All About Turkey

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Hello! 

Firstly, if I had any mistake please tell me on comments!

I divided this blog to 8 portions:

1)Origin of the Name

2)Flag

3)Political Geography

4)Physical Geography

5)History

6)Imports, Exports and GDP

7)Cuisine

8)Fun Facts

So let’s go to the blog!

Origin of the Name “Turkey”

Actually the word Turkey means “Land of the Turks”. Turkey the country is named before turkey the bird. Some portion of the western world learned the animal from Turkish traders and started to call animal as “Turkey bird”. That’s the reason. But how did the Turkey (country) got its name? Middle English usage of Turkye is evidenced in an early work by Chaucer called The Book of the Duchess (c. 1369). The phrase land of Torke is used in the 15th-century Digby Mysteries. Later usages can be found in the Dunbar poems, the 16th century Manipulus Vocabulorum ("Turkie, Tartaria") and Francis Bacon's Sylva Sylvarum (Turky). The modern spelling "Turkey" dates back to at least 1719. The Turkish name Türkiye was adopted in 1923 under the influence of European usage.

Flag of Turkey

Flag of Turkey

Red colored background with a white crescent and star flag formed on the first adopted in 1844, was enacted in 1936 as the national flag of the Republic of Turkey.

Legend has it that the red on the flag is blood-red and represents the shed blood of the martyrs. At midnight, the image of the Turkish flag is formed with a crescent-shaped moon and a star reflected on these bloods. This legend is said to have taken place in the First Battle of Kosovo in 1389.

Political Geography of Turkey

Map shows the provinces and borders of Turkey

Turkey has 8 neighbouring country. It shares borders with Greece and Bulgaria to the northwest; the Black Sea to the north; Georgia to the northeast; Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Iran to the east; Iraq to the southeast; Syria and the Mediterranean Sea to the south; and the Aegean Sea to the west.

Turkey has 81 provinces. Istanbul is the financial centre and most populous city in Turkey with 16 million people. Ankara is the capital and the second most populous city. Other important cities are Izmir, Bursa and Antalya.

Physical Geography of Turkey

Satellite image of Turkey

Turkey is a transcontinental country bridging Southeastern Europe and Western Asia. The Eastern Anatolia Region mostly corresponds to the western part of the Armenian Highlands (the plateau situated between the Anatolian Plateau in the west and the Lesser Caucasus in the north) and contains Mount Ararat, Turkey's highest point at 5,137 metres (16,854 feet), and Lake Van, the largest lake in the country. Eastern Turkey has a mountainous landscape and is home to the sources of rivers such as the Euphrates, Tigris and Aras. The Southeastern Anatolia Region includes the northern plains of Upper Mesopotamia.

History of Turkey

The first settlement on the lands of Turkey started by the Aeolians, Dorians, Ionians, Thracians and Persians was launched in Paleolithic age. Then with the rule of III. Alexandros, the Hellenistic period, then the Roman and Byzantine periods were experienced. As a result of the Seljuks settling in Anatolia in the 11th century, the Turkification movement started on the lands and the Byzantine supremacy in Anatolia lost power in favor of the Turks with the victory after the 1071 Battle of Malazgirt.

Founded after the collapse of the Seljuks, the Anatolian Seljuks ruled the region until the Mongol invasion in 1243. After the invasion, many small Turkish principalities were formed in Anatolia. Being one of these principalities, the Ottomans became the rulers of Anatolia from the end of the 13th century. In addition, they gained great power in Eurasia and Africa, establishing a great empire with territories over Southeast Europe, West Asia, and North Africa. After the 17th century, the Ottoman Empire entered a period of decline. He then succumbed empire was destroyed in World War II, as a result of the War of Independence against the occupying forces in 1923 by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk founded the Republic of Turkey.

Imports, Exports and GDP of Turkey

In 2019 Turkey was the number 19 economy in the world in terms of GDP.  The top exports of Turkey are cars, refined petroleum, delivery trucks, jewellery and vehicle parts. The top imports of Turkey are gold, refined petroleum, crude petroleum, vehicle parts and scrap iron. Top trade partners are Germany, United Kingdom, Iraq, Italy and United States.

