Ethnic Groups and Languages of Russia (with republics)

Enter either ethnic group or language. Includes groups with nation states outside the Russian Federation (hint: think former Soviet Republics)
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Last updated: April 8, 2021
First submittedApril 8, 2021
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Language Family - Group
Language
Ethnic Group
Number
Republic (or other)
Indo-European - Slavic
Russian
Russians
110 million
Russian Federation
Turkic
Tatar
Volga Tatars
5,3 million
Tatarstan
Indo-European - Slavic
Ukrainian
Ukrainians
1,9 million (or many more)
Western Russia
Turkic
Bashkir
Bashkirs
1,6 million
Bashkortostan
Turkic
Chuvash
Chuvash people
1,5 million
Chuvashia
Northeast Caucasian
Chechen
Chechens
1,4 million
Chechnya
Indo-European
Armenian
Armenians
1,2 million
Krasnodar Krai
Northeast Caucasian
Avar
Avars
900.000
Dagestan
Uralic - Mordvinic
Erzya + Moksha
Mordvins
750.000
Mordovia
Turkic
Kazakh
Kazakhs
650.000
Border to Kazakhstan
Turkic
Azerbaijani aka Azeri
Azerbaijanis aka Azeris
600.000
Border to Azerbaijan
Northeast Caucasian
Dargwa
Dargin people
590.000
Dagestan
Uralic
Udmurt
Udmurts
550.000
Udmurtia
Uralic
Mari
Mari people
550.000
Mari El
Indo-European - Iranian
Ossetian/Ossetic
Ossetians
530.000
North Ossetia-Alania
Indo-European - Slavic
Belarusian
Belarusians
520.000
Western Russia
Northwest Caucasian
Kabardian aka East Circassian (Adyghe)
Kabardians
520.000
Kabardino-Balkaria and Karachay-Cherkessia
Turkic
Kumyk
Kumyks
500.000
Dagestan
Turkic - Siberian Turkic
Yakut / Sakha
Yakuts / Sakha people
480.000
Sakha (aka Yakutia)
Northeast Caucasian
Lezgin
Lezgins
470.000
Dagestan
Mongolic
Buryat
Buryats
460.000
Buryatia
Northeast Caucasian
Ingush
Ingush people
450.000
Ingushetia
Indo-European - Germanic
German
Volga Germans
390.000
Minority in Altai Krai, Omsk Oblast, Novosibirsk Oblast and more
Turkic
Uzbek
Uzbeks
290.000 (or many more)
Moscow, more
Turkic - Siberian Turkic
Tuvan
Tuvans
260.000
Tuva
Uralic
Komi-Zyryan + Permyak
Komi peoples
230.000
Komi
Turkic
Karachay dialect of Karachay-Balkar
Karachays
220.000
Karachay-Cherkessia
Indo-European - Indo-Aryan
Ruska Romani (or Russian)
Ruska Roma
200.000
Western Russia
Indo-European - Iranian
Tajik
Tajiks
200.000
Moscow, more
Mongolic
Kalmyk Oirat
Kalmyks
180.000
Kalmykia
Northeast Caucasian
Lak
Laks
180.000
Dagestan
Kartvelian
Georgian
Georgians
160.000
Moscow, more
Originally Afro-Asiatic - Semitic
Russian (minority Yiddish)
Jews
160.000 (many more partial descent)
Jewish Autonomous Oblast
Indo-European - Romance
Moldovan (Romanian)
Moldovans
160.000
Western Russia
Koreanic
Korean
Koryo-saram (Koreans in former USSR)
150.000
Vladivostok
Northeast Caucasian
Tabasaran
Tabasarans
150.000
Dagestan
Northwest Caucasian
Adyghe aka West Circassian
Adyghe people (aka Circassians)
125.000
Adygea
Turkic
Balkar dialect of Karachay-Balkar
Balkars
110.000
Kabardino-Balkaria
Turkic
Meskhetian Turkish dialect
Meskhetian/Ahiska Turks
100.000
Krasnodar Krai
Turkic
Nogai
Nogais
100.000
Dagestan
Turkic
Kyrgyz
Kyrgyz people
100.000
 
