Most Expensive Cities Quiz

Name the world's most expensive cities, according to Expatistan.
As of December, 2020. The "reference city" of Prague has a price index of 100
I've removed cities with a metro population less than 500,000
Ignoring cities that are not the main city in their urban area
There is no data for Tokyo
Quiz by Quizmaster
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Last updated: December 7, 2020
First submittedJune 19, 2012
Times taken88,242
Rating4.24
4:00
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Price Index
Continent
City
249
Europe
Geneva
240
Europe
Zurich
234
North America
New York City
227
North America
San Francisco
226
Europe
London
208
Europe
Dublin
207
Asia
Hong Kong
205
North America
Washington D.C.
199
Europe
Copenhagen
198
Europe
Oslo
197
Oceania
Sydney
196
North America
Boston
Price Index
Continent
City
194
Oceania
Honolulu
193
Oceania
Auckland
191
Europe
Paris
189
North America
Los Angeles
187
Europe
Amsterdam
187
North America
Chicago
185
Asia
Tel Aviv
183
North America
San Diego
183
Asia
Singapore
181
North America
Seattle
181
North America
Miami
+3
Level ∞
Sep 6, 2014
Also see most expensive countries. A lot of this has to do with relative currency values.
+8
Level 51
Oct 2, 2014
When I took geography in school, I never heard of a continent called Oceania.
+243
Level 59
Oct 2, 2014
then you should ask for a refund
+6
Level 52
Sep 6, 2017
hahahahha
+3
Level 70
Jan 6, 2018
+1
+5
Level 66
Feb 9, 2020
ammo55 is partially correct though
+3
Level 51
May 19, 2020
True!!!
+8
Level 61
May 27, 2020
Here in Italy it's always been Oceania, on atlases, school books, TV, Wikipedia, whatever, at least since I can remember, which means the last 45ish years. The Disney movie "Moana" here it's been retitled "Oceania" (to avoid references to Moana Pozzi, a very famous porn star and public figure in the 80's and 90's). Australia is unique as it's considered a continent in some geographic context (and not technically an island), and a country in every other sense. But there's no mistake that Oceania is the right word in the Italian language.
+4
Level 84
Dec 7, 2020
This is the highest ever "upvote" total I've ever seen on Jetpunk, impressive! 122 as of today and probably climbing. :-)
+8
Level 63
Oct 2, 2014
Same here. I was always taught that Australia is the continent and Oceania is the name give to the group of islands in that area. At least that is how most US children are taught.
+3
Level 57
Feb 16, 2021
nope. I was taught Australia up until 3rd grade (I'm 18 for reference) and from then on it was always "Australia is a country, Oceania is the continent
+2
Level 60
Feb 18, 2021
We learned that Australia was a continent, too (I'm 43). Here's an interesting take from Nat Geo: https://www.nationalgeographic.org/encyclopedia/oceania-physical-geography/. Not saying one way is right vs. another -- interesting discussion, though!
+3
Level 35
Apr 25, 2016
I live in Melbourne, so let me clear this up for you. It's real name is Australasia and Oceania. Most people are just too lazy to write all that out, so they shorten it to 'Australia', or 'Oceania'
+9
Level 21
Apr 25, 2016
That would be incorrect, as Indonesia is a part of Australasia, but is an Asian country. The continent is just Oceania.

The continent used to be called Australia, but because Australia was the name of a country, it was changed to Oceania to suit NZ and the islands in the South Pacific. The name was changed ~10 years ago, so most people wouldn't have learned it in school.

