Official and Regional Languages of Europe on a Map

While the most important language (or languages) of a country are typically official at the national level, many countries also recognise smaller and/or historically important languages at the regional level. Can you name all 73 languages shown on the map below?
Includes de facto national languages
Dialects are grouped together, although (mostly historical) dialect divisions are specified on the map
Figures for the total speakers of each language family should be taken as estimations and do not include immigrant/'non-European' languages
Quiz by Jiaozira
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Last updated: March 21, 2021
First submittedJanuary 27, 2021
Times taken14,906
Rating5.00
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Slavic
226 mil speakers
 
L1
Language
106 mil
Russian
38 mil
Polish
32 mil
Ukrainian
21 mil
Serbo-Croatian
10 mil
Czech
7.8 mil
Bulgarian
5.2 mil
Slovak
3.3 mil
Belarusian
2.1 mil
Slovene
1.4 mil
Macedonian
70 k
Rusyn
50 k
Kashubian
20 k
Sorbian
 
 
 
Romance
216 mil speakers
 
L1
Language
71 mil
French
65 mil
Italian
38 mil
Spanish
24 mil
Romanian
10 mil
Portuguese
4.0 mil
Catalan
2.4 mil
Galician
1.3 mil
Sardinian
44 k
Romansh
41 k
Ladin
30 k
Corsican
15 k
Mirandese
1.9 k
Jèrriais
200
Guernésiais
Germanic
205 mil speakers
 
L1
Language
97 mil
German
63 mil
English
22 mil
Dutch
11 mil
Swedish
5.5 mil
Danish
5.2 mil
Norwegian
470 k
West Frisian
336 k
Luxembourgish
330 k
Icelandic
66 k
Faroese
3.5 k
North Frisian
 
 
 
Uralic
21 mil speakers
 
L1
Language
13 mil
Hungarian
5.4 mil
Finnish
1.1 mil
Estonian
500 k
Hill/Meadow Mari
340 k
Udmurt
220 k
Komi-Zyrian
120 k
Erzya
23 k
Sami
2.0 k
Moksha
 
 
 
Turkic
20 mil speakers
 
L1
Language
12 mil
Turkish
4.3 mil
Tatar
1.2 mil
Bashkir
1.1 mil
Chuvash
480 k
Crimean Tatar
300 k
Karachay-Balkar
140 k
Gagauz
87 k
Nogai
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hellenic
11 mil speakers
 
L1
Language
11 mil
Greek
 
 
 
Other Indo-European
5.8 mil speakers
 
L1
Language
5.8 mil
Albanian
 
 
 
Baltic
4.7 mil speakers
 
L1
Language
3.0 mil
Lithuanian
1.7 mil
Latvian
 
 
 
Northeast Caucasian
1.7 mil speakers
 
L1
Language
1.4 mil
Chechen
300 k
Ingush
 
 
 
Language isolate
750 k speakers
 
L1
Language
750 k
Basque
 
 
 
Indo-Iranian
4.1 mil speakers
 
L1
Language
3.5 mil
Romani
597 k
Ossetian
 
 
 
Celtic
850 k speakers
 
L1
Language
562 k
Welsh
240 k
Irish
57 k
Scottish Gaelic
557
Cornish
230
Manx
 
 
 
Northwest Caucasian
700 k speakers
 
L1
Language
530 k
Kabardian
117 k
Adyghe
49 k
Abaza
 
 
 
Semitic
520 k speakers
 
L1
Language
520 k
Maltese
 
 
 
Mongolic
80 k speakers
 
L1
Language
80 k
Kalmyk
+6
Level 66
Mar 20, 2021
The Asian version has been released :)
+10
Level 66
Jan 27, 2021
In case you are wondering, my list is based off of this list, however it is not necessarily a strict definition. I plan to either update this quiz in future with all languages within a yet expanded catagory (or perhaps that will be a seperate quiz).
+7
Level 66
Jan 27, 2021
I chose to group dialects together, but I drew the traditional lines of said dialects on the map. That being said, those dialects are often rare (however they may influence accents and dialogue within the defined region). It is hard to draw the line between dialects are languages at times, and people may feel strongly towards certain catagorisations. Also, clear divergences in dialect may not be shown, if that dialect specifically is not official in a given territory. See if you can spot the many dialect continuums which straddle multiple borders!
+18
Level 67
Jan 27, 2021
Beautiful quiz!! Amazed to see so much effort and detail!
+7
Level 66
Jan 27, 2021
Thank you, I am passionate about this topic!
+3
Level 84
Mar 12, 2021
Agreed.
+5
Level 66
Jan 27, 2021

If the language is a minority everywhere, then it is transparent overtop the majority language. The status of some of these languages can be debated further. Romani is spread over such a wide area, that I did not ask for it on this quiz. I tried to use appropriate flags for each of the languages, however I only modified flags in the public domain, so some languages simply use an alternate flag instead.

