Peru True or False?

Can you guess whether these statements about Peru are true or false?
Quiz by overtired
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Last updated: January 25, 2021
First submittedJanuary 25, 2021
Times taken447
Rating5.00
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1. Machu Picchu is the oldest man-made structure in the Americas
True
False
The Incas were not an ancient civilization - Machu Picchu was built in 1450
(The oldest civilisation in the Americas was the Norte Chico of Peru, dating back to c. 3,700 BCE)
2. The potato originated in Peru
True
False
There are over 3,000 local varieties
3. Peru's longest border is with Colombia
True
False
Its longest border is with Brazil
4. Llamas are close relatives of camels
True
False
They are both members of the family Camelidae
5. The Amazon river begins in Peru
True
False
It is not considered to have one unique source, but a number of headstream areas in the high Andes of Peru
6. The Incas were conquered by conquistador Hernán Cortés
True
False
They were conquered by Francisco Pizarro. Cortés conquered the Aztecs in Mexico
7. Peru is the only 4-letter country in the Americas
True
False
Cuba!
8. People live on floating islands of reeds on Lake Titicaca
True
False
The lower reeds of the Uru people's hand-built islands rot away fast so more reeds are regularly added on top
9. The deepest canyon in the Americas is found in Peru
True
False
At 3,354m (11,004ft) deep, Cotahuasi Canyon is almost twice as deep as the Grand Canyon
10. The Shining Path is a shamanic order in the Peruvian rainforest
True
False
It is a revolutionary communist party and terrorist organization
11. Quechua is a drink made with coca leaves
True
False
The Quechua are an indigenous people of Peru. The Aymara are the other main indigenous people.
Spanish, Quechua and Aymara are the official languages of Peru
12. Peru has a sand dune over a kilometre tall
True
False
At 1,176m (3,858ft) tall Cerro Blanco, near Nazca, is the second highest sand dune in the world, and popular with sand boarders (sand surfers)
13. Ex-president Alberto Fujimori lives in Lima's largest estate, over 15km²
True
False
He lives in prison, sent there for human rights abuses and embezzlement
14. Peru has the largest city on Earth with no road access
True
False
Iquitos, the capital of the Peruvian Amazon, has 377,609 residents and is accessible only by river or air
15. Roasted guinea pig is a Peruvian delicacy
True
False
"Cuy" is served whole on the plate
+1
Level 69
Aug 21, 2021
Very nicely done!

The Colombian border, mostly the Putumayo river, is very interesting. Peru comes within 5km of the equator, but the river doesn't quite get there along the border. The border breaks with the river just as it turns north and crosses the equator. There's a strange piece of Ecuador that prevents Peru from having any territory on the equator.

(The source of the river is north of the equator, it doesn't really "turn" north. More correct would be to say the Peruvian border begins following the river just after it has crossed the equator.)

+1
Level 80
Aug 21, 2021
Thanks for the interesting comment! Got me looking at a map of northern Peru and its rivers again. Years ago I journeyed up to Iquitos and then on into the rainforest. Many fond memories of being on the rivers and in 'la selva'. Hope I get to return someday.

Glad you liked the quiz :)

+3
Level ∞
Sep 16, 2021
I got 15/15 somehow. Here was my method. There were lots of clues which were obviously false (Fujimori, Quechua, Shining Path, Cuba, etc...) With so many falses, I figured the ones I was unsure about were true. Success!
+1
Level 80
Sep 16, 2021
Nice! I rarely get full marks on True or False quizzes. Pretty happy when I do :)

Interestingly, the first obviously false one you mention is the one most people get wrong.

+1
Level 68
Sep 16, 2021
Great quiz! Just a little comment: Is Shining Path classified a terrorist organization? Isn't it better called a guerrilla?
+1
Level 80
Sep 17, 2021
Thanks. It's regarded as a terrorist organization by Peru, Japan, the United States, the European Union, and Canada according to wikipedia.
+1
Level 54
Sep 16, 2021
12/15 Nice quiz!