+15
Level 63
May 16, 2016
Obviously, by virtue of living in Melbourne, you know everything about the entire continent.
+8
Level 84
Dec 7, 2020
Probably really lives in Geelong. :)
+8
Level 83
Dec 8, 2020
The past never has been altered. Oceania is at war with Eastasia. Oceania has always been at war with Eastasia.
+5
Level 67
Jul 16, 2016
In the United States I believe they teach it as "Australia" while much of the rest of the world techies it as "Oceania".
+7
Level 81
Sep 6, 2017
I think when I was a child the convention was Australia and the Oceania caught on sometime around the mid-2000s... ish?
+8
Level 78
Feb 5, 2019
I was always taught it was "the continent of Australia" when I was in school in the 1960s, but back then there was no attempt to include every island with a continent. The largest land masses were continents, and islands located far away were just islands, even though many of them might be connected culturally, politically, or by plate tectonics. My teachers would have thought me ridiculous if I had said Hawaii was part of North America, yet today I often see it listed that way geopolitically even though geographically it is part of Polynesia. No wonder we all get confused over these issues.
+3
Level 62
Mar 25, 2019
Let's be clear the US has a lot of strange ideas (hrmm. Imperial System) that aren't taught in other parts of the world.
+2
Level 75
Nov 5, 2019
^ The imperial system can be very useful - a lot of it is based on pragmatism such as being able to use body parts to measure inches or feet (useful for a carpenter for example).

The metric system is not so good at this, but it is easier to remember and has much more scientific utility as different types of measurements can easily be translated into each other.

For example, 1C is the temperature rise when 1 cc of water is heated by 1 joule of energy (under normal atmospheric pressure). Or something like that... someone can correct me on however I got that wrong

+3
Level 83
Dec 13, 2020
^ Quick now without looking anything up and doing all the simple arithmetic in your head...

If I have a container 36 x 30 x 20 inches how many gallons of water will it hold? How many cubic feet? How much does the water weigh?

Now how many liters, grams and cubic centimeters of water fill my container 36 x 30 x 20 centimeters?

Apart from the foot if you are around 6 feet tall no English measurements mean squat to simpler visualization. The nautical mile has a rudimentary meaning, but apart from people traveling distance on open water or air no one knows what it's for. A mile a minute. The kilometer in the same measurement and in its original.sense works much better though.

+2
Level 34
Feb 16, 2021
that's the whole point of the original comment, the imperial system isn't used for precise measurement. You're not always going to need to know the volume of a specific container, and if you do, you're obviously going to use the metric system because it's easier, and it was designed for that. No one's arguing over which system is better for converting length to volume or whatever, because only one system was designed for that in mind.
+3
Level 62
Sep 6, 2017
It is hard to define a continent. Is it a big land-mass? How big? Does culture play a role? So is Europe apart from Asia? Is Greenland a continent?

The point is, Oceania is clear as a hint, you should just work with it ;) If it said Australia instead, what should it say for Auckland?

Btw, as far as I'm concerned, there are only two continents: Afro-Eurasia and America. You either live on a continent, or on an island. The latter includes people living the UK, Indonesia and Japan.

+1
Level 83
Dec 13, 2020
I spent a lot of time living on a boat on the continental shelf and bringing its contents to the surface. Not sure where I fit into that plan.
+2
Level 69
Feb 5, 2019
In my country it's been known as Oceania since at least my parents' youth. I was born in 81'.

As for the comment about the name "America", it was called that (singular) way before some countries divided it in two and started using the plural, probably to distinguish it from the US, which is incorrectly called "America".

+3
Level 40
Feb 7, 2019
In the netherlands i learned it as "Australia and Oceania"
+1
Level 75
Mar 22, 2021
I find it strange that people think Oceania is a continent. An ocean - which most of Oceania consists of as the name suggests - is the antithesis of a continent. By no conceivable definition of the word continent - vague though it may be - is Oceania a continent. Yes, it often listed alongside continents for ease of grouping countries, but it is not one. Australia is the continent, Oceania is a regional grouping that includes the continent of Australia. Australia the continent includes Australia the country as well as Papua New Guinea and the Indonesian provinces of Papua and West Papua. Oceania includes these, plus the island nations and territories of the south and central Pacific. Perhaps I need a Venn diagram...
+1
Level 32
Oct 2, 2014
When creating a quiz, are there any instructions? I can't find any FAQ's or how to create tags, add photos etc.

