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BC English 12 Provincial Exam Fiction/Nonfiction Terms

Give the correct fiction or non-fiction terms for their respective definitions.
Terms used for the BC English 12 Provincial Exam
Terms received from http://www.bced.gov.bc.ca/exams/specs/grade12/en/16_literary_terms.pdf
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First submittedJanuary 4, 2018
Last updatedApril 25, 2018
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Definition
Term
A literary work's rapid departure from what would be considered normal life; often requires a sustained suspension of disbelief
Fantasy
A quick reference to a well known cultural or literary work
Allusion
A story which engenders curiosity and suspense due to concealed facts
Mystery
A likeness or comparison between two things that have similar features
Analogy
An intensive analysis of something, usually done in an effort to then use it as a baseline in comparison to something else
Case Study
Informal evidence based on eyewitness acounts, instead of scientific proof
Anecdotal Evidence
An expectant uncertainty concerning the outcome of the plot
Suspense
Words or phrases that were once commonly used, but are not now, due to the evolution of language
Archaic Language
The putting together of two or more unlikely things
Juxtaposition
A short theatrical spoken passage that expresses a speaker's intimate thoughts; usually directed at the audience and assumed to be unheard on the stage
Aside
An account of one's own life, generally written as a continuous narrative of major life events
Autobiography
A person's need to hold on to a particular viewpoint, despite being aware of other, equally valid, opinions
Bias
The portrayal of a character who's features or personality is exagerated for comic effect
Caricature
Term used to describe the resolution of plot effect in Ancient Greek drama and liturature; not necessarily bad
Catastrophe
The person(s) or force(s) opposing the protagonist
Antagonist
The idea that an event is the reason behind the occurance of a later related event
Cause and Effect
General name for a narrative agent in a story, but can also refer to a person's overall personality and sense of morality
Character
The way in which a character's personality or portrayal is shown by the author
Characterization
A character who contrasts with another character (often the protagonist) in order to highlight particular qualities/traits of the main character
Character Foil
An expression, idea, or element of an artistic work which has been overused to the point of losing its original meaning or effect
Cliche
A poem consisting of a single character's words that reveal his/her own thoughts, nature, or dramatic situation
Dramatic Monologue
A way of organizing the plot to ensure that vital information is kept from the characters and/or the audience until the last minute, which then makes the climax have more of an impact
Climactic Order
A word or phrase used in normal or informal language and settings, but not in more formal ones
Colloquialism
Overall language used in ordinary or informal settings, designed to put the speaker and listener on an equal verbal footing
Colloquial Language
A comic element put into a tragic or serious work in order to provide some momentary light relief
Comic Relief
The deliberate downplaying of something to make it seem less than it really is
Understatement
The final events following the major climax of the plot; French for 'unknotting'
Denouement
The 'type' of person a work is written for, or a more general group of people who experience a work together
Audience
Generally a literary work that compares the similarities and differences of something
Compare and Contrast
Agreeable sounds as well as word combinations that are pleasing to the ear and mind
Euphony
Relating the similarities of 2 different things; also the degree to which something's value relates to something else
Comparison
Intellectually amusing phrases designed to delight and surprise
Wit
The implications or suggestions that people associate with a particular word
Connotation
Identifying the differences between 2 things
Contrast
The thing or situation to which a word refers, a definition, or literal meaning
Denotation
Gives details, facts, or figures for the specified topic; supporting evidence should be provable and measurable
Descriptive Essay
The words spoken by characters to each other in a narrative or a play
Dialogue
Extended narrative that carries a second meaning in addition to the main meaning/story
Allegory
A person's private, everyday autobiographical writings
Diary
The point of highest tension in the story; also where the crisis is generally resolved
Climax
Any play which invokes laughter through the use of 'low' or physical comedy, clowning around, etc...
