40 of the Most Important Scientists

40 of the most important scientists in no particular order
Quiz by Lemurlover3
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Last updated: December 22, 2014
First submittedOctober 10, 2012
Times taken1,702
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Birthplace
Invention, Discovery or Achievement
Answer
Woolsthrope-by-Colsterworth, England
Laws of Motion, Gravity, and Differential and Integral Calculus.
Sir Isaac Newton
Clermont-Ferrand, France
Clarified the concepts of pressure, made contributions to the study of fluids and invented the calculator. He was a child prodigy and has an SI unit named after him.
Blaise Pascal
Heinzendorf bei Odrau, Austrian Empire
A monk, he was the founder of genetics, he tested his theory on pea plants.
Gregor Mendel
Dole, Jura, France
Created the first vaccines for rabies and anthrax and created a way to sterilize milk and wine.
Louis Pasteur
Rome, Italy
One of the creators of the atomic bomb, contributed to the quantum theory, and nuclear and particle physics. An element is named after him.
Enrico Fermi
Shrewsbury, UK
Proposed the Theory of Evolution, worked on the origin of man, studied earthworms, atolls, and much more.
Charles Darwin
Marshfield, Missouri, USA
Often gets the credit for discovering the red shift, and that objects in space are spreading out.
Edwin Hubble
Lochfield, Ayrshire, Scotland
Discovered penicillin.
Alexander Fleming
New York City, New York, USA
Discovered and developed the polio vaccine.
Jonas Salk
Paris, France
Named oxygen and hydrogen and established that sulfur was an element. He also discovered the law of conservation of mass.
Antoine Lavoisier
Råshult, Sweden
The father of modern taxonomy (binomial nomenclature) and ecology.
Carolus Linnaeus
Penzance, Cornwall, UK
Discovered sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, boron and barium. He also clarified that iodine and chlorine were elements.
Humphry Davy
Chicago, Illinois, USA
Co-discoverer of the structure of DNA with Francis Crick.
James Watson
Leipzig, Germany
He developed infintesimal calculus independently of Isaac Newton.
Goffried von Leibniz
Warsaw, Poland
Discovered radioactivity, polonium, radium, and was the only person to win two Nobel Prizes in seperate categories of science.
Marie Curie
Pisa, Florence, Italy
Improved the telescope, proved that not all objects orbited Earth, discovered sunspots, and invented the pendulum and the first thermometer.
Galileo Galilei
Delft, Netherlands
He was the first person to observe and document single celled organisms.
Antoni Van Leeuwenhoek
Weil der Stadt, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
Extensively studied the motion of planets and their elliptical orbit around the sun.
Johannes Kepler
Toruń, Poland
First person to formulate a heliocentric model of the universe and often regarded as the person who started the scientific revolution.
Nicolaus Copernicus
Brightwater, New Zealand
Discovered the half-life in radioactivity, the proton, and was the first person to split an atom. He has an element named after him.
Ernest Rutherford
Ulm, Germany
Generated the famous equation E= mc^2, and is considered the father of modern physics. He also made the general theory of relativity.
Albert Einstein
Copenhagen, Denmark
Was one of the founders of quantum mechanics, and contributed a lot to the understanding of atomic structure.
Niels Bohr
Vinci, Florence
Probably one of the most diversely talented people to ever live, he was a mathematician, inventor, engineer, anatomist, painter and much more. He conceptualised tanks and helicopters.
Leonardo Da Vinci
Portland, Oregon
One of the founders of quantum chemistry and molecular biology. He won two nobel prizes, one in peace and one in physics.
Linus Pauling
Syracuse, Sicily
A Greek mathematician who designed the siege engine and the screw pump. He discovered buoyancy, and proved that the sphere had two-thirds the volume and the surface area of a cylinder.
Archimedes
Oxford, UK
Known for gravitational singularity theorems, the prediction that black holes should emit radiation and for having motor neuron disease.
Stephen Hawking
New York City, New York, USA
Assisted in the development of the atomic bomb, created nanotechnology, and increased our understanding of quantum electrodynamics.
Richard Feynman
Vienna, Austria
Discovered Entropy (S= K*log W) and committed suicide.
Ludwig Boltzmann
Kabete, Kenya
An archaeologist and naturalist whose work supported Darwin's Theory of Evolution.
Louis Leakey
Kiel, Germany
Won the nobel prize for creating the quantum theory.
Max Planck
Belfast, Ireland
Developed the first and second laws of thermodynamics, absolute zero, has a temperature scale named after him.
Lord Kelvin (William Thomson)
Lancaster, UK
First conceived the term Dinosauria, strongly and publicly disagreed with Darwin's theory, and was one of the driving forces in the British Museum of Natural History.
Richard Owen
Freshwater, UK
First coined the word Cell. Claimed that Isaac Newton stole his ideas.
Robert Hooke
Manchester, UK
Discovery of the electron, isotopes, and invented the mass spectrometer.
J. J. Thomson
Bazentin, France
Made the first truly cohesive theory of evolution. Was the first to coin the terms invertebrates, and biology in the modern sense. In malacology he was a taxonomist of great stature.
Jean-Baptiste Pierre Antoine de Monet, Chevalier de la Marck
Cyrene, Libya
First person to use the word "Geography". He was also the first person to calculate the circumference of earth and the tilt of its axis.
Eratosthenes
Newington Butts, UK
He discovered electromagnetic induction, diamagnetism, and electrolysis. Also discovered that magnetism could affect rays of light.
Michael Faraday
Berkeley, UK
Pioneered the smallpox vaccine.
Edward Jenner
Edinburgh, Scotland
Fomulated the electromagnetic theory, and laid the foundations for special relativity and quantum mechanics.
James Clerk Maxwell
Lennep, Germany
Discovered x-rays and has an element named after him.
Wilhelm Röntgen
+1
Level 29
Jun 7, 2014
It's Anton Van Leeuwenhoek!
+1
Level 13
Nov 4, 2014
Its Stephen Hawking but not Steven Hawking
+1
Level 43
Dec 7, 2014
Sorry, American bias, I'll change that
+1
Level 32
Dec 16, 2014
Could you please accept LaMarc for La Mark?
+1
Level 43
Dec 22, 2014
It's Lamarck, I'll accept Lamark from now on, but if I accept Lamarc, no one will be able to type the correct spelling
+1
Level 28
Mar 8, 2015
What about Oppenheimer?
+1
Level 75
Mar 13, 2015
I knew Antoni Van Leeuwenhoek and Johannes Kepler but didn't get the correct spelling. I thought I had Van Leeuwenhoek spelled right, but must have omitted something, and had two p's in Kepler.
+1
Level 67
Jan 1, 2019
same here was convinced I had typed van leeuwenhoek right ( it is in my own lanuage so not a weird spelling for me) but since it is correctly written in the answer sheet, I figured lets not make a fool of myself and claim the quiz is wrong, in case somehow I did make a mistake myself ( eventhough I was convinced)> But seeing your comment here basicly saying the same thing, quite a big chance it is indeed wrong in the quiz
+1
Level 71
Jan 27, 2017
Please accept Linne for Linnaeus