Countries of Europe in 1848

Can you name the countries, which existed during the revolution of 1848?
If you can't think of any more countries, try modern states or cities. They might have been countries in 1848.
The red line depicts the border of the German Empire, which evolved in 1848.
Quiz by Nathaniel
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Last updated: March 29, 2021
First submittedMay 25, 2020
Times taken14,229
Rating4.96
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Empires
Austrian Empire
Ottoman Empire
Russian Empire
 
Kingdoms
Bavaria
Belgium
Denmark
France
Greece
Hanover
Netherlands
Norway
Portugal
Prussia
Sardinia
Kingdoms
Saxony
Spain
Sweden
Two Sicilies
United Kingdom
Württemberg
 
Principalities
Andorra
Lippe
Reuss-Gera
Reuss-Greiz
Monaco
Liechtenstein
Schwarzburg-
Rudolstadt
Grand Duchies
Baden
Luxembourg
Oldenburg
Tuscany
 
 
Duchies
Anhalt
 
Anhalt-Bernburg
 
Anhalt-Dessau
 
Anhalt-Köthen
Brunswick
Holstein
Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Duchies
Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Modena
Montenegro
Nassau
Parma
Saxe-Altenburg
Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Saxe-Meiningen
Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
Schaumburg-Lippe
 
Other Feudal States
Hesse
Hesse-Darmstadt
Republics
San Marco
San Marino
 
Free Cities
Bremen
Frankfurt am Main
Hamburg
Lübeck
Menton
Roquebrune
 
Others
Papal States
Switzerland
+5
Level 60
Mar 4, 2021
Update of the 4th March, 2021: now a little more difficult due to inclusion of formerly grey countries. The insanely hard ones (Roquebrune and Menton) are still given and Anhalt is still combined, because the map would be way too confusing.
+16
Level 63
May 25, 2020
This looks fantastic, amazing work!
+3
Level 60
May 25, 2020
thx
+2
Level 72
May 25, 2020
please accept Russia and Austria
+2
Level 60
May 25, 2020
I just did it myself and discovered this problem ... fixed
+2
Level 54
May 25, 2020
Dude This Is Fantastic. You Have My Nomination !
+1
Level 60
May 25, 2020
thank you so much!
+4
Level 55
May 25, 2020
Nice Work!
+2
Level 60
May 25, 2020
thx
+1
Level 56
May 25, 2020
The East Frisian Islands remain yellow until the end which made me wonder if they were another country.

Great quiz anyway!

+1
Level 60
May 25, 2020
should be fixed now
+3
Level 65
May 25, 2020
Nice quiz, maybe reduce the amount of time given?
+1
Level 60
May 25, 2020
thx, maybe I'll lower the time to 10 minutes
+3
Level 76
Mar 27, 2021
Personally I like being able to think long and hard on this one. I hope you leave the time as is. After all, once you run out of ideas, you run out. You could guess all the current countries and not get 100%, so I'm not sure what the benefit of time reduction on this quiz would be.
+1
Level 71
Mar 27, 2021
I could have thought about it for the rest of the day and maybe I'd have come up with Lubeck and Parma, but no way would I have gotten the other eleven I missed.
+1
Level 66
Jun 1, 2020
I wouldn't have gotten the Italian countries without help from Victoria II
+2
Level 73
Aug 6, 2020
Um...That red line shows the border of the Holy Roman Empire. That stopped existing in 1805 after Austerlitz. Show either the border of the actual German Empire, the Zollverein, or don't show anything at all.
+5
Level 60
Aug 16, 2020
Those are the correct borders of the German Empire. The HRE looks completely different. This is what the HRE looks like: www.jetpunk.com/user-quizzes/319978/cities-in-the-holy-roman-empire-with-map. I don't mean the Zollverein but the German Empire: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_Empire_(1848%E2%80%9349).
+1
Level 51
Sep 9, 2020
You mean the German Confederation, right?
+5
Level 60
Sep 10, 2020
No I don't. Was I not clear in my answer to HinesBrothers?
+1
Level 51
Sep 10, 2020
I'm talking about the German Confederation. The German Confederation and the HRE are two totally different things. Here are some maps for proof:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_Confederation#/media/File:German_Confederation_1815.svg

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_Empire#/media/File:German_Empire_1914.svg

Your map looked like the first one, which is the German Confederation

+4
Level 60
Sep 10, 2020
In the article from which you took that image: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_Empire it says in the first sentence, that this article and therefore also the map refer to the German Empire (there are two with that name) which existed from 1871 to 1918. "My German Empire" is the shortlived empire which existed from 1848 to 1849.
+2
Level 39
Mar 27, 2021
German federation and the shortlived german empire (1848-1849) are exactly the same. They are only named different and have a different governing/state structure.

