Lowest Fertility Countries Quiz

Can you guess the the countries with the lowest birth rates?
The fertility rate measures that number of children an average woman will have over her lifetime
2020 estimates according to the CIA World Factbook
Data doesn't exist for the Vatican
Quiz by Quizmaster
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Last updated: July 11, 2020
First submittedJanuary 28, 2012
Times taken37,363
Rating4.23
4:00
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 / 21 guessed
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Rate
Country
0.87
Singapore
1.14
Taiwan
1.29
South Korea
1.33
Bosnia and Herzegovina
1.38
Greece
1.38
Poland
1.38
Romania
Rate
Country
1.41
Portugal
1.42
Croatia
1.43
Andorra
1.43
Japan
1.44
Slovakia
1.46
Serbia
1.47
Italy
Rate
Country
1.47
Hungary
1.47
Germany
1.48
Czech Republic
1.48
Cyprus
1.49
Austria
1.49
Bulgaria
1.49
Malta
+5
Level 55
Jan 28, 2012
I love how out of the 22 countries on this list, 17 of them are European.
+46
Level 63
Apr 5, 2015
I don't love it. It's sad. The West is committing demographic suicide.
+32
Level 55
Jul 27, 2016
Gimme a break. The world is overpopulated whichever way you look at it.
+1
Level 51
Sep 4, 2016
Amen to that
+19
Level 56
Sep 4, 2016
When Malthus died world population was 1 billion, he thought the world was ending, come on; overpopulation is the boogeyman that never appears
+3
Level 34
Sep 4, 2016
Sure, Malthus massively over-exaggerated, but that doesn't mean it can't happen, or it isn't happening already. Look at the state of places like India and Nigeria. People have enough money to deal with it, but they don't.
+3
Level 73
Sep 16, 2016
It's not the shear number of people that is scary, but the heap of things they will need; oil, coal, natural gas, clean water, a Hyundai.
+7
Level 79
Jun 4, 2018
Malthus only faked his death so that he could assemble the Black Order and build the Infinity Gauntlet.
+1
Level 47
Oct 11, 2018
^^Thank god I’m not the only person who thinks that. We’ll need to create a team.
+16
Level 47
Oct 23, 2018
guys heard about the 4 step transition of population in industrializing nations? You start out with a lot of births, but also a lot of deaths. Then you have very few deaths and a lot of births. Then you have few deaths and less births. Then it balances out with few deaths and few births. Many countries have made such transitions. If the worlds population is growing quickly, its because less people are dying in poorer, less developed areas of the world. Births are already decreasing across the world. It is almost certain the 11 billionth human will not be born.
+3
Level 64
Dec 20, 2018
Can't understand why the Vatican isn't on the list, it must have the lowest fertility rate on the planet.
+1
Level 79
Dec 23, 2018
Fertility rate is the amount of children, at birth, a woman born in the country is expected to produce in her lifetime. Nobody is born in the Vatican.
+1
Level 62
Dec 24, 2018
I suppose the only women who live there are probably nuns, and if a nun gets pregnant. Well... They probably wouldn't be living there by the time they're ready to give birth.
+1
Level 66
Jul 12, 2020
Gee, I wonder if some pregnant tourist had such a serious sudden medical situation that they had to be brought immediately to the small internal hospital/infirmary, and gave birth there.
+1
Level 69
Jul 20, 2020
"Data doesn't exist for the Vatican"
+1
Level 57
Oct 25, 2019
A lot of the countries are small, and/or have a high population density. Maybe the people as a whole just feel that their country is full, even if that is not what their leaders want them to think. Romania, for example, used to have a government that forced women to have children, which led to disastrous results. Scaling back a lot to make for the overpopulation created then, makes sense.
+1
Level 33
Jan 28, 2012
I got them all except Moldova. I knew I forgot something over there.
+1
Level 63
Jan 31, 2012
More interesting is that it is mostly Eastern European countries. Most of which broke off from the Soviet Union.
+6
Level 44
Jul 1, 2012
I think this doesnt account for migration. Lots of eastern europeans emigrate to other countries like uk, usa, australia, etc for economic reasons, and have babies there instead of their country of birth. Also, the birth rates for 'regular' Americans and Brits for example is quite low, but the birth rates for immigrants make up for it.
+1
Level 57
Jan 30, 2013
I agree. The demographic of people emigrating these countries tends to be young working class men and women i.e. the baby producing part of the population
+1
Level 79
Apr 14, 2013
The fertility rate is based on the country not on the ethnicity. If Ukranians move to Rehoboth Beach and start having a bunch of babies over there... that increases the fertility rate of the United States. However, immigration either to or from a country does not affect fertility rate, as fertility rate is not a calculation of population growth, but rather a determination of how many children, on average, a woman in a given country is likely to have during her lifetime. A fertility rate of approximately 2.1 is needed to sustain a population if there is no net gain/loss from immigration, or higher in countries with a very high mortality rate. It's very hard to calculate population growth because there are so many variables, but short of geneticists unlocking an anti-aging serum or something like that it's likely that every country on this list will see large population declines in the coming decades.
