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Geography Vocab - AP Human Geography, unit 1

Enter an answer into the box. This quiz was built off of a list of vocabulary for unit 1 of the AP Human Geography course.
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Last updated: August 26, 2012
First submittedAugust 26, 2012
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The acquisition of data about Earth's surface from a satellite orbiting the planet or other long-distance methods.
remote sensing
The location of a place relative to other places.
situation
The spread of a feature or trend from one key person or node of authority or power to other persons or places.
hierarchical diffusion
The reduction in the time it takes to diffuse something to a distant place as a result of improved communications and transportation systems.
space-time compression
An area that people believe exists as part of their cultural identity.
vernacular region
The rapid, widespread diffusion of a feature or tred throughout a population.
contagious diffusion
The science of making maps.
cartography
A system that determines the precise position of something on Earth through a series of satellites, tracking stations, and receivers.
GPS
An arc that for the most part follows 180 degrees longitude, although it deviates in several places to avoid dividing land areas. When you cross it heading east (toward America), the clock moves back 24 hours. When you cross it heading east (towards Asia) the calendar moves ahead one day.
International Date Line
The name given to a portion of Earth's surface.
toponym
A region from which innovative ideas originate.
hearth
The diminishing in importance and eventual disappearance of a phenomenon with increasing distance from its origin.
distance-decay
The spread of a feature or trend through bodily movement of people from one place to another.
relocation diffusion
The relationship between the size of an object on a map and the size of the actual feature on Earth's surface.
scale
The frequency with which something exists within a given unit of area.
density
The numbering system used to indicate the location of meridians drawn on a globe and measuring distance east and west of the prime meridian.
longitude
The spread of an underlying principle, even though a specific characteristic is rejected.
stimulus diffusion
A 2-D, or flat, representation of Earth's surface or a portion of it.
map
The theory that the physical environment may set limits on human actions but that people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment and choose a course of action from many alternatives.
possibilism
The (general) spreading of a feature or trend from one place to another over time.
diffusion
The spread of a feature or trend among people from one area to another in a snowballing process.
expansion diffusion
The physical character of a place.
site
An area organized around a node or focal point.
functional region
Geographic approach that emphasizes human-environment relationships.
cultural ecology
The body of customary beliefs, social forms, and material traits that together constitute the distinct tradition of a group of people.
culture
The arrangement of something across Earth's surface.
distribution
The numbering system used to indicate the location of parallels drawn on a globe and measuring distance north and south of the equator.
latitude
A 19th and early 20th century approach that argued that physical environment caused human activities.
environmental determinism
An area in which everyone shares in one or more distinctive characteristics.
formal region
A computer system that stores, organizes, analyzes, and displays geographic data.
GIS
A type of map or chart especially designed to show a particular theme connected with a specific geographic area.
thematic map
The study of spatial relationships between geographic features by using the processes of modeling, examination and interpreting, for the purpose of evaluating, estimating, predicting and understanding these relationships.
spatial analysis
The concept that as the distance from a point increases, the interactions with that point decrease.
friction of distance
A cylindrical map projection that distorts shape near the poles, doesn't distort near the equator, and is good for navigation because latitude and longitude lines intersect at right angles, so direction is consistent.
Mercator projection
A map projection useful for displaying information about the oceans, but makes land areas much smaller than on interrupteed maps of the same size.
Robinson projection
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