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Countries where the Sea Freezes

Can you name the countries where sea ice usually forms by the coast in winter?
Includes an external territory of a country.
Sources: NSIDC maps of the 1981-2010 median ice edge, these maps by the Finnish Meteorological Institute (1996-2016), Wikipedia.
Last updated: November 24, 2017
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Country
Canada
China
Estonia
Finland
Germany
Greenland (Denmark)
Japan
Latvia
Country
Lithuania
North Korea
Norway
Poland
Russia
Sweden
Ukraine
United States
+7
level 67
Nov 5, 2017
It is not very clear from the NSIDC maps whether the sea around North Korea freezes in winter. However, given the very low winter temperatures, the presence of sea ice near the coast on several Google Earth satellite images, and the obvious difficulty of finding any further data, it was included in the quiz.
+1
level 62
Jan 22, 2018
Yeah, Korea Bay develops a sea-ice cover consistently over the years. There may be an ice-free season in an exceptional year but North Korea counts.
+2
level 64
Nov 6, 2017
Hard to find information about that but there must be some freezing happening in Iceland. They do get a lot of ice but that gets "imported" from Greenland.
+7
level 67
Nov 6, 2017
This article contains some information about this, and confirms what you said about ice occasionally arriving from Greenland. However, sea water freezing around Iceland must be a very rare occurence. Iceland is strongly affected by the warm North Atlantic Current, meaning that, not only are its winters exceptionally mild for its latitude, but the sea also remains relatively warm in spite of occasional cold spells.
+3
level 73
Nov 24, 2017
Thanks for that explanation. My instinctive reaction was totally wrong! :)
+2
level 70
Nov 24, 2017
Is the fact that Iceland so volcanic a contributing factor, did you get the impression? And cool quiz, George! (<– See what I did there?)
+1
level 67
Nov 25, 2017
I see what you did there... :) Thanks!
+1
level 54
Mar 18, 2019
Fascinating. Now I've learnt something new about ICEland!
+1
level 75
Nov 25, 2017
Iiiiiiinteresting!
+2
level 55
Nov 26, 2017
How about the UK and Iceland?
+2
level 67
Nov 26, 2017
Take a look at the discussion above for Iceland. For the same reasons, in addition to the more southerly location, winters on the British coast are even milder, with average temperatures well above freezing!
+1
level 76
Nov 27, 2017
Though it may seem sometimes as if the North Sea is freezing, I don't think it ever quite reaches that point.
+2
level 66
Jan 20, 2018
At least in the Netherlands, the North Sea coast froze over in 1963 - a winter so cold that my dad still tells stories about it. :) Check the photos here: http://www.meteolink.nl/weerhistorie-2/historische-winters/winter-1963-fotos/ (Dutch website). Of course, this doesn't happen usually, so the UK (and the Netherlands) are rightly excluded.
+1
level 51
May 21, 2019
More recently too, in 96 or something, my dad lives at the seaside and he has pictures of it. Him and his dog (plus another one) on the ice.
+6
level 73
Dec 6, 2017
If this wasn't alphabetical, I would have NEVER gotten Ukraine.
+1
level 51
May 21, 2019
I didnt get the us(a)...
+1
level 68
Dec 7, 2017
The way the question is asked, and the addendum that territories are included, the UK, Chile, Argentina, France New Zealand, and Australia should be included.
+2
level 67
Dec 7, 2017
Although there are (occasionally overlapping) territorial claims by the countries you mentioned in Antarctica, no single country has control over any part of the continent, as it is governed internationally under the Antarctic Treaty. Most of the world's countries don't recognize territorial claims in Antarctica either. So, lacking both a practical meaning and international recognition, I don't think Antarctic territories should be included. I guess a caveat could be added, but the Quizmaster should decide on that.
+1
level 66
Jan 20, 2018
What about St. Pierre & Miquelon, South Georgia, South Sandwich Islands, Prince Edward Island, etc. Do they not get ice?
+1
level 64
Jan 20, 2018
Isn't Prince Edward Island part of Canada?
