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Biggest Cities once in the Roman Empire

Name the most populous modern-day urban areas whose territory was once part of the Roman Empire.
  • Based on urban area population according to citypopulation.de, January 2018
  • Only includes area held by the Romans for at least 100 years
  • Two loosely-defined German areas are given
  • These cities didn't necessarily exist in Roman times
  • Quiz by Quizmaster - Feb 02, 2018
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Population
City
18.2 mil
14.8 mil
14.6 mil
11.3 mil
6.35 mil
5.85 mil
5.70 mil
The Ruhr
5.30 mil
5.15 mil
Population
City
4.98 mil
Cologne / Düsseldorf
4.85 mil
4.70 mil
4.33 mil
4.23 mil
3.83 mil
3.68 mil
3.60 mil
3.38 mil
Population
City
3.23 mil
3.20 mil
3.10 mil
3.03 mil
3.00 mil
2.63 mil
2.58 mil
2.58 mil
2.55 mil
Answer Stats
Population
City
% Correct
Your %
+2
level 74
Oct 30, 2015
Mesopotamia was never really a Roman province. First the Parthians then the Sassanid Persians were powerful rivals of the Romans that held that territory quite firmly. Trajan and Septimius Severus managed to conquer it but each time only briefly. Thus, I don't think it's a good idea to consider Baghdad and Kuwait City here.
+2
level 41
May 11, 2016
That's not the point. Rome still controlled Baghdad and Kuwait City. It doesn't really matter how long for in the quiz.
+1
level 74
Mar 24, 2018
It does. To be part of the Roman Empire requires more than a mere occupation.
+7
level ∞
Feb 2, 2018
I changed the quiz to only includes areas held for at least 100 years. Its true that the Romans never really controlled Mesopotamia.
+1
level 74
Mar 24, 2018
That's wise. Thank you!
+2
level 61
Oct 31, 2015
That moment when you missed two answers and it still says you beat or equals 100% of test takers.
+1
level 69
Dec 12, 2015
I knew I was missing a city in Turkey (duh, the capital), and I could not for the LIFE of me remember the capital of Jordan. I didn't realize the Romans had founded Cologne, though. Those pesky border towns.
+1
level 41
Dec 12, 2015
Really interesting quiz. Trying to visualise the Roman Empire was tricky for someone who has never studied it in History!
+5
level 72
Dec 13, 2015
Where did you study history where they did not cover the Roman Empire?
+1
level 73
May 7, 2016
I don't remember doing much about the expanse of the Roman empire until I took Latin. We just did about hypocausts and mosaics and things.
+1
level 65
Dec 12, 2015
Missed London. I didn't know the Roman empire stretched all the way to the UK.
+1
level 72
Dec 13, 2015
London and Bath, the two oldest cities in the UK, were both founded by Romans.
+1
level 55
Aug 4, 2016
Questionable...
+1
level 71
Feb 2, 2018
Completely untrue, they weren't even the first Roman cities.
+1
level 72
May 9, 2018
Too bad there's no way to look this up on the Internet and find out who's right.
+2
level 60
May 9, 2018
I was under the impression Colchester was oldest? Depends on your definition of City I suppose.
+2
level 72
May 9, 2018
Yes, a lot of "oldest cities" titles have to do with semantics and definitions being used. The list I was referencing excludes Colchester because, even though it was settled shortly before Roman Londinium and Bath, it is thought to have been abandoned at some point between the 6th and 11th centuries. London and Aquae Sulis (Bath), on the other hand, have probably* been continuously inhabited since the Romans established a city center in each in 43 AD.

