British Politics

This is a walkthrough of the political history of the UK as well as some teasers about Parliament itself ++++Expanded++++
Quiz by RDJ123
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Last updated: September 18, 2018
First submittedApril 27, 2015
Times taken1,254
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Hint
Answer
The Great Charter signed in 1215 that is the cornerstone of the British constitution
Magna Carta
Monarch who was forced to sign ^ by the Barons
King John
13th Century Nobleman who convened the first Parliament in 1265
Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester
First Speaker of the House of Commons
Sir Thomas Hungerford
Essayist and Lord Chancellor under Henry VIII who submitted the first known request for freedom of speech in Parliament
Sir Thomas More
Name given to the conspiracy to assassinate King James I in 1605 by blowing up Parliament
The Gunpowder Plot
The best known conspirator of ^
Guy Fawkes
Name of the meeting of MPs convened in 1640 to dismantle the structures of personal rule under King Charles I
Long Parliament
The most prominent of the "five members" who Charles I attempted to arrest in Parliament in 1642
John Pym
Speaker who defied Charles I when the King entered Parliament to arrest the "five members"
William Lenthal
Name of the meeting of MPs convened to push through an act establishing a court to try Charles I
Rump Parliament
Early political party that played a central role in the 1688 Glorious Revolution and contested power with the rival Tory Party into the 19th Century
Whigs
Monarchs that Parliament offered the crown to in the Glorious Revolution #1
William III
#2
Mary II
Declaration presented to ^ considered a landmark development in the civil liberties of England
Bill of Rights
Statesman considered Britain's first Prime Minister
Sir Robert Walpole
The youngest PM in British history, 24 when he came to office
William Pitt the Younger
MP, Social reformer and philanthropist who was one of the foremost leaders of the movement to abolish slavery in the British Empire
William Wilberforce
19th Century working class movement for political reform that pressured for manhood suffrage
Chartism
The only Prime Minister to be assassinated, in 1812
Spencer Perceval
Unpopular legislation in force until 1846 that imposed restrictions and tariffs on imported grain
Corn Laws
Prime Minister and one of the founders of the Conservative Party who, when Home Secretary, created the Metropolitan Police Force in 1829
Sir Robert Peel
Informal name for the Representation of the People Act of 1832, which introduced wide-ranging changes to the electoral system of England and Wales
Reform Act
Hero of the Battle of Waterloo, twice Tory Prime Minister
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
Year the original Palace of Westminster burnt down
1834
The two architects who designed and built the new Palace that exists to this day #1
Sir Charles Barry
#2
Augustus Welby Northmore Pugin
The oldest existing part of the Palace of Westminster which survived the fire and dates back to 1097
Westminster Hall
Primary founder of the Labour Party
James Keir Hardie
Liberal politician who served as PM four seperate times in the 19th century, nicknamed the "grand old man" by his supporters
William Ewart Gladstone
^ His great rival, twice Conservative PM and a noted author, to date the only PM of Jewish birth
Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield
Year that men aged 21 and over were given the vote
1918
Suffragette who hid in a broom cupboard in the Palace of Westminster the night of the 1911 Census and was later killed running into the path of a racehorse at the 1913 Epsom Derby
Emily Wilding Davison
Leader of the british suffragette movement
Emmeline Pankhurst
Year women aged 21 and over were given the vote
1928
First female MP to be elected and take her seat in the House of Commons
Nancy Astor
First female Speaker of the House of Commons
Betty Boothroyd
First female Prime Minister
Margaret Thatcher
Welsh Liberal politician who was PM during the last two years of the First World War
David Lloyd George
Prime Minister of the 'National Government' of the 1930s, still considered by many in the Labour Party as a "traitor"
James Ramsay Macdonald
King whose love for American divorcee Wallis Simpson sparked the 1936 Abdication Crisis
Edward VIII
Prime Minister during the Second World War
Winston Churchill
Publicly funded healthcare system set up under the Labour Government of Clement Attlee in 1946
National Health Service
Year that the voting age was reduced to 18
1969
Hint
Answer
The year of the 'three-day week' and two general elections
1974
Shakespearean term coined by James Callaghan to describe the rash of rampant strike actions over the Christmas and New Year period of 1979
Winter of Discontent