+1
Level 29
May 21, 2014
Actually, countries with low fertility rates are usually developed countries with decent educational opportunities for women. And it doesn't calculate population growth, but rather the number of children women in the country are likely to have throughout their lifetime, which means immigration doesn't actually affect it.
+1
Level 79
Sep 4, 2016
I don't know. Last time I was in Rehoboth Beach I noticed a lot of East Europeans working there. Though it was mostly young Romanians and Poles there for work over the summer. And that was around 2005.
+1
Level 34
Sep 4, 2016
I'm surprised at no Sweden or Russia- Countries with famously low birthrates. I guess in Sweden's case, the pro-natal strategy is working and Russia just has a large population anyway?
+1
Level 66
Jul 12, 2020
In the case of Sweden, I think it might be the large percentage they have of refugee immigrants from the Middle East balancing fertility things out with native Swedes. In the case of Russia, I think that only the low birthrate of ethnic Russians is causing the govt alarm, offset by the other ethnicities within the country who are still happily churning 'em out.
+1
Level 62
Apr 21, 2014
we learnt that they're going through "the second demographic change" (not sure how you call it, I'm not English)
+2
Level 72
Jul 16, 2016
What's even weirder is that most of the entirety of the former Yugoslav republics are in there. They're all over the religious map with Catholic, Protestant, Orthodox, and Muslim representation; they vary in economic prosperity; their EU status ranges from long-time members to only-just-applied-this-past-February. Must be something in the water?
+1
Level 79
Sep 4, 2016
The Muslim Yugoslav republics (Albania and Kosovo) are not on the list and I'd be surprised if they were. Religion does play a role.
+7
Level 50
Sep 4, 2016
Albania was never a Yugoslav republic, but agreed. Although Bosnia is high on this list, with a very slight Muslim majority.
+1
Level 34
Sep 4, 2016
I always thought Bosnia had a high Muslim minority, not slight majority
+2
Level 79
Sep 4, 2016
If you count different branches and sects of Christianity and Islam as separate, then Sunni Muslims constitute a plurality but not a majority in Bosnia. If you group all Muslims and all Christians together, then it's almost a 50/50 split.
+1
Level 79
Sep 4, 2016
Wikipedia says 50.7% Muslim. Google (quoting Indexmundi.com) cites a 40% Muslim figure. JetPunk does not include Bosnia on its Muslim majority countries quiz... which is probably why I was under the impression they were not a Muslim majority country.
+2
Level 48
Jan 31, 2012
Becomes easy when you work out what area to focus on. I found Italy the most interesting- who woulda thought a country full of Catholics would make this list?
+2
Level 79
Apr 14, 2013
Religion plays a role for sure, but it's much less important than things like the economy, prosperity, education, availability of birth control and family planning, cost of living, literacy, and the types of jobs available (agrarian countries will have much higher birthrates than countries where the majority of people live in cities, or where good jobs require higher education and therefore investment of more family resources). Here in Saudi Arabia where I live, people are still as Muslim as ever, but birth rates are falling sharply because of economic development, the rising cost of living, and the migration to cities.
+2
Level 85
May 3, 2013
The point HighFidelity was making regarding Italy was that Catholics consider it a sin to use birth control. It's not that birth control is not "available", it's that it's not (supposed to be) used. I'm guessing that Italian Catholics must treat that particular decree as more of a guideline than a strict rule.
+3
Level 28
Sep 5, 2014
Differently to what people think, northern Italy is a fully western advanced economy, as developed as Germany, France and the UK. But the image Italy has abroad still reflects the under-developed and overly catholic south, because it is the place where most immigrants, the mafia and pizza came from ;)
+2
Level 72
Jul 16, 2016
There are actually a *bunch* of Catholic countries on here! Obviously Italy sticks out, but Poland, Croatia, Andorra, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Austria are all Catholic-majority countries, too!
+1
Level 21
Apr 12, 2012
15 isn't bad for me. I love this quiz! Although I'm annoyed at not getting Greece.
+2
Level 72
Jul 16, 2016
I always think of Greeks as having big families. Maybe things have changed dramatically in the last generations? Or my perception was totally skewed…
+1
Level 34
Aug 26, 2012
I think the problem is when the economy and stuff is set up so that women can't easily re-enter the workforce after raising their kids for a few years, so then they can't support a family financially, even with the husband's income. And that deters women from having children.
