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Psychology Paradigms and Theories

Based on the description and key figures, guess the counseling psychology theory. Designed to help prepare for the DSST Fundamentals of Counseling exam. Most information sourced from Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy by Gerald Corey.
Quiz by andiemoon
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Last updated: April 4, 2017
First submittedApril 4, 2017
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Approach
Theory Description
Key Figure(s)
Theory
Psychodynamic
First 6 years determine personality development, psychosexual stages, unconscious motivation
Sigmund Freud
Psychoanalytic
Psychodynamic
Mistaken beliefs due to perception of the past, Inferiority/Superiority, clients are not sick but 'discouraged', finding meaning to create purposeful life
Alfred _____
Adlerian
Experiential / Relationship-Oriented
Philosophically based, nature of human condition, choice and responsibility of freedom, self-awareness, ultimate concerns, Logotherapy
Viktor Frankl
Existential
Experiential / Relationship-Oriented
Humanistic, client has capacity for self-healing and growth given positive conditions, actualizing tendency, importance of therapist-client relationship
Carl Rogers
Person-Centered
Experiential / Relationship-Oriented
Experiential, wholeness and awareness, body-mind integration, person understood in context of relationship with their environment (field theory), I/Thou
Fritz and Laura Perls
Gestalt
Cognitive Behavioral
Empirical, learning determines how we act, conditioning, social learning, change does not require insight into past
B.F. Skinner, Arnold Lazaruz, Albert Bandura
Behaviorism
Cognitive Behavioral
Empirical, evidence based; stresses role of thinking and beliefs on how we feel and act, thoughts have causal role in depression, problem focused & action oriented, REBT
Albert Ellis and A.T. Beck
Cognitive Behavioral
Cognitive Behavioral
Short-term, love and belonging is our primary need, choice theory, realism, responsibility for the present, and right-and-wrong
William Glasser and Robert Wubbolding
Reality Therapy / Choice Theory
Systems / Postmodern
Egalitarian, Systemic, traditional therapies tend to be andro- and ethno-centric, sociopolitical constraints on women, empowerment, therapist self-disclosure
Many; Jean Baker Miller, Carolyn Zerbe Enns, Oliva Espin, Laura Brown, etc.
Feminist Theory
Systems / Postmodern
No single truth, anything is possible, social constructionism, solution-focused, short-term, client is expert in their own life
Many; Steve de Shazer, Insoo Kim Berg, Michael White, David Epston, etc.
Postmodern
Systems / Postmodern
Systemic, interactions, people are part of living systems, changing the individual requires understanding and working with their family
Many; Adler, Murray Bowen, Virginia Satir, Carl Whitaker, Salvador Minuchin, Jay Haley, Cloe Madanes
Family Systems
Other
Combines techniques and commonalities from a variety of theories
Many
Integrative
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