Controversial policy introduced by Margaret Thatcher which sparked riots
Poll Tax
Annex opened in 2001 to provide extra offices for MPs
Portcullis House
Part of the Palace of Westminster that houses the Parliamentary archives
Victoria Tower
Name of the great bell housed in the Elizabeth Tower
Big Ben
Name of the tune ^ plays to announce the hour
Westminster Chimes
Area that an MP represents
Constituency
What the letters MP stand for
Member of Parliament
Party official appointed to help organise the party's contribution to parliamentary business and keep MPs in line
Whip
Official term for the end of a Parliament, heralding a general election
Dissolution
Official term for the end of a parliamentary session
Prorogation
Traditional day when a general election is held
Thursday
MPs and Lords can sit on these panels to examine the work of Government departments
Select Committees
Term describing the to and fro of amendments to Bills between the Commons and the Lords (also an alternative name for table tennis)
Ping Pong
Final stage of a Bill passing through Parliament
Royal Assent
MP who chairs debates in the House of Commons
The Speaker
Number of MPs in Parliament
650
Number of Peers eligible to take part in the work of the House of Lords
800
Collective name given to the 26 Bishops who sit in the House of Lords
Lords Spiritual
Principal officer of the House of Commons, the utmost authority on procedure and privelege and the CEO of the House
Clerk of the House
Annual event marking the commencement of a session of Parliament
State Opening of Parliament
Name of the House of Lords official who, during ^ summons the House of Commons to attend the Queen's Speech by striking the door of the Commons chamber with his staff
Lady Usher of the Black Rod
Officer responsible for the security of the House of Commons and the personal safety of The Speaker
Serjeant at Arms
19th century constitutional theorist and former Clerk of the House of Commons who wrote the definitive guide to parliamentary procedure that is still used around the world
Thomas Erskine May
Official report of proceedings in the Houses of Parliament
Hansard
The nefarious practice of using a long speech to delay or obstruct parliamentary business
Filibuster
Where an MP or Lord sits in their respective debating chamber if they are neither a Minister or spokesperson for their party
Backbenches
What the Prime Minister stands at when addressing the Speaker in the House of Commons
Despatch Box
To date, the only politician to have held the four great offices of state: Prime Minister, Chancellor of the Exchequer, Home Secretary and Foreign Secretary
James Callaghan
Ceremonial staff of office symbolising Royal authority that lies in the Commons when it is in session
Mace
Name for what takes place when a seat in the House of Commons becomes vacant between general elections
By-election
Including the 2015 election, how many general elections there have been since the Second World War
19
Term used for when a general election returns no outright winner
Hung Parliament
Term used for when two or more parties agree to work together to form a Government
Coalition
Term used for when a Party wins an overwhelming majority in a general election
Landslide
Collective name for the Prime Minister and his most senior frontbench Government officials who represent the departments of state
Cabinet
Address of the Prime Minister
10 Downing Street
Around 500 people who have reached high office, including many MPs and Peers, are members of this assembly set up to advise the Queen in carrying out her duties as Monarch
Privy Council
Public declaration of ideas and policies of a political party, usually introduced in an election campaign
Manifesto
The principal area in the Palace of Westminster where constituents can meet their MPs
Central Lobby
Name of the current Speaker of the House of Commons
John Bercow
Name of the Lord Speaker
Lord Fowler
+1
Level 74
Apr 27, 2015
Excellent quiz! Please consider accepting Chartist or Chartists for Chartism.
+1
Level 43
Apr 28, 2015
Thanks for the feedback! I've adjusted the answer as you suggested. :-)
+1
Level 56
Apr 13, 2016
I'm sure Churchill held all four 'Great Offices as well ??????
+1
Level 43
Apr 17, 2016
Thanks for the feedback, joshwestyboy. Churchill was Chancellor (under Baldwin), Home Secretary (under Asquith) and PM at various times during his long career, but he was never Foreign Secretary. The closest he came to any sort of foreign relations role was as Secretary of State for the Colonies, a now defunct Government position for obvious reasons. 🙂
+1
Level 71
Mar 12, 2019
Great quiz, but I need more time to read through the hints!
+1
Level 71
Mar 12, 2019
By the way, 'privilege' is spelt wrong in one of the hints.
+1
Level 34
Feb 18, 2021
Bit harsh not accepting Edward 8. (or just Willliam and Mary) Great quiz though.