+1
Level 29
May 21, 2014
Lower fertility rates aren't necessarily a problem, and they actually tend to be found in developed nations. One of the biggest factors is simply access to birth control and educational opportunities for women. Lower income nations tend to have higher birth rates because of the social position of women and their inability to access contraceptives.
+1
Level 67
Feb 4, 2019
I would think that if it is hard for women to be employed it is more líkely they have kids. If it is in a country were that seems to be their only available role..
+1
Level 34
Aug 26, 2012
Is there a quiz for highest fertility?
+1
Level 79
Apr 14, 2013
yes
+1
Level 20
Oct 11, 2012
Whats up with the not including vatican thing?
+1
Level 32
Oct 11, 2012
Do you know how small the Vatican is? The information wouldn't even be relevant.
+1
Level 74
Jun 1, 2014
Actually it would rank first - it is the only country with a zero birth rate. So why has it been left out?
+2
Level 79
Sep 5, 2014
Let's get Dan Brown on this.
+4
Level ∞
Aug 27, 2018
Not sure that's correct @Jerry928. There are married women living in the Vatican. It's possible, that given Catholic attitudes to birth control, the fertility rate of the Vatican is the highest in Europe.
+1
Level 40
Dec 29, 2012
Very surprising that China isn't here. You know... with their one child policy and everything.
+1
Level 37
Apr 24, 2020
The policy does not apply across the board.
+2
Level 79
Apr 14, 2013
It's a pity all these people in the Slavic, Balkan, CIS/east European states aren't even reproducing enough to maintain their population. Some very good genes over there... at least in terms of aesthetic quality. A world with no Czech, Polish, Romanian or Hungarian girls would be impoverished indeed. Same goes for the Asian countries that make the top 4... also a very comely lot... but I suppose we have enough Japanese and Korean people to last a while. The population of Tokyo alone is greater than the total number of Magyars in the world.
+8
Level 78
Dec 23, 2018
When I hear comments saying that "aesthetically pleasing" people should be reproducing more, I feel uncomfortable. I know you didn't mean it this way, but I immediately thought of Hitler's master race of people with "good genes" and aesthetically pleasing blue eyes and blond hair - the Slavs didn't fair very well with the concept back then.
+2
Level 79
Dec 25, 2018
no accounting for taste I guess. Slavic women are the most beautiful in the world. But, don't worry, I will never have any political power.
+3
Level 67
Feb 4, 2019
He meant there should be good-looking girls for guys to look at (and possibly available for sex..)not sure that's such a great thing either. Like it is a mans right. And a girls job to be pretty, that s what we are there for right...
+2
Level 79
Mar 12, 2019
oh get lost. If I'd said the same about men you would stand up and applaud and nobody would have a single criticism about the comment.
+1
Level 79
Apr 27, 2013
Something else interesting about these figures... if you go to the wikipedia page on population projections into the future and look in the talk section, there are some really thick people there trying to say that the numbers are made up for political reasons. They interpret it as some kind of insult to say that a country has a declining population. I find this incredibly ironic since, really, if you look at all the data the countries with sharply rising populations are the ones that have the most poverty, illiteracy, unskilled workers, and underdeveloped economies. Having a low fertility rate is a good thing. It usually means people in that country have a high quality of life, are well-educated, and appreciate the impact that their reproductive decisions have on themselves and the world in general. It could also be a sign of a stagnant economy or poor outlook on life- but still, I'd rather live in Eastern Europe than Sub-Saharan Africa.
+1
Level 65
Apr 27, 2014
7/22 :(
+1
Level 51
Sep 5, 2014
Some surprising data! Why not taking one of mine? Leave a comment too! :)
+1
Level 39
Sep 5, 2014
can't believe i got them all. andorra with 20 seconds left. it's easier when you recognize a theme
+1
Level 32
Sep 6, 2014
13/20 . A good score for me
+2
Level 49
Sep 7, 2014
Easy: I simply guessed each of the Asian Tigers and then every country in Europe. Finished with 2:30 left.
+1
Level 21
Dec 29, 2014
ITS MISSING CHINA!!!!!!! such laws forbid their woman to do so!
+1
Level 58
Jan 30, 2015
Ex-communist countries... since them planing their families
+1
Level 50
Jul 20, 2016
Very interesting quizz thanks for creating it
+1
Level 70
Sep 4, 2016
Shouldn't Vatican City be #1?
+1
Level 64
Sep 4, 2016
If the quiz didn't have the caveat saying that, then yes, the Vatican would be at 0.00
+1
Level 50
Sep 4, 2016
It's amazing how the top two countries on the list are in the bottom four in the stats. (I'm not saying I got them; I didn't.)