Thanks

+1
Level 84
Oct 2, 2014
User created quizzes can't use photos, only Quizmaster. Pretty simple to do actually, if you just go in and start creating.
+7
Level ∞
Jan 22, 2019
A lot has changed since 2014! Users can add photos. We also have instructions, thanks to user Stewart.
+2
Level 56
Oct 23, 2014
Very good quiz !
+9
Level 67
Jul 16, 2016
Is Honolulu actually in North America? I always though it was in Oceania.
+8
Level 78
Dec 1, 2016
I had to look that up, too. Apparently it is not part of North America geographically, but is considered part of it politically. Some include it as part of Oceania geographically, while others says it isn't part of any continent. Sneaky one, QM.
+2
Level 67
Sep 6, 2017
I'm the same - as soon as I timed out and it came up in red, I called shenanigans on that. Hawai'i is a Polynesian island chain in the Pacific: to me, that counts as Oceania. Shenanigans!
+1
Level 65
Jan 24, 2020
Greenland isn’t considered North America for the same reason
+2
Level 45
Sep 24, 2016
no hamilton, bermuda? or is that not considered a "city" (tbh it probably isn't)
+1
Level 47
Feb 17, 2021
I am... slightly late in replying, but one of the caveats says no cities with a metro population below 500k.
+6
Level 54
Jan 20, 2017
Isn't Hawaii a part of oceania, the island being a part of polynesia? According to Wikipedia it is, at least so I think the hint is wrong. Also, as a canadian I was taught that oceania is the continent and australia is just an island.
+1
Level 28
May 28, 2017
well Hawaii is so...
+1
Level 65
May 7, 2020
I agree 100%. I feel like the only reason Honolulu is marked as being in North America is just to be misleading. Although it is definitely more politically connected with the North American mainland, it is geographically part of Polynesia, a region in Oceania.
+4
Level 52
Sep 6, 2017
Isnt Honolulu in Oceania?
+2
Level 86
Sep 6, 2017
Let me bing that for you. http://tinyurl.com/ya48vjlz
+3
Level 44
Sep 6, 2017
Honolulu is in hawaii and hawaii is in Oceania
+2
Level 86
Sep 6, 2017
So you're just going with the theory that if it's in the ocean, it's part of Oceania?
+2
Level 81
Nov 19, 2018
It's much closer to Kiribati than it is to the continental part of North America, but it's closer to North America than it is to the continental part of Australia, and most likely gets roped in with North America since it is part of the United States and in the middle of the Pacific isolated from everything else so why not.
+1
Level 81
Sep 6, 2017
Bern does not have a metro population of 500,000 or more.
+3
Level 86
Sep 6, 2017
The wikipedia article states the following: The metropolitan area had a population of 660,000 in 2000.
+1
Level 81
Jan 22, 2019
Hmm. Citypopulation.de puts its "agglomeration core" at 274,782.
+1
Level 60
Sep 6, 2017
since when is Singapore a "city?" is it not a nation? also, it would be nice to have some sort of context. most expensive cities in what way? to live in? travel to and from? wages? inflation?
+11
Level 86
Sep 6, 2017
It's a city-state. If Vatican City had a population of more than 500,000, it would surely make this list as well. Just try booking a hotel room there - prices are INSANE.
+4
Level 78
Jan 22, 2019
You can book a hotel room inside Vatican?
+13
Level 70
Feb 5, 2019
I imagine they'd just say there's no room at the inn
+3
Level 62
Sep 6, 2017
Well, I learned something about Switzerland today...Also, I hate Honolulu now for being the only one I missed
+1
Level 71
Jan 6, 2018
Still surprised someone can find a source where Bern's metro has a population over 500.000.... As the instructions state those smaller metros would have been removed. At least for Basel and Geneva (some) sources do havve metro areas over 500.000 (although barely)
+1
Level 78
Jan 22, 2019
It's probably the whole canton plus Fribourg plus maybe others
+7
Level 72
Jan 22, 2019
Bernese here, I've checked this. Citypopulation.de lists the Bernese agglomeration as having 440 k, but this extends from Fribourg all the way down to Thun. This seems pretty awkward, as most of the parts in this region (that's what I'd call it) are actually rural. The urban area is probably identical to the urban core, connecting all of the suburbs (Köniz, Ostermundigen etc.). Here basically everything is urban. This is listed as having 275 k.