When I expand the map I will make some modifications, for instance I may make certain (less important) borders smaller. There is a lot of visual information thrown at you all at once in this quiz, but I don't want it to be confusing. If you are playing the quiz and checking the comments, also remember to click the 'unguessed languages' toggle so you don't miss anything you know!

+13
Level 60
Jan 27, 2021
One of the best quizzes ever! Nominated!!!
+3
Level 66
Jan 27, 2021
Thank you very much! Making the map (and the circle flags) was a fun endeavor.
+8
Level 57
Jan 27, 2021
One of the best quizzes I’ve seen on this site
+2
Level 66
Jan 27, 2021
Thanks, I'm really glad you think so :)
+3
Level 52
Jan 27, 2021
35/73. Great Quiz! No option but to nominate! Just one question, why is Estonian not baltic?
+12
Level 66
Jan 27, 2021
Estonian is closely related to Finnish. What became the Estonian language originally comes from a common Uralic ancestor from Northern Eurasia (taking its name from the Ural Mountains). The Livonian Chronicle of Henry is a document describing the area that is now Estonia, during the 12th to 13th Century, and contains perhaps the oldest references to the Estonian language. Good question and thank you!
+5
Level 78
Mar 8, 2021
Estonian is Baltic only by location, not by language grouping, it's completely unrelated to the other two.
+5
Level 38
Jan 27, 2021
Excellent quiz! And the map is beautiful! Congratulations! Nominated!
+3
Level 66
Jan 27, 2021
Thank you very much, I'm glad you liked it :)
+2
Level 69
Jan 27, 2021
Great quiz, I think you'll get many nominations.
+2
Level 66
Jan 27, 2021
Thank you! I am pleasantly surprised by all the interest in this quiz so far
+4
Level 67
Jan 27, 2021
This definitely needs to be featured.
+2
Level 66
Jan 27, 2021
Thanks, glad you think that!
+6
Level 56
Jan 27, 2021
This quiz must be one of the best that I've seen on JetPunk. I had a similar idea a while back, but never had the motivation to actually do it. Even if I had, it definitely wouldn't have turned out this good. Congrats on this amazing quiz!
+4
Level 66
Jan 27, 2021
Thank you for the kind words! I have been wanting to make something along along the lines of this for a while too, but language is abstract in a way that makes plotting it difficult. I have made similar (much more simple) maps before, but since then I have had new ideas on how I can best go about this, what to show, etc.
+2
Level 62
Jan 27, 2021
Low German
+3
Level 66
Jan 27, 2021
It is shown on the map, along with it's Dutch cousin of Low Saxon. I am considering them both dialects in the dialect continuum which spans varieties of German and Dutch (and smaller languages like Frisian).
+2
Level 63
Jan 27, 2021
I love this, definitely learned about a few languages I was not aware of in Europe. Nominated it :)
+2
Level 66
Jan 27, 2021
That's good to hear! I find it important to learn about some of these languages, for many are all but destined to go extinct within the next 100 years.
+5
Level 55
Jan 27, 2021
Your obsession with languages is great!
+4
Level 66
Jan 27, 2021
There are worse things to be addicted to! And thank you :)
+1
Level 79
Jan 27, 2021
Tatar and Crimean Tatar are separate languages?
+2
Level 66
Jan 28, 2021
Yes, they both are related, but part of different branches of the Kipchak languages. Because of Crimean Tatar's name, it is commonly mistaken as being the same language as Volga Tatar, in the form of a dialect, but in reality they are different languages.
+2
Level 67
Jan 28, 2021
Awesome quiz, nominated! Your source doesn't list it for some reason, but if you include Sardinian and Ladin then I believe Friulian should be here as well. It is officially recognised by the Italian constitution and spoken by ~500k people, you can read more about it here
+4
Level 66
Jan 28, 2021
Thank you! It appears Friulian does not appear due to legal wordings. In Friuli-Venezia Giulia the language is 'promoted' but not official recognised, and this quiz is most concerned with languages that are official, in various subdivisions. It is somewhat flawed the methology in which languages are featured at present, but I look forward to including it when I expand the map based on criteria that I have not decided upon--yet.
+2
Level 67
Jan 28, 2021
You are right, while Friulian is recognised at state-level, there doesn't seem to be a specific regional law about it. Bureaucracy is always such a pain!
+4
Level 66
Jan 28, 2021
Yes indeed. But that gives me a great reason to expand upon this concept in future. That and the countries which hardly even recognise minority languages, such as France (Occitan is on the map because it is recognised in Catalonia via Aranese, when >90% of Occitan speakers are located in France).
