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Lowest Fertility Countries Quiz

Name the countries with the lowest birth rates.
The fertility rate measures that number of children an average woman will have over her lifetime
2017 estimates according to the CIA World Factbook
Data doesn't exist for the Vatican
Last updated: September 04, 2018
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Rate
Country
0.83
Singapore
1.13
Taiwan
1.26
South Korea
1.30
Bosnia and Herzegovina
1.35
Poland
1.35
Romania
1.36
Slovenia
Rate
Country
1.40
Andorra
1.40
Croatia
1.41
Slovakia
1.41
Japan
1.43
Greece
1.44
Serbia
1.44
Italy
Rate
Country
1.45
Hungary
1.45
Germany
1.45
Czech Republic
1.46
Bulgaria
1.47
Austria
1.47
Cyprus
+2
level 55
Jan 28, 2012
I love how out of the 22 countries on this list, 17 of them are European.
+24
level 58
Apr 5, 2015
I don't love it. It's sad. The West is committing demographic suicide.
+19
level 70
Jul 16, 2016
Take that crap back to Stormfront, please.
+16
level 55
Jul 27, 2016
Gimme a break. The world is overpopulated whichever way you look at it.
+1
level 52
Sep 4, 2016
Amen to that
+8
level 54
Sep 4, 2016
When Malthus died world population was 1 billion, he thought the world was ending, come on; overpopulation is the boogeyman that never appears
+3
level 34
Sep 4, 2016
Sure, Malthus massively over-exaggerated, but that doesn't mean it can't happen, or it isn't happening already. Look at the state of places like India and Nigeria. People have enough money to deal with it, but they don't.
+2
level 72
Sep 16, 2016
It's not the shear number of people that is scary, but the heap of things they will need; oil, coal, natural gas, clean water, a Hyundai.
+2
level 52
Mar 26, 2017
#notsponsered
+4
level 75
Jun 4, 2018
Malthus only faked his death so that he could assemble the Black Order and build the Infinity Gauntlet.
+1
level 46
Oct 11, 2018
^^Thank god I’m not the only person who thinks that. We’ll need to create a team.
+8
level 41
Oct 23, 2018
guys heard about the 4 step transition of population in industrializing nations? You start out with a lot of births, but also a lot of deaths. Then you have very few deaths and a lot of births. Then you have few deaths and less births. Then it balances out with few deaths and few births. Many countries have made such transitions. If the worlds population is growing quickly, its because less people are dying in poorer, less developed areas of the world. Births are already decreasing across the world. It is almost certain the 11 billionth human will not be born.
+2
level 61
Dec 20, 2018
Can't understand why the Vatican isn't on the list, it must have the lowest fertility rate on the planet.
+1
level 75
Dec 23, 2018
Fertility rate is the amount of children, at birth, a woman born in the country is expected to produce in her lifetime. Nobody is born in the Vatican.
+1
level 52
Dec 24, 2018
I suppose the only women who live there are probably nuns, and if a nun gets pregnant. Well... They probably wouldn't be living there by the time they're ready to give birth.
+1
level 27
Jan 28, 2012
I got them all except Moldova. I knew I forgot something over there.
+1
level 61
Jan 31, 2012
More interesting is that it is mostly Eastern European countries. Most of which broke off from the Soviet Union.
+3
level 44
Jul 1, 2012
I think this doesnt account for migration. Lots of eastern europeans emigrate to other countries like uk, usa, australia, etc for economic reasons, and have babies there instead of their country of birth. Also, the birth rates for 'regular' Americans and Brits for example is quite low, but the birth rates for immigrants make up for it.
+1
level 55
Jan 30, 2013
I agree. The demographic of people emigrating these countries tends to be young working class men and women i.e. the baby producing part of the population
+1
level 75
Apr 14, 2013
The fertility rate is based on the country not on the ethnicity. If Ukranians move to Rehoboth Beach and start having a bunch of babies over there... that increases the fertility rate of the United States. However, immigration either to or from a country does not affect fertility rate, as fertility rate is not a calculation of population growth, but rather a determination of how many children, on average, a woman in a given country is likely to have during her lifetime. A fertility rate of approximately 2.1 is needed to sustain a population if there is no net gain/loss from immigration, or higher in countries with a very high mortality rate. It's very hard to calculate population growth because there are so many variables, but short of geneticists unlocking an anti-aging serum or something like that it's likely that every country on this list will see large population declines in the coming decades.
