Architecture by Letter

Can you guess the terms related to architecture that start with each letter?
Quiz by Pinoccio
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Last updated: December 31, 2017
First submittedDecember 31, 2017
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Hint
Term
A
A curved structure capable of spanning a space while supporting significant weight.
Arch
B
Lowest, subordinate storey of building often either entirely or partially below ground level.
Basement
C
A structure which provides ventilation.
Chimney
D
A structural element of a building that protrudes from the plane of a sloping roof surface.
Dormer
E
A superstructure of moldings and bands which lie horizontally above columns, resting on their capitals.
Entablature
F
An exterior side of a building, usually the front.
Facade
G
A freestanding pavilion structure often found in parks, gardens and public areas.
Gazebo
H
A structural section connecting the main portion of a building with its projecting wings.
Hyphen
I
A scheme of decoration employed in Romanesque and Gothic architecture, where arches are thrown from alternate piers, intersecting one another.
Interlaced arches
J
A building technique used in medieval timber frame buildings in which an upper floor projects beyond the dimensions of the floor below.
Jettying
K
The architectural piece at the crown of a vault or arch and marks its apex, locking the other pieces into position.
Keystone
L
A horizontal block that spans the space between two supports usually over an opening such as a window or door.
Lintel
M
In Islamic architecture, a tall spire with a conical or onion-shaped crown, on or near a mosque, that is used by the imam to give the prayer call.
Minaret
N
The main body of a church where the congregants are usually seated. It provides the central approach to the high altar.
Nave
O
A circular opening in the center of a dome such as the one in the roof of the Pantheon in Rome or in a wall.
Oculus
P
A free standing structure near the main building or an ending structure on building wings.
Pavilion
Q
The cornerstones of brick or stone walls. Quoins are also common in some brickwork corners that are alternately recessed and expressed.
Quoin
R
A large and high circular hall or room in a building, usually but not always, surmounted by a dome.
Rotunda
S
A tapering conical or pyramidal structure on the top of a building.
Spire
T
A small tower that projects vertically from the wall of a building such as a medieval castle.
Turret
U
Traditionally, a cellar or storage room. In modern usage, a ground-level area that is relatively open to the sides, but covered by the building above.
Undercroft
V
A wedge-shaped or tapered stone between the springer and the keystone used to construct an arch.
Voussoir
W
A subordinate part of a building possibly not connected to the main building.
Wing
X
 
 
Y
 
 
Z
A temple tower of the ancient Mesopotamian valley, having the form of a terraced pyramid of successively receding stories.
Ziggurat
+2
Level 62
Dec 31, 2017
Great quiz!
+1
Level 30
Dec 31, 2017
Thanks!