In Switzerland, you basically never refer to a city by naming the agglomeration figure, but even including this weird counting system of citypopulation.de, which basically includes everything within 20 km, regardless of the landscape, Bern still doesn't reach 500k.

+1
Level 75
Mar 16, 2018
The Economist's list that I was looking at yesterday is quite different. Singapore comes in at number one, followed by Paris, Zurich and Hong Kong.
+1
Level 78
Dec 17, 2019
You can choose very different costs to measure this.
+4
Level 66
Apr 6, 2018
No Vancouver?
+2
Level 65
Nov 19, 2018
Or Toronto?
+3
Level ∞
Jan 22, 2019
The Canadian dollar is down. Visiting from Seattle, prices in Vancouver were pretty cheap. Obviously housing is still ridiculous.
+4
Level 76
Jan 23, 2019
@MrBeast6000 Vancouver is one of the most unaffordable cities in the world, not one of the most expensive. In other words, if you compare wages to cost of living, Vancouver kills it.
+4
Level 66
Nov 20, 2018
Thank you for the quiz, Quizmaster, I enjoyed doing it and found it challenging. However, I wonder if you could add a little more clarification in the instructions at the top please? Specifically, I was unsure if this quiz was asking about the most expensive cities in terms of house prices, or the most expensive cities in terms of daily cost of living. I’m sure there’s a lot of overlap, but it would have changed some of my answers.
+1
Level 65
Jan 23, 2019
maybe just explain how the index works
+1
Level 74
Jan 31, 2019
Got all except for the 3 Swiss ones. Sigh.
+1
Level 46
Feb 5, 2019
New Zealand is now considered part of a separate continent called Zealandia which is 95% submerged below the Pacific
+4
Level 78
Feb 5, 2019
Why don't we just call them all part of Gondwana and be done with it?
+1
Level 46
Feb 5, 2019
fake iplay
+1
Level 56
Feb 5, 2019
I have no clue what their methodology is, but I have no idea how you can exclude both Vancouver and Toronto, which have some of the most expensive housing markets in the world. Housing prices in places like Chicago, say, are nowhere near what they are in Vancouver and Toronto, and I can't imagine services and goods are that much cheaper in Canada to make up the difference.
+1
Level 32
Feb 5, 2019
On their website I did not see them include anything about taxes or stuff relating to like like education, universal healthcare
+1
Level 30
Feb 5, 2019
The Middle East is not a continent, and Honolulu is not in North America, but in Oceania.
+5
Level ∞
Feb 5, 2019
Take it up with the Better Business Bureau
+1
Level 60
Feb 6, 2019
Middle East is a Continent ?
+1
Level 65
Feb 6, 2019
I wasn't surprised that Tokyo was on the list but I was surprised that Kyoto wasn't - I found Kyoto to be the more expensive out of the two for accomodation, food and services.
+1
Level 37
Feb 7, 2019
I was surprised to see that Seattle was on the list but not Toronto. I googled it and saw that to be correct but was surprised even more to see that although Seattle is slightly more expensive, the average income is almost double.
+2
Level 32
Feb 11, 2019
Zurich Town population is 402,762

Geneva Town population is 198,979

Bern Town population is 133'315

All are less than the 500'000 minimum limit you mentioned !

+1
Level 52
Feb 16, 2021
Maybe there is more than one way to measure the population of a city?
+1
Level 62
Mar 25, 2019
I haven't heard of this new "Middle East" continent before. I wonder where it could be? I can't imagine it just sprung up out of the ocean since when I was in school.
+1
Level 62
Apr 4, 2019
Just being curious, which city was the most expensive that had less than 500,000?
+1
Level 64
Oct 14, 2019
Grand Cayman on the Cayman Islands.
+3
Level 72
Sep 21, 2019
I think Honolulu should be put in Oceania, instead of North America
+1
Level 59
Oct 6, 2019
Source?
+1
Level 64
Oct 14, 2019
For anyone who was wondering what most expensive means. They included different costs of living: Food, housing, clothes, transportation, personal care and entertainment.
+1
Level 70
Dec 10, 2019
How is it possible that Honolulu (Hawaii) is in North America?

