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Top European Languages on a Map

Can you name all of the European languages with over a million L1 speakers with the aid of a map?
Many of these are considered dialects by some people. The line is blurry
For transcontinental countries only the population inside Europe is counted
Quiz by Jiaozira
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Last updated: March 17, 2020
First submittedJanuary 2, 2018
Times taken30,466
Rating4.32
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Pop
Languages
106 mil
Russian
97 mil
German
66 mil
French
65 mil
Italian
60 mil
English
39 mil
Polish
38 mil
Spanish
32 mil
Ukrainian
24 mil
Romanian
Pop
Languages
22 mil
Dutch
21 mil
Serbo-Croatian
13 mil
Hungarian
12 mil
Turkish
11 mil
Greek
10 mil
Czech
10 mil
Portuguese
9.1 mil
Swedish
7.8 mil
Bulgarian
Pop
Languages
5.5 mil
Danish
5.4 mil
Albanian
5.4 mil
Finnish
5.2 mil
Slovak
4.7 mil
Norwegian
4.0 mil
Catalan
3.3 mil
Belarusian
3.0 mil
Lithuanian
2.4 mil
Galician
Pop
Languages
2.1 mil
Slovene
1.7 mil
Latvian
1.5 mil
Romani
1.4 mil
Chechen
1.4 mil
Macedonian
1.2 mil
Sardinian
1.1 mil
Estonian
1.1 mil
Chuvash
1.0 mil
Kazakh
+3
Level 64
Mar 7, 2018
No Basque, I guess.
+11
Level 69
Mar 7, 2018
There's only 650k L1 speakers of Basque, not big enough to be here.
+3
Level 68
Mar 8, 2018
Good quiz though I wouldn't call Kazakh a European Language, there are probably more people speaking Hindu and Urdu etc. in Europe than Kazakh.
+4
Level 70
Mar 23, 2018
I thought Hindi as well, particularly as it is my wife's mother tongue, however, http://languageknowledge.eu/languages/hindi suggests otherwise. According to this, there are over 1 million Hindi speakers in Europe but less than 1 million speak it as an L1 language. The other debatable point is whether it is a 'European Language'. It does not originate in Europe whereas all the others in this quiz appear to. If it means spoken in Europe, then Arabic qualifies,again according to the source above
+1
Level 61
Aug 26, 2018
Turkish clearly don't originate from Europe, and it's debatable regarding Romani (considering it may be an European language in its modern form). However, I'm not sure more than 1 million peoples in Europe speak it as a native language. I live in France, the European country with the most populous Arabic diaspora, and many of those who were born in France only speak French.
+1
Level 61
Aug 26, 2018
"I'm not sure more than 1 million peoples in Europe speak it as a native language" "it" standing for "Arabic" here, I realised after re-reading myself that it was unclear.
+3
Level 62
Mar 16, 2020
The northwestern bit of Kazakhstan is in Europe, so unlike Hindi it's not a stretch to include it.
+23
Level 52
Mar 8, 2018
Tatar should be included - it has about 5 mio speakers in the european part of Russia
+1
Level 66
Aug 26, 2018
I second this
+1
Level 55
Aug 26, 2018
I was hoping someone else would mention Tatar.
+2
Level 58
Mar 20, 2020
Should remove Chuvash and add Tatar
+2
Level 73
Mar 8, 2018
Is the Romani dot in the right place? You have it outside Europe, in northern Iran.
+7
Level 67
Mar 8, 2018
People who speak Roma are dispersed all across Europe and don't have their own country. Thus the dot probably signifies where the language is believed to have originated.
+1
Level 78
Mar 10, 2018
Linguistic and genetic evidence has proven that the Romani people and language originated in northern India. Not Iran. So if the map was accurate the dot wouldn't even be visible.
+4
Level 62
Mar 11, 2018
That is true, and the only reason I placed the dot there was that it was the closest point on the map where you could still see it. The Romani people have a much more interesting history than most people realize!
+2
Level 57
Mar 8, 2018
Why no Maltese?
+5
Level 67
Mar 8, 2018
There are less than half a million speakers.
+5
Level 67
Mar 8, 2018
Never heard of Chuvash before. Learn something new
+3
Level 80
Mar 8, 2018
Yes, "tav"! (That's "thanks" in Chuvash.)
+1
Level 78
Mar 17, 2020