+1
level 29
May 21, 2014
Actually, countries with low fertility rates are usually developed countries with decent educational opportunities for women. And it doesn't calculate population growth, but rather the number of children women in the country are likely to have throughout their lifetime, which means immigration doesn't actually affect it.
+1
level 71
Jul 14, 2016
kalbahamut...why did you use rehoboth beach in your example?
+1
level 75
Sep 4, 2016
I don't know. Last time I was in Rehoboth Beach I noticed a lot of East Europeans working there. Though it was mostly young Romanians and Poles there for work over the summer. And that was around 2005.
+1
level 34
Sep 4, 2016
I'm surprised at no Sweden or Russia- Countries with famously low birthrates. I guess in Sweden's case, the pro-natal strategy is working and Russia just has a large population anyway?
+1
level 61
Apr 21, 2014
we learnt that they're going through "the second demographic change" (not sure how you call it, I'm not English)
+1
level 70
Jul 16, 2016
What's even weirder is that most of the entirety of the former Yugoslav republics are in there. They're all over the religious map with Catholic, Protestant, Orthodox, and Muslim representation; they vary in economic prosperity; their EU status ranges from long-time members to only-just-applied-this-past-February. Must be something in the water?
+1
level 75
Sep 4, 2016
The Muslim Yugoslav republics (Albania and Kosovo) are not on the list and I'd be surprised if they were. Religion does play a role.
+2
level 51
Sep 4, 2016
Albania was never a Yugoslav republic, but agreed. Although Bosnia is high on this list, with a very slight Muslim majority.
+1
level 34
Sep 4, 2016
I always thought Bosnia had a high Muslim minority, not slight majority
+2
level 75
Sep 4, 2016
If you count different branches and sects of Christianity and Islam as separate, then Sunni Muslims constitute a plurality but not a majority in Bosnia. If you group all Muslims and all Christians together, then it's almost a 50/50 split.
+1
level 75
Sep 4, 2016
Wikipedia says 50.7% Muslim. Google (quoting Indexmundi.com) cites a 40% Muslim figure. JetPunk does not include Bosnia on its Muslim majority countries quiz... which is probably why I was under the impression they were not a Muslim majority country.
+1
level 43
Jan 31, 2012
Becomes easy when you work out what area to focus on. I found Italy the most interesting- who woulda thought a country full of Catholics would make this list?
+2
level 75
Apr 14, 2013
Religion plays a role for sure, but it's much less important than things like the economy, prosperity, education, availability of birth control and family planning, cost of living, literacy, and the types of jobs available (agrarian countries will have much higher birthrates than countries where the majority of people live in cities, or where good jobs require higher education and therefore investment of more family resources). Here in Saudi Arabia where I live, people are still as Muslim as ever, but birth rates are falling sharply because of economic development, the rising cost of living, and the migration to cities.
+1
level 82
May 3, 2013
The point HighFidelity was making regarding Italy was that Catholics consider it a sin to use birth control. It's not that birth control is not "available", it's that it's not (supposed to be) used. I'm guessing that Italian Catholics must treat that particular decree as more of a guideline than a strict rule.
+1
level 75
Aug 30, 2013
Of course I understood that point. Virtually all religious people are hypocrites. The ones who aren't are labeled "extremists" and are in the small minority. So, like I said, religion can play a part (look at the countries that are excluded from the Balkans), as can any aspect of culture, but it's far from the most important thing.
+1
level 78
Aug 13, 2014
"Virtually all religious people are hypocrites."

You LOVE to throw verbal bombs like that, don't you? I realize there is context to the comment, but geez.
+1
level 75
Sep 5, 2014
well... it's true. Most non-religious people are hypocrites, too, if that makes you feel better. I was just saying professed belief in something does not often affect people's behavior.
