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QRUs Most Important Women in History

Can you name the most influential women in world history, according to me.
Note that I will use the names I'm most comfortable with. If you miss a type-in, please ask!
Yes, some of those are weirdly obscure for the theme of the quiz. We all strive to learn.
Quiz by QRU
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Last updated: November 11, 2019
First submittedMarch 13, 2019
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1
Pioneered radioactivity
Marie Skłodowska Curie
2
Regarded as the first computer programmer
Ada Lovelace
3
Virgin Queen who oversaw a British Golden Age
Elizabeth I
4
Founder of modern nursing
Florence Nightingale
5
Made major contributions to mathematics, especially abstract algebra and theoretical physics
Emmy Noether
6
Pioneered investigative journalism
Ida Tarbell
7
Notable chemist, codiscovered the structure of DNA
Rosalind Franklin
8
Influential philosopher of feminism and existentialism
Simone de Beauvoir
9
Empress of Russia, presided over the age of Russian Enlightenment
Catherine the Great
10
Vital in the unification of Spain
Isabella I
11
Philosopher and political theorist, known for the "banality of evil"
Hannah Arendt
12
Prime Minister of India
Indira Gandhi
13
Codiscovered nuclear fission
Lise Meitner
14
Originator of Theosophy, strongly influenced modern esotericism
Helena Blavatsky
15
Notable genetic scientist, discovered transposition
Barbara McClintock
16
Powerful pharaoh
Hatshepsut
17
Sometimes called the inventor of modern science fiction
Mary Shelley
18
Discovered catalysis and photoreduction
Elizabeth Fulhame
19
Inventor of the nuclear shell model
Maria Goeppert Mayer
20
Birth control activist, founder of Planned Parenthood
Margaret Sanger
21
Developed midwifery notably
Louise Bourgeois Boursier
22
Discovered artificial radioactivity
Irène Joliot-Curie
23
Conducted research on the blood-brain barrier that saved thousands of lives
Lina Stern
24
Discovered sex chromosomes
Nettie Stevens
25
Queen of the British Empire and Empress of India
Victoria I
26
Preeminent author of the 18th century
Jane Austen
27
Influencial director, pioneered split screen and sound in movies
Lois Weber
28
German author, mystic, musician and founder of scientific natural history
Hildegard von Bingen
29
Pharaoh and lover of Caesar and Mark Antony
Cleopatra VII
30
Acclaimed musician of the Romantic era
Clara Schumann
31
Empress of the Habsburg Empire
Maria Theresa
32
Dowager and regent of the Qing dynasty
Cixi
33
First to define the greenhouse effect
Eunice Newton Foote
34
Nobel laureate, discovered glycogen metabolism
Gerty Cori
35
Contributed to the foundations of quantum mechanics
Grete Hermann
36
Discovered a way to measure distances to other galaxies
Henrietta Swan Leavitt
37
Iron Lady of the United Kingdom
Margaret Thatcher
38
Pioneered the use of aquaria in science
Jeanne Villepreux-Power
39
Expanded China and presided over a Golden Age
Wu Zetian
40
Foundational contributor to American abolitionism and women's rights
Lucy Stone
41
Developer of protein crystallography
Dorothy Hodgkin
42
Notable programmer, invented breakpoints in debugging
Betty Holberton
43
Pioneer of social work and the settlement movement
Jane Addams
44
Accomplished silesian astronomer and polymath
Maria Cunitz
45
Contributed heavily to analysis and mechanics
Sofia Kovalevskaya
46
Controversial British suffragette
Emmeline Pankhurst
47
German astronomer, discovered several comets
Caroline Herschel
48
Contributed to nuclear physics, called the "Chinese Madame Curie"
Chien-Shiung Wu
49
American civil rights activist, sat in a bus
Rosa Parks
50
Abolitionist and suffragist, wrote the Declaration of Sentiments
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
51
