Primate Cities of Europe

A primate city is the largest city in its country or region, disproportionately larger than any others in the urban hierarchy List all of the primate cities in Europe.
A primate city is a major city that works as the financial, political, and population center of a country and is not rivaled in any of these aspects by any other city in that country. Normally, a primate city must be at least twice as populous as the second largest city in the country. The presence of a primate city in a country usually indicates an imbalance in development (Wikipedia)
For example, Bangkok is a Primate city
Vatican is excluded as there are no real cities in the state.
Quiz by IceLemonTea
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Last updated: June 1, 2021
First submittedApril 27, 2017
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Cities
Andorra la Vella
Athens
Belgrade
Bucharest
Budapest
Chisinau
Copenhagen
Dublin
Helsinki
Ljubljana
London
Luxembourg
Minsk
Monte Carlo
Cities
Moscow
Oslo
Paris
Podgorica
Prague
Reykjavik
Riga
Sarajevo
Skopje
Sofia
Tallinn
Tirana
Vienna
Zagreb
+1
Level 90
Apr 27, 2017
Interesting quiz. Typo: Sarajevo.
+1
Level 65
Apr 28, 2017
Fixed, thanks
+1
Level 67
Jul 24, 2017
Another typo: it's Tallinn, not Talinn.
+1
Level 62
Feb 8, 2018
I agree. It should be Tallinn, but keep Talinn, Tallin, and Talin as type-ins.
+1
Level 62
Feb 8, 2018
On JetPunk, the widely accepted capital of Monaco is Monaco. I answered that and it did not work. I know that it is debatable, but the capital is usually considered as Monaco and not Monte Carlo, and Quizmaster along with the majority of JetPunk likes consistency. Please change Monte Carlo to Monaco.
+1
Level 65
Mar 25, 2018
This is true, and I have allowed Monaco as a type-in. Ill keep Monte Carlo cause the "primate city" of Monaco is technically Monte Carlo district.
+2
Level 50
Jun 7, 2021
Very interesting quiz! I had never heard of a primate city before now, so thank you for teaching me something new
+3
Level 51
Jun 7, 2021
Even though Turkey usually isn't perceived as European here on Jetpunk, Istanbul is largely located in Europe. It should be included, at least as an already given answer with a grey background.
+1
Level 44
Jun 7, 2021
I agree.
+1
Level 65
Jun 8, 2021
Actually, Istanbul is not a primate city. It needs to be the political centre of the country as well, which Istanbul is not.
+1
Level 73
Jun 7, 2021
I don't think Andorra la Vella qualifies. It has around 20k citizens, and the second Andorran city (Escaldes) has around 15k.
+1
Level 65
Jun 8, 2021
My source includes Escaldes within Andorra la vella urban area