This is a quiz I originally found on JetPunk a few years back. Luckily I copied it to my Quizlet account for use in Quiz Bowl, because for some reason or another, the quiz has been removed from JetPunk. I would offer due credit to the original creator of this quiz, but I have since forgotten the name.
The premise of the quiz is pretty simple: Give the name of the physicist responsible for the given discovery, invention, etc.
Addendum: I have been informed in the comments that the quiz was originally created by one, Luan Costa. Luan, thanks for the quiz.
Keep scrolling down for answers and more stats ...
First mathematical theory of light (a wave theory).
Demonstration of the first self-sustaining Nuclear chain reaction.
Theorem that states that every differentiable symmetry of the action of a physical system has a corresponding conservation law.
Amalie Emmy Nother
Law of electromagnetic induction.
Prediction of a fundamental field of crucial importance to particle physics theory that explains why some fundamental particles have mass when, based on the symmetries controlling their interactions, they should be massless.
General Theory of Relativity.
Circuital law that relates the integrated magnetic field around a closed loop to the electric current passing through the loop.
Law of elasticity.
Long-distance radio transmission.
Prediction of the black-body radiation released by black holes, due to quantum effects near the event horizon.
Transport equation that describes the statistical behavior of a thermodynamic system not in a state of equilibrium.
Modern alternating current electricity supply system.
Measurement of the electron's charge (together with Harvey Fletcher).
Robert Andrews Millikan
Experimental gas law that describes how the pressure of a gas tends to increase as the volume of the container decreases.
Identification of the electron.
Joseph John Thompson
Introduction of azimuthal and spin quantum numbers.
James Clerk Maxwell
Wave mechanics in quantum theory.
First electric battery.
Discovery of radioactivity.
Geometric mathematical model of the universe that placed the Sun rather than the Earth at the center of the universe.
Introduction of the quark, independently of George Zweig.
Circuit laws (dealing with current and voltage).
Explanation about black-body radiation with the development of a law that was a pioneering result of quantum theory.
Determination of the approximate value of the lower limit to temperature (absolute zero).
William Thompson, 1st Baron Kelvin
Relativistic wave equation that describes the behavior of fermions and predicts the existence of antimatter.
Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac
Proof of existence of electromagnetic waves.
Discovery of the neutron.
Discovery of polonium and radium.
Description of the buoyant force that is exerted on a body immersed in a fluid.
Formulation of the standard interpretation of the probability density function in quantum mechanics.
Law that describes the force interacting between static electrically charged particles.
Charles-Augustin de Coulomb
Derivation of transformation equations which forms the basis of the special relativity theory.
Effect that demonstrates the particle nature of electromagnetic radiation.
First formulation of the second law of thermodynamics.
First great reformulation of classical mechanics.
Exclusion principle of fermions.
Laws of planetary motion.
Model of the hydrogen atom where the negatively charged electron confined to an atomic shell encircles a small, positively charged atomic nucleus and where an electron jump between orbits is accompanied by an emitted or absorbed amount of electromagnetic energy.
First use of a telescope to systematically observe celestial objects and record discoveries.
Uncertainty principle in quantum mechanics.
Principle of least action.
William Rowan Hamilton
Law relating the distribution of electric charge to the resulting electric field.
Carl Friedrich Gauss
Explanation that vision occurs when light bounces on an object and then is directed to one's eyes.
Discovery of atomic nucleus.
Equation that describes the motion of viscous fluid substances (together with Claude-Louis Navier).
In thermodynamics, formulation of the laws which deal with the transfer of energy.
James Prescott Joule
First proposal of the wave of natural electrons.
Louis de Broglie
In quantum field theory, diagrams that help interactions to be conveniently visualized.
Principle that states that an increase in the speed of a fluid occurs simultaneously with a decrease in pressure or a decrease in the fluid's potential energy.
First explicit statement of the First Law of Thermodynamics.