Most Ethnically Diverse Countries

Name the 20 countries in the world with most ethnic diversity.
The number is the Ethnic Fractionalization according to Alesina et al
Quiz by relessness
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Last updated: March 1, 2016
First submittedMarch 1, 2016
Times taken844
Rating3.17
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#
Country
0.9302
Uganda
0.9084
Liberia
0.8791
Madagascar
0.8747
D.R. of Congo
0.8747
Republic of the Congo
0.8635
Cameroon
0.8620
Chad
#
Country
0.8588
Kenya
0.8505
Nigeria
0.8295
Central African Republic
0.8204
Ivory Coast
0.8191
Sierra Leone
0.8117
Somalia
0.8092
Guinea Bissau
#
Country
0.7962
Djibouti
0.7920
Libya
0.7872
Benin
0.7867
Angola
0.7864
The Gambia
0.7808
Zambia
+1
Level 81
Mar 1, 2016
Wow. Who knew that nobody but Africa is diverse?
+1
Level 81
Mar 1, 2016
The way that the source determines diversity (and "ethnicity")... really just favors countries that are poorly integrated... where many different populations live isolated from one another and maybe don't share a common language or other cultural artifacts due to this fact. Naturally... if your country has no roads, airports or telephones, that would get you ranked highly using such methodology.

If you looked at, for example, the number of different countries/continents with significant representation in more than one large city... probably not a single country in Africa would make such a list. Possibly excepting South Africa, Egypt, or Morocco.

+1
Level 73
Aug 9, 2019
Two tribes in Africa within miles of each other can have more genetic difference than there is between a European and Asian person.

https://www.businessinsider.com/four-neighboring-african-tribes-are-more-genetically-different-than-ronald-reagan-and-mao-zedong-2014-2

This doesn't speak for the actual methodology used, or this quiz, since ethnicity is more about culture than genetics (the same reason race and ethnicity are separate on the US Census - an Afrocarribean Puerto Rican is just as Latino as a white Argentinian), but whichever way you look at it, biologically or ethnically, it holds up. The only way it doesn't make sense is through the lens of the outdated concept of race. You're right, though - isolation between tribes is what makes this definition favor African countries in terms of diversity.

+1
Level 81
Mar 1, 2016
I disagree with the methodology but good quiz, I guess.
+2
Level 65
Mar 1, 2016
Can Gambia also be accepted?
+1
Level 53
Mar 1, 2016
Can Cote D'Ivoire be accepted for Ivory Coast as that is how it is named in most quizzes? Also, can Gambia be accepted for The Gambia?
+1
Level 69
Jan 2, 2018
with the plethora of African nations, it seems they are including all the different tribal groups as being ethnically different.
+1
Level 69
Jan 11, 2018
Agree with Cote D'Ivoire, since umm... that's the official name.
+1
Level 42
May 5, 2021
Tanzania should definitely be here