us to delve into the obscure (or consult wikipedia) to "enlighten" each other.
+1
level 76
Nov 24, 2017
Still remember the old pounds, shillings and pence. Much harder to work with than present day decimal coinage. 12 pence to a shilling, 20 shillings to a pound - math(s) was a nightmare back then when the avoirdupois method of weights was also on the syllabus. But we still use miles, yards, feet and inches alongside metres - most odd.
+1
level 56
Nov 24, 2017
Can you imagine if we hadn't adopted decimal currency? The old penny would be utterly worthless now! I guess the tanner or shilling would have been the smallest coin now
+1
level 43
Nov 24, 2017
It's not quite accurate to say that Cromwell "banned" Christmas. It was Parliament that introduced a series of laws surrounding the holiday until, finally, observing Christmas became a crime, years before Cromwell was even installed as Lord Protector. While histrorians believe he supported these actions, and that he enforced the prohibition when he was in power, Cromwell himself didn't enact these laws or even campaign for them.
+1
level 74
Nov 27, 2017
I knew it was in the 200s. Thankfully it was on the lower end or I would have run out of time. For some reason I thought it was 16 by 16, but I wasn't even born on the other side of that pond when it happened.
+1
level 53
May 17, 2018
Got Tecumseh, but I couldn't remember his last name.
+1
level 57
Oct 10, 2018
'Chariot Race' should work
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