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Top European Languages on a Map

Can you name all of the European languages with over a million L1 speakers with the aid of a map?
Many of these are considered dialects by some people. The line is blurry
For transcontinental countries only the population inside Europe is counted
Last updated: March 07, 2018
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Pop
Languages
106 mil
Russian
97 mil
German
66 mil
French
65 mil
Italian
60 mil
English
39 mil
Polish
38 mil
Spanish
32 mil
Ukrainian
24 mil
Romanian
22 mil
Dutch
13 mil
Hungarian
Pop
Languages
12 mil
Turkish
11 mil
Greek
10 mil
Czech
10 mil
Portuguese
9.1 mil
Swedish
9.0 mil
Serbian
7.8 mil
Bulgarian
5.7 mil
Neapolitan
5.6 mil
Croatian
5.5 mil
Danish
5.4 mil
Albanian
Pop
Languages
5.4 mil
Finnish
5.2 mil
Slovak
4.7 mil
Norwegian
4.7 mil
Sicilian
4.0 mil
Catalan
3.8 mil
Venetian
3.6 mil
Lombard
3.3 mil
Belarusian
3.0 mil
Lithuanian
2.5 mil
Bosnian
2.4 mil
Galician
Pop
Languages
2.1 mil
Slovene
1.7 mil
Latvian
1.6 mil
Piedmontese
1.5 mil
Romani
1.4 mil
Chechen
1.4 mil
Macedonian
1.2 mil
Sardinian
1.1 mil
Estonian
1.1 mil
Chuvash
1.0 mil
Kazakh
+26
level 80
Jan 24, 2018
Serbo-Croatian. Bosnian, Serbian, and Croatian are all just dialects of the language.
+30
level 68
Mar 7, 2018
It is one language.
+14
level 67
Mar 10, 2018
Yup. Political considerations are the only thing at play here.
+22
level 66
Mar 7, 2018
There's the comment I was expecting to see.

Also Cyprus is in Europe
+19
level 68
Mar 8, 2018
Natural reaction of its native speaker, me. They are not even dialects, just different names in different countries for one language.
+9
level 32
Mar 9, 2018
cyprus is in asia, idk where you heard it is in europe, but it's not
+5
level 71
Aug 27, 2018
Apparently we need another Cyprus debate for no reason at all. Let's say it is half in Asia and half in Europe, but for clarity and convenience we consider it in Asia on JetPunk. Deal?
+7
level 43
Aug 28, 2018
Matters not as they speak Greek & Turkish
+8
level 68
Sep 1, 2018
I have a cypress in my back yard. I vote North America.
+6
level 65
Mar 9, 2018
As a student of south Slavic languages I can confirm that it's the same language. Only our "leaders" tend to make differences.
+7
level 57
Aug 26, 2018
Well, most languages in Italy are Italian dialects too. However, the difference between a language and a dialect is currently debated among linguists.
+3
level 34
Aug 26, 2018
Italian is an Italian dialect as well, just its political success has been different.
+3
level 57
Aug 26, 2018
Correct, it's technically Fiorentino if I'm not mistaken. Though technically, every "academic" language could be considered a dialect.
+9
level 47
Aug 26, 2018
Heh, the sociolinguistic definition of a language that I've heard is "a dialect with an army and a navy." :P Make of that what you will.
+1
level 75
May 16, 2019
Recently they've started calling everything a distinct language and all but abandoned the term dialect so as not to hurt people's feelings.
+2
level 69
Aug 26, 2018
Croatian language itself has three major dialects, two of which have no resemblance whatsoever to other mentioned languages whose speakers tend to have difficulties to understand native speakers of those two dialects. Not to mention that Croatian language uses Latin alphabet exclusively and had also preserved tradition of Glagolitic script, which other languages had not.
+2
level 44
Sep 1, 2018
No,they are not. Sure, standard versions are quite similar, but Croatian has three major dialects, two of which have nothing to do with Serbian. Also, we use different alphabet and history of language development is completely different. It is funny people say political games are the reason for distinction between these languages, when, in fact, standardization of Serbo-Croatian was a political game par excellence (prior, during and after WWI)
+2
level 63
Mar 7, 2018
No Basque, I guess.
+9
level 66
Mar 7, 2018
There's only 650k L1 speakers of Basque, not big enough to be here.
+2
level 76
Mar 8, 2018
Interesting, I knew there were a lot of languages in Italy but I didn't realise they had enough speakers to feature here.
+5
level 75
Mar 8, 2018
neapolitan piedmontese lombard venetian are dialects
+4
level 50
Mar 8, 2018
They are commonly considered dialects, but they actually developed separately as different languages (just like French and Spanish did).
+3
level 50
Mar 8, 2018
Yep, though most of them actually speak a mixture of those languages and official Italian. Though I'm Italian it took me some time to figure out how to spell "Neapolitan" in English.
+2
level 60
Jan 10, 2019
It’s a lot easier if you eat the ice cream. Of course, you’d never want to since you already have gelato!
