The 5th and 6th Century BC

Based on the clues, guess these notable facts from the years 600 BC - 401 BC
As we go further back in time, sources become less reliable and mythology gains importance. Sometimes we only have one source. Nevertheless, I tried to make this quiz as much historically complete as I could
Quiz by Gassu
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Last updated: September 7, 2018
First submittedAugust 9, 2018
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Year
Description
Answer
404 BC
The Peloponnesian War ends with a victory of this city-state
Sparta
c. 425 BC
This tragedy where the protagonist kills his father and
marries his mother is completed
Oedipus Rex
429 BC
This statesman who preserved Athenian democracy dies
Pericles
438 BC
This famous building on top of the Athenian acropolis is completed
Parthenon
c. 440 BC
This "Father of History" writes the Histories
Herodotus
c. 440 BC
This theory about parts that are "indivisible" is published
Atomic theory
465 BC
The death of this king who lashed the sea (his name starts with X)
Xerxes I
c. 470 BC
This Carthaginian navigator reaches present-day Cameroon
Hanno the Navigator
490 BC
The messenger Pheidippides runs from this city
42.195 km (26.219 mi) until he reaches Athens
Marathon
c. 500 BC
The Sinhalese people begin to settle on this island
Sri Lanka
509 BC
This city becomes a republic
Rome
519 BC
This Roman patrician (after whom a Ohio city was named) is born
L. Q. Cincinnatus
c. 528 BC
This man, also known as Siddhartha Gautama, reaches perfect enlightenment
Buddha
c. 530 BC
He states: a2 + b2 = c2
Pythagoras
539 BC
This Middle Eastern city falls and becomes a Persian colony
Babylon
551 BC
This Chinese teacher and founder of a religion is born
Confucius
562 BC
This long-reigning Neo-Babylonian king (mentioned in the Book of Daniel) dies
Nebuchadnezzar II
c. 580 BC
This mathematician states that every angle on a semi-circle is orthogonal
Thales
586/587 BC
This city is besieged by the Babylonians, simultaneously the end of Judah
Jerusalem
599 BC
Mahavira, founder of this Indian religion, is born
Jainism
6th century BC
This Greek storyteller writes and tells his Fables
Aesop
6th century BC
The culture of this Tuscan tribe reaches its climax
Etruscans
+1
Level 65
Jul 6, 2020
Mahavira is not the founder of Jainism. While there is little historical evidence for the mythological founder of Jainism, Rishabhnath, it has been clearly established that Mahavira isn't the founder. Perhaps you could reword it as "a central figure" in place of founder.