Most Populous Countries by Century

From 1500 until 2100, which countries have (or had) the biggest population?
Data from all the population sites on en.wikipedia.org
Since we're talking about history, notice that some countries no longer exist!
Quiz by Gassu
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Last updated: May 1, 2017
First submittedApril 30, 2017
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1500
125,000,000
Ming Empire
17,000,000
Ashikaga Shogunate
16,250,000
French Empire
16,000,000
Holy Roman Empire
12,000,000
Inca Empire
11,000,000
Ottoman Empire
9,412,000
Joseon
8,550,000
Spanish Empire
7,500,000
Polish-Lithuanian Union
6,000,000
Aztec Empire
 
 
1600
160,000,000
Ming Empire
88,000,000
Mughal Empire
29,997,000
Iberian Union
26,000,000
Ottoman Empire
20,300,000
Holy Roman Empire
20,000,000
Kingdom of France
18,500,000
Tukogawa Shogunate
14,000,000
Tsardom of Russia
9,879,000
Joseon
7,950,000
Polish-Lithuanian Union
 
 
1700
210,715,000
Qing Empire
145,000,000
Mughal Empire
55,000,000
Spanish Empire
28,000,000
Tukogawa Shogunate
24,779,000
Ottoman Empire
21,000,000
Kingdom of France
16,000,000
Holy Roman Empire
14,000,000
Tsardom of Russia
9,646,000
British Empire
9,000,000
Polish-Lithuanian Union
 
 
1800
328,000,000
Qing Empire
114,500,000
British Empire
75,000,000
Maratha Empire
38,378,000
French Empire
35,500,000
Russian Empire
29,000,000
Tukogawa Shogunate
25,689,000
Ottoman Empire
24,710,115
Spanish Empire
24,000,000
Holy Roman Empire
23,145,000
Habsburg Monarchy
1900
415,001,488
Qing Empire
383,811,684
British Empire
280,912,000
Indian Empire (UK)
119,546,234
Russian Empire
75,994,575
United States
56,000,000
Germany
51,356,465
Austria-Hungary
45,500,000
Dutch East Indies
42,000,000
Empire of Japan
38,000,000
France
 
 
2000
1,242,612,300
China
1,040,000,000
India
281,421,923
United States
206,264,595
Indonesia
170,000,000
Brazil
147,000,000
Russia
140,000,000
Pakistan
130,000,000
Bangladesh
127,000,000
Japan
110,000,000
Nigeria
 
 
2100 (if world still exists)
1,659,786,000
India
1,004,392,000
China
752,247,000
Nigeria
450,385,000
United States
388,733,000
D.R. Congo
364,283,000
Pakistan
299,133,000
Tanzania
242,648,000
Indonesia
242,644,000
Ethiopia
209,334,000
Niger
+1
Level 62
Apr 30, 2017
Very nice!