Influential Physicists

This is a quiz I originally found on JetPunk a few years back. Luckily I copied it to my Quizlet account for use in Quiz Bowl, because for some reason or another, the quiz has been removed from JetPunk. I would offer due credit to the original creator of this quiz, but I have since forgotten the name.
The premise of the quiz is pretty simple: Give the name of the physicist responsible for the given discovery, invention, etc.
Addendum: I have been informed in the comments that the quiz was originally created by one, Luan Costa. Luan, thanks for the quiz.
Quiz by hjclark18
Last updated: September 10, 2019
First submittedMarch 29, 2019
Times taken14
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First mathematical theory of light (a wave theory).
Christiaan Huygens
Demonstration of the first self-sustaining Nuclear chain reaction.
Enrico Fermi
Theorem that states that every differentiable symmetry of the action of a physical system has a corresponding conservation law.
Amalie Emmy Nother
Law of electromagnetic induction.
Michael Faraday
Prediction of a fundamental field of crucial importance to particle physics theory that explains why some fundamental particles have mass when, based on the symmetries controlling their interactions, they should be massless.
Peter Higgs
General Theory of Relativity.
Albert Einstein
Circuital law that relates the integrated magnetic field around a closed loop to the electric current passing through the loop.
Andre-Marie Ampere
Law of elasticity.
Robert Hooke
Long-distance radio transmission.
Guglielmo Marconi
Prediction of the black-body radiation released by black holes, due to quantum effects near the event horizon.
Stephen Hawking
Transport equation that describes the statistical behavior of a thermodynamic system not in a state of equilibrium.
Ludwig Boltzmann
Modern alternating current electricity supply system.
Nikola Tesla
Measurement of the electron's charge (together with Harvey Fletcher).
Robert Andrews Millikan
Experimental gas law that describes how the pressure of a gas tends to increase as the volume of the container decreases.
Robert Boyle
Identification of the electron.
Joseph John Thompson
Introduction of azimuthal and spin quantum numbers.
Arnold Sommerfield
Electromagnetic theory.
James Clerk Maxwell
Wave mechanics in quantum theory.
Erwin Schrodinger
First electric battery.
Allesandro Volta
Discovery of radioactivity.
Henri Becquerel
Geometric mathematical model of the universe that placed the Sun rather than the Earth at the center of the universe.
Nicolaus Copernicus
Introduction of the quark, independently of George Zweig.
Murray Gell-Mann
Circuit laws (dealing with current and voltage).
Gustav Kirchoff
Explanation about black-body radiation with the development of a law that was a pioneering result of quantum theory.
Max Planck
Determination of the approximate value of the lower limit to temperature (absolute zero).
William Thompson, 1st Baron Kelvin
Relativistic wave equation that describes the behavior of fermions and predicts the existence of antimatter.
Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac
Proof of existence of electromagnetic waves.
Heinrich Hertz
Discovery of the neutron.
James Chadwick
Discovery of polonium and radium.
Marie Curie
Description of the buoyant force that is exerted on a body immersed in a fluid.
Formulation of the standard interpretation of the probability density function in quantum mechanics.
Max Born
Law that describes the force interacting between static electrically charged particles.
Charles-Augustin de Coulomb
Derivation of transformation equations which forms the basis of the special relativity theory.
Hendrik Lorentz
Effect that demonstrates the particle nature of electromagnetic radiation.
Arthur Compton
First formulation of the second law of thermodynamics.
Sadi Carnot
First great reformulation of classical mechanics.
Joseph-Louis Lagrange
Exclusion principle of fermions.
Wolfgang Pauli
Laws of planetary motion.
Johannes Kepler
Model of the hydrogen atom where the negatively charged electron confined to an atomic shell encircles a small, positively charged atomic nucleus and where an electron jump between orbits is accompanied by an emitted or absorbed amount of electromagnetic energy.
Neils Bohr
First use of a telescope to systematically observe celestial objects and record discoveries.
Galileo Galilei
Uncertainty principle in quantum mechanics.
Werner Heisenberg
Principle of least action.
William Rowan Hamilton
Law relating the distribution of electric charge to the resulting electric field.
Carl Friedrich Gauss
Explanation that vision occurs when light bounces on an object and then is directed to one's eyes.
Hasan Haytham
Discovery of atomic nucleus.
Ernest Rutherford
Equation that describes the motion of viscous fluid substances (together with Claude-Louis Navier).
George Strokes
In thermodynamics, formulation of the laws which deal with the transfer of energy.
James Prescott Joule
First proposal of the wave of natural electrons.
Louis de Broglie
Classical mechanics.
Isaac Newton
In quantum field theory, diagrams that help interactions to be conveniently visualized.
Richard Feynman
Principle that states that an increase in the speed of a fluid occurs simultaneously with a decrease in pressure or a decrease in the fluid's potential energy.
Daniel Bernoulli
First explicit statement of the First Law of Thermodynamics.
Rudolph Clausius
Level 56
Mar 29, 2019
Great quiz, but I would suggest, that you accept Kelvin. Also the spin guy is called Sommerfeld and not Summerfield
Level 20
Jun 22, 2019
Hello, hjclark18! I claim authorship of this quiz. I'm a physicist, and a couple of years ago I have created it. Now it came to my mind and I came to see if it still remained here.

If it's not a problem, I would like you to refer to me, Luan Costa, as the author of this quiz.

Best regards, Luan Costa.