This German Empire (48-49) can be seen as an early try for German Unification, but it was struck down by the two major states, Austria and Prussia. After then the German Federation was restored, and lived on until 1866, when the North German Confederation was created.

So when talking about the year 1848 specifically, it's both the German Federation and the German Empire

+2
Level 60
Mar 27, 2021
I don't see anything there, that contradicts my comments, but thank you for the information.
+3
Level 83
Nov 13, 2020
Excellent quiz!
+1
Level 60
Nov 13, 2020
Thx!!
+3
Level 20
Dec 30, 2020
Wonderfully done map and quiz! I'd like to point out though that Cracow was annexed by Austria in 1846, that Anhalt was still split into three different duchies (Bernburg, Köthen and Dessau) and that the borders of the German Empire here should exclude Belgian Luxembourg and include the Dutch province of Limburg. I'd also like to suggest adding the Free Cities of Menton and Roquebrune, Republic of San Marco and the Caucasian Imamate.
+1
Level 60
Dec 31, 2020
Wow, those would be some major changes. I'm not sure I wanna add more small, hardly known places. This is already a really tough quiz. I'll look into it of course, and if there are convincing sources, I'm probably obliged to change the quiz. Do you have sources? Also thank you for the compliments!!!
+3
Level 20
Dec 31, 2020
You're very welcome! The Krakow uprising led to the end of the Free City of Krakow. Menton and Roquebrune declare its independence from Monaco: https://commons.m.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Frontiere_Monaco.gif#mw-jump-to-license. The region of Venetia-Lombardy was undergoing the First Italian War of Independence at the time, with Milan and San Marco declaring themselves independent. The German Empire here shows the 1815 German Confederation border. Since Belgium gained independence and took western Luxembourg with it, the Duchy of Limburg was created in 1839 to account for this loss. The eastern parts of Prussia were also part of this short-lived German Empire: https://commons.m.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Deutscher_Bund.svg. A map of the Anhalt duchies: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Anhalt-Dessau1820.png. Circassia and the Caucasian Imamate don't have a lot of sources, so unfortunately you're going to have to rely on "Every Year" videos on YouTube for them. I hope this helped you
+1
Level 60
Jan 1, 2021
Thank you very much. You really know your stuff XD
+3
Level 60
Feb 20, 2021
Okay, I've looked into all of these now. So here goes: The Caucasian Imamate is way outside the map, so I'd have to change the whole map, so I'm not going to add that. The same goes for Circassia. I'll let Austria annex Krakow, and the German Empire the rest of Prussia and Limburg and remove Belgian Luxembourg. Now for the tough ones. I'll add Menton and Roquebrune as grey (filled in answers) and will leave Anhalt united, because it would get much too crowded, but note this somewhere. Thank you for your help!
+3
Level 57
Jan 28, 2021
This must've taken so much time and effort. I feel bad for not knowing you, as you're absolutely fantastic with SVG's!
+2
Level 60
Jan 28, 2021
Don't be, I'm not famous XD
+1
Level 72
Feb 6, 2021
Why are some already filled in?
+1
Level 60
Feb 7, 2021
I didn't think many people would know them.
+2
Level 60
Mar 4, 2021
I've changed that now.
+3
Level 83
Feb 28, 2021
Krazy Kleinstaaterei
+1
Level 50
Mar 21, 2021
>100 nominations!
+1
Level 60
Mar 21, 2021
Yippeeee!!!!
+1
Level 83
Mar 27, 2021
The most I have on one of my quizzes is 1 :(
+2
Level 65
Mar 22, 2021
Congrats on the feature!
+1
Level 60
Mar 22, 2021
OMG I'm sooo happy!!!!
+1
Level 56
Mar 22, 2021
Thanks for the quiz, but not sure why the UK's listed as a 'feudal' state. Feudalism hadn't existed in the UK/England for about 500 years by this point. The United Kingdom was a kingdom.
+2
Level 60
Mar 22, 2021
Oops you're right
+3
Level 70
Mar 22, 2021
Well done for the feature Nathaniel! Well deserved!
+1
Level 60
Mar 22, 2021
Thank you!!!
+1
Level 82
Mar 22, 2021
Every time I see old borders of Germany, I always think "What the heck were they thinking?" Great quiz though!
+1
Level 50
Mar 22, 2021
Koungradzulatchionesza!
+1
Level 60
Mar 22, 2021
Fankjuwerriwerrimusch!
+1
Level 78
Mar 22, 2021
How is Menton insanely difficult but not Schwarzburg etc? With a dot near Monaco I'd eventually guess it.
+4
Level 60
Mar 22, 2021
Menton doesn't even have a Wikipedia article, it's sovereignty is disputable and it was only "sovereign" for a very short period of time. Schwarzburg on the other hand is large enough to actually be visible on the map, has a Wikipedia article, it's sovereignty is undisputable and most importantly, it existed for more than 300 years.
+1
Level 81
Mar 22, 2021
What are the two grey dots near Monaco?
+1
Level 60
Mar 23, 2021
Menton and Roquebrune
+1
Level 75
Mar 23, 2021
Fantastic quiz. Germany is quite the challenge.
+1
Level 45
Mar 24, 2021
It looks so weird seeing an orange political state without it just being a circle.
+3
Level 60
Mar 24, 2021
It's something I saw in Jiaozira's Canadian cities quizzes. I think it looks pretty cool.
+1
Level 51
Mar 27, 2021
congrats on the FP!
+1
Level 60
Mar 27, 2021
Wow, I think it was actually scheduled for some time in May. Thanks though!
+1
Level 40
Mar 27, 2021
Playing Empire Total War really helped me with a lot of these answers, I guess games can be educational haha
+1
Level 24
Mar 27, 2021
please make country in napoleon war
+2
Level 66
Mar 27, 2021
Amazing quiz! And great map too--getting all of that detail in around Germany must have been really difficult :)
+1
Level 54
Mar 27, 2021
Fun quiz! Playing EUIV helped me get a lot of the obscure German ones :)
+1
Level 61
Mar 27, 2021
Hi, I love the quiz but I ask you to change the name "Sardinia", or at least to allow the alternatives "Kingdom of Sardinia", "Regno di Sardegna" or even "Kingdom of Piedmont", all of which are more correct, xpecially for 1848. THANX!

