Country Names from their Etymology

Name the countries using the etymology of the country name. Sourced from Wikipedia's List of country name etymologies.
Quiz by darri
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Last updated: November 14, 2018
First submittedJune 20, 2018
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Meaning
Country
AMERICAS
Land beside the Silvery River
Argentina
Land of Bolivar
Bolivia
Land of Columbus
Colombia
Equator
Ecuador
Derived from the Italian for "Little Venice"
Venezuela
Likely from "baja mar" ("low" or "shallow sea")
Bahamas
Bearded Ones – the name may derive from the appearance of the island's fig trees or from the beards of the indigenous people
Barbados
Sunday Island
Dominica
"Forest", from the Nahuatl "Cuauhtēmallān" (lit. "Place of Many Trees")
Guatemala
From the Taíno/Arawak Indian 'Xaymaca', "Land of wood and water". Clue: read the local name carefully
Jamaica
Rich Coast
Costa Rica
The Savior
El Salvador
From the Iroquoian word for "village". Clue: small name for a big country.
Canada
EUROPE
Land of the Aesti
Estonia
From the German meaning "eastern borderland"
Austria
White Russia
Belarus
Land of the Franks
France
From the Turkic 'on-ogur', "(people of the) ten arrows".
Hungary
From the German "light stone" ("light" as in "bright").
Liechtenstein
Little Castle. Clue: small but very luxurious
Luxembourg
From the Greek "Melita" (Μελίτη) meaning "honey"
Malta
"Black Mountain" in the Venetian dialect of Italian
Montenegro
Low Lands
Netherlands
Northern Way
Norway
Roman Realm
Romania
"Island of Hyraxes" (a kind of rabbit), derived from the Punic ʾÎ-šəpānîm (אי שפנים). Clue: Not an island (!), and read the Punic carefully
Spain
"Edge, borderland" from the Slavic "kraj" or "okraina"
Ukraine
MIDDLE EAST
"Land of the Aryans" or "Land of the Free"
Iran
El(God) Persists / Rules
Israel
Meaning
Country
From the Hebrew and Canaanite root "ירד‎ yrd" – "descend" (into the Dead Sea).
Jordan
From the Arabic diminutive form of "كوت‎" (Kut or Kout), meaning "fortress built near water"
Kuwait
AFRICA
Country of the Tswana
Botswana
From the Arabic "al-Jazāʼir" (الجزائر‎, "the Islands"), a truncated form of "Jazā’ir Banī Māzġānna" (جزائر بني مازغان‎, "Islands of the sons of Mazġannā")
Algeria
Land of the Rundi Speakers
Burundi
Green Cape
Cape Verde
From the Kanuri word "tsade" ("lake")
Chad
"Cloak", from the Portuguese 'Gabão', bestowed on the Komo River estuary for its supposed resemblance to a gabão, a kind of pointy-hooded overcoat
Gabon
"Land of the Red Sea" from the Greek Erythrá Thálassa (Ἐρυθρά Θάλασσα, "Red Sea").
Eritrea
From the Kikuyu "Kere Nyaga" ("White Mountain")
Kenya
"Country of the Free", so named because the country was established as a homeland for freed (liberated) African-American slaves.
Liberia
Land of the Moors
Mauritania
Probably from the Berber "mur [n] akush" (ⵎⵓⵔ ⵏ ⴰⴽⵓⵛ, "Land of God")
Morocco
Probably comes from the name of a previous Arab ruler, the sheik Mussa Ben Mbiki
Mozambique
From the Nama language meaning "Area where there is nothing"
Namibia
From a native term meaning "River Gir" or from Tuareg "n'eghirren" ("flowing water")
Niger
"Lion Mountains", adapted from the Spanish
Sierra Leone
Land of Tanganyika and Zanzibar
Tanzania
Land of the Zambezi
Zambia
"House of Stones", "Dzimba-dze-mabwe" in the Shona language
Zimbabwe
ASIA
Country of the Bang
Bangladesh
Land of the Kambojas, from Sanskrit "Kambojadeśa"
Cambodia
Sun Origin
Japan
From the Sanskrit "maladvipa" (मालदीव), meaning "garland of islands".
Maldives
"Land of the Pure" in Urdu and Persian
Pakistan
"Lion City", derives from Sanskrit word simhapura (सिंहपुर)
Singapore
OCEANIA
Southern Land
Australia
An adaptation of "Gilbert", from the former European name the "Gilbert Islands". Clue: begins with 'K'
Kiribati
Indigenous name is Aotearoa meaning "Land of the Long White Cloud". Clue: named after a Dutch province
New Zealand
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