+1
Level 78
Mar 8, 2021
It really depends on the criteria. Friulian is not official for legislature, courts, administration etc, but its protected status is taken seriously and so it has great visibility, bilingual road signs are ubiquitous, there are government websites in Friulian, it's taught in schools etc. On the other hand there are languages with official status described in constitutions but they see virtually no official use with all paperwork done in Russian.
+1
Level 78
Mar 8, 2021
Dagestan is a case in point, it has 14 official languages, some far more spoken than Nogai.
+2
Level 67
Jan 28, 2021
Brilliant! Nominated.
+2
Level 66
Jan 28, 2021
Thanks!
+3
Level 52
Jan 28, 2021
Wow 23 noms in 1 day! Is this a record?!
+2
Level 66
Jan 28, 2021
Well, I don't have the data to back that up. I am quite humbled and grateful for all the interest in this quiz throughout its first 24 hours. This topic is interesting to me, so I like to share it with others too.
+2
Level 73
Jan 28, 2021
wow impressive!!
+2
Level 66
Jan 28, 2021
Thank you, glad you enjoyed it!
+2
Level 62
Jan 29, 2021
Sami is not one language, but ten different; some of them with official status in different regions, and some almost extinct.
+3
Level 66
Jan 29, 2021
The problem is that many of the Sami languages form a dialect continuum. It is not easy to tell dialect from individual language. This is why they are all grouped together. Many of the decisions I made on this quiz, when seperating languages and dialects are arguable (for example Galician and Portuguese could be considered the same language), and I would like to explore dialects too in future quizzes.
+2
Level 62
Mar 19, 2021
Like the scandinavian languages, that are more close to each other than the sami languages or dialects of other languages.
+2
Level 66
Mar 19, 2021
That is true, but most importantly the governments recognise all North Germanic languages as seperate, each of those languages have a government, an economy, etc. From what I can tell Norway has Sami as an official language (with Northern, Lule and Southern Sami in fine print to specify).
+1
Level 62
Mar 19, 2021
Sami language is not an official language at national level in Norway, only in the administrative area for sami languages. Northern sami is official in seven municipalities, southern sami in two, and lule sami in one.
+4
Level 57
Feb 4, 2021
Detailed language map. Deserves to be featured!
+2
Level 66
Feb 4, 2021
Thank you, I'm glad you think so. It was a surprise to see such a colourful comment in my notifications :D
+2
Level 71
Feb 16, 2021
Best quiz I've seen in a while. I'd love to see one made for Asia one day, although I know that would take a LOT more work than this quiz did.
+2
Level 66
Feb 16, 2021
Thank you! Asia would either turn out to be easy, but unsatisfactory due to the lack of recognition of many languages, (including some of the most spoken world languages like Javanese), or very difficult if I went and tried to include as many languages as possible, since Indonesia has 'more than 700 widely spoken languages'!
+2
Level 67
Feb 22, 2021
Great quiz!!
+2
Level 66
Feb 22, 2021
Thank you very much!
+2
Level 67
Feb 23, 2021
WHY IS THIS NOT FEATURED YET MAKE IT HAPPEN PEOPLE
+2
Level 67
Feb 23, 2021
Btw LOVE this make one for say Africa but more just regional ones like Amharic,Swahili,and Afrikaans
+2
Level 66
Feb 23, 2021
Thank you! Africa is interesting, as most African countries don't give recognition to many of the (several) Indigenous languages at least not in the same vain as Europe. It would be neat of have an Africa version, although I imagine much of the map would have to be greyed-out sadly.
+3
Level 68
Feb 24, 2021
Absolutely astonishing achievement. As a linguist I applaud you, and I am in awe. Well done, nominated. Very difficult though. I got 50/73.
+2
Level 66
Feb 24, 2021
Thank you very much! As an aspiring linguist (who's currently stuck in a different programme), I am happy to hear that :)
+2
Level 56
Mar 2, 2021
This quiz is too good for this world. It had better be featured. :D
+2
Level 66
Mar 2, 2021
Thanks. Happy to hear that, let's see what happens!
+2
Level 44
Mar 3, 2021
Wow this is really great!!! Any chance there will be versions for the other continents? :)
+4
Level 66
Mar 3, 2021
I am seriously getting an urge to go create that, but it will take some thought and research beforehand. I would like to make some more linguistics/language related content (possibly an Asian or American Continent version of this quiz), it will probably have to wait until mid-March at the earliest because of uni. Thanks for playing the quiz :)
+2
Level 62
Mar 3, 2021
This is a great quiz. I've been looking up languages for the past day now thanks to it.