I'm stunned it shows 21% got it on the first try, which is the only one that counts on stats for everybody.
+4
Level 65
Mar 8, 2018
And what about Tatar and Bashkir languages?
+2
Level 52
Mar 8, 2018
What's wrong with me. I got Chuvash but not Chechen. That was the only one I couldn't get.
+4
Level 73
Mar 9, 2018
Slovene? Like from Dr. Who? I didn't realize there were so many immigrants from Raxacoricofallapatorius in Europe.
+1
Level 67
Mar 14, 2018
If the dots are supposed to be in the area of the capital, Bulgaria is quite wrong. Sofia is in the West part of the country. The current point shows Varna (which albeit being described as the sea capital of the country is definitely not the official one).
+6
Level 58
May 25, 2018
I don't think they're supposed to be on the capitals. Just where they originated.
+1
Level 40
Aug 1, 2019
thanks, Tom Holland
+8
Level 60
May 31, 2018
Can you accept Slovenian?
+1
Level 71
Jun 24, 2018
Can the quiz please be corrected according to the source? All the german languages/dialects are missing.
+1
Level 62
Jun 30, 2018
Dialects are not meant to count. The line between language and dialect can be blurry though so you can argue some of the languages in this quiz could be considered dialects.
+19
Level 66
Jun 27, 2018
Only got Romani when typing Romanian
+1
Level 43
May 16, 2019
Same ;)
+1
Level 36
Apr 7, 2020
Same
+1
Level 81
Aug 26, 2018
Parlants de català n'hi ha -en som- dues vegades la xifra que dieu, tirant molt curt.
+2
Level 62
Dec 31, 2018
We are looking at the number of L1 native speakers.
+3
Level 27
Aug 26, 2018
Can you please accept 'chechnyan' for Chechen. I knew that it was Chechen but I didn't know what to type in. So if you could accept my suggestion that would be greatly appreciated.
+1
Level 49
Aug 26, 2018
No Friesian,am I only Friesian speaker?
+1
Level 53
Aug 26, 2018
Frysk ey? I just had the same comment
+3
Level 66
Jan 15, 2019
Not enough speakers to make the list
+2
Level 71
Aug 26, 2018
Could also be called "Do You Know The Demonyms for European Countries", to a degree.
+1
Level 43
Aug 26, 2018
it is not romani, it is Romanian
+10
Level 84
Aug 26, 2018
Both are separate languages and legitimate answers on this quiz. Since both languages have the same first 6 letters you will always get the shorter one first even if you are intending to type in the longer one. If you type in Romanian after you get Romani you will get it as a valid answer as well.
+1
Level 53
Aug 26, 2018
I see a lot of dialects but I don't see Frisian that is actually a language in the Netherlands
+5
Level 63
Aug 27, 2018
Does it have more than 1M L1 speakers?
+3
Level 66
Jan 15, 2019
yea only 470k according to the source
+1
Level 44
Aug 28, 2018
What about icelandic?
+3
Level 66
Jan 15, 2019
330k see source
+1
Level 66
Mar 21, 2020
Looking at these comments again actually leads to an interesting conclusion, that there are more (west) frisian speakers than there are icelandic!
+3
Level 56
Aug 28, 2018
I wish you would accept Gallego for Galician. I know it's the translation for it, but I had to really wrack my brain for the English word :P
+1
Level 53
Aug 31, 2018
Switzerdeutsch ? It is as valid as some of the Italian 'languages'.
+4
Level 73
Sep 14, 2018
Schwyzerdütsch isch nur ä Dialekt und zeut nid würklech aus Spraach wüus soviu vrschidnigi Mundarte ir Schwiiz git (Züritütsch, Wallisertiitsch etc.)
+2
Level 73
Sep 14, 2018
Hehe. Who can understand it?
+1
Level 43
May 16, 2019
Ich - überhaupt nicht! Ich schreibe jetzt auf Hochdeutsch, es sieht total anders als dieses Schweizerdeutsch da oben, oder? ;)
+1
Level 66
Mar 16, 2020
It looks slightly different, but question is, does it sóund different. I have no further knowledge about swiss-german, so no opinion about the particular case. But often dialects written down look very different (I would have a hard time deciphering the dialect from 20 km from here written down). Spoken the difference is often allready a lot less, and most of the time the biggest difference is the sound and length of the vowels.

