This Day in History - October

Can you guess these things that happened in the month of October?
Quiz by Quizmaster
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Last updated: August 20, 2020
First submittedOctober 9, 2012
Times taken23,016
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Date
Year
Clue
Answer
Oct 1
331 BC
This conqueror defeats the Persians at the Battle of Gaugamela
Alexander the Great
Oct 2
1535
Jacques Cartier arrives at the present-day site of this city
on the St. Lawrence river
Montreal
Oct 3
1990
This country is reunified
Germany
Oct 4
1957
This satellite becomes the first human-built object to orbit Earth
Sputnik 1
Oct 5
2011
This technology pioneer dies of pancreatic cancer
Steve Jobs
Oct 6
1973
Syria and Egypt invade Israel on this Jewish holiday
Yom Kippur
Oct 7
1962
Dr. No, the first movie to feature this character, is released
James Bond
Oct 8
1871
Mrs. O'Leary's cow allegedly starts a fire in this city
Chicago
Oct 9
768
This ruler is crowned King of the Franks
Charlemagne
Oct 10
1911
The start of the Xinhai Revolution, which overthrew this
imperial dynasty, China's last
Qing
Oct 11
1962
This Catholic council convenes. It would introduce many changes,
such as allowing masses to be held in languages besides Latin.
Second Vatican
Council
Oct 12
1810
This Munich festival is held for the first time
Oktoberfest
Oct 13
54
This musical enthusiast becomes emperor of Rome
Nero
Oct 14
1066
William the Conqueror wins this pivotal battle
Battle of Hastings
Oct 15
1917
Exotic dancer Mata Hari is executed for this crime
Espionage
Oct 16
1793
This French queen is guillotined
Marie Antoinette
Oct 17
1604
This explosion is first observed from Earth. For weeks, it would appear
brighter than any star in the night sky.
Kepler's Supernova
Oct 18
1898
This island becomes a U.S. territory
Puerto Rico
Oct 19
1812
Napoleon retreats from this city. Fewer than 10% of his troops
will survive the long march back to France.
Moscow
Oct 20
1944
General Douglas MacArthur returns to this country after being
forced to flee two years earlier
Philippines
Oct 21
1805
This one-armed admiral defeats the French at the Battle of Trafalgar
Horatio Nelson
Oct 22
1836
Sam Houston becomes the first president of this short-lived country
Texas
Oct 23
4004 BC
The world is created, according to James Ussher's calculations
based on this book
The Bible
Oct 24
1901
Annie Taylor becomes the first person to go over these in a barrel
Niagara Falls
Oct 25
1415
This English king defeats the French at Agincourt
Henry V
Oct 26
1881
The "Gunfight at the O.K. Corral" occurs in this Arizona frontier town
Tombstone
Oct 27
1682
This American city is founded by William Penn
Philadelphia
Oct 28
1962
Ending a crisis, the USSR agrees to remove its missiles from this country
Cuba
Oct 29
1618
This English adventurer, who tried to colonize Virginia, is beheaded
Walter Raleigh
Oct 30
1922
This fascist becomes Prime Minister of Italy
Benito Mussolini
Oct 31
2011
The human population of Earth reaches this number
(according to the U.N.)
7 billion
+11
Level 71
Apr 23, 2014
There always seem to be one question in every single one of those long quiz that my eyes apparently skip over and that I realize I never even read only once the answer are posted. This time it was the Puerto Rico one. It's really frustrating because I usually know the answer.
+1
Level 55
May 7, 2014
Same here.
+7
Level 60
Feb 9, 2017
Happens to me all the time. I swear questions are added once I move past to subsequent ones.
+5
Level 82
Sep 18, 2017
This!!!!! Wow, glad to see I'm not the only one this happens to.
+3
Level 55
May 7, 2014
I never knew about the beheading.
+2
Level 56
Oct 1, 2015
I'm surprised anyone gets Sir Walter Raleigh from that description! In the UK he's most famous for importing the first tobacco. I didn't even remember he'd been executed - he packed a lot into his life before that!
+2
Level 79
Dec 11, 2015
I always thought his beheading was pretty famous.
+1
Level 85
Sep 3, 2018
That super femme collar always comes to mind when I think of him getting beheaded.
+1
Level 81
Oct 4, 2021
In the US, he's most famous for the first English attempt to colonize North America - the failed Roanoke Colony. I don't remember ever being taught anything about him that happened after c.1585.
+2
Level 74
Oct 2, 2020
In my experience, he's pretty well known in Britain for being beheaded too.
+1
Level 69
Sep 2, 2021
I thought he was let off because he blubbed on the way to the block?
+1
Level 82
Oct 1, 2021
On "The Unbelievable Truth" (BBC Radio Show), one of the truths about Sir Walter Raleigh was that his wife carried his embalmed head around in a bag after his death.
+1
Level 91
Oct 3, 2015
Personally I think that a question for Oct. 28 (1940) should be about the Greeks denying the Italians asylum in Greece, thus drastically changing the outcome of WW2 in the allies favour.
+6
Level 76
Oct 10, 2015
as opposed to event in the current question, which dramatically changed the outcome of WW3 in everyone's favour?
+1
Level 67
Jun 8, 2019
outcome of a worldwar in everyones favour... something not right there..
+3
Level 69
Sep 2, 2021
The outcome was that the world war didn't happen, so yeah!
+1
Level 64
Oct 1, 2021
know a lot of historical facts about oct 28 as it’s a special day for me:

• cuban missile crisis ended

• constantine became first emperor to lead christian army into battle

• eli whitney patents cotton gin

• bill gates’ birthday

• lee jang rim predicted the world would end that day

+1
Level 75
Sep 17, 2017
Also accept 7000000000?
+1
Level 79
Sep 17, 2017
That is accepted.
+2
Level 78
Oct 1, 2018
It was the one I didn't know so I just started typing each number with lots of zeros and finally got it.
+1
Level 67
Jun 8, 2019
I knew it was billion started with 6 then went down then up
+1
Level 60
Oct 1, 2018
October 14, William the Conqueror was not a "conqueror" before the Battle of Hastings, he was the "Bastard". And October 27, grammatical mistake "William Penn FINDS this American city". Nice quiz overall, though!
+11
Level 70
Oct 1, 2018
"Founds" is correct in this context. When someone establishes or starts something (like a city or a company), it is said that that person founded it. It comes from the same source as the word foundation, meaning the basis of something. "Finds" implies that the city already existed and that Penn just managed to locate it. See the second verb definition here.

Regarding the Battle of Hastings, the question isn't about William before the battle. One could say that at the moment he won the battle (as it is phrased in the question), he became The Conqueror.

+3
Level 83
Aug 23, 2020
please accept "spy" for mata hari
+1
Level 66
Sep 1, 2020
Does anyone else find him/herself mentally responding Jeopardy-style -- in the form of a question -- due to the phrasing of the hints?
+1
Level 64
Oct 1, 2021
‘fewer than 20%’ is grammatical overcensorship in the extreme. would you really say that in conversation?
+1
Level 84
Oct 6, 2021
I don't understand your objection.
+1
Level 61
Oct 2, 2021
Sinai Peninsula and Golan Heights are not Israel