Farce
The choice between 2 unpleasent outcomes; often involves a character's moral or ethical issues
Dilemna
An effect which works against the climax, often using a quick descent from something lofty or noble to something much more common
Anti-climax
When a character's traits, motivations, etc... are actually described by the author
Direct Presentation
A work designed to be represented on the stage by actors; term restricted to serious plays only
Drama
Expression in which the subject of the sentense carries out the action directly
Active Voice
Used to describe a situation when a character in a play speaks lines that have a double meaning to the audience, but not to the characters on stage
Dramatic Irony
A passionately delivered speech done to engender feelings of sympathy or empathy in audience
Emotional Appeal
The ending of a speech, fable, or play, in which the moral is identified
Epilogue
Debating method where an argument is given and explained through deliberate interactions between characters
Question and Answer
The choice and arrangement of words in a literary work
Diction
Informal words that take the place of more formal language
Slang
A sudden understanding or realization about something; often shown as a lightbulb appearing over someone's head
Epiphany
Essay form in which the point of view or assertion is presented in an attempt to prove a position or to convince the reader of something
Argumentative Essay
To use a replacement word or phrase to describe something either unpleasent, or that would not fit into the present conversation
Euphemism
An account of a person's life, generally written as a continuous narrative of major life events by someone else
Biography
The mood or emotion conveyed by a setting; can also relate to the ways in which the author uses words to describe a scene
Atmosphere
The evidence given by someone who has recognized expertise in a particular area, such that his or her opinion can be relied upon during legal proceedings
Expert Testimony
The beginning of a short story or play in which the audience is given much needed background information
Exposition
Conflict that originates outside the protagonist(s)
External Conflict
Something that stands in opposition, but not necessarily in conflict, with something else - often meant in terms of character
Antithesis
Where and when a story takes place
Setting
A brief story which illustrates a moral truth
Fable
Story as told by the narrator
Narration
A 'type' of literature
Genre
Language which uses figures of speech to compare dissimilar objects; often uses similes and metaphors, etc...
Figurative Language
Narrative told from the point of view of 'I'
First person POV
The use of a literary work to explain some moral, political, religious, etc... teachings or beliefs
Didactic
An inserted scene which gives information about events which happened at an earlier time
Flashback
A non-serious literary or dramatic work, which commonly is assumed to have a happy ending
Comedy
When the reader learns about a character through his/her actions, or the explanations of these actions by other characters
Indirect Presentation
Events or character experiences that can be seen to hint as to what will happen later on
Foreshadowing
When a metaphor is continued into the sentences beyond in order to continue the analogy
Extended Metaphor
Language used without slang, colloquiallisms, or informal language in order to reflect the seriousness of the subjec matter
Formal Language
Text that is seperate from the main body of a literary work; often another colour, font, size, etc...
Graphic Text
A character with admirable traits such as courage, idealism, fortitude; also can be a generic term for the protagonist
Hero
When a reference is made in a literary work to an actual event that occured in the past - an event that the audience will recognize and draw conclusions from; only works if the audience knows what is being referred
Historical Reference
Plot conclusion that was not forseen by the reader/audience
Surprise Ending
An essay that must prove a position and attempt to convince the audience of the position; combines logic and emotion to spur the audience to some form of action
Persuasive Essay
When emphasis is achieved through deliberate exaggeration
Hyperbole
The actual wording of this in a formal literary work such as an essay
Thesis Statement
An expression, word, or phrase that has figurative as well as literal meaning
Idiom
Any character who has few traits, or whose personality is based on a single trait or quality
Flat Character
Essay that uses informal, everyday language and conventions
Informal Essay
Language not designed for serious topics of discussion
Informal Language
A newspaper article that expresses someone's opinion on something; written either by the paper's editor, or as a letter sent to him/her by a reader in response to something
Editorial
When a character in a play is thinking to him/herself, although of course he/she must actually speak out loud, so the audience can hear it
Interior Monologue
Person vs self; when a character wrestles with hard choices from within
Internal Conflict
A device in which the writer expresses a meaning that is different frm the meaning of words; usually comes across as humorous or sarcastic
Irony
Essay in which the author asserts an opinion without having to prove a verifiable point
Personal Essay
Character whose traits do not change throughout the story
Static Character
Specific words or language used by a certain group, usually technical or professional
Jargon
A well-known story which has basis in fact but may contain imaginary material
Legend
The straight man in a comedy double act, whose job it is to endure the laughter of the other person
Foil
POV in which the narrator gives the reader an idea about his/her inner thoughts and self, but cannot do so for others - the reader is left to discover them through their words and actions
Limited Omniscent POV
Originally menat as a synonym for opera, but now means anything that is deliberately overacted in a dramatic fashion