I have a question though. Would Franco-Provencal count for your criteria? It looks like Aosta Valley grants it some form of status, but I can't claim to know much about it beyond a bit of reading on Wikipedia.

+2
Level 66
Mar 3, 2021

Thank you, I am very happy to hear that this quiz could inspire you like that, it is a gift to share my passion for languages!

From what I have researched, Aosta Valley has made French an official language along with Italian, however I am not sure they specify the Franco-Provençal dialect in particular. Had Franco-Provençal been official, I would have been able to draw a line similar to the Occitan line (transcending borders and all). Good question.

+2
Level 64
Mar 11, 2021
Hello! Love your quiz :)

I made some research about Aosta Valley. The only official languages are Italian and French. Franco-Provençal as well as Walser (a variation of German) are recognized, protected and valorized; however they're not considered official on a regional level.

+3
Level 66
Mar 11, 2021
Thank you! And I appreciate that you have taken the time to research that!

It is interesting to note that about Aosta Valley, and that there are German speakers there. I was hoping I'd be able to show the French language in Aosta, but it turned our that most of the people there speak Italian as a first language. Italy doesn't have many languages official at the regional level, sadly. I wished I could include Friulian on the quiz too.

Thank you for the comment :)

+2
Level 44
Mar 3, 2021
Nominiated!!
+2
Level 66
Mar 3, 2021
Thank you for the support!
+2
Level 36
Mar 4, 2021
Great Quiz. Nominated
+2
Level 66
Mar 4, 2021
Thank you!
+1
Level 39
Mar 5, 2021
I couldn't spell luxembourgish
+1
Level 39
Mar 5, 2021
nor manx. IM SO ANGRY AT MYSELF
+1
Level 52
Mar 7, 2021
Now 43/73. Slight Improvement. I wrote Cornwallish instead of Cornish
+1
Level 50
Mar 8, 2021
2 minutes until I can nominate!
+1
Level 50
Mar 8, 2021
1 minute!
+2
Level 50
Mar 8, 2021
Nominated!
+2
Level 66
Mar 8, 2021
Thank you for the support!
+2
Level 51
Mar 8, 2021
Congrats on the feature! :) I kept reloading the page every 5-10 minutes waiting for it to get featured
+2
Level 66
Mar 8, 2021
Thank you Pandora! I was anticipating this too but I couldn't remember which day the nominated quizzes get featured.
+2
Level 50
Mar 8, 2021
I would've been devastated if I couldn't nominate this!
+5
Level 84
Mar 8, 2021
Great fun! Btw Maltese is a SEMITIC language, not a Semetic one (not to be anti-Semetic or anything).
+2
Level 66
Mar 8, 2021
Thank you, and I've fixed that now. I realised a couple days ago that I'd got the wrong spelling in my head, but I've probably misspelt the word in countless places by now!
+3
Level 74
Mar 8, 2021
Great idea, and even greater work! It was much fun playing it. But is there any reason why LATIN isn't shown? It's official language in Vatican City, there are really people who speak this language (not as mother language, but does this matter in this context?), and official documents are written in Latin.
+1
Level 78
Mar 8, 2021
It's the official language of the Holy See, not Vatican City. But I still think it's enough to be included, they're not exactly completely separate things. The pope usually gives speeches in Italian when visiting abroad, not Latin, for example.
+2
Level 66
Mar 8, 2021
Thank you! Although Latin may be official to the Holy See, I believe it is distinct from the Vatican City and not the same as a sovereign state or region. Despite its massive importance/influence in Europe, had Latin been official in the Vatican City, I would have excluded it from being an answer too due to it being a dead language (not extinct, considering it is still used in certain capacities). My problem with including dead languages is that they are used in such a different matter to living languages, they don't evolve, etc. that they stand out compared to the living languages I have portrayed on this quiz. A borderline example here, is that of the Cornish language, which has undergone a revival (including allegedly some bilingual native speakers) and was upgraded from 'extinct' to 'critically endangered' .
+2
Level 59
Apr 7, 2021
From what I understand, The Holy See is more like a corporate body in international law, therefore The Holy See owns the Vatican, but it isn't the Vatican. The Holy See, for those who don't know, is the chair that the Pope sits on.
+1
Level 66
Apr 7, 2021
Thank you for clarifying, this is a helpful way of looking at it!
+2
Level 59
Apr 7, 2021
My information comes from CGP Grey's video off of YouTube, so you can watch that if you like!
+2
Level 66
Mar 8, 2021

I have run into this problem with the 'Official and Regional Languages of Asia' quiz that I have been working on. India recognises Sanskrit as an official language (not nationally), and Prakrit is a proposed official language (also not nationally), both languages I have considered. If I 'include' them, and same goes for Latin, I would have automatically filled the answer in like I did on this quiz for the virtually-impossible-to-map-Romani language. There are claims that a couple of villages in India speak Sanskrit natively, but considering I have never heard a reliable source on this, and said villages are never named, I don't buy it.