Cuisine of Turkey

Some delicious kebab

Turkish cuisine includes meat, pastry, vegetables (mostly pepper, tomato and onion), rice, chickpea, cheese and dairy products.

Stuffed leaves with olive oil: It is the sarma made with vine leaves stuffed with a rice-spice mixture and cooked with olive oil.

Manti: Turkish pasta that consists of folded triangles of dough filled with minced meat, often with minced onions and parsley. It is typically served hot topped with garlic yogurt.

Some Fun Facts About Turkey!

1) Santa Claus was born in Turkey.

2) Tünel is the world’s second oldest underground railway.

3)Turkey introduced tulips to the world.

4) Agriculture began in Turkey.

5)Oldest Christian church is in Antakya, Turkey.

6) Oldest known settlement is in Turkey, and it called Göbeklitepe.

7) World’s second biggest beach is in Samandağ, Turkey and it is 14 km long.

8)Some people think camels are common in Turkey, but there isn’t any native camel in Turkey. As a Turkish person I never seen a camel before, including zoos!

Closing

Thanks for the reading my blog, if you liked my blog please tell me on the comment section! 

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Level 28
Apr 22, 2021
I agree with Malkiboy! This is a good blog for a first post! Nice to know about Turkey! I like a little bit of Turkey, mainly because the mosques of Hagia Sophia and Sultan Ahmed Mosque, at Istanbul (despite I am protestant, I like the architecture), the food like that gelatinous cubes with tea/coffee, the history, mainly what appear in Bible and the 7 churches of Apocalypse... Turkey looks nice for travel (just take care with safe...)...
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Level 52
Apr 22, 2021
I agree too, but I do wish you read over the blog and fixed the grammar and spelling mistakes.
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Level 28
Apr 22, 2021
Yeah.
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Level 28
Apr 22, 2021
I also like Bosphorus Bridge
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Level 28
Apr 22, 2021
Curiosity: When you said that the second largest beach is in Turkey, I, as Brazilian can say: we have the longest beach of the world! Cassino Beach, between Chuí (southernmost point in Brazil), to Rio Grande (most southernmost city in Brazil, with more than 100k inhabitants), in the state of Rio Grande do Sul :)

220km of extension!!!

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Level 35
Apr 22, 2021
Yes, I know Brazil has the longest beach. I hope I’ll go there one day.
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Level 28
Apr 22, 2021
Me too... we have tons of amazing beaches, mainly in Northeast Region. Beaches of Rio de Janeiro (state) and São Paulo (state) are also beautiful. You should search some of them.
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Level 28
Apr 22, 2021
And this is the extension on Google Maps!

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Level 35
Apr 22, 2021
That’s so big! Amazing! I hope I can visit that beach one day.
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Level 28
Apr 22, 2021
Isn't beautiful (as the images look), but looks nice :)
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Level 35
Apr 22, 2021
Yes, it is a nice country to visit!
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Level 28
Apr 22, 2021
My dream of visit Turkey. From a Turkish person, to know that is a good country is already a start.
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Level 50
Apr 23, 2021
Warm beaches, hot summers... I've been waiting for that for years!
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Level 57
Apr 24, 2021
I've been to many Turkish Cities, Such as Eskisehir, Ankara, Konya, Istanbul and Bursa, all are very nice places!
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Level 54
Apr 23, 2021
Nice blog
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Level 35
Apr 23, 2021
Thank you.
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Level 43
Apr 29, 2021
This got an honorable mention but my Armenia one didn’t

I don’t understand

Still a good blog, and not trying to be rude in any way, but I think mine was better.

People have their opinions. I guess mine is just different and that’s ok

I can make other blogs

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Level 35
Apr 29, 2021
Okay.
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Level 26
May 9, 2021
There is no need to complain about these sorts of things on someone else's blog is there?
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Level 25
Apr 30, 2021
Nice 👏
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Level 35
Apr 30, 2021
Thanks!
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Level 67
Apr 30, 2021
🦃
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Level 35
Apr 30, 2021
Yes it is turkey.