+3
level 75
Sep 6, 2016
Hypocrisy is claiming we have moral standards which we then fail to live up to. I can't agree that all religious people are hypocrites, unless, as you were close to claiming, you say that all people are hypocrites and their hypocrisy has nothing to do with their religious beliefs. I try to follow the teachings of Jesus as best I can but I've never heard any Christian (or follower of any other religion for that matter) claim they achieve perfection, and I would certainly never say I always take the high road or that my beliefs make me better than anyone else. I think most of us, whether religious or atheist or whatever in between, try to do the best we can in life and should accept that all of us fail at times. I don't think that makes us hypocrites, it just makes us human, and human failings such as pride, greed, and/or a need to think we are better than someone else is what makes us hypocrites, not the absence or presence of religious beliefs.
+1
level 75
Sep 6, 2016
Having said all that, I agree with your statement that religion is not the most important factor in birth rate. Economics seems to be the top factor in most things.
+1
level 75
Dec 31, 2016
ander... points taken. I think I disagree, though.

While I appreciate that there are very many people out there who nominally believe in some religion and make some effort to do good by it (I used to be one of them), at the same time... if you *really* *TRULY* believed that 1. the creator of the Universe made you and loves you and wants you to behave a certain way. 2. He is watching you at all times without fail. 3. displeasing Him could potentially carry with it the penalty of eternal horrendous barbaric torture the likes of which would put Uday Hussein or Genghis Khan to shame (god is love!)... then... would you *really* risk it to sneak a peek at that porn site? Or sleep through church? Or skip reading the Bible (most Christians never have! If you believed the creator of the universe wrote a book, wouldn't you want to read it!?)?
Think about it this way. If you were on the highway and you KNEW a cop was trailing behind you waiting to pull you over, would you speed?
+1
level 75
Dec 31, 2016
Heck no. Because you can SEE the cop. You really believe he is there. And you KNOW that there will be consequences. You won't "burn in hell"... but you will have to listen to some lecture, or potentially pay $50 for a citation. But still, people will resist the urge to drive fast because they KNOW there are REAL consequences.

I think that, somewhere, perhaps subconsciously, at the back of their minds maybe, most religious people know that what they believe in really makes no sense. They try to suppress that knowledge because it makes them uncomfortable. But I still think that it is there.

and then, of course, there are those who are just shamelessly, openly hypocritical and do not believe at all in what they say. But they're in the minority. Most people simply don't practice what they preach because they talk a big game but don't really have much conviction. Or they judge others more harshly than themselves. Self-serving bias. Lots of explanations, really.
+1
level 75
Dec 23, 2018
I think Jesus would agree with you on some points, Kalba. (see Matt 23.) The Christians I know don't refrain from doing bad things because they are afraid they will burn in hell - not all Christians even believe in the concept of hell - we do good things because we try to follow the teachings of Christ. Do we always do the right thing? Of course not. But the possibility of hell doesn't control the things we do. Neither does one have to be a Christian to do good things. But if one claims to be a Christian, they should have that desire and act on it. Do you travel the speed limit because you are afraid you'll be pulled over, or do you follow the speed limit because it's the safe thing to do? Would you drive 120 mph if you didn't fear a policeman would stop you? Some people would, and some people look at religion the same way, but not all. All Christians fail, but we should admit it and keep trying to be better. It's not hypocritical to fail. Hypocrisy is when we fail but claim success.
+1
level 75
Dec 23, 2018
When I fail and do the wrong thing is the time I need most to stay in touch with the spirit inside me. Praying for forgiveness is important to me at those times. The guilt I feel isn't an easy thing to discharge, and there is always a cost even when I know I have been forgiven. Being forgiven isn't the same thing as being excused. Sometimes I still have a lot of cleaning up to do in order, for example, to right a wrong that's been done to someone, and I'm not talking about penance. I'm talking about owning up to the person I've wronged, fixing what's been broken if possible, and setting about regaining their trust. That's hard to do but I'm a spiritual person, and I'm thankful the spirit is there to guide and comfort me. I need all the help I can get.
+1
level 75
Dec 25, 2018
Speed limits are kept very unreasonably low (which is actually less safe) because states and municipalities have found that it is a useful way to raise illegal tax revenue. I only ever follow the speed limit out of fear of legal penalty, never for safety. I've been in exactly one accident in my lifetime that I was at fault for.

But anyway that's not really the point. Even if I was going 55 on a big open highway with no traffic because I loved safety, that doesn't mean I would stop believing in the penalty for speeding.

