Top European Languages on a Map

Can you name all of the European languages with over a million native speakers with the aid of a map?
Many of these are considered dialects by some people. The line is blurry
For transcontinental countries only the population inside Europe is counted
Quiz by Jiaozira
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Last updated: July 23, 2020
First submittedJanuary 2, 2018
Times taken50,673
Rating4.63
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Pop
Languages
106 mil
Russian
97 mil
German
66 mil
French
65 mil
Italian
60 mil
English
39 mil
Polish
38 mil
Spanish
32 mil
Ukrainian
24 mil
Romanian
22 mil
Dutch
Pop
Languages
21 mil
Serbo-Croatian
13 mil
Hungarian
12 mil
Turkish
11 mil
Greek
10 mil
Czech
10 mil
Portuguese
9.1 mil
Swedish
7.8 mil
Bulgarian
5.5 mil
Danish
5.4 mil
Albanian
Pop
Languages
5.4 mil
Finnish
5.2 mil
Slovak
4.7 mil
Norwegian
4.3 mil
Tatar
4.0 mil
Catalan
3.3 mil
Belarusian
3.0 mil
Lithuanian
2.4 mil
Galician
2.1 mil
Slovene
Pop
Languages
1.7 mil
Latvian
1.5 mil
Romani
1.4 mil
Chechen
1.4 mil
Macedonian
1.3 mil
Sardinian
1.2 mil
Bashkir
1.1 mil
Estonian
1.1 mil
Chuvash
1.0 mil
Kazakh
+14
Level 65
Jul 22, 2020

Please consider that all figures presented are for native speakers!

- Languages such as Irish have smaller communities of native speakers, but many people learn some of it as a second language.

- Yes, Catalan has only 4.1 million native speakers. Half of Catalonia speaks Spanish as a native language and the number is larger is Valencia.

- Yes, Romanian and Romani are different languages and no, they are not closely related.

- I've updated this quiz to remove dialects, although I can think of at least one language which may be controversial.

- I will add Tatar and Bashkir in future, right now they are off the map so I will have to redo the entire map first in order to add them :(