Good question about a topic that is most certainly up for debate, and apologies for rambling on so long :)

+2
Level 81
Mar 8, 2021
The slavic heading seems to have gone missing.
+2
Level 66
Mar 8, 2021
Fixed, thank you! I think it went missing when I fixed my spelling of 'Semitic'.
+4
Level 59
Mar 8, 2021
Being an amateur Linguistic Geography Nerd, You are like my role model (人*´∀`)。*゚+ Congratulations on the feature and I can't wait to see the Asian Version with the 700 languages of India and 800 languages of Indonesia
+2
Level 66
Mar 8, 2021
Thank you very much! I am glad you like the language content too. I've got the list of recognised regional or official languages of Asia down to 149... feel free to guess how many are Indonesian :D
+1
Level 50
Mar 11, 2021
50?
+2
Level 66
Mar 11, 2021
Around 34, actually, so not too bad I suppose. There are a good number of Filipino languages to look out for too.
+2
Level 30
Mar 9, 2021
This is one cool quiz! Thanks for the work you put in!
+2
Level 66
Mar 9, 2021
Thank you! I think the work payed off in the end :)
+2
Level 60
Mar 9, 2021
Amazing job!
+2
Level 66
Mar 9, 2021
Thanks!
+2
Level 45
Mar 9, 2021
Amazing Quiz!! I hope you make other continents :)
+1
Level 50
Mar 9, 2021
Do you think Africa would be too much to handle?
+3
Level 66
Mar 9, 2021

Asia is on the way! My biggest problem, moving away from Europe, is not so much the sheer number of languages, but rather that the protection of minority languages is often poorly legislated and the vague status of languages makes it difficult to know which languages to add. I have the list for Asia pretty much finalised, but I don't feel so comfortable arguing why I did/didn't choose specific languages, for example, as I do with the final list for this quiz.

Hope that is a good answer to both your comments!

+2
Level 73
Mar 9, 2021
Thanks for a great quiz. Lots of work. Is Flemish considered to be Dutch? - just a thought
+3
Level 66
Mar 9, 2021
Thank you! I was under the impression that Flemish was a dialect of Dutch, but after doing some research I believe it is closer than a dialect--similar to the difference between, say, Quebec French and Metropolitan French.
+2
Level 23
Mar 9, 2021
hey this is a very good map

i havent seen any on this site lately, but can you make a "win the election" quiz?

+3
Level 66
Mar 9, 2021
Thank you! I appreciate the request, however several people have already made quizzes in that format already and there isn't anything unique I could add to the formula.
+1
Level 52
Mar 9, 2021
Celtic languages should also include Breton in north-western France.
+2
Level 66
Mar 9, 2021
Breton is not recognised by France, unfortunately. It was probably the one language I wished I could have included the most :(
+2
Level 62
Mar 20, 2021
Hi - first of all, amazing quiz! I can't believe how much detailed work has gone into this. I think there is actually a case to be made for Breton having at least some official recognition. First of all, since 2008, regional languages are recognised by the French Constitution, article 75-1, which states that they are part of France's heritage ("font partie du patrimoine de la France"). While Breton is not mentioned by name, it's clearly one of the languages covered by this provision.
+2
Level 62
Mar 20, 2021
And secondly, perhaps more importantly, the region of Brittany has recognised Breton (and Gallo, but that's just a dialect of French) as co-official since 2004. Back then, this move was considered illegal under the French Constitution, but I believe that the 2008 adoption of article 75-1 lifts that prohibition - or is at least grounds enough to seriously challenge it. Anyway, I agree that it's not clear-cut, but I sure would love to see Breton on this quiz!
+4
Level 66
Mar 20, 2021
Thank you for the reply! I will have to look into that a little more. From what I could tell, Breton was only co-official in some municipalities but I haven't heard about the heritage language recognition. I have to make distinctions between minority languages too (which are not considered). There is certainly a lot of subjectivity when making these sorts of quizzes, even when I have what looks to be a frame pf reference at first.

I expect to add Breton in future, either after looking it over again or when France (hopefully) begins to extend Breton language rights even further :)

+2
Level 62
Mar 20, 2021
Thanks for considering it! Honestly, I don't think there's a clear-cut answer either way, and it certainly wouldn't be wrong to leave Breton off - but if there's a way we can sneak it in, that would be awesome!
+2
Level 66
Mar 20, 2021
You're very welcome. It would be great, Breton deserves the same recognition as the other Celtic languages! If I do add it, it would have to be some time from now since the quiz would reset.
+2
Level 62
Mar 22, 2021
It does! My whole family on my father's side is from Brittany. My grandfather was fluent in Breton - he grew up on a farm in Brittany, and came to Paris for work as a young man, but retired back to Brittany. My grandmother, who's from one village over, was orphaned when she was four, and grew up in a convent, where they spoke French. She understood Breton, but apparently did not speak it very well. Today, I speak five languages, but not the one my ancestors spoke! Neither does my father. It's pretty sad...
+2
Level 66
Mar 22, 2021
That in quite interesting, it is unfortunate that this seems so often the case, in which languages like Breton are lost from families. There are similar patterns in my own family, with Plautdietsch and French. I have interacted with a small number of Breton speakers online who were passionate about their language, and I hope that there are more people like them who will keep Breton strong in the years to come.
+2
Level 62
Mar 24, 2021
It's not by accident! Under the Third Republic, there was a conscious effort to eliminate regional languages in France. Kids were punished in school if they were heard speaking Breton!
+3
Level 66
Mar 24, 2021
It is a shame, I guess that people before considered the smaller languages to be an 'uneducated' way of speaking. Canada has effectively doomed most of our Indigenous languages, in huge part thanks to the education system (residential schools).
+2
Level 72
Mar 11, 2021
Very interesting & informational quiz! I'm guessing Alsatian wasn't included b/c it's not an official language on a national level? W/your interest in linguistics you might like to check out Ethnologue & Lexilogos...not sure if all of Ethnologue is a subscription database only, but Lexilogos is not a subscription database (I'm an academic librarian & I literally taught a class on doing French-language research this morning, & Ethnologue & Lexilogos are my go-tos for linguistics research).
+2
Level 66
Mar 11, 2021
Thank you for your comment! And you're correct, unfortunately the French minority languages hold very little legal standings in France. I am currently on the Lexilogos website and it looks very helpful! I have used Omniglot in the past as a resource but Lexilogos appears to be much more useful. It seems that most of Ethnologue is behind a paywall ($480 per year, not sure if it's in Canadian or American money), but I would love to have access to it someday.

