Statistics for Psychology Paradigms and Theories

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General Stats

  • This quiz has been taken 37 times
  • The average score is 2 of 12

Answer Stats

Theory Description Key Figure(s) Theory % Correct
First 6 years determine personality development, psychosexual stages, unconscious motivationSigmund FreudPsychoanalytic
88%
Mistaken beliefs due to perception of the past, Inferiority/Superiority, clients are not sick but 'discouraged', finding meaning to create purposeful lifeAlfred _____Adlerian
41%
Empirical, learning determines how we act, conditioning, social learning, change does not require insight into pastB.F. Skinner, Arnold Lazaruz, Albert BanduraBehaviorism
31%
Philosophically based, nature of human condition, choice and responsibility of freedom, self-awareness, ultimate concerns, LogotherapyViktor FranklExistential
25%
Empirical, evidence based; stresses role of thinking and beliefs on how we feel and act, thoughts have causal role in depression, problem focused & action oriented, REBTAlbert Ellis and A.T. BeckCognitive Behavioral
13%
Humanistic, client has capacity for self-healing and growth given positive conditions, actualizing tendency, importance of therapist-client relationshipCarl RogersPerson-Centered
9%
Experiential, wholeness and awareness, body-mind integration, person understood in context of relationship with their environment (field theory), I/ThouFritz and Laura PerlsGestalt
9%
Egalitarian, Systemic, traditional therapies tend to be andro- and ethno-centric, sociopolitical constraints on women, empowerment, therapist self-disclosureMany; Jean Baker Miller, Carolyn Zerbe Enns, Oliva Espin, Laura Brown, etc.Feminist Theory
9%
Combines techniques and commonalities from a variety of theoriesManyIntegrative
9%
Systemic, interactions, people are part of living systems, changing the individual requires understanding and working with their familyMany; Adler, Murray Bowen, Virginia Satir, Carl Whitaker, Salvador Minuchin, Jay Haley, Cloe MadanesFamily Systems
6%
Short-term, love and belonging is our primary need, choice theory, realism, responsibility for the present, and right-and-wrongWilliam Glasser and Robert WubboldingReality Therapy / Choice Theory
3%
No single truth, anything is possible, social constructionism, solution-focused, short-term, client is expert in their own lifeMany; Steve de Shazer, Insoo Kim Berg, Michael White, David Epston, etc.Postmodern
3%

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