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Ottoman Empire Quiz

Can you answer these questions about the Ottoman Empire?
Quiz by Quizmaster
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First submittedJuly 10, 2019
Last updatedAugust 4, 2019
Times taken5,755
Rating4.55
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Question
Answer
What was the capital of the Ottoman Empire?
Constantinople
What Empire controlled that city before the Ottomans captured it in 1453?
Byzantine Empire
What newfangled weapon did the Ottomans used to reduce the once-impregnable
walls of that city?
Cannon
What was the main language of the Ottomans?
Turkish
What was the title of the Ottoman ruler?
Sultan
What other title did Ottoman rulers take that signified leadership of the
entire Islamic world?
Caliph
What person acted as a sort of Prime Minister for the Empire?
Grand Vizier
What elite group of soldiers was initially composed of kidnapped Christian boys
who were converted to Islam?
Janissaries
Who founded the Ottoman Empire in 1299?
Osman I
What Wallachian prince fought a bloody resistance against the Ottomans,
impaling thousands of their soldiers?
Vlad the Impaler
Who led the empire to a Golden Age during his 46-year reign in the 1500s?
Suleiman
the Magnificent
What European capital did the Ottomans besiege, but fail to capture,
in 1529 and 1683?
Vienna
What English poet died fighting for Greek independence
from the Ottomans in 1824?
Lord Byron
What war did the Ottomans fight against Russia in the 1850s?
Crimean War
What train line connected the Ottoman Empire and Paris?
Orient Express
What war marked the end of the Ottoman Empire?
WWI
during that war ...
 
What group of people did the Ottomans commit genocide against?
Armenians, Assyrians,
and Pontic Greeks
What British adventurer helped command the Arab Revolt against the Ottomans?
T.E. Lawrence
What peninsula did Australian and New Zealand troops fail to capture,
suffering terrible casualties?
Gallipoli
finally ....
 
Who founded modern Turkey after the collapse of the empire in 1922?
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
+2
level 76
Jul 10, 2019
Donny Osman 1 Season 9 of Dancing with the Stars.
+5
level 69
Jul 10, 2019
Lawrence had an Irish father and Scottish mother and was born in Wales. Not really English.
+1
level ∞
Jul 10, 2019
Changed to British, thanks.
+1
level 64
Jul 10, 2019
Please accept bombard for cannon.
+1
level 61
Aug 10, 2019
Is a bombard a weapon ?
+3
level 79
Jul 10, 2019
But are we sure the Ottoman Empire wasn't founded by Otto Mann?
+1
level 77
Jul 11, 2019
That was the last clue I was having trouble with. I couldn't get Mehmet out of my head.
+1
level 77
Aug 3, 2019
Same here.
+1
level 76
Aug 3, 2019
I thought it was the Otter Man - equally as deadly in the water as on land. (That's a family joke - for some reason my husband always refers to it as the "Otterman" Empire.)
+2
level 63
Jul 11, 2019
Obligatory, "Accept Rome/Roman Empire for Byzantine Empire."
+1
level 60
Jul 11, 2019
Suleiman the Magnificent ruled between 1520 and 1566 and he besieged Vienna in 1529. It was Mehmed IV who ruled Ottoman Empire in 1683
+1
level ∞
Jul 11, 2019
This has been corrected, thanks.
+4
level 30
Jul 11, 2019
I wish you would change the question to ________ the Magnificent instead of Suleiman the __________. I knew of Suleiman, but putting his name in makes it to where it becomes a game of guessing ruler titles. At least, that's what it was for me.
+1
level 82
Jul 11, 2019
Typo, should be "besiege" (is: beseige).
+1
level ∞
Jul 12, 2019
Thanks, fixed.
+1
level 56
Jul 11, 2019
so i type in Othman and its wrong !
+2
level 64
Aug 3, 2019
Got 19/20! Thanks, Sabaton!
+1
level 60
Aug 3, 2019
Wazir?
+1
level 57
Aug 3, 2019
Given that "Ottoman" itself is the anglicized form of "Osman" which is the Turkish form of the Arabic "Uthman"/"Usman", the latter two should also be acceptable answers.
+1
level 66
Aug 3, 2019
Agreed. As a longtime history buff, I've seen "Osman", "Othman", "Usman", and "Uthman" all used in multiple places. Only accepting "Osman" in the quiz seems a bit overly specific.
+1
level 70
Aug 3, 2019
Was surprised that Lord Byron got his own question ahead of Florence Nightingale, but there you go.
+1
level 56
Aug 3, 2019
Why did Constantinople get the works? That's nobody's business but the Turks!
+1
level 65
Aug 5, 2019
Nice quiz, only Ottoman Empire had more than one capital throughout its existence: Söğüt (c. 1299–1335) Bursa (1335–1363) Adrianople (Edirne) (1363–1453) Constantinople (present-day Istanbul) (1453–1922)
+2
level 73
Aug 7, 2019
Isn't Kalif the same as Caliph? If so, can you add it as an alternate spelling?
+1
level 61
Aug 10, 2019
Yes I tried kaliph and then kalipha (maybe even kaliphate? out of "desperation" and then gave up).

Wiktionary lists the following english spellings: caliph, calif, kalif, kaliph, khalif, khalifa