Melodrama
A serious work of literature, suing formal language and essay structure
Formal Essay
The arrangement of equally important ideas, presented in a similar way, which then indicates their equal importance
Parallelism
An extended speech delivered by one person
Monologue
Character whose traits/motivations change over the course of the plot - the character learns something from his/her experience
Dynamic Character
The feeling or atmosphere presented in a literary work
Mood
A visual picture, described in words
Image
Things listed in order of time
Chronological Order
A supposedly historical anonymous tale, the origins of which are unknown
Myth
Person telling a story
Narrator
A story in which a character's actions are not commented on tonally by the author
Objective POV
The plot climax wrapping up of plot points
Falling Action
A differing form of language spoken in a particular geographical area or by members of a particular group; different from an accent in that it is the actual vocabulary of the speakers that is changed, rather than how the words are spoken
Dialect
A 'story within a story', in which both are of equal interest to the audience
Frame Story
When an author presents his or her characters in an impersonal non-committal fashion without offering any judgement on them or their actions
Objective
A figure of speech that presents two apparently contradictry terms in a paradoxial way
Oxymoron
An apparently contradictory statement which does actually contain truth that reconciles the seeming opposites
Paradox
The use of images in literature to add meaning
Imagery
To ridicule a specific type of literature by recreating its style in a comic manner
Parody
Explaining the topic; using a combination of fact and opinion to support the thesis
Expository Essay
Literature that deliberately seeks to evoke sympaty, pity, tenderness, etc... from its audience
Pathos
The particular 'voice' an author uses in a work, which may indicate his/her attitude towards the subject matter
Tone
A single feature who gives the prologue, epilogue, and sometimes introduces the scenes in plays
Chorus
The opposition of 2 forces or characters
Conflict
Term used to describe method used to attempt to change someone's opinion
Persuasive Technique
What happens in a story
Plot
The particular perspective a story is told from
Point of View
Technique that compares and contrasts an idea's good and bad points
Pro/Con Argument
'blurb' at the beginning of a play that gives a brief overview of the plot, theme, or action
Prologue
Literature devised and distributed in order to put forward a persuasive argument; can also b used to dissuade people from doing something
Propaganda
An ironic verbal device, in which what is said is actually opposite of what is meant, or involves a mildly insulting play on words
Sarcasm
The main character in a story
Protagonist
A short saying, often one that has a lesson behind it
Proverb
Words or phrases that are to be understood exactly as they are, with no interpretative or figurative meanings involved
Literal Language
A play on words involving: the use of a word with two meanings, the similarity of two words that are spelled differently but sound the same, two words that look the same but have different meanings
Pun
The reason why something happens
Purpose
The events following the climax of a play or story; also known as falling action
Resolution
A question asked, not to seek an answer, but for dramatic effect
Rhetorical Question
The sequence of plot events that leads to the climax
Rising Action
A character who displays many traits
Round Character
Writing in which the expression of personal feeling or experience is most important
Subjective
An extended speech in which a single onstage character expresses thoughts aloud so the audience can hear
Soliloquy
The person doing the talking
Speaker
A story told by a narrator
Narrative
To look stuff up
Research
POV in which the Narrator, 'God like', knows everything about everyting
Omniscient POV
Term that describes the inner experience and feelings through the mind of a character; can also refer to a type of writing done without pause or editing
Stream of Consciousness
Evidence based on scientific numerical proof
Statistical Evidence
A set of assumptions about someone or a group of people; often with little basis in fact or reality
Stereotype
A recognizable version of the above, by a particular writer or group of writers
Stylistic Technique
The type of drama being presented - tragedy, comedy, farce, etc...
Dramatic Form
Expression in which the subject of the sentence carries out the action indirectly
Passive Voice
The particular way in which a writer carries on in terms of word choice, sentence structure, rhythms, use of language, etc...
Style
The overall use of symbols in a narrative
Symbolism
Something that represents both itself and something else
Symbol
The character or 'mask' taken on by the speaker or narrator in a poem or work of fiction
Voice
An ending in which the outcome of the plot is not immediately clear
Indeterminate Ending
The central idea, thesis, or subject of a work, stated directly or indirectly; different from moral, which is the esson that can be extracted from a work
Theme
The stated main arument or point that a work is written around, or that the author is trying to make
Thesis
POV in which the action is described by an external narrator, who may or may not have much insight into the thoughts and motives of the characters
Third Person POV
The ridiculing of any subject in order to demeen it and make it laughable
Satire
Generally, a plot in which unfortunate events take place, especiallly the death(s) of many of the main character(s)
Tragedy
Character who is representative of a general class of people and displays the 'usual' assumed traits associated with them
Stock/Stereotyped Character
A secondary plot sequence and/or its particular point of delivery
Story within a Story
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