Statistics for Psychology Paradigms and Theories

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General Stats

  • This quiz has been taken 37 times
  • The average score is 2 of 12

Answer Stats

Theory Description Key Figure(s) Theory % Correct
First 6 years determine personality development, psychosexual stages, unconscious motivationSigmund FreudPsychoanalytic
Mistaken beliefs due to perception of the past, Inferiority/Superiority, clients are not sick but 'discouraged', finding meaning to create purposeful lifeAlfred _____Adlerian
Empirical, learning determines how we act, conditioning, social learning, change does not require insight into pastB.F. Skinner, Arnold Lazaruz, Albert BanduraBehaviorism
Philosophically based, nature of human condition, choice and responsibility of freedom, self-awareness, ultimate concerns, LogotherapyViktor FranklExistential
Empirical, evidence based; stresses role of thinking and beliefs on how we feel and act, thoughts have causal role in depression, problem focused & action oriented, REBTAlbert Ellis and A.T. BeckCognitive Behavioral
Humanistic, client has capacity for self-healing and growth given positive conditions, actualizing tendency, importance of therapist-client relationshipCarl RogersPerson-Centered
Experiential, wholeness and awareness, body-mind integration, person understood in context of relationship with their environment (field theory), I/ThouFritz and Laura PerlsGestalt
Egalitarian, Systemic, traditional therapies tend to be andro- and ethno-centric, sociopolitical constraints on women, empowerment, therapist self-disclosureMany; Jean Baker Miller, Carolyn Zerbe Enns, Oliva Espin, Laura Brown, etc.Feminist Theory
Combines techniques and commonalities from a variety of theoriesManyIntegrative
Systemic, interactions, people are part of living systems, changing the individual requires understanding and working with their familyMany; Adler, Murray Bowen, Virginia Satir, Carl Whitaker, Salvador Minuchin, Jay Haley, Cloe MadanesFamily Systems
Short-term, love and belonging is our primary need, choice theory, realism, responsibility for the present, and right-and-wrongWilliam Glasser and Robert WubboldingReality Therapy / Choice Theory
No single truth, anything is possible, social constructionism, solution-focused, short-term, client is expert in their own lifeMany; Steve de Shazer, Insoo Kim Berg, Michael White, David Epston, etc.Postmodern

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