Again, big thanks for the share, I am going to have fun looking through it :D

+2
Level 80
Mar 15, 2021
A funny consequence of using "Ends with" MARI to cover all of the possible ways someone might type Hill/Meadow Mari is that I got a freebie when I started typing "San Marinoan" just to amuse myself.
+2
Level 66
Mar 15, 2021
Interesting, well enjoy the freebie! I'm usually against having type-ins that allow for people to get the answer on accident (seeing as it's a quiz and all), 'Mari' is a short enough name that people are bound to get lucky no matter what :)
+2
Level 59
Mar 16, 2021
This is one of the best quizzes I've seen on this site! Excellent work! I was surprised at several languages that weren't included, but I guess that's up to the politicians to decide. I'm an amateur language nut, too, and I've made a few language quizzes here.
+2
Level 66
Mar 16, 2021
Thank you, really happy to hear that! I am still saddened by the lack of Friulian and Breton, in particular. I am surprised I hadn't found your quizzes before but I am a big fan of your quiz on language families now :)
+1
Level 54
Mar 17, 2021
I wrote gaelic and scotch gaelic, both should be acceptable answers.
+3
Level 66
Mar 17, 2021
Scotch is a mostly obsolete term nowadays and is only used for products (i.e. 'Scotch eggs', or 'Scotch whisky'). I might change the 'Gaelic' type-in from Irish to Scottish Gaelic, although I don't want to create confusion between the names.
+2
Level 59
Mar 19, 2021
If it helps at all, here in Ireland we always call it Irish, almost never Gaelic. I could see someone try Gaeilge though, which is the Irish for Irish (language).
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Level 66
Mar 19, 2021
Thanks for the imput, I have moved the 'Gaelic' type-in to Scottish Gaelic instead. I get confused sometimes because of the Irish name Gaeilge although I learnt recently that Scottish Gaelic is pronounced with more of an 'AH' sound like in 'garlic'. Changes should be implemented shortly :)
+2
Level 72
Mar 19, 2021
Nice design!
+2
Level 66
Mar 19, 2021
Thank you!
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Level 66
Mar 19, 2021
Superbly interesting quiz, with a lot of hard work behind it. Congratulations!
+2
Level 66
Mar 19, 2021
I am happy to hear you found it interesting, thanks :)
+2
Level 32
Mar 19, 2021
40 on my first try, a few I just couldn't get right in English
+2
Level 37
Mar 19, 2021
Great Quiz! What about Breton though?
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Level 66
Mar 19, 2021
Unfortunately Breton isn't recognised at the regional level :(
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Level 62
Mar 20, 2021
It actually kinda is! See my above comment, and this link: https://www.europe.bzh/jcms/c_16791/fr/la-langue-bretonne-etat-des-lieux - while the move by the Region of Brittany was considered unconstitutional when it was made in 2004, I believe that the 2008 adoption of article 75-1 changes that.
+2
Level 48
Mar 19, 2021
My best on memory I think is 44, but by cheating I got 68. I'm sorry for cheating, I just want to know all those tiny languages in Russia.
+2
Level 20
Mar 19, 2021
Fun Quiz
+2
Level 66
Mar 19, 2021
Thanks!
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Level 66
Mar 19, 2021
Great quiz and really cool map! I never realized that Europe (particularly Russia) had that many languages, but I guess it makes sense given Russia's ethnic diversity.

Also, can you please accept "Circassian" for Adyghe? I tried it and it doesn't work, but Wikipedia says that Adyghe is often called "West Circassian" so I think it would make sense to have it as a type-in.

+3
Level 66
Mar 19, 2021
Sure, both West Circassian and Circassian have been added as type-ins.

