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Science General Knowledge #1

Answer these random questions from the realm of science.
Quiz idea and some questions from Kestrana
Last updated: December 05, 2016
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Question
Answer
In what galaxy is the solar system located?
Milky Way
What species is the closest living relative to humans?
Chimpanzees
What is equal to mass times acceleration?
Force
What is the chemical formula for water?
H2O
Who was the first person to see the moons of Jupiter?
Galileo Galilei
What is the hardest known naturally-occurring material?
Diamond
What type of mineral is pencil "lead" made from?
Graphite
What element are both of the above minerals made from?
Carbon
The sun is currently a yellow dwarf. What type of star will it become in about 5 billion years?
Red Giant
What are the two types of particles in the nucleus of an atom?
Proton
Neutron
What Polish astronomer postulated that the Sun is the center of the solar system?
Nicolaus Copernicus
What process do plants use to turn light into energy?
Photosynthesis
Where would you find Olympus Mons?
Mars
What does a chronometer measure?
Time
What is the duodenum a part of?
Small Intestine
What type of sugar does the brain use for energy?
Glucose
Two elements of the Periodic Table are named after U.S. states. Name either element.
Californium or
Tennessine
What is the largest asteroid in the solar system?
Ceres
What do most humans have 23 pairs of?
Chromosomes
+5
level 80
May 16, 2016
Though it is located in the asteroid belt, the answer you list for the largest asteroid is not actually an asteroid. It was promoted to dwarf planet status years ago. I suggest you change the question to read: "What is the largest object orbiting within the solar system's asteroid belt?"
+1
level 69
Jun 7, 2016
Was just about to post the same thing. +1.
+1
level 57
Jul 20, 2016
I thought the same, but the fastidious, possibly picayune writers/editors on Wikipedia state that Ceres is both a dwarf planet and an asteroid.
+8
level 75
Jun 16, 2017
A plasteroid, if you will.
+1
level 16
Jun 30, 2017
^ I love it
+1
level 48
Aug 27, 2018
Then, I won't
+1
level 58
Nov 13, 2018
The writers of Wikipedia are anyone with an internet connection.
+2
level 73
Jul 20, 2016
Ceres is a dwarf planet and an asteroid, just as Pluto is a dwarf planet and a Trans-Neptunian Object, a Kuipier belt Object, and a Plutino. All minor planets between Mars and Jupiter are asteroids, even if they are also dwarf planets.
+2
level 37
Dec 11, 2016
There is are still many arguments about ceres, it's shaped like you would expect a asteroid to be but is incredibly large..
+1
level 52
Jul 20, 2016
Missed Copernicus and Ceres. For shame!
+1
level 60
Jul 20, 2016
Damn all you fancy-shmancy Latin names, Estonians simply call it "kaksteistsõrmiksool" ("twelve-finger-intestine"). P.S. I have absolutely no idea why.
+1
level 64
Jul 20, 2016
Interestingly, in Greek the name for duodenum is δωδεκαδάκτυλος (dodekadaktlylos), literally "12-fingered" intestine. Not exactly sure why.
+1
level 52
Jul 20, 2016
the same in german and i guess because it's as long as 12 fingers are?
+1
level 64
Jul 20, 2016
Same in German: Zwölffingerdarm
+1
level 65
Jul 20, 2016
The official story says it's for it's length: it's supposed to be twelve fingers long. There's also an urban legend claiming that the ancients considered the intestine the "twelfth finger".
+1
level 59
Jul 31, 2016
^ But....what was the eleventh?
+1
level 33
Nov 9, 2016
In Chinese it is "shi er zhi chang" which is just that, 12 fingered intestine. I begin to suspect some really ancient inter-cultural communication.
+1
level 58
Nov 13, 2018
DeusCaritasEst: Men or women?
+2
level 57
Jul 20, 2016
As duodenum comes from the Latin for "in twelves," the pattern holds.
+2
level 66
Jul 20, 2016
The 'Fancy-shmancy Latin names' you mention make it possible for all nations and languages to have a common scientific names for all people. What use would it be if the official international name for the 'Duodenum' was 'kaksteistsormiksool' and dodekadaktlylos and zwollffingerdarm etc etc ........ nobody would have a clue what they were talking about. Every doctor/scientist in the world understands what the word 'Duodenum' is referring to.
