Medical Prefixes, Roots, and Suffixes

The quiz with most prefixes, roots, and suffixes related to medicine. This could be useful to med students, or someone interested in etymology.
Source: https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Appendix:Medical_prefixes,_suffixes,_and_combining_forms
Not including british spellings (No Æ or Œ)
Sometimes multiple prefixes/suffixes per definition
Quiz by LuckyLoon
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Last updated: January 14, 2020
First submittedJanuary 14, 2020
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Definition
Prefix, Root, or Suffix
not, without, less
-a, -an
away from
ab
pertaining to
-ac
hearing
acous/acouso-
extremity, topmost
acr, acro-
hearing condition
-acusis
toward, in the direction of
-ad
increase, adherance, motion toward, very
ad-
gland
aden/adeno-
fat
adip/adipo-
gland
adren/adreno-
air, gas
aer/aero-
pertaining to
-al
pain
alge/algesi-
pain
-algia
pain
algio/algo-
around, on all sides, both
ambi-
anus
an/o
blood vessel
angi-
crooked, stiff
ankyl/ankylo-
before
ante-
against, opposed to
anti-
seperated from, derived from
apo
artery
arteri/arterio-
joint, articulation
arth/arthro-
joint
aticul/aticulo-
pertaining to
-ary
enzyme
-ase
weakness
-asthenia
process
-ation
ears (aural)
-auri
self/same
aut/auto-
bacteria
bacteri/bacterio-
twice, double
bi-
life
bio-
germ or bud
blast/blasto-
eyelid
bleph/blepharo-
arm
brachi/brachio-
slow
brady-
bronchus
bronch/bronchi-
cheek
bucc/bucco-
bursa
burs/burso-
cancer
carcin/carcino-
heart, esophageal opening of stomach
cardi/cardio-
down
cata-
pouching, hernia
-cele
surgical puncture for aspiration
–centesis
head
cephal/cephalo-
chemistry, drug
chem/chemo-
green
chlor/chloro-
bile
chol-
cartilage, gristle, granule, granular
chondrio/chondro-
color
chrom/chromato-
killing, destroying
–cidal/cide
around
circum-
on the side
cis-
with, together, in association
co-
colon
col/colo/colono-
with, together
com-
against
contra
with, together
cor-
ribs
costo
cranium, skull
crani/cranio-
cold
cry/cryo-
circle, cycle
cycl-
bladder or sac
cyst/cysti/cysto-
cell
cyt/cyto-
cell
-cyte
tear
dacrio-
digit (finger or toe)
dactyl/dactylo-
away from, cessation
de-
skin
derm/dermis/dermato-
binding
-desis
right, on the right side
dextr/dextro-
seperation, two
di-
seperation
dif-
separation, taking apart
dis-
duodenum
duodeno-
force, energy
dynamo-
pain
-dynia
bad, difficult
dys-
pertaining to
-eal
out, away
ec-
outer, outside
ect-
expansion, dilation
–ectasis
outer, outside
ecto-
excision, removal
–ectomy
vomit
-emesis
blood condition
-emia
brain
-encephal/encephalo-
internal
endo-
small intestine
enter/entero-
upon
epi-
red
erythr/erythro-
gullet
–esophageal/esophago-
sensation
esthesio-
good, well
eu-
out of, away from
ex-
exterior, outward
exo-
outside
extra-
stiff
edopotra-
fiber
fibr/fibro-
in the form or shape of
-form
milk
–-galact/galacto-
stomach
gastr/gastro-
origin or production
-gen
earth
geo-
tongue
gloss/glosso-
variant form of tongue, language
glott/glotto-
glucose
gluco-
sugar
glyc/glyco-
jaw
gnath/gnatho-
recording
–gram
recording instrument
-graph
process of recording
-graphy
woman
gyn/gyno- gyne/gyneco-
blood
hem/hema/hemat/hemato-
one-half
hemi-
blood
hemo-
liver
hepat/hepatico/hepato-
sweat
hidr/hidro-
tissue
hist/histio/histo-
water
hydr/hydro-
above normal, excessive
hyper-
below normal, deficient
hypo-
uterus
hyster/hystero-
condition
–ia/iasis
treatment
–iatrics
treatment, physician
iatr/iatro-
treatment
-iatry
pertaining to
-ic
small
-icle
organized knowledge, treatment
-ics
self, one's own
-idio
ilium
-ileo
below
infra-
between, among
inter-
within
intra-
iris
irid/irido-
ischium
ischi/ischio-
condition, disease
-ism
spasm, contraction
-ismus
equal, like
is/o
one who specializes in
-ist
the nature of, resembling
-ite
inflammation
-itis
structure, tissue
-ium
nucleus
karyo-
cornea (eye or skin)
kerat/kerato-
movement
kin/kine/kinesi/kinesio-
movement
kino-
humped
kyph/kypho-
tear
lacrim/lacrimo-
milk
lact/lacti/lacto-
larynx
laryng/laryngo-
lateral
latero-
smooth
lei/leio-
seizure
–lepsis/lepsy
light, slender
lepto-
white
leuk/leuko-
tongue
linguo-
fat
lip/lipo-
stone, calculus
lith/litho-
speech
log-
one who specializes in study or treatment of
-logist
speech
logo-
study of
-logy
lymph