Your commitment to making amends is a very secular humanist principle and I applaud you for it.
+1
level 28
Sep 5, 2014
Differently to what people think, northern Italy is a fully western advanced economy, as developed as Germany, France and the UK. But the image Italy has abroad still reflects the under-developed and overly catholic south, because it is the place where most immigrants, the mafia and pizza came from ;)
+1
level 70
Jul 16, 2016
There are actually a *bunch* of Catholic countries on here! Obviously Italy sticks out, but Poland, Croatia, Andorra, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Austria are all Catholic-majority countries, too!
+1
level 21
Apr 12, 2012
15 isn't bad for me. I love this quiz! Although I'm annoyed at not getting Greece.
+1
level 70
Jul 16, 2016
I always think of Greeks as having big families. Maybe things have changed dramatically in the last generations? Or my perception was totally skewed…
+1
level 34
Aug 26, 2012
I think the problem is when the economy and stuff is set up so that women can't easily re-enter the workforce after raising their kids for a few years, so then they can't support a family financially, even with the husband's income. And that deters women from having children.
+1
level 29
May 21, 2014
Lower fertility rates aren't necessarily a problem, and they actually tend to be found in developed nations. One of the biggest factors is simply access to birth control and educational opportunities for women. Lower income nations tend to have higher birth rates because of the social position of women and their inability to access contraceptives.
+1
level 47
Feb 4, 2019
I would think that if it is hard for women to be employed it is more líkely they have kids. If it is in a country were that seems to be their only available role..
+1
level 34
Aug 26, 2012
Is there a quiz for highest fertility?
+1
level 75
Apr 14, 2013
yes
+1
level 21
Oct 11, 2012
Whats up with the not including vatican thing?
+1
level 32
Oct 11, 2012
Do you know how small the Vatican is? The information wouldn't even be relevant.
+1
level 71
Jun 1, 2014
Actually it would rank first - it is the only country with a zero birth rate. So why has it been left out?
+1
level 75
Sep 5, 2014
Let's get Dan Brown on this.
+2
level ∞
Aug 27, 2018
Not sure that's correct @Jerry928. There are married women living in the Vatican. It's possible, that given Catholic attitudes to birth control, the fertility rate of the Vatican is the highest in Europe.
+1
level 40
Dec 29, 2012
Very surprising that China isn't here. You know... with their one child policy and everything.
+1
level 75
Apr 14, 2013
It's a pity all these people in the Slavic, Balkan, CIS/east European states aren't even reproducing enough to maintain their population. Some very good genes over there... at least in terms of aesthetic quality. A world with no Czech, Polish, Romanian or Hungarian girls would be impoverished indeed. Same goes for the Asian countries that make the top 4... also a very comely lot... but I suppose we have enough Japanese and Korean people to last a while. The population of Tokyo alone is greater than the total number of Magyars in the world.
+3
level 75
Dec 23, 2018
When I hear comments saying that "aesthetically pleasing" people should be reproducing more, I feel uncomfortable. I know you didn't mean it this way, but I immediately thought of Hitler's master race of people with "good genes" and aesthetically pleasing blue eyes and blond hair - the Slavs didn't fair very well with the concept back then.
+1
level 75
Dec 25, 2018
no accounting for taste I guess. Slavic women are the most beautiful in the world. But, don't worry, I will never have any political power.
+1
level 47
Feb 4, 2019
He meant there should be good-looking girls for guys to look at (and possibly available for sex..)not sure that's such a great thing either. Like it is a mans right. And a girls job to be pretty, that s what we are there for right...
+1
level 75
Mar 12, 2019
oh get lost. If I'd said the same about men you would stand up and applaud and nobody would have a single criticism about the comment.
+1
level 75
Apr 27, 2013
Something else interesting about these figures... if you go to the wikipedia page on population projections into the future and look in the talk section, there are some really thick people there trying to say that the numbers are made up for political reasons. They interpret it as some kind of insult to say that a country has a declining population. I find this incredibly ironic since, really, if you look at all the data the countries with sharply rising populations are the ones that have the most poverty, illiteracy, unskilled workers, and underdeveloped economies. Having a low fertility rate is a good thing. It usually means people in that country have a high quality of life, are well-educated, and appreciate the impact that their reproductive decisions have on themselves and the world in general. It could also be a sign of a stagnant economy or poor outlook on life- but still, I'd rather live in Eastern Europe than Sub-Saharan Africa.