+8
Level 65
Jul 23, 2020
Edit: Added Tatar and Bashkir, as well as extended the map. Thank you everyone for playing/leaving suggestions for me.
+11
Level 65
Mar 7, 2018
No Basque, I guess.
+26
Level 70
Mar 7, 2018
There's only 650k L1 speakers of Basque, not big enough to be here.
+7
Level 70
Mar 8, 2018
Good quiz though I wouldn't call Kazakh a European Language, there are probably more people speaking Hindu and Urdu etc. in Europe than Kazakh.
+10
Level 72
Mar 23, 2018
I thought Hindi as well, particularly as it is my wife's mother tongue, however, http://languageknowledge.eu/languages/hindi suggests otherwise. According to this, there are over 1 million Hindi speakers in Europe but less than 1 million speak it as an L1 language. The other debatable point is whether it is a 'European Language'. It does not originate in Europe whereas all the others in this quiz appear to. If it means spoken in Europe, then Arabic qualifies,again according to the source above
+2
Level 64
Aug 26, 2018
Turkish clearly don't originate from Europe, and it's debatable regarding Romani (considering it may be an European language in its modern form). However, I'm not sure more than 1 million peoples in Europe speak it as a native language. I live in France, the European country with the most populous Arabic diaspora, and many of those who were born in France only speak French.
+2
Level 64
Aug 26, 2018
"I'm not sure more than 1 million peoples in Europe speak it as a native language" "it" standing for "Arabic" here, I realised after re-reading myself that it was unclear.
+2
Level 70
Sep 19, 2020
Turkish didn't originate in Europe, and neither did Kazakh, but parts of their respective countries are in the continent of Europe. Therefore they are partly European Languages, since people born in those parts speak it natively. There are more people living in the European part of Turkey than in Belgium (2019 estimate, Wikipedia).
+1
Level 65
Sep 19, 2020
Turkish and Kazakh certainly have more merit being called European/partially-European languages considering part of their territory is in the European continent. Hindi, on the other hand is not official nor has a large history in any part of Europe. While Turkish/Kazakh/Romani do not originate in Europe, it's hard to use that against them on a quiz such as this. If we want to be extreme, every Indo-European language comes from South-Russia-Caucausus or Anatolia, because technically that is where Proto-Indo European began.
+7
Level 65
Mar 16, 2020
The northwestern bit of Kazakhstan is in Europe, so unlike Hindi it's not a stretch to include it.
+1
Level 71
May 6, 2020
Then maybe the dot shouldn't be in the grey area.
+1
Level 47
Aug 17, 2020
It's not anymore. Anyway Kazakhstan is transcontinental but it only includes the European Kazakh population on this quiz.
+1
Level 65
Sep 19, 2020
@wiifly yes, and the large Kazakh population in European Russia would have been included in my data.
+31
Level 52
Mar 8, 2018
Tatar should be included - it has about 5 mio speakers in the european part of Russia
+1
Level 66
Aug 26, 2018
I second this
+1
Level 59
Aug 26, 2018
I was hoping someone else would mention Tatar.
+3
Level 60
Mar 20, 2020
Should remove Chuvash and add Tatar
+1
Level 47
Aug 17, 2020
Why remove Chuvash?
+4
Level 74
Mar 8, 2018
Is the Romani dot in the right place? You have it outside Europe, in northern Iran.
+20
Level 69
Mar 8, 2018
People who speak Roma are dispersed all across Europe and don't have their own country. Thus the dot probably signifies where the language is believed to have originated.
+8
Level 80
Mar 10, 2018
Linguistic and genetic evidence has proven that the Romani people and language originated in northern India. Not Iran. So if the map was accurate the dot wouldn't even be visible.
+11
Level 65
Mar 11, 2018
That is true, and the only reason I placed the dot there was that it was the closest point on the map where you could still see it. The Romani people have a much more interesting history than most people realize!
+5
Level 55
Jun 27, 2020
There is no way I would have got the answer if it wouldn't have filled autamatically when typimg romanian language. And I'm pretty sure it's the same gor almost everybody. It's nice tgat you are trying to include it, but this execution just isn't it.
+3
Level 65
Jun 27, 2020
@FolgoreCZ that's the name of the language, and I'm going off of my source. So it's inevitable that people are going to get Roma when typing Romanian, unless they decide to change the name of the entire language.
+2
Level 58
Mar 8, 2018
Why no Maltese?
+8
Level 69
Mar 8, 2018
There are less than half a million speakers.
+7
Level 68
Mar 8, 2018
Never heard of Chuvash before. Learn something new
+5
Level 83
Mar 8, 2018
Yes, "tav"! (That's "thanks" in Chuvash.)
+1
Level 81
Mar 17, 2020
