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Monarchs of England

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From the first "King of the Anglo-Saxons" to the Acts of Union 1707
Includes uncrowned monarchs but not disputed claimants
The numbering of kings restarted following the Norman conquest of 1066.
Quiz by McLerristarr
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First submittedApril 27, 2015
Last updatedApril 27, 2015
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House
Reign
Epithet
Clue
Answer
Wessex
871–899
"the Great"
King of Wessex
Alfred the Great
Wessex
899–924
"the Elder"
 
Edward the Elder
Wessex
924–939
 
The first "King of the English" in 927
Æthelstan
Wessex
939–946
"the Elder", "the Deed-doer", "the Just", "the Magnificent"
 
Edmund I
Wessex
946–955
 
 
Eadred
Wessex
955–959
All-Fair or "the Fair"
 
Eadwig
Wessex
959–975
"the Peaceful" or "the Peaceable"
 
Edgar the Peaceful
Wessex
975–978
"the Martyr"
Considered a martyr and saint
Edward the Martyr
Wessex
978–1013, 1014–1016
"the Unready"
Reign interrupted by next monarch
Æthelred the Unready
Denmark
1013–1014
Forkbeard
Also King of Denmark and Norway
Sweyn Forkbeard
Wessex
1016
Ironside
 
Edmund II
Denmark
1016–1035
"the Great"
Also King of Denmark and Norway
Cnut
Denmark
1035–1040
Harefoot
Also King of Denmark and Norway
Harold Harefoot
Denmark
1040–1042
 
Also King of Denmark
Harthacnut
Wessex
1042–1066
"the Confessor"
A confessor and saint
Edward the Confessor
Wessex
1066
Godwinson
Won the Battle of Stamford Bridge and lost the Battle of Hastings
Harold Godwinson
Wessex
1066
"the Ætheling"
Never crowned
Edgar the Ætheling
Normandy
1066–1087
"the Bastard", "the Conqueror"
Won the Battle of Hastings
William I
Normandy
1087–1100
Rufus or "the Red"
 
William II
Normandy
1100–1135
Beauclerc
 
Henry I
Blois
1135–1154
of Blois
Fought against Empress Matilda in the Anarchy
Stephen
Anjou
1154–1189
FitzEmpress, Curtmantle
Co-ruled with his son
Henry II
Anjou
1170–1183
"the Young King"
Co-ruled with his father as Junior King (unnumbered)
Henry the Young King
Anjou
1189–1199
"the Lionheart", "Oc e No" ("Yes and No")
Fought in the Third Crusade
Richard I
Anjou
1199–1216
Lackland
A villain to Robin Hood
John
Plantagenet
1216–1272
of Winchester
 
Henry III
Plantagenet
1272–1307
Longshanks, "The Hammer of the Scots"
Conquered Wales
Edward I
Plantagenet
1307–1327
of Caernarfon
 
Edward II
Plantagenet
1327–1377
 
Won the Battle of Crécy
Edward III
Plantagenet
1377–1399
of Bordeaux
 
Richard II
Lancaster
1399–1413
Bolingbroke or of Bolingbroke
 
Henry IV
Lancaster
1413–1422
"The Star of England"
Won the Battle of Agincourt
Henry V
Lancaster
1422–1461, 1470–1471
 
The War of the Roses began during his reign.
Henry VI
York
1461–1470, 1471–1483
 
 
Edward IV
York
1483
 
One of the "Princes in the Tower"
Edward V
York
1483–1485
 
Portrayed in Shakespeare's play as a hunchback; lost the Battle of Bosworth Field
Richard III
Tudor
1485–1509
 
Won the Battle of Bosworth Field and thus the War of the Roses
Henry VII
Tudor
1509–1547
The first "Defender of the Faith"
Had six wives; initiated the English Reformation
Henry VIII
Tudor
1547–1553
 
Died at 15
Edward VI
Tudor
1553–1558
"Bloody"
Co-ruled with her husband
Mary I
Habsburg
1554–1558
"the Prudent"
Co-ruled with his wife; also King of Naples, Sicily and Spain
Philip
Tudor
1558–1603
"The Virgin Queen", "Gloriana", "Good Queen Bess"
Defeated the Spanish Armada
Elizabeth I
Stuart
1603–1625
 
Also King of the Scots
James I
Stuart
1625–1649
 
Overthrown during the English Civil War
Charles I
Stuart
1660–1685
"The Merry Monarch"
Became king after the Restoration of the monarchy
Charles II
Stuart
1685–1688
 
The last Catholic monarch of England; deposed during the Glorious Revolution
James II
Stuart
1689–1694
 
Co-ruled with her husband
Mary II
Orange-Nassau
1689–1702
of Orange, "King Billy"
Co-ruled with his wife
William III
Stuart
1702–1707
 
Queen of Great Britain and Ireland 1707–1714
Anne
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