English Words of Latin Origin

Below are 25 Latin words with their English definitions. Can you name some English words that derive from these Latin origins?
Given English's extensive reliance on Latin, there are a great many words that derive from these Latin roots. If your initial guesses aren't registering, try more words.
Quiz by elijahwade
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Last updated: June 12, 2020
First submittedJuly 24, 2018
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Latin word & definition
English word(s)
periculosa, meaning 'dangerous'
peril, perilous
mira, meaning 'strange'
miracle, miraculous, mirage
insula, meaning 'island'
insular, insulate
agricola, meaning 'farmer'
agrarian, agriculture
bona, meaning 'good'
bonus, bonanza
lata, meaning 'wide/broad'
lateral, latitude
est, meaning 'is'
essence, establish, estate
terra, meaning 'land/earth'
terrace, terrain, terrestrial, territory
nova, meaning 'new'
novel, novelty, novice
alta, meaning 'tall/high'
altitude
aqua, meaning 'water'
aquarium, aquatic, aqueduct
nauta, meaning 'sailor'
nautical, nautilus
folium, meaning 'leaf'
foliage, folio
Latin word & definition
English word(s)
libera, meaning 'free'
liberal, liberty
porta, meaning 'gate'
port, portal
trans, meaning 'across'
transform, transgender, transport
femina, menaing 'woman'
effeminate, female, feminine
urbs, meaning 'city'
suburb, urban
proximus, meaning 'nearest'
approximate, proximity
capitis, meaning 'head'
capital, capitol
stella, meaning 'star'
constellation, stellar
audit, meaning 'hear'
audio, audition, auditorium
vita, meaning 'life'
vital, vitamin
lumen, meaning 'light'
illuminate, luminous
finis, meaning 'limit/end'
final, finish, finite
+1
Level 37
Nov 7, 2018
why can't aquaduct be an answer for "aqua", or bonafide for "bona".
+1
Level 89
Nov 8, 2018
Thanks for your comment. As I mention in the caveat, 'given English's extensive reliance on Latin, there are a great many words that derive from these Latin roots. If your initial guesses aren't registering, try more words.' That being said, the correct spelling of 'aquadect' is actually 'aqueduct'. I have adjusted the responses so that 'aqueduct' is a type-in. The permitted answers for 'bona' are difficult, admittedly, but 'bonafide' is in fact two words, both of which are not English words of Latin origin (as is the title of this quiz), but are simply the straight Latin: 'bona' and 'fide'.
+1
Level 70
Jun 12, 2020
Consider accepting territory as an answer for terra? I think it is probably more frequently used (especially among Jetpunkers) than terrier.
+2
Level 89
Jun 12, 2020
Of course! Done.
+1
Level 31
Aug 19, 2020
innovate could be one for nova??
+1
Level 89
Aug 19, 2020
Sure.