Is it because it is part of the US? Well I guess French Guyana is part of Europe then.

+1
Level 58
Dec 10, 2019
I'm not fond of continents because most aren't unanimously defined a certain way. There will always be debates over where borderline places are. I prefer landmasses because they are all unarguably defined by the coastline, which is a very defined line.
+1
Level 39
Dec 16, 2019
No Las Vegas or Shanghai?
+1
Level 62
Apr 24, 2020
San Jose, California should be included (Price Index 218, Population 1.03 million)
+1
Level 74
Dec 8, 2020
I'm guessing that the exclusion in the instructions for "not the largest city in its urban area" applies. San Jose is in the San Francisco "urban area".
+1
Level 51
May 19, 2020
I was surprised not to see Vienna!
+2
Level 56
Dec 8, 2020
That means nothing to me
+1
Level 45
Sep 22, 2020
the Middle east is not a continent
+3
Level 84
Dec 7, 2020
In this revision, I'm amazed to see no cities at all from Japan, Germany, or Italy. No Tokyo, Munich, or Rome. Is this for real, or are you just excluding Axis countries?
+1
Level 81
Dec 7, 2020
Yeah, the quiz instructions mention that Tokyo is excluded, but they don't mention that there are a *lot* of other cities that are excluded. (With metro population bigger than 500,000 and the largest city in the urban area.) It's not just "Guess the expensive cities". It's "Guess the expensive cities that happen to be in this data set."
+1
Level ∞
Dec 7, 2020
As far as I know there were never any cities from Italy or Germany on the list.
+1
Level 66
Dec 8, 2020
Forgot Amsterdam, Tel Aviv, Miami, and the Scandinavian cities. One of the worst parts about camping the New Featured screens is that the 95% percentiles higher because all the smart people are camping it too.
+1
Level 40
Feb 16, 2021
Of course I try Tokyo three, not realizing that there is no data on it.
+1
Level 28
Feb 16, 2021
Its ridiculous that Dublin is on the list! Above cities like Hong Kong! For example, the rent and house prices in Dublin are crazy.
+1
Level 60
Feb 16, 2021
On JetPunk, the concept of continents is basically "Let's divide all the land on the earth into seven sections and call them continents," which works fine for JetPunk's purposes. It's arbitrary, and it doesn't match other definitions of what continents are, but those aren't bad things. Every definition of the contintents is arbitrary is some way. Different people define them in different ways, to serve different purposes, and that's fine. No system is objectively superior.
+1
Level 60
Feb 16, 2021
Personally I'm fond of the system used by the IANA Time Zone Database. Far-flung islands are categorized not under continents, but under oceans. So the Hawaii time zone is designated "Pacific/Honolulu."
+3
Level 53
Feb 16, 2021
you realize hawaii is a US state, the US is in north america, not oceana.
+2
Level 31
Feb 18, 2021
Based on this logic then New Caledonia (which is next to Australia) is in Europe because it is part of France...
+1
Level 83
Mar 25, 2021
French Guiana is as much a part of France as Hawaii is part of the United States but that doesn't make it part of Europe. It is possible for a country to have territory in a different continent than their main landmass. See Spain, Egypt, Turkey and the Netherlands for further information.
+1
Level 47
Feb 17, 2021
I've lived in Honolulu for 10+ years and barely guessed it in time..... The Oceania debate is more interesting than the quiz!
+1
Level 31
Feb 18, 2021
There are already many good references like the Economist to evaluate the cost of living in a city. I am surprised that this quiz is based on people entering data themselves.

Also for example, the housing cost is based on renting a furnished apartment??? Seriously???

A real study would always take the average price of 1 square meter to buy.

Also 45 square meter studio?? This doesn't even exist in Paris.

No wonder the results are quite different than other studies...

+2
Level 51
Mar 13, 2021
oh Quizmaster you are teasing us with that Honolulu!