The languages of Russia are fascinating, and I hope that more people can learn about them. You can find Finnish's cousin Karelian and the Inuit language of Yupik in the same country, but only 35 languages are official at the regional level. Glad you enjoyed the quiz and thanks for playing!

+2
Level 67
Mar 19, 2021
Monegasque?
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Level 66
Mar 19, 2021
It's not an official language of Monaco and had 20 speakers as of 1950, sadly. If it were official it would be considered an Italian dialect.
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Level 44
Mar 20, 2021
I wonder. I know that's the data found on Wikipedia, but I still wonder.

I'm doing the "reading the world" challenge, and I wanted a Monégasque classic. I asked for help at cultural institutions of Monaco, and the e-mail I received in return was written in French (my French is pretty good, at least in reading), clearly by someone whose mother tongue is not French, and yet is definitely a citizen of Monaco. When he sent me the book (bilingual, Monégasque and French), he added a bilingual calendar, a bilingual collection of local recipes and such stuff. It appears to be in use.

The fact that very few people speak it as their mother tongue doesn't mean that it cannot be spoken by lots of others as a language learnt later and used every day. This website mentions 5100 speakers:

https://omniglot.com/writing/monegasque.htm

So I wonder.

Otherwise thank you for this great quiz! :) It's absolutely fascinating, I love language quizzes, especially if they include regional languages, too.

+3
Level 44
Mar 21, 2021
Another thing, about Monégasque being an Italian dialect: Luxembourgish IS actually a dialect of German (Moselfränkisch), and it is only considered a separate language because it is the official language of Luxembourg. I know Monégasque is not official, but the case is still the same. The distinction between dialect and language is often political only.
+3
Level 66
Mar 21, 2021
I heard that Monégasque is still taught as a heritage language, but its good to hear that people still use the language today! Maybe it has to do with the work that has been published in the language before, or the fact that it's close to French and Italian.

And you're right, I hadn't realised how much of a dialect Luxembourgish truly is until recent. I've used this quote on another quiz before, but with risk of overwearing it, a student in sociolinguist Max Weinreich's class once remarked that "a language is a dialect with an army and a navy" and I find this very fitting.

Thanks for playing and I'm glad you liked the quiz :)

+2
Level 55
Mar 19, 2021
Sorbian is devided in Upper and Lower Sorbian.
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Level 66
Mar 19, 2021
Yes but Germany groups them together in its recognition.
+3
Level 32
Mar 19, 2021
Serbo-Croatian is not an official language anywhere.
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Level 66
Mar 19, 2021
I have used political definitions in other parts of this quiz, however I cannot deny that Serbo-Croatian is a single language in every way besides the politics. They are even based on the same dialect of Shtokavian. Apologies for any inconsistency.
+2
Level 44
Mar 21, 2021
You don't need to apologise at all, you've done a great job, truly! :)

It's very hard to judge whether Serbo-Croatian is one language or several, though. I have a few friends from that region. I asked them once if they needed to translate from one language to another. They said people who had grown up in the former Yugoslavia could perfectly understand one another, but for young people it was increasingly difficult.

I thought it was because of rapid changes; they said it wasn't, it was because Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian and Montenegrin had been separate languages for a while, but no one had noticed back in Yugoslavia, because every TV channel and radio station had broadcast programmes in every language. People at that time were actually multilingual without even noticing it. Now that they don't have the same stations and channels and more, the languages appear to be more and more different.

Of course if you're from that area, you know better. I don't know where you're from.

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Level 66
Mar 21, 2021
That is an interesting insight, thank you!

It is a very interesting dilemma, and I can see how the line becomes very unclear. Without exposure I have heard that speakers of High German in Berlin have a hard time understanding people who speak Swiss German or Austro-Bavarian German, yet those are commonly considered the same language. In this case, I saved myself from a difficult decision and went with Serbo-Croatian, as it is most common on other Jetpunk quizzes. If not for the quiz format.

I try and listen to the opinions of people from the locale, but I also take perspectives into account. For example a Portuguese speaker is likely to claim that Galician is a Portuguese dialect, while Galician speakers are likely to claim that Galician is a completely different language.

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Level 44
Mar 21, 2021
Yes, you're right. And Norwegian and Swedish are definitely considered two different languages (Norwegian is, in fact, not one language but two), and yet they are mutually intelligible, at least that's what a Norwegian colleague has told me.
+2
Level 66
Mar 21, 2021
Indeed they are (at least when written for Norwegian), and while most people write in Bokmål, in a professional setting I hear it is polite to respond to people in Nynorsk, if, say they send you an email using that written standard.
+2
Level 55
Mar 19, 2021
What a great quiz! Shows me how much I don't know!
+2
Level 66
Mar 19, 2021
Thank you! Glad you enjoyed it :)
+1
Level 24
Mar 19, 2021
Today I learned Irish is an extremely overrated language, it's so small!
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Level 66
Mar 19, 2021
Irish has many more L2 speakers and learners, with over a million able to speak it (to some degree). The Gaeltacht, or the area in which the majority speaks Irish as a first language, is depressingly small though.
+2
Level 38
Mar 19, 2021
Absolutely loving this quiz! Such a lot of effort has obviously gone into both the research and the map.