Deaf-blind author and activist
Helen Keller
52
Notable primatologist and anthropologist, famous for her work with chimpanzees
Jane Goodall
53
Transitional figure in anthropology
Ruth Benedict
54
Marine biologist and conservationist, her "Silent Spring" influenced the environmental movement
Rachel Carson
55
Italian neurobiologist and senator
Rita Levi-Montalcini
56
Founder of academical social work
Sophonisba Breckingridge
57
Queen of the Palmyrene Empire, conquered much of the Roman East
Zenobia
58
Conceptualized kinetic energy
Émilie du Châtelet
59
Mathematician, pioneered Elasticity and Number theory
Sophie Germain
60
Queen of England and first female ambassador in European history
Catharine of Aragon
61
Theologian and esotericist, founder of Christian Science
Mary Baker Eddy
62
Jewish author and nobel laureate
Nelly Sachs
63
Chinese empress and regent, adopted paper and patronized arts and science
Deng Sui
64
Nigerian women's rights activist and "Mother of Africa"
Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti
65
Scheming roman regent, sister, aunt or grandmother of five Roman emperors
Julia Maesa
66
Activist for women's rights, Indian and Irish self rule and theosophy
Annie Besant
67
One of the greats of classic Japanese literature
Murasaki Shikibu
68
Abolitionist and women's rights activist, furthered the Underground Railroad
Harriet Tubman
69
Accomplished baroque painter
Artemisia Gentileschi
70
Indian poet, first female poet to have a diwan
Mah Laqa Bai
71
Praised African-American poet and slave
Phills Wheatley
72
Botanist and photography pioneer
Anna Atkins
73
Mathematician and logician, notable for her contribution to color vision
Christine Ladd-Franklin
74
President of the Philippines
Corazon Aquino
75
Famous painter of the 19th century
Rosa Bonheur
76
Mexican nun, poet and composer, known as the "Mexican Phoenix"
Juana Inés de la Cruz
77
Journalist and lesbian activist
Anna Rüling
78
Cofounder of the Iroquois Confederacy
Jigonhsasee
79
Pathologist, notable researcher of cancerous cells
Elizabeth Stern
80
Foundational figure of home economics
Ellen Swallow Richards
81
Psychiatrist, known for her theory on the stages of grief
Elisabeth Kübler-Ross
82
Soldier and cultural hero of France
Jeanne d'Arc
83
American author and abolitionist
Harriet Beecher Stowe
84
Icon of American Pop culture
Marilyn Monroe
85
Prime Minister of Israel
Golda Meir
86
Innovative English modernist writer, pioneered the stream of consciousness
Virginia Woolf
87
Polish-German marxist and revolutionist
Rosa Luxemburg
88
Leading figure of entomology and scientific illustrator
Maria Sibylla Merian
89
Argentine First Lady and cultural icon
Eva Perón
90
Prime Minister of Pakistan
Benazir Bhutto
91
Risqué painter of flowers
Georgia O'Keeffe
92
Accomplished author of 17th century Britain
Aphra Behn
93
Forerunner of feminism and anarchism
Mary Wollstonecraft
94
Mexican painter
Frida Kahlo
95
Pioneer of women's liberation in South Asia
Begum Rokeya
96
Figure of the Cultural Revolution and part of the Gang of Four
Jiang Qing
97
Queen of England, important figure in the Wars of the Roses
Margaret of Anjou
98
Chinese rebel leader, inspired the Red Eyebrow rebellion
Mother Lü
99
Controversial author, feminist and pacifist of post-classical japan
Yosano Akiko
100
Powerfull duchess of the Middle Ages, leader of the Second Crusade
Eleanor of Aquitaine
+1
level 56
Jul 17, 2019
great quiz thanks!!!
+1
level 39
Nov 10, 2019
I only got 14, but the only other names I have even heard of were Florence Nightingale and Emmy Noether. Still a very good quiz! Time to do some research on historical women!
+1
level 57
Nov 11, 2019
A fantastic quiz! Would love to see more about amazing women. One quibble, your questions could use a bit of editing as they include many spelling mistakes. Learned a lot from this one.