* there is some debate as to whether London was entirely or only mostly abandoned after the withdrawal of the Romans in the 5th century.
+1
level 53
May 9, 2018
I'm pretty sure the actual founding date and founder(s) of London are unknown, its first mention being in the Magna Carta, where it was given all the powers it had had since...the past. Ambiguous. But first people to start continuous occupation does not mean founders.
+1
level 72
May 9, 2018
We know exactly when the Roman city of Londinium was founded. It was 43 AD, same year as the Roman conquest of England. There is evidence of human settlements in the London area dating back to the Bronze Age, though.
+1
level 21
Dec 12, 2015
Budapest? Vienna? Amsterdam? I really thought those would be there
+1
level 74
Dec 13, 2015
They are all too small to be on the list...
+2
level 58
Dec 14, 2015
Amsterdam is north of the Rhine, and therefore not a part of the Roman empire
+1
level 55
Aug 4, 2016
The Romans got over the Rhine, see the forts the legions left for Teutoburg Forest from.
+1
level ∞
Feb 2, 2018
Amsterdam was just north of the Roman lines:

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/57/Limes1.png

+1
level 70
Dec 15, 2015
Great idea for a quiz. Thanks for making it!
+2
level 59
Jan 24, 2016
Where is Istanbul? Constantinople's part in Roman history is only a little bit important...
+6
level ∞
Jan 25, 2016
Third city on the list, Broseph.
+1
level 82
Jan 28, 2016
ya, only a little bit, it only became the capitol of the Empire when Constantine became emperor, and after the split of the empire, the Roman (western half) fell in around 500 CE, whereas the Constantinople (western half) became known as the Byzantine Empire (which was still the Roman Empire) until Constantinople fell almost 1000 YEARS LATER in 1453.
+3
level 48
Jun 8, 2017
To the two per cent of people who failed to get Rome, you...oh never mind, you know it's an absolute catastrophe.
+3
level 73
May 9, 2018
Maybe they were called away before finishing the quiz, or maybe they thought they'd already typed it. That happens to me a lot - I'll think of two answers, type one, then move on before typing the other but I think I typed it. Then sometimes we just don't see the obvious. If you ask a number of people, "Who is buried in Grant's tomb," a few will scratch their heads and say they can't remember or don't know.
+1
level 47
May 10, 2018
My wife and three kids often call me away before I can finish quizzes .
+1
level 57
Jun 15, 2017
Hmm.. No Mosul, Aleppo, Tikrit, Beirut, Jerusalem, Gaziantep, Jeddah, Mecca, Medina, Riyadh, Tripoli, Malaga, Valencia, Sevilla, Genoa, Nice, Venice, Palermo, Bern, Brussels, Amsterdam, Lyon, Marseille, Leeds, Birmingham, Manchester, Liverpool... Some of these are probably close to making the list? For some reason I didn't think of Amman or Kuwait City and though I did remember that the border between the Roman Empire and German tribes was at the Rhine (and that Düsseldorf is on the east side of the Rhine) I did not remember that Köln is actually on the west bank.. I guess 16/19 is still ok.
+1
level 60
Jul 27, 2017
I bet I'm the only one who got all but three, and one of the three was ...... Rome!
+1
level 20
Sep 14, 2017
Zaragoza in Spain was named for Ceasar Augustus. Tarragona is full of Roman Ruins.
+1
level 63
Feb 2, 2018
Actually Budapest is not completely a correct answer, as the Danube was the border of the Roman empire, the Pannonia province contained only the Transdanubia part of the current territory of Hungary. And unfortunately Pest, the main part of Budapest is on the other site of the river...
+3
level ∞
Feb 2, 2018
The Romans settled Pest as well.

http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0006%3Aentry%3Daquincum

+1
level 76
Feb 2, 2018
I thought Aleppo was quite a bit bigger than Damascus, but it's not on the list while Aleppo is.
+3
level 72
May 9, 2018
I was also under that impression. It might have something to do with different ways of measuring city sizes or it could be that millions of former residents of Aleppo are now dead or living in Turkey, Jordan, Greece, Germany and so on.
+1
level 64
May 9, 2018
Is Cologne not populous enough?
+1
level 72
May 9, 2018
Cologne is included in the Cologne/Dusseldorf metro area which is already filled in for you.
+1
level 33
May 9, 2018
Every city I missed are ones I heard of and should have known.
+1
level 43
May 9, 2018
Iz mir a city?
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