Belgium, Luxembourg or Netherlands

Which country/countries fulfill the given condition?
The thumbnail depicts the coat of arms of Luxembourg.
Quiz by Nathaniel
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Last updated: May 20, 2020
First submittedSeptember 1, 2019
Times taken93
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1. Its capital has the same name as the country.
Luxembourg
None
Belgium
Netherlands
2. One of its regions is called Wallonia.
Netherlands
Belgium
Luxembourg
The other two are Flanders and Brussels.
3. Has the most Tour de France victories after France.
Belgium
Luxembourg
Netherlands
4. Has the most official languages.
Belgium
Luxembourg
Netherlands
The all have three
The Netherlands have four, the others both have three official languages.
5. They have similar flags.
Belgium and Luxembourg
Belgium and Netherlands
Luxembourg and Netherlands
None
Red - white - blue
6. This country got independent from one of the others on 21 July 1831.
Luxembourg
Belgium
Netherlands
Belgium was once part of the Netherlands.
7. Is the largest.
Belgium
Luxembourg
Netherlands
The Netherlands - 41,500 km², Belgium - 30,500 km² and Luxembourg - 2,500 km²
8. Has the highest HDI.
Netherlands
Luxembourg
Belgium
NL - 0.931, B - 0.916, LU - 0.904
9. Has the highest PISA test results.
Netherlands
Belgium
Luxembourg
Maths - 11th, Science - 17th and Reading - 15th
10. Its capital is not its largest city.
Netherlands
Luxembourg
None
Belgium
11. Has the highest GDP (PPP) per capita.
Luxembourg
Belgium
Netherlands
Luxembourg ranks second in the world ranking with $114,000 per capita.
12. Has overseas territories.
All
Luxembourg
Belgium
Netherlands
The Netherlands
13. Has an article in its proper name
Luxembourg
Belgium
Netherlands
THE Netherlands
14. Is a grand duchy.
Luxembourg
None
Belgium
Netherlands
15. Is famous for its chocolate, especially the brand Côte d'Or.
Luxembourg
Netherlands
Belgium
+1
Level 56
Sep 1, 2019
The Netherlands and Belgium both have exclaves.

Brussels technically has only 200.000 inhabitants while Antwerp has 500.000

+1
Level 59
Sep 1, 2019
Brussels has 1,9 million and what would be Belgium exclaves may I ask?
+1
Level 37
Sep 1, 2019
Yes, I'd like to know that too. The Netherlands has the ABC islands (and arguably Aruba, Curacao and Sint Maarten), what exclaves does Belgium still have?
+2
Level 74
Sep 2, 2019
Belgium has dozens of exclaves in the Netherlands (Baarle Hertog, Baarle Nassau), just south of Tilburg. Look at it on Google maps, it's quite amusing. There are actually Dutch exclaves within the Belgian exclaves, within the Netherlands.
+1
Level 59
Sep 2, 2019
Wow that's just stupid, really really stupid, you might have to cross the border fifty times, just because you go to the supermarket. 🤔🤨
+2
Level 74
Sep 2, 2019
The ABC islands are not exclaves. An island by definition is surrounded by water, whereas an exclave, by definition, is surrounded by foreign territory.
+1
Level 59
Sep 2, 2019
How about "Has overseas territories?", because that's what I actually meant.
+1
Level 74
Sep 2, 2019
Question 3 is misleading, particularly the explanation "Netherlands have Dutch". Dutch is not unique to the Netherlands, as it is an official language in Belgium and Suriname as well.
+1
Level 59
Sep 2, 2019
You are right about that, but what I mean with that is that there is a language which originates in this country and is the most spoken language there.
+1
Level 59
Sep 2, 2019
Examples would be UK - English, Kazakhstan - Kazakh, Iran - Farsi, Pakistan - Urdu, Japan - Japanese, etc...
+1
Level 74
Sep 2, 2019
If that's what you mean, then I would suggest changing the wording of the question to reflect that. The way it's written now is very confusing. It would in fact be hard to nail down whether dutch originated in the Netherlands or in Flanders first, whether it co-evolved in both locations, given that Belgium and the Netherlands were part of the same country/kingdom for much of the language's evolutionary past.
+1
Level 59
Sep 2, 2019
How would you put it? And Flanders has its own language, Vlaams. Which is the flemish version of Dutch, but not Dutch. And furthermore the Dutch (and Flemish) word for Dutch is Nederlands.
+1
Level 74
Sep 2, 2019
I would probably just put in an entirely different question. It is too complex an issue. In your own reply you just said that "Flanders has its own language, Vlaams". This then automatically negates the answer to your question about which country does not have its own language. I don't think you can nail down "ownership" of the "Nederlands" language, and that doesn't even begin to cover the regionally official language status of Friesian (is it unique to Netherlands, or is it similar enough to East Frisian in Germany???). Lots of other good questions available about BENELUX!
+1
Level 59
Sep 2, 2019
Whether Vlaams nor Friesian are official languages. And neither is spoken all over the country. I'll take a different question anyway.
+1
Level 59
Sep 2, 2019
The main problem is finding questions with Belgium as answer.
+1
Level 59
Sep 2, 2019
I exchanged the unique language question with the Tour de France one and the separatist party one with the chocolate question, because separatist parties are not something a country should be famous for IMAO.