I got 51 on my first try, which I'm fairly happy with. After looking at the answers I missed, there are only another four that I've heard of (and only one of them, Maltese, was particularly silly to forget), so I probably couldn't have gotten much better.

Well done on a great quiz.

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Level 66
Mar 19, 2021
Thank you for the kind words! I enjoy sharing my interests through quizzes like these. 51 is a great score indeed, especially considering all the obscure languages here :)
+1
Level 38
Mar 20, 2021
change the Polish flag pls fam
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Level 66
Mar 20, 2021
If it has some connotation behind it then I have no problem changing it, although from my end it looks simply like the variant flag of Poland. I don't want to claim to support anything, through what otherwise is a fun visual display.
+1
Level 47
Mar 20, 2021
West Frisian is incorrect for the Dutch province Friesland.

They speak in Friesland Frisian.

There is a dialect called "West-Fries" (West Frisian) which is spoken in the region West-Friesland, which is in the province North-Holland. This dialect is complete different from Frisian.

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Level 66
Mar 20, 2021
Outside of the Netherlands, West Frisian is the correct name of the language, although within the Netherlands what you say is correct.
+2
Level 51
Mar 20, 2021
The alternative spelling of Faeroese could be useful, as it accepted and widely used.

Also curious as to why Breton is not listed.

+2
Level 66
Mar 20, 2021
Sure, I try and be flexible with type-ins (within reason) but since it's difficult to predict what type-ins are needed I appreciate the suggestions.

Breton lacks much recognition in its native Brittany, so it is not included. Same goes for Friulian, perhaps the most significant language left out.

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Level 49
Mar 21, 2021
Please accept Jerrais for Jerriais. Thanks!
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Level 66
Mar 21, 2021
Sure, I can emphasise with you because I cannot spell that one for the life of me!
+2
Level 65
Mar 21, 2021
Super quiz and amazing presentation, thank you!
+2
Level 66
Mar 21, 2021
Thank you very much!
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Level 72
Mar 21, 2021
Great quiz and map, well done with this. I'm curious why Welsh is shown only for the north west of Wales though it's an official language for the whole of Wales.
+2
Level 66
Mar 21, 2021
Thank you! Welsh is shown only in the area where it is spoken by a majority of the population.
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Level 44
Mar 21, 2021
Aren't Kabardian and Abaza both considered dialects of Adyghe?
+2
Level 66
Mar 21, 2021
Some people consider Kabardian to be a dialect of Adyghe but it's not determined the level of mutual intelligibility they share. They are both Circassian languages. Abaza, on the other hand, is closer to Abkhaz.
+2
Level 44
Mar 22, 2021
Among Circassians (myself one), Kabardian is usually considered a dialect of the main language since it is one of the 12 tribes. I just wasn't sure about overall recognition.
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Level 66
Mar 22, 2021
Interesting. While Russia recognises them as distinct, with language it is all grey space, language and dialects are just terms we invented to organise them, after all (since you were thinking about recognition). Thank you for bringing this to my attention, and it is nice to hear your thoughts as someone with connection to the language. I hadn't stopped to consider it before, and I am happy to learn more about the languages of the Caucasus :)
+2
Level 45
Mar 22, 2021
Love it! So interesting! I'm learning a lot from this quiz.
+2
Level 66
Mar 22, 2021
I'm glad to hear that, thanks for playing :)
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Level 36
Mar 24, 2021
59/73 very cool quiz, I was wondering where Karelian was though.
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Level 36
Mar 24, 2021
does it count as a dialect of Finnish in this quiz?
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Level 66
Mar 24, 2021
Thanks! Karelian is not official in Karelia and that is why it wasn't included. I get the feeling it would be considered a dialect of Finnish if it were eligible anyhow.
+2
Level 62
Mar 26, 2021
Random realization: Bolivia alone has over half the official languages of Europe (37) if I'm basing it off this quiz. Though it is a bit cheaty since at least 1 is extinct and 2 are getting close.
+3
Level 66
Mar 26, 2021
It is a little crazy to think of, although it makes sense considering that the country has been giving more recognition to its majority Indigenous population (such as making the second national flag the Wiphala). Be sure to revise them before the South American quiz comes out :)
+2
Level 62
Mar 27, 2021
Oh no

(Joking. I'm excited for the next one, South America or otherwise)

+2
Level 66
Mar 27, 2021
North America. Not many languages, but Alaska is going to make things challenging!
+2
Level 20
Apr 6, 2021
I love this quiz. Also I had 3:00 minutes left. I thought i was done and almost missed Maltese cause I did not go look at the flags.
+1
Level 66
Apr 6, 2021
I'm really glad you enjoyed it, thanks for playing :)