I'm stunned it shows 21% got it on the first try, which is the only one that counts on stats for everybody.
+6
Level 65
Mar 8, 2018
And what about Tatar and Bashkir languages?
+3
Level 56
Mar 8, 2018
What's wrong with me. I got Chuvash but not Chechen. That was the only one I couldn't get.
+8
Level 72
Mar 9, 2018
Slovene? Like from Dr. Who? I didn't realize there were so many immigrants from Raxacoricofallapatorius in Europe.
+1
Level 69
Mar 14, 2018
If the dots are supposed to be in the area of the capital, Bulgaria is quite wrong. Sofia is in the West part of the country. The current point shows Varna (which albeit being described as the sea capital of the country is definitely not the official one).
+10
Level 58
May 25, 2018
I don't think they're supposed to be on the capitals. Just where they originated.
+4
Level 40
Aug 1, 2019
thanks, Tom Holland
+2
Level 75
Aug 17, 2020
Properly known as Tom Netherlands
+10
Level 60
May 31, 2018
Can you accept Slovenian?
+1
Level 47
Aug 17, 2020
would you accept Englian for English? or Germian for German?
+26
Level 69
Jun 27, 2018
Only got Romani when typing Romanian
+1
Level 45
May 16, 2019
Same ;)
+1
Level 38
Apr 7, 2020
Same
+1
Level 70
Jul 22, 2020
you get Romani first and if you type it again you get Romanian. They are two separate and valid languages
+1
Level 45
Sep 22, 2020
same
+2
Level 86
Aug 26, 2018
Parlants de català n'hi ha -en som- dues vegades la xifra que dieu, tirant molt curt.
+2
Level 65
Dec 31, 2018
We are looking at the number of L1 native speakers.
+1
Level 29
Jun 24, 2020
The issue with this is that most people considered L2 speakers speak it with a native level since kids, if you included those people the number of speakers would rise to maybe 7 million, if you included every speaker then it would be around 10 million.
+1
Level 65
Jun 24, 2020
L1 is the most reliable data I can use for a quiz such as this. The only variable are people who grew up in a multilingual environment. With L2 statistics you have to take the definition of fluency into account, and data loses its objectivity. I'm not terribly familiar with the situation of Catalan nowadays, but I remember being surprised how prevalent Spanish was in Catalonia/Valencia/Balearic Islands.
+5
Level 27
Aug 26, 2018
Can you please accept 'chechnyan' for Chechen. I knew that it was Chechen but I didn't know what to type in. So if you could accept my suggestion that would be greatly appreciated.
+1
Level 70
Jul 30, 2020
I Guess you haven't seen the movie 'The Drop'
+2
Level 49
Aug 26, 2018
No Friesian,am I only Friesian speaker?
+1
Level 53
Aug 26, 2018
Frysk ey? I just had the same comment
+6
Level 67
Jan 15, 2019
Not enough speakers to make the list
+6
Level 72
Aug 26, 2018
Could also be called "Do You Know The Demonyms for European Countries", to a degree.
+1
Level 43
Aug 26, 2018
it is not romani, it is Romanian
+19
Level 89
Aug 26, 2018
Both are separate languages and legitimate answers on this quiz. Since both languages have the same first 6 letters you will always get the shorter one first even if you are intending to type in the longer one. If you type in Romanian after you get Romani you will get it as a valid answer as well.
+1
Level 53
Aug 26, 2018
I see a lot of dialects but I don't see Frisian that is actually a language in the Netherlands
+9
Level 64
Aug 27, 2018
Does it have more than 1M L1 speakers?
+5
Level 67
Jan 15, 2019
yea only 470k according to the source
+1
Level 44
Aug 28, 2018
What about icelandic?
+7
Level 67
Jan 15, 2019
330k see source
+1
Level 67
Mar 21, 2020
Looking at these comments again actually leads to an interesting conclusion, that there are more (west) frisian speakers than there are icelandic!
+5
Level 56
Aug 28, 2018
I wish you would accept Gallego for Galician. I know it's the translation for it, but I had to really wrack my brain for the English word :P
+1
Level 54
Aug 31, 2018
Switzerdeutsch ? It is as valid as some of the Italian 'languages'.
+5
Level 72
Sep 14, 2018
Schwyzerdütsch isch nur ä Dialekt und zeut nid würklech aus Spraach wüus soviu vrschidnigi Mundarte ir Schwiiz git (Züritütsch, Wallisertiitsch etc.)
+4
Level 72
Sep 14, 2018
Hehe. Who can understand it?
+1
Level 45
May 16, 2019
Ich - überhaupt nicht! Ich schreibe jetzt auf Hochdeutsch, es sieht total anders als dieses Schweizerdeutsch da oben, oder? ;)
+1
Level 67
Mar 16, 2020
It looks slightly different, but question is, does it sóund different. I have no further knowledge about swiss-german, so no opinion about the particular case. But often dialects written down look very different (I would have a hard time deciphering the dialect from 20 km from here written down). Spoken the difference is often allready a lot less, and most of the time the biggest difference is the sound and length of the vowels.

