Countries named after a person

Enter the usual English names of all sovereign countries named after an individual historical or religious figure or a family. The country's name can refer to the person either directly (like the US state Louisiana, named after the French King Louis XIV), or indirectly (like the US state Virginia, named after the English "Virgin Queen" Elizabeth I). N.B.: Some of the hints are intentionally tricky (but all are factually correct). The quiz includes also countries named after a thing/fact/notion which in turn was named after a person. Some of the etymologies are disputed, in such cases this quiz reflects the most common/obvious interpretation. Country name whose etymologies were invented retrospectively (such as Italy being named after Odysseus' grandson Italus) are not included.
Quiz by Tinu
Last updated: November 7, 2014
First submittedJuly 4, 2014
Times taken109
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Persian satrap governing the region in 4th centruy BC
South American revolutionary (1783-1830)
Genoese merchant and navigator (ca. 1450-1506)
Jesus Christ (ca. 1-33)
Christian saint (1170-1221), patron of astronomers and founder of a monastic order which bears his name
Dominican Republic
Jesus Christ (ca. 1-33)
El Salvador
Early Christian saint (ca. 275-303) known as the Dragon-slayer
The third of the Old Testament Patriachs
18th-century captain of a British ship carrying convicts to the Southern seas
Aristocratic family for whom the country was created in 1719
18th-century captain of a British ship carrying convicts to the Southern seas
Marshall Islands
Ruler of the United Provinces of the Netherlands (1567-1625)
Local sultan at the time of the first European contact
Early 16th-century local ruler
King of Spain and Portugal (1527-98)
Patron saint of the European discoverer of the country & Our Lady of the Snows
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Early Christian martyr (283-304), patron saint of the bllind
Saint Lucia
Early Christian martyr (d. 304), patron saint of Portugal
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
4th-century monk and later Bishop of Rimini
San Marino
One of the twelve Apostles & King of Portugal (1455-95)
São Tomé and Príncipe
Royal family ruling the country since its creation in 1932
Saudi Arabia
French courtier and politician (1690-1761)
Biblical king of Israel famous for his cunning and wisdom
Solomon Islands
First king of the country (reigned 1840-1868)
God (as defined by Christian theology)
Trinidad and Tobago
Level 80
Jul 4, 2014
Thanks! I learned a lot!
Level 35
Sep 6, 2014
Very hard (7)! Is a neighbour of ancient Iberia really named after a satrap? I really ought to know that, I suppose! And why didn't I think of hagios anybody? Fun!
Level 66
Nov 6, 2014
What about Seychelles? I'm pretty sure that was named after someone. Either that or Comoros
Level 43
Nov 7, 2014
Thank you! You are absolutely correct about Seychelles, I m sorry that one escaped my attention. I will amend the quiz instantly. Cheers!