Small but Famous in Germany

These cities or villages are rather small, but for some reason they are well known - at least to people in Germany. Can you guess them?
Some of the answers are not quite cities but well known locations. It's indicated in the questions.
As a hint you geht the first character of each answer and the population of the searched city
Source: Wikipedia / Thumbnail: JoachimKohlerBremen, CC BY-SA 4.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
The thumbnail shows the actual home of the "Prophets" in Question A
Quiz by Dschinsasa
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Last updated: April 15, 2021
First submittedApril 15, 2021
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Hint
Description
Answer
Population
A
Not only when it comes to elections, the "prophets" in this small town on Lake Constance are present in the media
Allensbach
7,084
B
A satirical conspiracy theory got viral that says, this city dosn't actually exist.
Bielefeld
334,195
C
Small municipality consisting of three islands in the third largest lake in Germany, which has the same name
Chiemsee
203
D
In this city, also known for a music festival, two small creeks join to start the 2nd longest river in Europe
Donaueschingen
22,118
E
This little city was the scene of the biggest accident in the history of high speed trains. 101 people died when an ICE train derailed due to a broken wheel
Eschede
5,739
F
In Germany you get points for traffic offences, stored in this city (i.e. the registration authority is located there)
Flensburg
90,164
G
This town is the scene of continuing protests against nuclear waste deposal since more than 30 years
Gorleben
602
H
This subdivision of a small municipality in southern Germany is the home of a rural soccer club that successfully moved up to the first national league after being sponsored by a citizen and founder of an internationally operating software company.
Hoffenheim
3,266
I
German city of gemstones
Idar Oberstein
28,520
J
This city gave its name to a shock- and heat-resistant glass used in scientific and technological applications, especially in chemistry.
Jena
111,343
K
A fast breeder reactor, built in this small town, made it the target of many anti-nuclear activists in the 80s, who successfully prevented it from being put into operation. Today, the site is home to an amusement park.
Kalkar
13,884
L
Birthplace of German's most successful tennis star, nickname "Bobbele".
Leimen
27,044
M
City and brand of fine chinaware
Meißen
28,282
N
It's not a city, it's a valley, finding place and name giver to an extinct species of archaic humans
Neandertal
n/a
O
This is what Houston is for the US: the location of the german space center
Oberpfaffenhofen
1,278
P
This village gained sad fame in World War II as construction site of the Nazi's V2 rocket
Peenemünde
345
Q
The scenic center of this city with medieval framework buildings is a UNESCO world heritage site and one of the major tourist spots in Germany (maybe not too famous, but hey, find a better one with Q...)
Quedlinburg
23,798
R
This town hosts the biggest fun park in Germany, the Europa-Park with a daily visitor count more than twice the number of inhabitants
Rust
4,258
S
Got a sharp knife in your kitchen or even an antique sword? It possibly was manufactured in this city
Solingen
159,245
T
Due to the most embarrassing construction faults in german history while building a new airport, this old airport had to manage more than twice the volume of its designated capacity (and it did!). Its popular name is also the district where the old airport was located.
Tegel
36,764
U
Birthplace of Albert Einstein and location of the worlds tallest church (at least until Barcelona's Sagrada Familia eventually is finished...)
Ulm
126,790
V
This city is known for being my own birthplace ;-) and maybe its famous for its carnival tradition, for being a "double city", located close to answer D and because I can't think of any famous city with V, sorry!
Villingen-Schwenningen
85,707
W
Goethe, Schiller, Nietzsche, Liszt...
Weimar
65.228
X
Is there really a german city starting with X? Yes, there is one!
Xanten
21,607
Y
There is a subdivision in Chemnitz and a village in black forest starting with Y. Do you know at least one of them?
Yorkgebiet / Yach
9,000 / 1,034
Z
This is the city where the most famous (eastern) german automobile was produced: the "Trabbi".
Zwickau
88,690
+1
Level 63
Apr 15, 2021
Nice quiz! Not being German, I only knew a small number, but I liked the hints.