Sort of like between all the different germanic languages; good, goed, gut, god, góð (english, dutch, german, danish, icelandic) etc

+1
Level 67
Mar 16, 2020
Btw, I am dutch and understand german reasonably well (don't ask me to write in german though..) and I think I could understand most of it. First part was easy, "zeut" was extremely hard!. "wüus" I got, but might not have when only give as a single word. And "soviu" was a slight guess for so viele.

I think it is something like: Swiss-German is just a dialect and does not really count as a language, because there are so many different dialects in Swiss. (Zürich-german Wallis-German etc.)

My geography isnt great I am assuming the last word (first part) is a region but I dont know it so wouldn't know the english version, made an educated guess and englified it ;).

+1
Level 67
Mar 16, 2020
Omg! I was looking up wallissinger thingy, and sheep!! Omg they are too adorable!!! Walliser schwarznasen (blacknose). Some pictures they do not even look real but made out of felt! (Yes I know where it comes from) (needle felted, not the flat pieces)
+1
Level 77
Mar 16, 2020
Spoken Swiss German is a lot worse than written.
+1
Level 73
Oct 5, 2020
Swiss German is subtitled in Germany when it's on TV, and for a good reason.
+1
Level 16
Jan 8, 2019
Where is basqe?
+5
Level 67
Jan 15, 2019
750k see source
+3
Level 51
May 16, 2019
Great quiz! Perhaps Bashkir is not strictly located in Europe as Bashkortostan is in the Urals (It's close enough so perhaps it should be on the map) Tatar should definitely be included as it is firmly west of the Urals and most speakers are in Europe (Kazan) Also, please accept Slovenian and not just Slovene. Both are equally accepted in the dictionary. Last, if we are to include the Serbo-Croatian languages and Italian languages as distinct, we should also include Valencian as separate from Catalan. The Spanish Constitution makes this distinction as does basically everyone in the Valencian Community.
+2
Level 77
Mar 16, 2020
I see Serbo-Croatian is now together, as it should be. Valencian is really just a dialect, constitution isn't very relevant here. Same with Serbian, Bosnian etc.
+1
Level 70
Jul 22, 2020
The separateness of Valencian is an internal Spanish political question only. The language is the same in practice, officially too. Spain declares 'Catalan-Valencian' as a language spoken in the country to the EU - one single language, not two
+1
Level 53
Jun 9, 2019
Just types in neapolitan 1 sec before timer hit zero. Second time. Born two weeks ago. Hahaha
+1
Level 45
Aug 15, 2019
Cool Quiz! Accidentally misspelled Norwegian at the last second. ):
+1
Level 68
Mar 16, 2020
A bit more generosity and flexibility in the type ins would be nice. “kazak” is surely close enough? “Slovenian” like wise.
+1
Level 65
Mar 16, 2020
Why there is no Tatar language? It has more speakers than Chuvash
+1
Level 71
Mar 16, 2020
Irish and Welsh cant be far off a million speakers each ?
+7
Level 65
Mar 16, 2020
Welsh has around 500-600 thousand level one speakers. Irish is a little far behind with a little under 100 thousand. Over a million people can speak each language however.
+1
Level 67
Aug 17, 2020
Psst, the L stands for language, not level.
+1
Level 82
Mar 16, 2020
No distinction between Nynorsk and Bokmål? (The two Norwegian languages.)
+5
Level 60
Mar 16, 2020
It's not two different languages; it's two written standars of the same language.
+2
Level 60
Mar 16, 2020
What about Low German?
+2
Level 65
Mar 16, 2020
I'm counting it as a dialect. Actually the update was to remove/group dialects. I do understand that High German is greatly unintelligible from Plattdeutsch however.
+1
Level 60
Mar 17, 2020
Low German is official language in several german states.
+3
Level 77
Mar 16, 2020
Bosnian should be accepted, and Tatar and Bashkir are still missing.
+1
Level 65
Mar 17, 2020
A lot are missing, lumped together as "dialects"
+1
Level 55
Mar 19, 2020
If you include Chechen and Chuvash, you have to also include Tatar and Bashkir (both Turkic languages, both spoken natively in Europe west of main Ural mountains ridge, with Tatar having over 5 million native speakers and Bashkir having about 1,5 million native speakers). And both of them have more native speakers than either Chuvash or Chechen.
+1
Level 67
Mar 21, 2020
havent heard of chechen of chuvash before, only two I missed.
+1
Level 66
Apr 21, 2020
where is azerbaijani
+6
Level 65
Apr 21, 2020
In the Asian version of this quiz.
+1
Level 26
May 5, 2020
Why is there chuvash and trade are not Tatar, bashkir?
+2
Level 63
May 6, 2020
It saddens me that Welsh, Gaelic and other languages of the British Isles are dying out. Not one on this quiz as not enough speakers anymore.
+3
Level 65
May 6, 2020
I agree it is sad. There is reason to be optimistic about tge future of Welsh though, as a growing amount of native speakers are young people. Irish, Breton and Scottish Gaelic are still on the decline however.
+1
Level 21
May 7, 2020
Can you do an answer ''Catalonian'' and you ''spelled'' ''Belarussian'' wrong, because you said ''Belarusian''. Sorry for bad gramatics.
+2
Level 65
May 7, 2020
Don't worry about it, I understood just fine! In English it is spelled Belarusian. And for this quiz I'm using standard Jetpunk type-ins which doesn't include Catalonian for Catalan. I will keep the type-ins the way they are due to this quiz being featured and my belief that standardisation is important among featured quizzes.
+1
Level 49
Jun 20, 2020
How about Esperanto?
+3
Level 65
Jun 20, 2020
It's based on native speakers. There are a number of people who have become fluent in Esperanto, but it's still a really niche language.
+1
Level 49
Jul 16, 2020
Oh and maybe you would like to make the part of Kazakhstan yellow!
+1
Level 23
Jul 4, 2020
Their are 1.7 million irish speakers so it should be in
+3
Level 65
Jul 4, 2020
And there are only 170,000 level one speakers, which is all that matters on this quiz.
+1
Level 70
Jul 22, 2020
English only has 60 million?? The population of the UK is 66 or 67 million to start with, to which should be added the population of Ireland and Malta and Gibraltar...the Catalan figure is low - that 4 million only includes Catalonia, while the language is spoken in Valencia, the Balearic Islands and a bit of Sardinia. OK they are dialects but still the same basic language
+2
Level 65
Jul 22, 2020

