Space Race : USA or USSR?

During the Cold War, the two superpowers (the United States and the Soviet Union) competed for dominance in spaceflight capability. Who accomplished these achievements first?
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Quiz by Yev
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Last updated: April 13, 2020
First submittedJune 4, 2019
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1. Artificial satellite put into orbit
USA
USSR
Sputnik 1 (October, 4th 1957)
2. Animal put into orbit
USA
USSR
Sputnik 2 (November, 3rd 1957). It was a female dog named Laïka.
3. Discovery of the Van Allen radiation belt
USA
USSR
Explorer 1 (January, 31st 1958). This is a zone of energetic charged particles held around Earth by its magnetic field.
4. Communication satellite
USA
USSR
SCORE (December, 18th 1958)
5. Flight over the Moon
USA
USSR
Luna 1 (January, 4th 1959)
6. Meteorological satellite
USA
USSR
Vanguard 2 (February, 17th 1959)
7. Photograph of Earth from Space
USA
USSR
Explorer 6 (August, 7th 1959)
8. Man-made object reaching the Moon
USA
USSR
Luna 2 (September, 13th 1959)
9. Photograph of the far side of the Moon
USA
USSR
Luna 3 (October, 4th 1959)
10. Recovery of a man-made object from space
USA
USSR
Discoverer 13 (August, 11th 1960)
11. Human journeying into outer space
USA
USSR
Vostok 1 (April, 12th 1961). His name was Yuri Gagarin.
12. Woman journeying into outer space
USA
USSR
Vostok 6 (June, 16th 1963). Her name is Valentina Tereshkova.
13. Geosynchronous satellite
USA
USSR
Syncom 3 (August, 19th 1964)
14. Extravehicular activity
USA
USSR
Voskhod 2 (March, 18th 1965). His name is Alexei Leonov.
15. Man-made object reaching Venus
USA
USSR
Venera 3 (March, 1st 1966)
16. Man orbiting around the Moon
USA
USSR
Apollo 8 (December, 21st 1968)
17. Man on the Moon
USA
USSR
Apollo 11 (July, 21st 1969). His name was Neil Armstrong.
18. Return of a sample of lunar soil
USA
USSR
Luna 16 (September, 24th 1970)
19. Space station
USA
USSR
Saliout 1 (April, 23rd 1971)
20. Man-made object reaching Mars
USA
USSR
Mars 2 (November, 27th 1971)
+1
Level 44
Oct 13, 2020
It's amazing how many firsts the Soviets established. I wonder if Moon and/or Mars bases would already be a thing of the past if they were still around.
+1
Level 71
Oct 13, 2020
Mars no, the Moon probably.