lymph/lympho-
dissolution
lys-/lyso-/ -lytic
large, long
macr/macro-
softenng
–malacia
bad
mal-
breast
mast/masto-
Definition
Prefix, Root, or Suffix
large
meg/mega-
large
megal/megalo-
large
–megaly
black
melan/melanoma-
meninges
mening/meningo-
middle
mes/meso-
after, behind
meta-
instrument used for measuring
-meter
process of measuring
-metry
smallness, one-millionth
micr/micro-
single
mon/mono-
form, shape
morph/morpho-
muscle
muscul/musculo-
muscle
my/myo-
fungus
myc/myco-
bone marrow, spinal cord
myel/myelo
ear drum
myring/myringo-
mucus
myx/myxo-
death
necr/necro-
new
neo-
kidney
nephr/nephro-
nerve
neur/neuri/neuro-
normal
normo-
eye
oculo-
tooth
odont/odonto-
pain
odyn/odyno-
resemblance to
-oid
few, little
olig/oligo-
tumor
-oma
plural of tumor
-omata
tumor, bulk, volume
onco-
fingernail, toenail
onych/onycho-
egg
oo-/ovo-/ovulo-
ovary
oophor/oophoro-
eye
ophthalm/ophthalmo-
testis
orchi/orchido/orchio-
straight, normal, correct
orth/ortho-
a condition, disease or increase
-osis
bony
-osseo
bone
ossi-
bone
ost/oste/osteo-
ear
ot/oto-
pertaining to
-ous
ovary
ovari/ovario/ovi/ovo-
addition of oxygen
oxo-
sharp, acid, acute, oxygen
oxy-
thick
pachy-
all, entire
pan/pant/panto-
alongside of, abnormal
para-
slight paralysis
-paresis
disease
path/patho-
disease
-pathy
hip bone
pelv/pelvi/pelvo-
defeciency
–penia
through
per-
around, about
peri-
fixation
pexy-
lens-shaped
phaco-
eating, devouring
–phage/phagia
eating, devouring
phago-
eating, devouring
phagy-
drug, medicine
pharmaco-
pharynx
pharyng/pharyngo-
attraction for
–phil/philia
vein
phleb/phlebo-
exaggerated fear, sensitivity
phob/phobo-
sound
phon/phono-
light
phos-
light
phot/photo-
diaphragm
phren/phreni-
diaphragm
phrenico/phreno-
formation, development
-plasia
surgical repair, reconstruction
-plasty
paralysis
-plegia
rib, pleura
pleur/pleura/pleuro-
air, lung
pneum/pneuma-
air, lung
pneumat/pneumato-
foot
pod/podo-
production
–poiesis
multiplicity
poly-
pore, pourous
por/poro-
after, behind, posterior
post-
anterior, before
pre-
old age
presby/presbyo-
before, forward
pro-
anus, rectum
proct/procto-
mind
psych/psyche/psycho-
falling, downward placement
-ptosis
pelvis
pyel/pyelo-
pus
pyo-
fever
pyro-
four
quadr/quadri-
spine
rachi/rachio
radiation, radius
radio-
again, backward
re-
rectum
rect/recto-
kidney
ren/reno-
rod shaped, straighted
rhabd/rhabdo-
nose
rhin/rhino-
burst forth
–rrhage
discharge
–rrhagia
surgical suturing
–rrhaphy
flowing, discharge
-rrhea
rupture
-rrhexis
tube
salping/salpingo-
muscular, flesh like
-sarco
split, cleft
-schisto
split, cleft, division
schiz/schizo-
hardness
scler/sclero-
twisted
scoli/scolio-
instrument for viewing
-scope
use of instrument for viewing
-scopy
one-half, partly
-semi
saliva, salivary gland
sial/sialo-
sigmoid, sigmoid colon
sigmoid/sigmoido-
left, left side
sinistr/sinistro-
condition of
-sis
food, grain
-sito
body, bodily
somat- somatico- somato-
spasm
spasmo-
semen, spermatozoa
sperma- spermato- spermo-
viscera
splanchn- splanchni- splanchno-
spleen
splen/spleno-
vertebra
spondyl/spondylo-
stop, stand
-stasis
dripping, trickling
-staxis
narrowness, constriction
steno-
strength, force, power
stheno-
mouth
stom/stoma-
mouth
stomat/stomato-
creation of opening
–stomy
beneath
sub-
in excess, above, superior
super-
above, excessive
supra-
together
sy/syl-
together
sym-
together
syn-
together
sys-
fast
-tachy
pressure (of blood)
–tension/–tensive
nipples
thel/thelo-
heat
therm/thermo-
thorax, chest
thorac/thoracico/thoraco-
blood clot
thromb/thrombo-
thyroid gland
thyr/thyro-
pertaining to
-tic
childbirth
toco-
cutting instrument
-tome
cutting operation
-tomy
tone, tension, pressure
-tono
tension
-tony
place, topical
top/topo-
toxin, poison
tox/toxi/toxico/toxo-
trachea
trache/tracheo-
across, through, beyond
trans-
hair, hairlike structure
trich/trichi/trichia/tricho-
crushing
-tripsy
growth
-trophy
ear drum
tympan/tympano-
small
-ula/ule
beyond, extensive
ultra-
one
-uni
uric acid
uri/uric/urico-
urine
ur/uro-
vein
varic/varico-
duct, blood vessel
vas-/vaso-
blood vessel
vasculo-
vesicle
vesic/vesico-
yellow, yellowish
xanth/xantho-
dryness
xer/xero-
condition or process of
-y
animal, animal life
zo/zoo-
fermentation, enzyme
zym/zymo-
+1
Level 79
Jan 14, 2020
I'll take this quiz when I retire and have more time.