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kingdom_of_Sardinia

+1
Level 60
Mar 27, 2021
It is listed under "Kingdoms". For those you can always imagine a "Kingdom of" in front of the listed name. I will be more lenient on the type-ins though.
+1
Level 37
Mar 28, 2021
Great Quiz, but you got something in the description wrong: the red line doesn't depict the German Empire, but the German Confederation. The German Empire didn't occur until the entirety of the former German Confederation (minus the Austrian parts) were unified under prussian rule by Otto von Bismarck in 1871.
+2
Level 60
Mar 29, 2021
Thank you. Please read the before comments, where I have thoroughly explained, that the German Empire I am referring to is the one that existed from 1848 to 1849.
+1
Level 37
Mar 29, 2021
It... didn't exist though. Yes, the nationalist and democratic movements tried to create one by offering the king of Prussia the title and crown of Kaiser of Germany, but since he declined, a democratic united German Empire like they imagined in the Paulskirche never came to pass. Plus, the actions of the german revolutionaries and the upcoming "Empire" weren't recognized internationally (which ultimately caused the restorative forces to invade and topple the democratic "government" of the not-yet-existing "german empire".So even though they planned to create one, they failed at doing so.
+1
Level 60
Mar 29, 2021
I never said that the German Empire I am referring to is a serious nation. You can be especially sure of that, since I would have otherwise made it the country listed, instead of having all the micronations.
+1
Level 37
Mar 29, 2021
Why are you doing it then? It's factually wrong, so just don't call it an empire if it wasn't one. Your map is perfect, why would you ruin your historical credibility like that by knowingly mislabeling one of the most important places in europe at that time?
+2
Level 60
Mar 30, 2021
I'm not calling it an empire, I'm calling it what it is called and as it happens, it is called "German Empire".
+1
Level 65
Mar 29, 2021
Norway was from 1814 to 1905 part of Sweden.
+1
Level 60
Mar 29, 2021
You are right that there was a strong connection between them, but the connection was a personal union and not a real union, in whose case I would be obliged to combine them, but a personal union is not tight enough in my opinion.
+1
Level 73
Mar 29, 2021
Love this kind of quiz. One thing though: Andorra is incorrectly classified as a republic. It should be either in "principalities" or in "others" (it was a co-principality, meaning it had two princes that shared sovereignty over the land)
+1
Level 60
Apr 9, 2021
Done
+1
Level 20
Mar 30, 2021
How the heck is anyone gonna get all those german empire countries lol
+2
Level 59
Mar 31, 2021
Lovely quiz! I would lessen the time available, though, since it's way too much for people who know all the German principalities etc. but having an extra 10 minutes for those who don't really doesn't matter that much
+1
Level 56
Apr 2, 2021
Outstanding quiz. I really enjoyed this one. Thanks for putting together such a tough but fun challenge.
+1
Level 60
Apr 3, 2021
Thank you! Also, your welcome!