Turkic - Siberian Turkic
Altai
Altai people
75.000
Altai
Turkic - Siberian Turkic
Khakas
Khakas people
70.000
Khakassia
Uralic - Finnic
Karelian
Karelians
60.000
Karelia
Indo-European - Slavic
Polish
Poles
50.000
Western Russia
Uralic - Samoyedic
Nenets
Nenets people
45.000
Nenets Autonomous Okrug and Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug
Northwest Caucasian
Abaza
Abazins
43.000
Karachay-Cherkessia
Tungusic
Evenki
Evenks
38.000
Siberia to Sakhalin
Turkic
Turkmen
Turkmens
37.000
Stavropol Krai
Northeast Caucasian
Rutul
Rutuls
35.000
Dagestan
Northeast Caucasian
Aghul
Aghuls
34.000
Dagestan
Indo-European - Baltic
Lithuanian
Lithuanians
31.000
Western Russia
Uralic - Ugric
Khanty
Khanty people
31.000
Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug-Yugra
Tungusic
Even (minority)
Evens
22.000
Magadan Oblast, Kamchatka Krai, Sakha
Uralic - Finnic
Finnish
Ingrian Finns
20.000
Leningrad Oblast
Indo-European - Baltic
Latvian
Latvians
19.000
Western Russia
Uralic - Finnic
Estonian
Estonians
18.000
Western Russia
Chukotko-Kamchatkan
Chukchi
Chukchi people
16.000
Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
Turkic - Siberian Turkic
Shor (minority)
Shors
13.000
Kemerovo Oblast
Northeast Caucasian
Tsakhur
Tsakhurs
12.500
Dagestan
Uralic - Ugric
Mansi
Mansi people
12.500
Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug-Yugra
Tungusic
Nanai (minority)
Nanai people
12.000
Khabarovsk Krai and Primorsky Krai
Northwest Caucasian
Abkhaz
Abkhaz people
11.000
Caucasus
Turkic
Tatar
Nağaybäk
8000
Chelyabinsk Oblast
Turkic - Siberian Turkic
Dolgan
Dolgans
8000
Krasnoyarsk Krai
Chukotka-Kamchatkan
Koryak (minority)
Koryaks
8000
Koryak Okrug (in Kamchatka Krai)
Uralic - Finnic
Veps (minority)
Vepsians
6000
Karelia
Northeast Caucasian
Udi
Udis
4000
Rostov Oblast, Krasnodar Krai, Stavropol Krai
Uralic - Samoyedic
Selkup
Selkups
3600
Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug
Chukotko-Kamchatkan
Itelmen (near extinction)
Itelmens
3100
Kamchatka Krai
Turkic
Kumandi dialect of Northern Altai
Kumandins
2800
Altai
Tungusic
Ulch (near extinction)
Ulchs
2700
Khabarovsk Krai
Turkic - Siberian Turkic
Teleut dialect of Southern Altai
Teleuts
2600
Kemerovo Oblast
Indo-European - Iranian
Talysh
Talysh people
2500
Border to Azerbaijan
Turkic
Crimean Tatar
Crimean Tatars
2400 (excl. Crimea)
 
Indo-European
Homshetsi dialect of Armenian
Hemshins
2000
Krasnodar Krai
Originally Chukotko-Kamchatkan
Russian
Kamchadals (Russian assimilated)
1900
Kamchatka Krai
Uralic
Sámi
Sámi people
1800
Murmansk Oblast
Eskimo-Aleut
Aleut
Eskimos
1700
Kamchatka Krai
Sino-Tibetan - Mandarin
Dungan
Dungans (Muslim Chinese)
1600
Near Kazakhstan
Indo-European - Iranian
Tat
Tat people
1600
Dagestan
Tungusic
Udege (near extinction)
Udege people
1500
Khabarovsk Krai, Primorsky Krai
Dené-Yeniseian
Ket (near extinction)
Kets
1200
Krasnoyarsk Krai
Uralic - Finnic
Ingrian (near extinction)
Izhorians
266
Leningrad Oblast
Uralic - Finnic
Votic (near extinction)
Votes
64
Leningrad Oblast
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