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Territory Changes in World War I (WWI)

Can you name every country whose territory was different in 1923 than it was at the start of WWI?
Does not include countries that existed for only a few years such as the Kingdom of Hejaz
Quiz by WolfCam
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First submittedJanuary 26, 2019
Last updatedMay 19, 2019
Times taken10,671
Rating4.57
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Gained Territory
New Guinea and other
Pacific islands
Australia
Land in Africa and Europe
Belgium
Nordschleswig
Denmark
Lands in Europe, Africa,
and the Middle East
France
Western Thrace
Greece
Trieste, Zadar, South Tyrol,
and other small possessions
Italy
Scattered lands around
the Pacific
Japan
Parts of Samoa
New Zealand
Lands in Eastern Europe
Romania
Lands in Africa
South Africa
Lands in Africa and the
Middle East
United Kingdom
Newly Independent
Austria
Czechoslovakia
Danzig
Estonia
Finland
Hungary
Irish Free State
Latvia
Lithuania
Poland
Turkey
Yugoslavia
Lost Territory
Lands in the Balkans
Bulgaria
Lands on the Pacific coast
China
Lost lands in Europe
Africa, Asia, and Oceania
Germany
Lands in Eastern Europe
Russia
Lands in Europe
United Kingdom
 
 
Dissolved
Austria-Hungary
Ottoman Empire
 
 
Merged into Another Nation
Montenegro
Serbia
+5
level ∞
May 14, 2019
Warning: This quiz might need to be reset based on user feedback. I'm not sure its 100% accurate in its current form.
+7
level 72
May 14, 2019
Here comes the Tuva debate. Blast you, Richard Feynman.
+1
level ∞
May 19, 2019
The quiz is now in the final form for now. Thanks to @WolfCam for all his research.
+10
level 64
May 14, 2019
No offense but here just the most obvious flaws: 1) The title is misleading, there had been a lot territorial chanes during WW1. It should be rather "Territory Changes due to WW1". 2) Turkey is missing at all. 3) Germany lost territories in Europe, Africa, Asia, and Oceania. 4) Italy got South Tyrol. 5) Poland was newly independent! 6) Serbia and Montenegro merged to Yugoslavia: 6a) Yugoslavia was not "newly" independent and 6b) Serbia and Montenegro have to be on the same category on this list. 7) The category "collapsed" is misleading and arbitrary. These states had been scattered by external forces (i.e. the peace treaties), not by internal "collapses". 8) Germany was forces by Wilson to abolish the monarchy and lost far larger (nominal) territories and ethnical diversity than Austria-Hungary or the Ottomans. Accordingly, also the Secong German Empire "collapsed". Austria, Hungary, Turkey, and Germany should be in the same catagory on this list.
+1
level 73
May 15, 2019
Well, there was the newly independent State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs that later merged with Serbia into the newly created Yugoslavia, Serbia having already annexed some parts of Austria-Hungary and anschlussed Montenegro.
+2
level 77
May 15, 2019
3 et 5 ok. 7: The collapsing of the ottoman empire was because of the war but was still internal. You know of Ataturk, right? 8: No, the war ended because there was a kind of revolution in Germany, to overthrow Lüdendorf and the Kaiser. Wilson has nothing to do in the democratic transition. Besides, Germany lost much territory but did not "collapse" as the Austrian-Hungarian empire did.
+1
level 57
May 16, 2019
I agree more with this. The only powerful thing Wilson did was enact the Marshall plan, which tanked the German economy, causing hysterical inflation. That, and combined with France issuing monetary war reparations. All of which understandable when losing a war, but did cause severe issues (and probably the rise of the Browncoats).
+1
level 64
May 16, 2019
7) The treaty of Severe dismantled the Ottoman Empire. However, as a fun fact, afterwards the Ottoman Empire still existed until Ataturk came. So technically the Ottoman Empire die not at all collapsed during or immediately after WW I. 8) Wilson declared the abdiction of the Emperor as a requirement for peace/an armistice on November 1 1918. From this date on, the OHL pressed Wilhelm II to abdict. This was only important reasons why the military did not intervene in the revolution on November 9. I admit Wilson only asked for Wilhelm II to abdict and not to abolish the monarchy is general. But history is never that monocausal as it is taught in school. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abdication_of_Wilhelm_II#Abdication_negotiations
+1
level 64
May 16, 2019
I am not sure whether the comment on the Marshall plan is a typo or just trolling?
+2
level 77
May 16, 2019
I think he mixed up. Of course, everything is complicated, but you must know that the German population was under extreme pressure under the rule of Lüdendorf... Wilson may have been a catalyst but it's the Germans themselves who did it. As for the Ottoman empire, as I said, the remnant became Turkey in 1922, which is already a few years after the war indeed, but is within the quiz limit of 1923...
+1
level 57
Jul 5, 2019
Thanks, Arp. I was in the wrong war for the Marshall Plan. Please disregard, Fish.
+2
level 69
May 15, 2019
Yes, Serbia is missing. It was fully independent country before WW 1.
+2
level ∞
May 19, 2019