+1
Level 72
Sep 4, 2016
I'm willing to bet the Vatican would have won, although I'm sure a few of those cardinals have some secrets.
+1
Level 65
Sep 5, 2016
Good Lord, we, Slavs, are really dying out...
+1
Level 53
Sep 7, 2016
My parents originated from Romania and when I visited the country last year most people had 2-3 kids. Which was surprising because usually poorer countries have more kids.
+2
Level 62
Dec 31, 2016
Fertility is quite different from birthrate. I can be fertile like a bunny rabbit, but choose not to act upon it and remaining happy & childless. Therefore birthrate tells very little about actual fertility, except if they really are all medically infertile.
+4
Level 76
Aug 19, 2018
That's not what "fertility rate" means in a geographical context.
+4
Level 70
Dec 31, 2016
Overpopulation is the greatest problem for the future. Any country that keeps its population down will anyway be eventually swamped by people from overcrowded countries. The Earth does not have enough resources to constantly find an increasing amount. We can all play the ostrich game and stick our heads in the sand but there is no denying that too many people at present are going without just the bare essentials at 7+ Billion. At 8 Billion, 9 Billion ......... 10 Billion etc. The human race will be in a heap of trouble.
+1
Level 64
Mar 1, 2017
I hardly got any for the longest time and then I got south korea, taiwan, and singapore. Then I just started guessing in Europe and got them all with 0:29 to spare!
+1
Level 61
Apr 28, 2017
No Vatican???
+1
Level 69
May 2, 2017
i had already wasted half of my time trying to input the microcountries of the world before i realized i was doing it completely wrong and that most of them were in central asia/ the balkans. interesting... oh, and why isn't china on here?
+1
Level 83
Jul 17, 2018
My Italian colleague is incensed by this quiz! He is of the belief that a woman only has to sit on a chair - recently occupied by a red-blooded Italian male - to immediately fall pregnant with triplets!
+1
Level 78
Dec 23, 2018
They told us the same thing in junior high, and we girls were to stay far away from any red-blooded male, Italian or otherwise. :)
+1
Level 64
Dec 14, 2018
I would think that Vatican City would have the lowest birth rate on the planet.
+1
Level 72
Dec 23, 2018
If they would have more than 0.0 heads would roll
+1
Level 66
Dec 23, 2018
1,67 for the Czech Republic according to the Czech Statistical Office.
+1
Level 57
Jan 25, 2019
At this rate (and with zero immigration), Singapore will be empty of people in 358 years.
+1
Level 70
Mar 11, 2019
Should be titled "Countries with best Contraception"
+1
Level 65
Aug 2, 2019
The rules I used when guessing were: 1. Is the country not run by religious fundamentalists? 2. Are there things to do to keep the people occupied? Only missed Cyprus and Singapore
+1
Level 65
Oct 25, 2019
Wow, I tried all countries in Europe (except Luxembourg and Liechtenstein) but Poland!
+1
Level 65
Oct 25, 2019
What are the fertility rates in Monaco and San Marino?
+1
Level 83
Nov 20, 2019
If we're using the source for the quiz, Monaco is 1.53 and San Marino is 1.50.
+1
Level 65
Apr 3, 2020
Okay, interesting, somewhat higher than I thought.
+1
Level 37
Oct 25, 2019
Why so many Slavic countries? Where is Mother Russia to help us?
+1
Level 79
Apr 24, 2020
Poor countries often have poor education systems and widespread ignorance and religiosity, in addition to low standards of living and bad healthcare systems which all combine to produce very high birth rates. However, in Eastern Europe, while most of the countries are relatively poor and the standards of living are relatively low, they also have reasonably high standards for education and healthcare. This produces a population with a low standard of living that is aware of their lot and less interested in reproducing, subjecting their offspring to the same. At the same time they are more aware of and have better access to effective birth control.
Just a theory. There's also widespread alcoholism, depression, and a lot of economic migration which has led to large gender imbalances.
+1
Level 66
Jul 11, 2020
These are not the estimates for 2020?! https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/356rank.html
+1
Level ∞
Jul 11, 2020
Most of them were. But there were some mistakes now fixed.
+2
Level ∞
Jul 11, 2020
Wouldn't be surprised to see these numbers fall dramatically in the next few years. Hard to make babies if people aren't even dating...
+1
Level 51
Jul 17, 2020
In less than a century, it's estimated Africa will have 5x the population of Europe. We will start to see the mass emigration into Europe/North America/Arabian Peninsula just to fill the needs of their existing societies. We will all be the same color at some point :)
+1
Level 73
Jul 29, 2020
According to their own studies, around half of the Vatican population have tried real hard with each other and some random dudes in thematic bars in Rome, but the holy spirit has refused to appear. It must be the end of times.