Medicine and Anatomy by Letter - G

Answer these questions about the human body, disease, and the field of medicine. All answers start with the letter G!
Quiz by Geoguy
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Last updated: April 27, 2020
First submittedApril 27, 2020
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A sugar with molecular formula C6H12O6, our most important source of energy
Glucose
A large molecule stored in the liver, which consists of many linked units of the above
Glycogen
An internal organ that stores the bile produced by the liver
Gallbladder
Cells that support and protect nerve cells in the central nervous sytem
Glial cells
A tumor of the above; the most common malignant brain tumor
Glioma
An organelle that packages proteins in vesicles to send them to different destinations
Golgi apparatus
A network of small blood vessels in the kidney, at the start of a nephron
Glomerulus
A DNA sequence that encodes for a specific protein
Gene
A hormone also called somatotropin, a deficiency at a young age can lead to short stature
Growth hormone
Any organ or group of cells that secretes a product, such as a hormone, sweat, or saliva
Gland
A common disease of the eye causing vision loss, usually caused by high eye pressure
Glaucoma
An organ that produces sex hormones and sex cells: the testes and the ovaries
Gonad
A sex cell produced by the above, comes in sperm and egg variants
Gamete
One of the largest and strongest muscles of the body, also gives shape to the buttocks
Gluteus maximus
Soft, pink tissue that surrounds the teeth
Gums
An infection of the above, often caused by plaque
Gingivitis
A doctor who is specialized in the female reproductive system
Gynaecologist
Describing the stomach; as 'cardiac' stands to heart and 'pulmonary' stands to lungs
Gastric
Common STI that causes painful urination and discharge
Gonorrhea
A surgical procedure where tissue, often skin, is moved from one part of the body to another
Grafting
Historically known as 'the disease of kings': an inflammation of a joint, often the big toe
Gout
Tissue death caused by lack of blood supply, that can cause the skin to turn black
Gangrene
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