@TheLastFish. You seem very knowledgeable about the subject. I'd encourage you to make your own quizzes and I'd look forward to taking them.
+2
level 64
May 14, 2019
9) I argue that the transition from the Russian Empire -> Soviet Union (+ several small new states) is qualitatively the same as e.g. for Austria-Hungary -> Austria (+ Hungary +...). Accordingly the Russian Empire should be in the same category as the other "collapsed" empires. 10) "Newly independent": Has, e.g., Austria become independent? From whom? The Habsburgs? See issues 8 and 9.
+2
level 77
May 15, 2019
9: Austria-Hungary was totally scattered. The Russian revolution is a major political change, but the country was not destroyed, and its territory in 1923 was not very smaller than in 1914. 10: As I said, Austria-Hungary was totally scattered. Of course it seems a bit silly to say that Austria was "newly independant" but it's technically true and I don't see what else you could say in such a quiz.
+1
level 77
May 15, 2019
The ottoman empire collapsed indeed, and its remnant became Turkey around 1922, so Turkey should be added in "newly independant".
+2
level 82
May 15, 2019
Shouldn't you call it the Soviet Union in 1923 rather than Russia?
+1
level ∞
May 19, 2019
Soviet Union is accepted.
+1
level 60
May 15, 2019
First, please accept Rumania as a type-in for Romania. Secondly, add Turkey. Also, Italy gained South Tyrol
+1
level 19
May 15, 2019
I honestly think you should call it Free City Gdańsk instead of Danzig.
+9
level 47
May 15, 2019
It was known as Danzig until after World War II.
+1
level 60
May 24, 2019
And in German its still called Danzig.
+1
level 60
May 15, 2019
Changes are pending but I tried to fix many of the issues that were mentioned here. Please tell me if anything else needs fixing. Also, I've decided to keep it as Russia because, although it was the Soviet Union in 1923, it was Russia when it lost those lands.
+3
level 40
May 17, 2019
First of all - thanks for this quiz, it's a good one. A couple of further suggestions. Belgium also gained land in Europe - Eupen and Malmedy. You could also add a separate category of 'League of Nations administered' to cover the Saar basin. It wasn't reincorporated into Germany until 1935.
+1
level ∞
May 19, 2019
Thanks @WolfCam.
+1
level 35
May 16, 2019
You are missing country of Serbs Croats and slovenes(SHS) that later became Kingdom SHS when merged with Serbia and Montenegro. There was no such thing as Jugoslavija untill the dictatorship of 1929. It seems Like quite a hard quizz to be put together with all those little details happening after WW1 but I Like it.
+1
level 56
May 16, 2019
Yugoslavia*
+1
level 73
May 24, 2019
The State of SCS is excluded because it falls in the short-lived category. The Kingdom of SCS was informally and also internationally called Yugoslavia right from the beginning, e.g. at olympic games.
+1
level 56
May 16, 2019
Missed only the Baltic countries..........
+1
level 56
Jun 28, 2019
Now missed Danzig
+2
level 84
May 16, 2019
Kingdom of Hejaz?
+1
level 84
May 16, 2019
First Republic of Armenia?
+2
level ∞
May 19, 2019
Had the same territory in 1914 as it did in 1923. Zero.
+1
level 53
Jun 18, 2019
The First Republic of Armenia was established in 1918, after the collapse of the Russian Empire
+1
level 77
May 16, 2019
I somehow managed to get everything except Poland. >_< and was also wondering about some Arabian powers particularly the Kingdom of Hejaz.
+1
level ∞
May 19, 2019
Added a caveat to exclude the Kingdom of Hejaz
+1
level 65
May 31, 2019
I got everything but Danzig, which in truth I did not heretofore know was once a city-state/country. Tough quiz!
+1
level 37
May 16, 2019
24/29 but some of the ones I missed I was considering and didn't have time for.
+1
level 28
May 16, 2019
Aah. You tricked me with Irish Free State quizmaster - I was thinking purely in terms of WWI
+1
level 72
May 21, 2019
The Irish didn't want to get mowed down by the thousands for the talking heads in London. The waters around Ireland took a large portion of the submarine attacks, including upon smaller coastal sail cargo. The war was a major catalyst in the push for independence. Notably, Ireland stayed completely out of the Second World War.
+2
level 53
Jun 18, 2019
Portugal gained Kionga from German East Africa also.
+1
level 58
Jun 28, 2019
I think the Khanate of Khiva and the Emirate of Bukhara were autonomous subjects of the Empire of Russia until they were formally integrated to the Soviet Union in 1920. By the way, if you consider Turkey as a different country from the Ottoman Empire, shouldn't you also distinguish Russia and USSR and treat the latter as a newly independent country?
+2
level 41
Jun 28, 2019
I don't think Danzig should be taken account in this quiz. Danzig wasn't an independent country but it was just a free city under the League of Nations and it practically was mostly controlled by Poland in terms of economic leverages, etc. If we want to include Danzig as a newly independent state, we would need to include Saarland as well, and probaby those mandates as well.
+1
level 54
Jun 28, 2019
My new favorite quiz. I have many favorites, but this one is classier than the nba ones
+1
level 30
Jul 31, 2019
Russian Empire should have been present in the "Dissolved" group, of course. That should be changed