People in History by Wikipedia Descriptions #1

Can you name these people in history by excerpts from their Wikipedia pages?
Some excerpts have been altered slightly
Quiz by WolfCam
Last updated: September 25, 2019
First submittedSeptember 15, 2019
Times taken11,663
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He preserved the Union, abolished slavery, strengthened the federal government
Abraham Lincoln
On 1 May 1876, she adopted the additional title of Empress of India
Queen Victoria
Was born Gaius Octavius Thurinus into an old and wealthy equestrian branch
of the plebeian gens Octavia
He is referred to by many appellations including Messenger of Allah
Shot his political rival Alexander Hamilton in a famous duel in 1804
Aaron Burr
His reported overhauling of the railway network led to the popular saying,
"Say what you like about him, he made the trains run on time"
Benito Mussolini
The phonograph, the motion picture camera, and the long-lasting,
practical electric light bulb
Thomas Edison
Ruled as the Chairman of the Communist Party of China from its establishment
in 1949 until his death in 1976
Mao Zedong
"I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears, and sweat"
Winston Churchill
His five-year voyage on HMS Beagle established him as an eminent geologist
Charles Darwin
a² + b² = c²
His government focused on dismantling the legacy of apartheid
Nelson Mandela
His travels are recorded in Livre des merveilles du monde, a book that described to
Europeans the then mysterious culture and inner workings of the Eastern world
Marco Polo
He founded some twenty cities that bore his name
Alexander the Great
Plots often explore the dependence of women on marriage in the pursuit of
favourable social standing and economic security
Jane Austen
The uncrowned King Charles VII sent her to the Siege of Orléans
Joan of Arc
A Hindu nationalist assassinated him on 30 January 1948
Mahatma Gandhi
The Terror ended with his arrest on 9 Thermidor and his execution on the day after
Maximilien Robespierre
He and Tenzing Norgay became the first climbers confirmed to have reached
the summit of Mount Everest
Edmund Hillary
He returned to Russia to play a leading role in the October Revolution
Vladimir Lenin
The Gold Rush, City Lights, Modern Times, and The Great Dictator often ranked
on lists of the greatest films of all time
Charlie Chaplin
Level 75
Sep 23, 2019
I tried John Springfield first.
Level 84
Sep 24, 2019
Always try Springfield as an answer.
Level 74
Sep 24, 2019
Just the two famous women then
Level 75
Sep 24, 2019
I can count three women in the quiz.
Level 77
Sep 24, 2019
not sure that makes it better.
Level 70
Aug 26, 2020
^ it does, but not enough. It is still an excellent quiz.
Level 74
Sep 24, 2019
Level 65
Nov 11, 2019
Having an important women quizz doesn't fix the fact that there are no women in the important people quizz
Level 65
Sep 25, 2019
Spent too much time trying Trotski
Level 71
Sep 25, 2019
I tried Hitler for Mussolini. Not that far off. Trains, cars...
Level 71
Sep 29, 2019
I was a little thrown by “The Terror”. Isn’t that period much more commonly known as the Reign of Terror?
Level 37
Oct 7, 2019
^ Thought so as well.
Level 79
Jun 25, 2020
I know in French it's usually 'La Terreur', so it's possible Wikipedia uses a more direct translation
Level 82
Nov 10, 2019
Fine quiz, Wolfcam. Nice assortment and variety of historical figures, well done.
Level 50
Nov 10, 2019
Octavian really should work if his epithet of Augustus does.
Level 78
Nov 11, 2019
I really needed more time for this one - I had to immediately know the answer or move on and had no time to go back and think about those I skipped.
Level 78
Nov 11, 2019
Why, on all Jetpunk quizzes, do we have to include "of Arc" for Joan? Is that her actual surname?
Level 73
Oct 28, 2020
because if you typed just Joan people might think you are talking about the character from Romancing the Stone. :-)
Level 59
Nov 11, 2019
why aaron burr? I did google him and he doesn't seem to have anywhere the same historic resonance as the other names
Level 62
Nov 11, 2019
He was the third U.S Vice President, but is mostly known for killing Alexander Hamilton. Not the MOST important person, but important nonetheless.
Level 76
Nov 13, 2019
Plus, he was the main theme of a great Got Milk? commercial in the 90s. That's how I always remember his name.
Level 84
Apr 3, 2020
Churchill may have offered all that stuff, but he sat behind a nice, safe desk while others gave it.
Level 75
Aug 25, 2020
Kept seeing Russia after Communist party instead of China , tried every Russian leader I knew. missed four ,would have known 3 including Mao. oops.
Level 57
Apr 14, 2021
Strange starting with "plots.."