Sort of like between all the different germanic languages; good, goed, gut, god, góð (english, dutch, german, danish, icelandic) etc

+1
Level 66
Mar 16, 2020
Btw, I am dutch and understand german reasonably well (don't ask me to write in german though..) and I think I could understand most of it. First part was easy, "zeut" was extremely hard!. "wüus" I got, but might not have when only give as a single word. And "soviu" was a slight guess for so viele.

I think it is something like: Swiss-German is just a dialect and does not really count as a language, because there are so many different dialects in Swiss. (Zürich-german Wallis-German etc.)

My geography isnt great I am assuming the last word (first part) is a region but I dont know it so wouldn't know the english version, made an educated guess and englified it ;).

+1
Level 66
Mar 16, 2020
Omg! I was looking up wallissinger thingy, and sheep!! Omg they are too adorable!!! Walliser schwarznasen (blacknose). Some pictures they do not even look real but made out of felt! (Yes I know where it comes from) (needle felted, not the flat pieces)
+1
Level 75
Mar 16, 2020
Spoken Swiss German is a lot worse than written.
+1
Level 16
Jan 8, 2019
Where is basqe?
+3
Level 66
Jan 15, 2019
750k see source
+3
Level 52
May 16, 2019
Great quiz! Perhaps Bashkir is not strictly located in Europe as Bashkortostan is in the Urals (It's close enough so perhaps it should be on the map) Tatar should definitely be included as it is firmly west of the Urals and most speakers are in Europe (Kazan) Also, please accept Slovenian and not just Slovene. Both are equally accepted in the dictionary. Last, if we are to include the Serbo-Croatian languages and Italian languages as distinct, we should also include Valencian as separate from Catalan. The Spanish Constitution makes this distinction as does basically everyone in the Valencian Community.
+1
Level 75
Mar 16, 2020
I see Serbo-Croatian is now together, as it should be. Valencian is really just a dialect, constitution isn't very relevant here. Same with Serbian, Bosnian etc.
+1
Level 54
Jun 9, 2019
Just types in neapolitan 1 sec before timer hit zero. Second time. Born two weeks ago. Hahaha
+1
Level 45
Aug 15, 2019
Cool Quiz! Accidentally misspelled Norwegian at the last second. ):
+1
Level 68
Mar 16, 2020
A bit more generosity and flexibility in the type ins would be nice. “kazak” is surely close enough? “Slovenian” like wise.
+1
Level 65
Mar 16, 2020
Why there is no Tatar language? It has more speakers than Chuvash
+1
Level 69
Mar 16, 2020
Irish and Welsh cant be far off a million speakers each ?
+2
Level 62
Mar 16, 2020
Welsh has around 500-600 thousand level one speakers. Irish is a little far behind with a little under 100 thousand. Over a million people can speak each language however.
+1
Level 83
Mar 16, 2020
No distinction between Nynorsk and Bokmål? (The two Norwegian languages.)
+1
Level 51
Mar 16, 2020
It's not two different languages; it's two written standars of the same language.
+2
Level 51
Mar 16, 2020
What about Low German?
+1
Level 62
Mar 16, 2020
I'm counting it as a dialect. Actually the update was to remove/group dialects. I do understand that High German is greatly unintelligible from Plattdeutsch however.
+1
Level 51
Mar 17, 2020
Low German is official language in several german states.
+2
Level 75
Mar 16, 2020
Bosnian should be accepted, and Tatar and Bashkir are still missing.
+1
Level 63
Mar 17, 2020
A lot are missing, lumped together as "dialects"
+1
Level 55
Mar 19, 2020
If you include Chechen and Chuvash, you have to also include Tatar and Bashkir (both Turkic languages, both spoken natively in Europe west of main Ural mountains ridge, with Tatar having over 5 million native speakers and Bashkir having about 1,5 million native speakers). And both of them have more native speakers than either Chuvash or Chechen.
+1
Level 66
Mar 21, 2020
havent heard of chechen of chuvash before, only two I missed.