+2
level 67
Mar 8, 2018
Good quiz though I wouldn't call Kazakh a European Language, there are probably more people speaking Hindu and Urdu etc. in Europe than Kazakh.
+4
level 67
Mar 23, 2018
I thought Hindi as well, particularly as it is my wife's mother tongue, however, http://languageknowledge.eu/languages/hindi suggests otherwise. According to this, there are over 1 million Hindi speakers in Europe but less than 1 million speak it as an L1 language. The other debatable point is whether it is a 'European Language'. It does not originate in Europe whereas all the others in this quiz appear to. If it means spoken in Europe, then Arabic qualifies,again according to the source above
+1
level 57
Aug 26, 2018
Turkish clearly don't originate from Europe, and it's debatable regarding Romani (considering it may be an European language in its modern form). However, I'm not sure more than 1 million peoples in Europe speak it as a native language. I live in France, the European country with the most populous Arabic diaspora, and many of those who were born in France only speak French.
+1
level 57
Aug 26, 2018
"I'm not sure more than 1 million peoples in Europe speak it as a native language" "it" standing for "Arabic" here, I realised after re-reading myself that it was unclear.
+9
level 54
Mar 8, 2018
Tatar should be included - it has about 5 mio speakers in the european part of Russia
+1
level 62
Aug 26, 2018
I second this
+1
level 47
Aug 26, 2018
I was hoping someone else would mention Tatar.
+2
level 71
Mar 8, 2018
Is the Romani dot in the right place? You have it outside Europe, in northern Iran.
+5
level 60
Mar 8, 2018
People who speak Roma are dispersed all across Europe and don't have their own country. Thus the dot probably signifies where the language is believed to have originated.
+1
level 75
Mar 10, 2018
Linguistic and genetic evidence has proven that the Romani people and language originated in northern India. Not Iran. So if the map was accurate the dot wouldn't even be visible.
+3
level 59
Mar 11, 2018
That is true, and the only reason I placed the dot there was that it was the closest point on the map where you could still see it. The Romani people have a much more interesting history than most people realize!
+1
level 54
Mar 8, 2018
Why no Maltese?
+3
level 60
Mar 8, 2018
There are less than half a million speakers.
+5
level 68
Mar 8, 2018
May I ask, why you did feature the Italian and Serbo-Croatian dialects, but not the german dialects, that are in your source (Austro-Bavarian, Lower saxon, Swiss German and Rheinfränkisch)?
+2
level 45
Aug 26, 2018
Alemmanic and Bavarian should be there, although Low Saxon only has 300k something speakers iirc.
+4
level 66
Mar 8, 2018
Never heard of Chuvash before. Learn something new
+3
level 78
Mar 8, 2018
Yes, "tav"! (That's "thanks" in Chuvash.)
+2
level 63
Mar 8, 2018
And what about Tatar and Bashkir languages?
+2
level 53
Mar 8, 2018
What's wrong with me. I got Chuvash but not Chechen. That was the only one I couldn't get.
+3
level 73
Mar 9, 2018
Slovene? Like from Dr. Who? I didn't realize there were so many immigrants from Raxacoricofallapatorius in Europe.
+3
level 15
Mar 10, 2018
If you include Neapolitan and have Croatian and Serbian as different languages you have to have Swiss German as a seperate language as well. Swiss German really did develope differently from German as well and most Germans don't understand it at all.
+1
level 41
May 16, 2019
Yup can confirm, Swiss German is totally different to Standard German that I studied in my languages degree, I’m fluent in Standard but only get about 5-10 per cent in the Swiss version :)
+3
level 73
Mar 10, 2018
As noted before, Tatar and Bashkir are certainly missing, but also all the German languages/dialects listed in your source, considering that you included Italian ones.
+1
level 61
Mar 12, 2018
Especially Bavarian.
+1
level 65
Mar 14, 2018
If the dots are supposed to be in the area of the capital, Bulgaria is quite wrong. Sofia is in the West part of the country. The current point shows Varna (which albeit being described as the sea capital of the country is definitely not the official one).
+4
level 55
May 25, 2018
I don't think they're supposed to be on the capitals. Just where they originated.
+5
level 60
May 31, 2018
Can you accept Slovenian?
+1
level 48
Jan 15, 2019
2mill so yea slovene should be on here
+1
level 68
Jun 24, 2018
Can the quiz please be corrected according to the source? All the german languages/dialects are missing.
+1
level 59
Jun 30, 2018
Dialects are not meant to count. The line between language and dialect can be blurry though so you can argue some of the languages in this quiz could be considered dialects.
+3
level 68
Jul 8, 2018
Yeah, so why did you exclude the german languages, but not include the italian and serbo-croatian ones? Your source lists them. And the german dialects are more distinct then some of the others (i.e. a standard german speaker would not understand a swiss german speaker).
+13
level 62
Jun 27, 2018
Only got Romani when typing Romanian
+1
level 41
May 16, 2019
Same ;)
+3
level 48
Aug 26, 2018
A lot of the Italian ones are dialects. I would only really consider the Sicilian and Sardinian to be close to another language. Venetian is somewhat different: they are known for being very specific and having completely different words for long roads, short roads, skinny roads, wide roads, but Lombard and Neapolitan really aren't that different from the standard Italian you find in Florence.
