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NASA Mars Missions

List all Mars probes manned by NASA, including failed missions.
For missions that included multiple probes, enter all of them separately. For example, if the quiz were about moon missions, "Apollo" would not be accepted, but "Apollo 11" and "Apollo 13" would be.
"Launched on above mission" in the Launch Date column means that the probe was launched as part of the mission listed above it. For example, the Huygens probe would be listed below Cassini as "launched on above mission."
Does not include Mars Express, because while NASA is participating in this mission it is primarily managed by the ESA.
All info according to NASA sites
Quiz by MyMindWentBlank
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First submittedAugust 21, 2016
Last updatedAugust 21, 2016
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Launch Date
Probe Type
Mission Status
Answer
November 1964
Flyby
Failure
Mariner 3
November 1964
Flyby
Success
Mariner 4
February 1969
Flyby
Success
Mariner 6
March 1969
Flyby
Success
Mariner 7
May 1971
Orbiter
Failure
Mariner 8
May 1971
Orbiter
Success
Mariner 9
August 1975
Lander/ Orbiter
Success
Viking 1
September 1975
Lander/ Orbiter
Success
Viking 2
September 1992
Orbiter
Failure
Mars Observer
November 1996
Orbiter
Success
Mars Global Surveyor
December 1996
Lander
Success
Mars Pathfinder
(launched on above mission)
Rover
Success
Sojourner
Launch Date
Probe Type
Mission Status
Answer
December 1998
Orbiter
Failure
Mars Climate Orbiter
January 1999
Lander
Failure
Mars Polar Lander
(launched on above mission)
Impact
Failure
Deep Space 2 Probes
April 2001
Orbiter
Ongoing
2001 Mars Odyssey
June 2003
Rover
Success
Mars Exploration Rover - Spirit
July 2003
Rover
Ongoing
Mars Exploration Rover - Opportunity
August 2005
Orbiter
Ongoing
Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter
August 2007
Lander
Success
Phoenix Mars Lander
November 2011
Rover
Ongoing
Mars Science Laboratory (Curiosity)
November 2013
Orbiter
Ongoing
Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution (MAVEN)
March 2016 (delayed to May 2018)
Lander
Delayed
InSight
+1
level 72
Mar 25, 2017
Hi Mr/Ms Blank, For distances between countries I use a tool at daftlogic.com. Cheers Jeremy, New Zealand
+1
level 52
Mar 26, 2017
Thanks!