+1
level 48
Apr 27, 2014
7/22 :(
+1
level 77
Jul 19, 2014
Yes! Armenia was hard but I got them all.
+1
level 49
Sep 5, 2014
Some surprising data! Why not taking one of mine? Leave a comment too! :)
+1
level 41
Sep 5, 2014
can't believe i got them all. andorra with 20 seconds left. it's easier when you recognize a theme
+1
level 28
Sep 6, 2014
13/20 . A good score for me
+1
level 49
Sep 7, 2014
Easy: I simply guessed each of the Asian Tigers and then every country in Europe. Finished with 2:30 left.
+1
level 21
Dec 29, 2014
ITS MISSING CHINA!!!!!!! such laws forbid their woman to do so!
+1
level 46
Jan 30, 2015
Ex-communist countries... since them planing their families
+1
level 20
Jul 27, 2015
Forgot Singapore and Taiwan. Always have a habit of forgetting Taiwan
+1
level 57
Sep 4, 2016
Did the Chinese brainwash you?
+1
level 39
Jul 20, 2016
Very interesting quizz thanks for creating it
+1
level 66
Sep 4, 2016
Shouldn't Vatican City be #1?
+1
level 63
Sep 4, 2016
If the quiz didn't have the caveat saying that, then yes, the Vatican would be at 0.00
+1
level 49
Sep 4, 2016
It's amazing how the top two countries on the list are in the bottom four in the stats. (I'm not saying I got them; I didn't.)
+1
level 69
Sep 4, 2016
I'm willing to bet the Vatican would have won, although I'm sure a few of those cardinals have some secrets.
+1
level 65
Sep 5, 2016
Good Lord, we, Slavs, are really dying out...
+1
level 43
Sep 7, 2016
My parents originated from Romania and when I visited the country last year most people had 2-3 kids. Which was surprising because usually poorer countries have more kids.
+2
level 64
Dec 31, 2016
Fertility is quite different from birthrate. I can be fertile like a bunny rabbit, but choose not to act upon it and remaining happy & childless. Therefore birthrate tells very little about actual fertility, except if they really are all medically infertile.
+1
level 76
Aug 19, 2018
That's not what "fertility rate" means in a geographical context.
+4
level 67
Dec 31, 2016
Overpopulation is the greatest problem for the future. Any country that keeps its population down will anyway be eventually swamped by people from overcrowded countries. The Earth does not have enough resources to constantly find an increasing amount. We can all play the ostrich game and stick our heads in the sand but there is no denying that too many people at present are going without just the bare essentials at 7+ Billion. At 8 Billion, 9 Billion ......... 10 Billion etc. The human race will be in a heap of trouble.
+1
level 60
Mar 1, 2017
I hardly got any for the longest time and then I got south korea, taiwan, and singapore. Then I just started guessing in Europe and got them all with 0:29 to spare!
+1
level 60
Apr 28, 2017
No Vatican???
+1
level 60
May 2, 2017
i had already wasted half of my time trying to input the microcountries of the world before i realized i was doing it completely wrong and that most of them were in central asia/ the balkans. interesting... oh, and why isn't china on here?
+1
level 44
Jun 15, 2017
i could have sworn i typed Germany. maybe i spelled it wrong
+1
level 75
Jul 17, 2018
My Italian colleague is incensed by this quiz! He is of the belief that a woman only has to sit on a chair - recently occupied by a red-blooded Italian male - to immediately fall pregnant with triplets!
+1
level 75
Dec 23, 2018
They told us the same thing in junior high, and we girls were to stay far away from any red-blooded male, Italian or otherwise. :)
+1
level 61
Dec 14, 2018
I would think that Vatican City would have the lowest birth rate on the planet.
+1
level 66
Dec 23, 2018
If they would have more than 0.0 heads would roll
+1
level 63
Dec 23, 2018
1,67 for the Czech Republic according to the Czech Statistical Office.
+1
level 56
Jan 25, 2019
At this rate (and with zero immigration), Singapore will be empty of people in 358 years.
+1
level 67
Mar 11, 2019
Should be titled "Countries with best Contraception"
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