+1
level 67
Jan 20, 2018
South Georgia and the south coast of Newfoundland (where St. Pierre and Miquelon is) are usually ice-free year-round according to the NSIDC maps. The Prince Edward Islands, Kerguelen Islands etc. are also too far north for the Antarctic sea ice pack to reach them. The South Sandwich islands are indeed somewhat further south than South Georgia, but they are too small to be depicted on the maps I used as a source, so I can't tell for sure. If anyone is aware of a source I can use for these islands, let me know. In the absence of one, I feel inclined to leave these tiny islands out for now.
+1
level 72
Jan 20, 2018
PEI is part of Canada - has been a province since 1873.
+1
level 37
Jan 21, 2018
I think the comment was referring to the South African island chain.
+1
level 37
Jan 21, 2018
It's not only limited to Antarctica...the United Kingdom, France, Australia, and New Zealand all have many overseas territories.
+3
level 56
Dec 22, 2017
Ukraine!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!??????????????????????
+1
level 22
Jan 20, 2018
ikr
+1
level 68
Jul 3, 2018
Time for a new keyboard.
+1
level 52
Jan 9, 2018
I've seen the sea freeze in Scotland on more than one occasion
+1
level 67
Jan 9, 2018
Does this 'usually' happen in winter though? In the countries included in the quiz, sea ice forms off parts of their shores in more than roughly 50% of winters. I think that makes more sense than including countries where the sea only freezes during extremely rare severe cold spells (even a small gulf in Greece froze last winter!).
+1
level 57
Jan 20, 2018
More snakes in many of these countries than I would care for. Those slippery critters are adapting. We must fight back.
+1
level 47
Jan 20, 2018
Ukraine Poland Russia.. and what about Belarus ?
+4
level 72
Jan 20, 2018
I don't think that Belarus has a coastline.
+1
level 44
Jan 20, 2018
Got 19/20, guess who I missed....if you guessed Canada, you are right
+1
level 22
Jan 20, 2018
how did you miss Canada
+1
level 57
Jan 20, 2018
Ukraine a true outlier on 56% vs 81-99 range!
+1
level 47
Jan 20, 2018
Didn't think of the Black Sea freezing.
+1
level 14
Jan 20, 2018
Nor did I
+2
level 40
Jan 24, 2018
Nor me, but I have found this: "Ice formation in Sea of Azov occurs annually. The freeze lasts for 2-5 months"# You live and learn!
+1
level 72
Jan 20, 2018
Sorry for nitpicking but Greenland isn't a country. And since the quiz asks for countries, I think the answer should be "Denmark (Greenland)" and not "Greenland (Denmark)".
+1
level 46
Jan 22, 2018
I disagree. The reason it was put that way was to show that Greenland gets the ice, not the mainland
+1
level 58
May 21, 2019
The mainland in Denmark has frozen coastlines every few years. some years you can walk from island to island on the frozen sea. We even lost a war to sweden beacuse they could walk all the way.
+1
level 37
Jan 21, 2018
Iceland? Mainland Denmark?
+1
level 77
Jan 22, 2018
Very surprised that the eastern extremes of mainland Denmark aren't normally frozen but Germany's are.
+1
level 47
Jan 23, 2018
United Kingdom should be on the list due to their Oversea Territories in the Antarctic primarily South Georgia and Sandwhich Islands where the sea does freeze around it. And it does not form part of the Antarctic Treaty.
+1
level 67
Jan 23, 2018
Αs I wrote in a comment above, South Georgia is visible on the maps of the NSIDC as being ice-free throughout the year. The South Sandwich islands are too small to be shown on the map. If anyone cares to provide a source that shows that the sea freezes there, I'll resubmit the quiz.
+1
level 36
May 21, 2019
Wiki says the sandwich islands generally remain free of pack ice in winter, though ice may form in bays, and icebergs are common. Sea temperatures drop to around 0 Celsius in August and rise to around 4 Celsius in April. Not saying it should be included on the quiz though.
+1
level 33
Jan 28, 2018
Greenland is not a country!
+1
level 51
Apr 2, 2018
But... but... Iceland?
+2
level 70
May 2, 2018
That is some serious false advertising. I propose we start calling it just "Land".
+1
level 51
May 21, 2019
I allready learned a long time ago, iceland is green and greenland has ice. Someone wasnt paying attention when naming these.
+1
level 21
Feb 9, 2019
冰岛不被接受?