These are Level 1 (native speakers) that we are looking for. The UK has several immigrant languages as well as Welsh/Scots which my source considers a language not a dialect. Ireland only has 4.8 million people to add to that, some of whom are speakers of various immigrant languages too (and a sizeable native Irish-speaking community).

Most Catalan speakers speak it as a second language, and there are tons of native Spanish speakers even in Catalonia. Everyone who speaks a language as their second or third toungue is discounted, for it becomes subjective when deciding how fluent someone must be in a language in order to be called a speaker of said language.

+1
Level 70
Jul 22, 2020
The population of Spain is 46 million not 38. All Spaniards speak Spanish perfectly. They might also speak or even predominantly speak a regional language but they still all speak Spanish perfectly. It is not simply a question of deducting the Catalan, Basque, Galician, Asturian and Aragonese speakers from the total population. The French figure is low too, given it is spoken by a third of Belgium's population, a third of Switzerland's as well as all of France and most of Luxembourg - that's over 70 million easily
+2
Level 65
Jul 22, 2020
Again L1 for Spain is 38 million. Native speakers of Catalan, Galician, Aragonese, etc. are excluded from the total number for Spanish. And there are only 76 million native French speakers worldwide, let alone in Europe.
+1
Level 73
Jul 23, 2020
Got stuck for a while trying to enter Galatian by mistake, eventually worked through it to get it correct with a few seconds to spare!
+1
Level 71
Jul 23, 2020
Just curious, but why aren't the three Caucasus countries included? Not enough speakers actually in Europe?
+2
Level 65
Jul 24, 2020
It is because they are not considered European countries here on Jetpunk.
+1
Level 77
Jul 24, 2020
Thank you very much for your efforts, it's really a great quiz now. I'm still a bit surprised that Arabic doesn't make it to one million. Possibly refugees aren't counted completely, and immigrants might underreport it
+3
Level 65
Jul 24, 2020
Only languages with European background are included here. Romani is technically of Indian origin but the modern tongues of the different Gypsy groups developed in Europe.
+3
Level 70
Jul 30, 2020
I was under the impression that all European languages had their background in Anatolia, which really is in Asia anyway.
+4
Level 65
Jul 30, 2020
Indo-European languanges technically come from West Asia. However this does not include Finnish, Estonian, Hungarian and Basque (the first three being Uralic languages, while Basque is a language isolate). Although it is worth mentioning that a language such as English didn't exist back then, and is developed from proto-Germanic (which was in turn developed in Europe).
+1
Level 56
Aug 15, 2020
Why is the Romani dot in Iran?
+1
Level 61
Aug 17, 2020
Because that’s where the most native speakers are ig...
+2
Level 58
Aug 17, 2020
Only missed Bashkir and Chuvash.
+1
Level 62
Aug 17, 2020
There are 1,5m native-speaker Hungarians in Romania, there should be a smaller point in Romania as well. Their first language is Hungarian, and only after Romanian.
+3
Level 66
Aug 17, 2020
Dash it, I typed 'Rumanian' for Romanian, so I missed Romani. Bah, humbug!
+1
Level 47
Aug 17, 2020
I knew Chuvash but that's completely not how we spell it in French (Tchouvache), I got lost x)
+2
Level 68
Aug 17, 2020
let's be real, we all got romani while trying to type romanian
+2
Level 21
Aug 18, 2020
I love this quiz, it is hard but you are always learning something new. Nice Job 🙂🙂
+2
Level 55
Aug 18, 2020
Damn, didn't know Chuvashia and Bashkiria were ethnies and had their own languages.. Missed 2 then :( Great quiz, thanks!
+2
Level 36
Sep 15, 2020
Why not Creating Languages of South America?
+1
Level 65
Sep 15, 2020
I am considering making a quiz for the Americas, about the most spoken official/indigenous languages so long as I find a good source. Stay tuned!