It's arbitrary but this is how the author quaified it. Spain is usually considered a European country, so it's included, while Egypt is considered an African country, so it's not, even though Sinai is in Asia, if Suez channel is the border.
The existence of a Palestinian state is pure fantasy. I've lived there. It does not exist. I've also been to Cyprus, Northern Cyprus, Georgia, and Adjara incidentally.
Like "Palestine," they each have been recognized by multiple members of the United Nations and carry on foreign diplomatic relations with multiple other countries. They issue their own passports. They hold their own elections. They have their own flag.
JetPunk takes a holistic view when it comes to country recognition. UN recognition and foreign diplomatic relations is *part* of the equation. But it's not the whole equation. If other UN member states recognize a country, this is a clue that the country being recognized might exist. It's evidence for that. But it's not the whole story. Because there are other reasons that UN members might choose to recognize or not recognize another country. Mostly politics, economics, and popularity. It doesn't always have to do with reality. So... Taiwan is less recognized in the UN because the members don't want to piss off China. But to say that makes Taiwan less of a real country is nuts.
Meanwhile, Palestine's claim is affirmed by most of Eastern Europe (generally undemocratic), Russia, China and friends (undemocratic), most of the Middle East (who have good reason to encourage an antisemitic country), most of Africa (generally undemocratic), most of South America (fairly undemocratic), and southeast Asia (generally undemocratic). It's safe to assume that the will of the people doesn't necessarily line up with these nations' UN representatives, no? For starters, compare these images:
you want to put on it is your problem, but geographically it is an
Panama to be in North America, though it is tethered to Colombia.
Same reason why the state of washington is closer to canada than texas is. You wouldnt say the are equally close would you? Eventhough they are both in the USA