+1
level 45
Aug 26, 2018
Linguistically they definitely would be considered different languages, although they are often mistaken for Italian due to the influence Italian has had over them, as well as the language shift.
+1
level 47
Aug 26, 2018
Sardinian is definitely a language - it's very distinct from Italian, and from what I've read, it's very different from most other Romance languages as well.
+1
level 77
Aug 26, 2018
Parlants de català n'hi ha -en som- dues vegades la xifra que dieu, tirant molt curt.
+2
level 59
Dec 31, 2018
We are looking at the number of L1 native speakers.
+2
level 66
Aug 26, 2018
Italian dialects and Serbo-Croatian broken down but not L'Occitan, Flemish, Swiss German, Scots, etc.. Also - isn't Tatar spoken by more people than Chuvash?
+2
level 48
Jan 15, 2019
many of them do not reach 1 million, see source ( I expected several here aswell btw)
+2
level 27
Aug 26, 2018
Can you please accept 'chechnyan' for Chechen. I knew that it was Chechen but I didn't know what to type in. So if you could accept my suggestion that would be greatly appreciated.
+3
level 57
Aug 26, 2018
Not accepting Napolitan for Neopolitan is pretty harsh.
+1
level 46
Aug 26, 2018
No Friesian,am I only Friesian speaker?
+1
level 51
Aug 26, 2018
Frysk ey? I just had the same comment
+2
level 48
Jan 15, 2019
Not enough speakers to make the list
+2
level 69
Aug 26, 2018
Could also be called "Do You Know The Demonyms for European Countries", to a degree.
+1
level 43
Aug 26, 2018
it is not romani, it is Romanian
+6
level 76
Aug 26, 2018
Both are separate languages and legitimate answers on this quiz. Since both languages have the same first 6 letters you will always get the shorter one first even if you are intending to type in the longer one. If you type in Romanian after you get Romani you will get it as a valid answer as well.
+1
level 51
Aug 26, 2018
I see a lot of dialects but I don't see Frisian that is actually a language in the Netherlands
+4
level 61
Aug 27, 2018
Does it have more than 1M L1 speakers?
+2
level 48
Jan 15, 2019
yea only 470k according to the source
+3
level 61
Aug 27, 2018
Using the quiz creator's source as a reference (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Languages_of_Europe#List_of_languages), there doesn't seem to be much logic as what languages appear or don't appear here. This quiz needs better research/sourcing.
+1
level 43
Aug 28, 2018
What about icelandic?
+2
level 48
Jan 15, 2019
330k see source
+3
level 54
Aug 28, 2018
I wish you would accept Gallego for Galician. I know it's the translation for it, but I had to really wrack my brain for the English word :P
+1
level 47
Aug 31, 2018
Switzerdeutsch ? It is as valid as some of the Italian 'languages'.
+4
level 71
Sep 14, 2018
Schwyzerdütsch isch nur ä Dialekt und zeut nid würklech aus Spraach wüus soviu vrschidnigi Mundarte ir Schwiiz git (Züritütsch, Wallisertiitsch etc.)
+2
level 71
Sep 14, 2018
Hehe. Who can understand it?
+1
level 41
May 16, 2019
Ich - überhaupt nicht! Ich schreibe jetzt auf Hochdeutsch, es sieht total anders als dieses Schweizerdeutsch da oben, oder? ;)
+1
level 16
Jan 8, 2019
Where is basqe?
+2
level 48
Jan 15, 2019
750k see source
+1
level 48
Jan 15, 2019
It allmost seem the quizmaker comes from italy. But yea weird to include some and not other, seems rather random. Some that are included are more like a dialect than some that are exluded.

I was missing several others on here but some do not the 1 million

+1
level 52
Feb 28, 2019
Wrote Venician, whoops
+1
level 60
Mar 28, 2019
'Macedonian' is NOT a language. In that country (God only knows what it's name really is) they speak a mix of languages -- none of which can be called 'Macedonian'. The only real Macedonia is a province of Greece -- where they speak Greek. In the country that is above Greece which has Skopje as it's capital, they speak a mix of Turkish; Romani; Serbian; Bosnian and Aromanian. There is NO such language as 'Macedonian'. These things should really be researched before being added to online quizzes, because people are being misinformed.
+1
level 67
May 14, 2019
Let us call it 'North Macedonian' to keep all the Greeks happy.
+1
level 49
May 16, 2019
Great quiz! Perhaps Bashkir is not strictly located in Europe as Bashkortostan is in the Urals (It's close enough so perhaps it should be on the map) Tatar should definitely be included as it is firmly west of the Urals and most speakers are in Europe (Kazan) Also, please accept Slovenian and not just Slovene. Both are equally accepted in the dictionary. Last, if we are to include the Serbo-Croatian languages and Italian languages as distinct, we should also include Valencian as separate from Catalan. The Spanish Constitution makes this distinction as does basically everyone in the Valencian Community.