+2
level 64
Jul 20, 2016
The duodenum is part of the following things: gastrointestinal tract, gi tract, gut, foregut, digestive system and, yes, the small intestine. Please add these answers.
+1
level 57
Jul 20, 2016
While you're correct, usually when a question asks, "What is x a part of," it is typically understood that the answer is the next level of organization larger. GI tract, foregut, and digestive system are >1 level(s) of organization greater than the step from duodenum as subsection of the small intestine. I think expecting just the small intestine as the correct answer is justified thusly. That said, it comes down to the quizmaster's ultimately arbitrary decision as there is no hard, fast rules about this, so you're point does have validity from its perspective.
+6
level 70
Feb 28, 2017
The duodenum was also part of the Geneva Convention. Everybody that signed had one.
+1
level 57
Mar 6, 2018
Then you should add "a human."
+1
level 68
Jul 20, 2016
As of Jun 2016, you need to allow Tennessine as an element named after a US state
+1
level 80
Jul 20, 2016
Think that's jumping the gun a bit, as the name hasn't been confirmed yet. Last timeline I saw put approval likely in November.
+1
level 59
Jul 20, 2016
I never knew Copernicus was Polish. That's hardly a Polish last name.
+2
level 70
Jul 20, 2016
He was born as Mikołaj Kopernik. In those days scientists, writers, composers and such folk used to give a Latin ring to their names, to give them more street cred.
+1
level 57
Jul 21, 2016
This is a very interesting piece of information. I knew Copernicus was Polish, but I had always wondered about his name.
+1
level 45
Aug 24, 2016
Pretty sure there's some element of myth wrapped up in Copernicus. As though he smashed established thought regarding celestial movement, when actually it was generally accepted that the earth was round and went round the sun. Galileo in his war against the church made a lot of brash statements that kind of left a legacy of the church propogating ignorance, but according to the sources I've read, the immanence just doesn't seem to have been there.
+1
level 58
Nov 13, 2018
It was his gangsta rap name?
+1
level 66
Mar 6, 2018
Aristarchus of Samos was an ancient Greek scholar that first wrote about the earth and planets going round the sun. Copernicus in his notes to be published gave credence to Aristarchus as the first. Copernicus' editors convinced him to cross out any reference to Aristarchus and his claim to be the first made him famous.
+1
level 67
Jul 21, 2016
element named after US State? "Tennessine! Tennissine! Tennissine!" shouts the man from Tennessee. (New name for element 117) :)
+1
level 57
Jul 21, 2016
That sounds like the opening to a country song.
+1
level 67
Jul 28, 2016
It's the opening line of my new single, "Tennesseein' is Tennebelievin'"
+1
level 34
Apr 21, 2018
should have been oakridgium and sung by ... well, you know
+1
level 71
Dec 4, 2016
It's been official since last Monday (28th November 2016) – the 18th question has two possible answers :)
+1
level ∞
Dec 5, 2016
Updated!
+1
level 7
Feb 22, 2017
Ceres is now a dwarf planet, the new biggest asteroid is 4Vesta.
+1
level 23
Feb 22, 2017
The largest asteroid in the solar system is 4 Vesta Ceres is now a dwarf planet.
+1
level 7
Feb 22, 2017
this is true
+1
level 7
Feb 22, 2017
btw it has a comma between 4 Vesta and Ceres
+1
level 11
Jun 30, 2017
easy
+4
level 72
Mar 6, 2018
With so many answers being from astronomy, I thought for sure that the answer to "Duodenum" would be Uranus.
+2
level 46
Mar 6, 2018
^Winner
+1
level 33
Aug 27, 2018
lol
+2
level 71
Jul 6, 2018
Not sure if you really need to give the "synthesis" part of the 12th question's answer. It's already easy enough to guess. We all learned the word in elementary school...
+1
level 43
Aug 18, 2018
https://www.jetpunk.com/user-quizzes/290321/name-the-blood-cell
+1
level 54
Oct 2, 2018
The "fun fact" answer to the hardest material question may be diamond, but this is not actually true. https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn16610-diamond-no-longer-natures-hardest-material/
+1
level 58
Nov 13, 2018
You had the 46th comment. It should've been about chromosomes.