Countries with extra gender identities

Many cultures recognise two genders, but some recognise three or even more than that. To mark IDAHOT-2016 let's learn about some of the different countries and cultures that have different or special gender identities that we might no be familiar with.
Terms are of special gender identities specific to these cultures that may be assigned or self-assigned. This information is interpreted to the best of my ability from Wikipedia articles. This list is likely of just a few gender variants from around the world.
Some of these gender identities may still be very much in use today, though others may have diminished over time (perhaps with influx of western culture through colonisation).
Characteristics & basis of these extra genders can be very different between these cultures, based on physical, behavioural or other attributes. Some are legally recognised, while others may be only informally recognised
A few answers are not independent countries.
Quiz by HelveticaBold
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Last updated: May 17, 2016
First submittedMay 17, 2016
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Hint
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This country allows you to choose 'X' as your gender on your passport
Australia
'Hijra' or 'Khawaja Sara' is a recognised third gender in these countries
Bangladesh
India
Pakistan
'Sworn Virgins' are mostly associated with this country
Albania
'Kathoeys' come from this country
Thailand
'Fa'afafine' live in this country
Samoa
'Fakaleiti' live in this country
Tonga
'Māhū' come from these Polynesian islands
Hawaii
Tahiti
Hint
Answer
'Whakawahine' are part of the Maori culture in this country
New Zealand
While 'Akava'ine' is the Maori word used in this region
Cook Islands
'Khanith' are associated with this country
Oman
'Muxe' is a third gender of Zapotec culture in this country
Mexico
The Buginese people of this Indonesian island recognise five genders
Sulawesi
'Mangaiko' is a third gender of the Mbo people of this country
Democratic Republic of Congo
'Ashtime' is a third gender of the Maale people of this country
Ethiopia
Umbrella term for Native American gender-variants
Two-Spirit
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